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On this occasion he again writes to his Dr. Good in the early part of his life relative in these words: -“The die is cast, had adopted Unitarian views, and was led and we are going to Leamington. May into presumption and error, whilst purs a gracious Providence render its breezes suing the mazy paths of speculation : but balmy, and its waters healthful! And, by slow degrees he escaped from these above all, direct me how best to devote dangerous sentiments, and eventually bewhatever time may yet be allowed me, came the firm adherent and advocate of to the glory of God and the good of my- evangelical religion. Some particulars self and others. I have trifled with time relating to the last moments of this great too much already, it is high time to awake man, extracted from a letter addressed by and be sober, and to prepare to leave it one of his daughters to his biographer Dr. for eternity. Every moment ought to be Gregory, will conclude this memoir. precious.”

"Sunday December 31st, was a day of During the last three months of his life intense agony and frequent wanderings of his strength rapidly declined, though no mind; yet with intervals of perfect recolimmediate danger was apprehended by lection and composure. About noon Dr. his friends. On the arrival of Christmas Good sent for his little grandson, and after he paid a visit to his daughter, and reached solemnly blessing him, in the name of the her house in a state of great exhaustion. Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy "Only three days previous to his death, Ghost, he added instantly, "Now no more, a young lady who was alarmingly ill, but-go, I dare not trust myself;" shewing in then capable of being moved from one this last remark a perfect self-recollection, place to another, was desirous to have the a state of mind which continued for several benefit of his advice. Dr. Good's mind hours. Shortly after this, some one menhad evinced some aberrations on account tioned Miss W.'s name, (the young lady of the fever, and the intense pain which who was governess to his grandchildren.) he suffered; but at the time this request Dr. Good desired to see her, and on her was made known to him, he experienced coming into the room, and taking the conless pain, and was tolerably composed. vulsed hand, which he evidently wished He therefore agreed to see her, with Mr. but wanted the power to put forth, he Cooper, one of his own medical attendants. spoke some words expressive of his satisThe young lady was accordingly conducted faction as to her care of the children, and to his bed-side, and, after he had made the urging the responsibility of the charge she usual inquiries with his wonted acumen, had undertaken, and her need of remem, consideration, and kindness, he conferred bering it, especially, he added, whilst their with Mr. C. on her case. He proposed a mother was laid aside (meaning by attend complete, and, as the event proved, for a ance upon himself) and I know not how season, a very beneficial change in the long that may last.' 'I don't know,' he treatment: he wrote a prescription, which said, how much I may have to suffer, bears the usual character of his hand-wri- but I am yet a strong man; whether we ting, and I ani assured is marked by the shall ever meet around the dining-table peculiar elegance which always distin- again, 'I cannot tell ;' and concluded by guished his pharmaceutic formulæ."--His some expression of hope and desire that he last illness, though of short duration, was should meet her hereafter, extremely severe, and terminated his life “Dr. Hooper arrived late in the evening on Tuesday, January 2nd, 1827, in the of this day. Our dear father immediately 63rd year of his age.

knew him, described his own sufferings in The literary productions of Dr. Mason

the usual medical terms, and was not satis

fied unless the quantity as well as quality Good are as follows:

of the medicines administered was stated - “ Diseases of Prisons," two medical es- to him. Dr. H. did not remain long, too says, published in 12mo.

quickly perceiving how unavailing, in this «History of Medicine, comprised in case, was human skill : with tenderness 255 pages, 12mo. .

and frankness he told us his opinion, and .“ Translation of the Song of Songs.” | assured us of his readiness to remain

« Memoirs of Dr. Geddes," 1 vol. 8vo. longer, notwithstanding his pressing medi« Translation of Lucretius," 2 vols. 4to. cal engagements, if his continuance would

“ Translation of the Book of Job,” 1 vol. be of the slightest benefit to his friend. 8vo.

In the intervals of composure, and wheni « Book of Nature," 3 vols. 8vo.

not suffering from extreme exacerbations of « Translation of the book of Proverbs." | pain, some of Dr. Gi's family endeavoured “ Translation of the Psalms."

I to repeat occasionally short texts of scrip

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Memoir of John Mason Good, M.D.F.R.S. &c. ture, to which he always listened, with then holding his poor cold hands, said to pleasure, appearing, however, much more him, 'Do you remember your favourite struck with some than with others. On hymn? There is a fountain fill'd with one occasion, without any suggestion or blood:' he had repeated it in the earlier leading remark from those around, he was part of his illness, and told Mr. Russell heard to repeat distinctly with quivering that sometimes when walking through the convulsive lips, "All the promises of God streets of London he used to repeat it to are yea and amen in Christ Jesus.' What himself. In one instance he altered it words for dying lips to rest upon.' At unintentionally, but still strictly preserving another time, as one of his family was the sense. sitting by, he uttered some expression, not “Dr. Good repeated it as given in the accurately remembered, of deep sorrow for St. John's collection of hymns, with this sin. This text was then mentioned, 'If we exception-Instead of confess our sins, He is faithful and just when this poor lisping stammering tongue to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from Lie's silent in the grave,'

| he substituted, all unrighteousness. He repeated, “faith

•When this decaying mouldering frame ful: yes-nothing can be more suitable. Lies crumbling in the dust.'

"The same evening one of his family. This little variation may not be regarded as kneeling over him said, “May I pray, can altogether unimportant, since it shews that you bear it?' the reply was-'I am not his mental powers were still vigorous. sure, I am in great pain; but try and “Sometimes when those around could pray. Accordingly a few words were not remember the exact words of the offered up, imploring that the Saviour passage of 'scripture intended to be quoted, would reveal more of His loving-kindness, he corrected the error, and repeated them His exceeding glory, to him; he listened accurately. One of the texts he appeared attentively, and uttered something express to dwell upon with most earnestness and sive of his feeling that these petitions were delight was, Jesus CHRIST, the same suitable to him, and of his deeply joining yesterday, and to-day, and for ever? in them.

When Dr. Good's former Unitarian views “On Monday, Jan. 1st, his sufferings are remembered, the dwelling upon this increased, and his mind wandered. At particular text could not but be consolatory 7 o'clock on the morning of this day his to his family. Another text, which, withyoungest daughter proposed repeating a out any suggestion or leading remark, he well-known text of scripture, as the like. repeated several times, was, “Who art liest means of recalling him to himself, thou, O great mountain, before Zerubbabel She was answered that this in his present thou shalt become a plain ; and He shall weakness would only confuse hin more. bring forth the head-stone thereof with A text of scripture, however, was repeated, shoutings, crying, Grace, grace unto it, and the effect was wonderful; it seemed a dwelling with peculiar emphasis upon the perfect calling back of the mind: he lis- words, Grace, grace unto it.' tened with manifest pleasure, and con- “He also appeared to derive great cluded it himself. Many were the texts comfort from these texts,' repeated by Mr. which were repeated at different intervals Russell, “When flesh and heart fail,' &c. throughout this day, and to which he Also, When thou walkest through the listened with more or less pleasure, as they fire, I will be with thee,' &c. He also more or less seemed to strike his feelings listened with much apparent comfort to as suitable to his own cảse. Some of them that portion of the Te Deum suggested to were, The blood of Jesus Christ cleanseth him by his wife, When Thou hadst overfrom all sin. Behold what manner of come the sharpness of death, Thou didst love the Father hath bestowed upon us, open the kingdom of heaven to all be. that we should be called the sons of God.' lievers.' "The Lord is my shepherd.' "Yea, though “On the afternoon of this day, (MonI walk through the valley of the shadow of day,) Dr. Good perfectly knew every one, death, I will fear no evil.' Mr. Russell again expressed himself thankful to be being about to quit the room, Dr. Good placed in the midst of his family, and to called out, begging him not to go. It be near Mr. Russell. When Mr. Traversi was most strikingly impressive to hear his arrived in the evening, he immediately quivering lips uttering the words of scrip- recognized him, addressed him by name, ture, at a time when intense agony occa- and submitted to the means used for his sioned such convulsive motions of the relief, though painful. : Upon the last whole body, that the bed often shook under | opiate draught being given, he would not him.' His youngest daughter, who was rest satisfied until told the precise quan

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tity, which consisted of 50 drops of lau-1 TEMPUS FUGIT,A FRAGMENT. danum; and, considering the great quan- “TEMPUS FUGIT," said my young friend; tity administered at different times, it is the timepiece having caught his eye. We indeed surprising that his memory and had been talking together on various submental powers should, up to this period, jects, and now our discourse turned on have been so little impaired. Mr. Travers, the swiftness of time, and the fleeting and having employed all the means which transitory state of all sublunary things. surgical skill could devise, seeing they were “True, sir," said I, “time flies, it is of no avail, did not remain long with ever on the wing, it is like the running Dr. Good. After this time he was con stream, that hurries on, and is never at stantly convulsed, and uttered but one or rest till it mingles with the ocean; which two connected sentences. Seeing one of stream, though continually flowing, we call his family standing by, he made use of the same; it runs through the same chanhis frequent appellation dearest. But nel, it has the same appearance, and we his power of comprehension appeared to | do not, perhaps, consider that what glides last much longer than his power of arti. before our eyes to-day, is passing on never culation or of expression." His hearing to be seen by us any more. Thus it is now became greatly affected. Mr. Russell with life; to-day is so like yesterday, that called to him in a loud voice, ‘Jesus we mistake it for the same;' years steal Christ, the Saviour:'-he was not insen. away, and we do not perceive, or at least sible to that sound. His valued clerical do not consider, perhaps, that we are friend then repeated to him, in the same gliding down the stream of time, like bubelevated tone, . Behold the Lamb of God:' bles on the surface of the water, till we this roused him, and with energy, the are suddenly surprised on the brink, the energy of a dying believer, he terminated very verge of the ocean of eternity. And the sentence, 'which TAKETU AWAY THE yet, one would think, we need not the aid SIN OF THE WORLD :' which were the last of eloquence to enforce it on our minds; words he intelligibly uttered, being about nor need we refer to the sacred oracles' to three hours before his death. Mr. Russell be taught this solemn truth: no, this is a twice commended the departing spirit into lesson we may learn in the school of expethe hands of Him who gave it. The last time rience : this, common observation will was about one o'clock on the morning of teach us; the book of nature is laid open Tuesday the 2d of January, 1827, and at before us, and we may read our mortality. four o'clock the same morning, the breath, | in almost every page. The falling leaf, which had gradually become shorter and

the fading flower, the withering grass, reshorter, ceased entirely.”

mind us, that we too must one day wither, “And now, (to use Dr. Gregory's im- fall, and decay! But, alas ! how few are pressive words, let us retire from this impressed with the solemn thought, how solemn scene,--assured that the blessed few attend to the important subject, how spirit, as it escaped from the incumbrances very few are profited by it; even when of mortality, soared to the eternal regions, some alarming stroke of fate' would sound and joined the innumerable multitude, it in our ears with the voice of thunder, who surround the throne' and 'cast their we are deaf to the awful warning; we will crowns at the feet of The LAMB;'-con not listen to the serious call; but push it soling the bereaved relatives with that from us as an unwelcome intruder; "as if assurance, --and seeking benefit to our- | to die were no concern of ours. And yet, selves by contrasting the peaceful end of strange to tell, we are ever ready to acthe Christian believer with the numerous knowledge the precariousness of our morinstances which daily occur of men who tal existence. Time flies,' is an expresdie without hope ;' -— remembering that sion continually dropping from our lips; the main difference between one man's but we will not catch the transient hour,' death and another's, dependeth on the we will not improve the passing day to difference between heart and heart, life and our eternal advantage ; no, we will be life, preparation and unpreparedness ;'- wise to-morrow. But why delay! oh, fatal a difference which is essential, and flows procrastination; it is the thief that steals from the grace of God."

away all our precious moments." (For the substance of this memoir we are

" True," said my friend, “this is eviindebted to Dr. Gregory's Life of Dr. Mason dently the case; and you have, undoubtGood, published by Fisher, and Co. of London, to which we refer those who wish for further par.

edly, drawn a true picture of mankind in ticulars respecting this bighly gifted individual. general. But suppose you mention a few It is a volume, the perusal of which can hardly fail, under the Divine blessing, to strengthen and

characters, by way of elucidating your asserassure the faith of a Christian. -EDITOR

tion?"

689

Essay on a Particular Providence, by Dr. Good.......690 Carr.....

... ..... ........ “Look at the avaricious man," said I, fare? Let us learn to fight the good fight “ see him engaged in business; you will and to come off conquerors, nay, more find him amidst the busy, bustling crowd, than conquerors, through the great Capever on the alert, hurrying on from one tain of our salvation. Is pleasure our place and from one scheme to another, aim? Let us seek it where alone true joys. continually forming new projects, antici- are to be found even in Him in whose pating future gain, with all the eagerness presence is fulness of joy, and at whose and anxiety of keen-eyed, deep-judging right hand there are pleasures for everspeculation; embracing every opportunity more. And, whatever our employment in of increasing his worldly store, and letting life may be, or whatever our pursuits, let nothing slip that might be the means of us never forget, that as “time flies,' eteradding one mite more to his earthly trea-nity comes on, and that, pass but a few sure. Thus he employs, and thus he im- days more, perhaps but a few hours, at proves his time; while his chief good, his the most but a very few years, and we greatest gain, his highest interest, his shall have done with all earthly things; we richest treasure, is forgotten. Sovetootad shall be summoned to quit this transitory 21 Observe the ambitious man, the man state, for one that will know no end. To8199 who is in quest of fame, seeking reputa- Then, in what shape soever the mestion, perhaps, in the mouth of a cannon, senger of mortality may come, however or on the point of the sword; he engagés formidable his appearance, we shall meet in the most daring enterprises, he sur- him with composure, we shall welcome mounts the greatest difficulties, he is re- him as a friend, who is come to conduct tarded in his progress by no obstacle that us to a better world, to a happier Clime, may happen in his way; but flies in the to a more blissful region, even to that face of danger and of death, in the pursuit region, where time, pain, and death, shall of honour; nor is he ever at rest till he be no more. H ÁT HOTEW 90 91 92 903 reaches the summit of his wishes, even the highest pinnacle of human greatness; this

1.10 Wie Near Kingsbridge, Devon illo T. JARVISAW

Near Kingsbridge Decono he considers as his file summum bonum

llocat March, 1828. eid woled exod 991d here rest call his desires, here centres all of thiqarish babuentos 901993 his happiness; alas! he looks no further. AN ESSAY ON THE DOCTRINE OF DARS 19 Seega too, the libertine, the man of

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TICULAR PROVIDENCE BY THE LATE pleasure, observe him amidst the circle of

| JOHN MASON GOOD, M.D. ant solso nuo kise gay companions, continually pursuing the same vicious course from day to day, how to Concluded from col. 599.).sd doidw in quest of unsubstantial joys, a vain sha- 2. “But the Deity being allowed to dow, hunting shades, thus his time flies; possess a capability of exerting a provi. and thus he travels on through life, till he dential care over his creatures, it has at is stopped in his mad career by some fatal times been contended that such an exerdisease, which perhaps his own folly and tion would be derogatory to his infinite intemperance have drawn upon him, and greatness and majesty.. mean and conto he is suddenly, and prematurely, hurried tracted idea ! and unworthy of a philous to that land, it from whose bourne no tra- sopher to entertain for a moment. How veller retums.'l1a9 euoiros edt o felell towever it may be respecting ourselves, win

"But let us view the contrast. Let us the view of the Deity nothing can, proes turn our eyes from such characters as perly speaking, be either great or small; these, and contemplate that of the pious and nothing unworthy the notice of him divine. Behold in him a pattern for our who created it. If the Deity did not ded! imitation; here is precept, and example grade himself by the formation of his creaci too,l Let us learn from him, while he ad- tures, much less can he do so by superb dresses us in the sublime and emphatic intending them after they are formed for language of inspiration, not only that all an existing being must at all times be flesh is as grass, and the goodliness thereof superior to non-existence and though as the flower bof the field, that our life is they may have claims upon his bounty and as a vapour, a shadow, a dream, a tale his protection at present, it is certain they that is told; but let us also learn to re- could have no claim at all anterior to their deem the time. b Are we engaged in busi- actual creation. ad toonasedua ads you] ness e labouring roto increase our earthly I have, moreover, observed already treasureLet us learn from him to be that the Creator is a being of infinite benecome rich in good worksze and to lay up volence; and that the principal motive he for ourselves treasures in heaven. Are we could possibly be actuated by in the forwith the ambitious man, engaged in war-mation of any order of beings, must be 128..VOL. XI.

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Essay on a Particular Providence, by Dr. Good. .......................................-.......vorriccrc...................... their own essential felicity. If it did not situation of Cadmus or Idomeneus, wandegrade him, then, to exert himself in pro- dering, as they were, from climate to clividing for this felicity at first, it cannot mate, in pursuit of an unknown region; degrade him in the superintendence and and attended, perhaps, by too few assodirection of it afterwards; and as a being ciates to induce the interference and beneall active, and all powrful, he cannot pos- diction of Providence upon their attempts. sibly resist such a conduct.

And still more miserable the fate of a “In effect, such a superintendence and Philoctetes, or a Robinson Crusoe, cut unremitted exertion seems fully proved off, by the inost desert solitude, from the both from the continued operation of the pleasures of social communication, and, laws of nature; the powers entrusted to by the same solitude, deprived of the assismankind; and the various and unexpected tance of the Deity. And Sophocles had events which often arise to confound the more reason than has generally been imapolicy of the most artful, and baffle the gined, when he makes the former exstrength of the mighty. Were it not so, claim,

O Death, where art thon, Death?-30 often called, innate and essential power of mutual gra. | Wilt thou not listen? wilt thou never come? vitation: a doctrine, as Sir Isaac Newton

FRANCKLIN. observes, in his letters to Dr. Bentley, too “In fact, every order of created beings absurd to be credited by any man in his whatsoever, and every station in every senses; and few events in nature would various order, must be equally the object take place contrary to our expectations, or of the attention and care of the Supreme at any time excite our surprise.

Being. While Solomon was noticed by “It appears singular and unaccountable, bim, in all his glory, he did not forget the that after acknowledging his belief in the lily of the field,' in its humbler and existence of such a general providence, more modest array. And whatever difand, indeed contending for its truth, Lord ference there inight have appeared to the Bolingbroke, vol. 5. quarto edition, should, dazzled eyes of mortals, between the situanevertheless, deny the extension of this tion of David or Cincinnatus, when enprovidence to individuals. That the same gaged in the lowlier employments of volume which declares that when the agriculture and rural economy, and when immorality of individuals becomes that of advanced to the first dignities of their difa whole society, then the judgments of ferent nations, and leading forward their God follow, and men are punished collec. | exulting armies to victory and renowntively in the course of a general provi- | in the grand survey of the great Creator dence,' that this same volume should of all things, such differences and distincalmost in the same page inform us that tions must shrink into nothing, and every

it is plain from the whole course of this gradation of life alike enjoy his common providence, God regards his human crea- | protection. tures collectively, and not individually ; “If the race of man did actually prohow worthy soever every one of them ceed, according to either the Mosaic hismay deem himself to be a particular object tory or the fabulous accounts of the Greeks, of the divine care; and that there is no from one single pair, or family-it is foundation in nature for the belief of such plain, according to this doctrine, that Proa scheme as a providence thus particular.' || vidence could have little to do with the Is not then every collection and society of world, either at its first creation, or immebeings composed of individuals ? or is it diately after the deluge: and it would form possible for such a society or collection to a curious inquiry, and one, I fear, not be interested in providential interpositions, easily resolved, at what period, from either and yet for the individuals that compose of these grand epochs, were mankind so it to remain uninterested and unaffected multiplied as to become proper objects of thereby? Is it from a view of the deroga- providential notice ? tion we have before remarked upon, or of “Pope, who is often the mere echo of fatigue, or of incapacity, that the Deity Bolingbroke, who was formed by his conshould thus restrain himself ? or what pre- verse,' as he expresses it himself, and had, cise number of individuals can constitute in his little bark, attended his triumph a society capable of demanding the full and partaken the gale' so far, that he was attention of Providence, the abstraction of often ignorant of his own latitude-has, a single inember from which would imme. nevertheless, dared to differ from his noble diately render it unworthy of any further patron on this subject, and discovers a notice or regard ?

manly independence in thinking for him“Miserable indeed must have been the self. The providence of God, according

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