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Final Perseverance disproved.

406 concurrencenenwarenenuroernoncourroucrccrcrci..... connes man. “If so be ye have tasted that the in the New Testament; that it is only in Lord is gracious ;" having really partici- the third place he renders it by also, likepated in the saving grace of the Lord. wise, and refers to only three texts in illusSuch is the uniform import of this term tration; and that it is at the fourth remove in scripture; and unless J. J. can produce that he translates it then, afterward, in an instance where this is not its meaning, consequence, and mentions only a solitary he will say nothing to the purpose. I text as an example of that meaning. again repeat, that the expression, Matt. Truly Parkhurst being judge, J. J.'s cause xiii. 21. “ with joy received it,” not being must be desperate, or he is a most unthe same, is not relevant; and to identify happy advocate of it, when he has recourse them is sophistical.

to such a criticism for its support. That What J. J. has produced to show that lexicographer says the genuine meaning of in scripture, other persons are described the word, and that in which it is usually in as strong language, who yet were employed, is back again-again; and he evidently unconverted, is nothing to the adduces only one instance in all the New point, and needs no animadversion; it Testament where it may be rendered then, reminds one of a drowning person catch-afterwards, in consequence; and that ing at a straw: the passages he adduces instance, unfortunately for J. J. is not the bear no resemblance to the one in ques- text in question. The authority of “ our tion.

great Parkhurst,” is therefore decidedly The consideration too by which he against the sense for which your corresponattempts to set aside the argument derived dent contends. Even in John xii. 22.. from the words “to renew them again to the only text to which Parkhurst refers, repentance," as implying they had once where malı may be rendered then, been the subjects of true repentance, is afterwards, in consequence, the term does without force. Should it be admitted not lose its genuine signification; the pas, that the Galatians had all been converted sage is properly translated in the common from a state of heathenism,—that none of version, «Philip runneth and telleth them, either native Jews or proselytes, Andrew; and again Andrew and Philip had, previously to receiving the gospel, tell Jesus ;" there is evidently a reference observed the Mosaic ritual; (a supposition in this place to Philip's previous telling of not in the least probable ;)-considering Andrew; there was a repetition of the that by the death of Christ the law was action of telling. And in the other places abolished, the apostle might with pro- referred to by Parkhurst, as instances in priety, on their embracing Judaism, use which the adverb has the sense of also, the word again; not indeed, in regard to likewise, the intelligent reader easily perthemselves, as having aforetime observed ceives it conveys the idea of again, its those rites, but on the ground that those proper signification. rites were then abolished : it was turning The objection therefore against J. J.'s to them after they were abrogated, and view of Heb. vi. 4–6, arising from the in that view turning to them again; it was expression, “to renew them again to a reviving of them.

repentance," implying, as it necessarily As little to the purpose is the remark does, their having aforetime been renewed that the word aaliv, signifies also like to repentance, to that repentance, to wise-then-afterwards-- in consequence. which, having fallen away, it was imposParkhurst being here adduced as an au- sible again to renew them, does not only thority, allow me to transcribe his exact appear somewhat plausible, but is really words. Having given the etymology of insuperable ; at least nothing has yet been the term, he explains the sense of it as done to remove it, follows : “1st, Back again, Mark v. 1.- The comparison between the persons vii. 31. John xiv. 3. Acts xviii. 21. intended, and the earth which, notwithGal. iv. 9. et al. This seems its genuine standing its advantages, remains unfruitful, and ancient sense, in which it is used by is no evidence that they had not been conHomer. 2. Again, Matt. iv. 7. et al. verted; the resemblance not having respect freq. Comp. 2 Cor. xiii. 2.-3. Also, like to their state previously to their falling wise, Matt. iv. 7.-v. 33. 2 Cor. x. 7. away, but subsequently to that event, 4. Then, afterwards, in consequence, Having apostatized, they became like the John xiii. 22." We see, then, that, ac- earth, which, though it drinketh in the rain cording to this celebrated lexicographer, “which cometh oft upon it, beareth thorns the genuine and ancient sense of Talıv, and briers, and is nigh unto cursing, whose is back again; that in this sense, and in end is to be burned ;" the religious culthat of again, simply, it is generally used ture bestowed on them was to no saving 407

Final Perseverance disproved.

408

purpose; they remained unfruitful, and in a manner not to the purpose, we must were obnoxious to the heaviest punish- conclude real Christians are intended in the ment.

passages. · Nor is the manner in which the apostle 1 This sense of the words is in exact coraddresses the Hebrews, in saying, he was respondence with the rest of the epistle, persuaded better things of them, and things as well as with the scriptures in general. which accompanied salvation, though he In the second chapter, verse the first, the thus spoke, in the least opposed to this inspired author observes, “We ought to view of the passage.' He indulged the give the more earnest heed to the things persuasion that they would not apostatize which we have heard, lest at any time we froin the truth, so as to render their sal- should let them slip." Whom is he advation impossible; but that, on the other dressing ? and what does he mean by hand, they would be stedfast unto the end letting slip? Doubtless he is addressing in their christian profession; and this he the Hebrews in general; and by “letting might consistently do, without its being slip,” he means, letting go the truth; and supposed that one truly converted can letting it go in such a manner as to be never afterwards fall away and perish. lost: for he immediately adds, “How It was meet in him to think thus concern- shall we escape, if we neglect so great ing them, unless they had given him reason salvation !" In the third chapter, verse to apprehend otherwise; which they seem the twelfth, he exhorts, “Take heed, not to have done, though their progress brethren, lest there be in any of you an in religion had not been the most com evil heart of unbelief, in departing from mendable, Heb. v. 11. And while it the living God." Here all are addressed, was reasonable in the apostle to entertain and all are addressed as brethren, and such an opinion of the Hebrews, there cautioned against departing from the living was a propriety in his expressing it; God. Consequently they had acquainespecially after the strong disapprobation tance and interview with the living God, he had just before expressed of their con and were in a state of acceptance. They duct, as not having made a greater ad- are cautioned against departing from him vancement in the divine life. Any un- | by an evil heart of unbelief; such a depleasant feeling which might be on that parture, therefore, as must, have exposed account excited against him, and any dis- them to perdition. But why so, if a couragement they might feel, would be believer cannot fall away so as to perish ? likely by that means to be removed, and In chapter the tenth, verse the thirty-eighth, they stimulated to act in a manner cor- we read, “Now the just shall live by faith; responding with the opinion entertained of but if he draw back, my soul shall have them.

no pleasure in him." Í quote according The view of the passage here contended to the original; the words any man being for, is further strengthened by the con- improperly added in the common version. sideration that it suits the design of the The translators, like J.J. and many others, inspired writer in addressing it to the were opposed to the sentiment that one Hebrews. He is in the context exhorting converted can be lost; and apparently, them to greater diligence and zeal in their lest this text should seem to countenance Christian course; observing, that while that idea, they supplied the words in from the time they ought to be teachers, question. But the apostle wrote merely they had need one taught them again the Kal EaV UTOOTEhnrai; if he draw back; first principles of the oracles of God; and the only antecedent from which the nomiurging them to lay aside the principles of native can be supplied, being the just man the doctrine of Christ, and to go on to mentioned in the preceding clause : here perfection. To enforce a regard to his again, then, the inspired writer supposed exhortation, he sets before them the aw- a just man might draw back, so as for ful consequences of apostacy. But if God to have no pleasure in him. We they were in no danger of this, if this see then the whole strain of the epistle, could not possibly befall them; why say from beginning to end, agrees with the idea, any thing to them about it? In that case that in chap. vi. 4–6. regenerate persons all was irrelevant. The Hebrews might are intended. have replied, What you say is proper in What J. J. says on my observations its place, but what is it to us? We have on 1 John ii. 19, amounts merely to this, been renewed, and our falling away is out that he had taken up an opinion concernof the question : you would have us fear ing it, that had no foundation. I still where no fear is.-Unless then we sup- repeat that this text, if it proves any thing, pose the apostle forgot himself, and wrote proves too much to be of any avail to

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him; it proves not only that a Christian | the solemn silence of the sunset-hour; cannot fall away totally, but that he cannot and as the music of the rookery, mellowed even partially.

| by distance, floated on the balmy airI have no wish to prolong the discus- and the trees threw their lengthened shasion, and do not purpose to take up my dow on the green carpet of nature-and pen again respecting it, unless J. J. should the “Joyous canopy of clouds," reposing advance different arguments from those in the golden west reflected a lovely tint he has yet adduced ; or should wish to go on the sylvan scenery of the Park-my into the controversy at length on the doc- mind caught the inspiration of the hour, trine of perseverance. In that case, with and I felt that there are “thoughts that your leave, sir, I shall be willing to ex- / lie too deep for tears," — feelings which change a few more papers with him. may be realized, but never expressed. But Praying that each of us may give diligence those days are fed,-fled for ever; Spring to make his calling and election sure, returns, --but the “joy dreams of romantic I remain yours, respectfully,

childhood” will never return. I may visit March 23, 1829.

J. W.

those scenes again,-but in the pleasures I once enjoyed, I may never more partici

pate; the faces which were wont to smile RECOLLECTIONS OF THE PAST.

a welcome on me, would be missing, and « The veriest wretch on earth

I should only have returned to weep over Doth cherish in some corner of his heart,

withered pleasures and hopes, like flowers Some thoughts that make that heart a sanctuary For pilgrim-dreams, in midnight-hour to visit,

blighted in their bloom. Again, and And weep and worship there."

again, has death visited our family ;-my Maturin's Bertram.

| father is laid in his long home in YorkHow often does memory turn to the past, shire; and the Cambrian grass waves over

-and, as she summons “the thousand the grave of my mother. dramas of our days gone by," and rescues A change came o'er the spirit of my from oblivion many “green spots in me- dream,”-I was again at Oxford ; the city mory's waste;" we can live over again in of palaces rose on the orb of my mind. recollection the happiest days of our lives, Invested as it is with the charm of sacredand again converse and associate with ness, which learning, religion, and anti“ the loved, the lost, the distant, and the quity conspire to give it, I contemplated dead.” Indulging in this mood one that splendid city with mingled emotions evening, a few of the past scenes of my of veneration and delight. The dome of chequered life rose in review before me. the cathedral rises from the midst of that

I was again a child, -breathing the magnificent panorama, with a dignity susalubrious and bracing air of Hampshire. perior to the adjoining buildings, which I reverted to the time, when, in the still seem vying with each other in altitude twilight of a summer's evening, I was and beauty. The prince and the father kneeling at the feet of my mother,--she of English rivers, the Thames, nearly who first taught my infant lips to lisp a encircles the city, and appears to flow prayer to the Almighty. Oh what a lovely with an additional gravity, when he reaches occupation is that!

this classic neighbourhood, as, in respect to “ Delightful task ! to rear the tender thought, the University he reflects on his bosom. To teach the young idea how to shoot.”

But if the tout-ensemble is charming, a But far more exceedingly delightful to nearer and closer inspection of this fardirect the aspirations of childhood to the famed city is equally so. As I proceeded throne of mercy,—to teach the young / along the High-street, (which is said to idea to direct its thoughts and affections | be one of the handsomest in Great to that Benefactor who crowns our lives Britain,") college after college, each apwith loviny-kindness and tender-mercies, pearing more venerable than the former, -to teach it to bow the knee morning passed by me in proud array, as though and evening, at the footstool of Him, who conscious of the interest they excite in said, “Suffer little children to come unto the mind of a stranger; and, as professors me,"_and to teach it to join the family and students bustled by in their gowns circle, in offering up a choral hymn, the and caps, the recollection was forced upon sacrifice of prayer and praise; nor would me, that I was in the first University in that sacrifice be less acceptable, as offered the world ; and my mind paid involuntary to the Most High by children.

homage to a place so renowned for learnI now imagine myself gamboling in ing, and venerable for antiquity. all the gaiety of childhood, beneath the But the many-towered city faded from majestic elms of lackwood Park, during my mind's eye, and I was again a visitor

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at the “time-honoured” ruins of Foun-' But the lonely solitude of the ruined tain's Abbey. I had been viewing build- abbey faded, and I fancied myself once ings glorious and magnificent, in their pre- more standing on the pier at Liverpool, servation from the devastations of time, the second port in the world. The docks, now I was gazing on ruins. I wandered crowded with vessels which bear the prodown its grass-grown aisles,--I trod with ductions of England to the uttermost parts solemn step, the sacred sanctuary of the of the habitable world, presented to my dead,—and I felt an awe pervading my astonished eye an immense and crowded feelings, while the thought came across forest of masts. The Mersey rolled at my mind,-If the Abbey is thus grand in my feet, on which was reflected, as in a ruins, what was it in its primeval splen- mirror, the opposite coast of Cheshire. dour? My imagination was busy, the Craft of all sizes, from the stately three. building no longer shewed any “rents of decker to the diminutive ferry-boat, conruin,” the ivy disappeared from the tinually passing and repassing, gave the walls, the fretted roof again darkened scene an appearance at once lively and the tesselated floor, from which the grass amusing. A cloudless sky, and the calm was removed, the altar shone resplendent serenity of the weather, added to the effect with the blaze of tapers, monks, habited of the scenery, “ It was one fine picture in the costume of the Benedictine order, of nature's painting.” peopled the splendid chapel, the impos- See that ship sailing down the river, ing service of the Romish church com- bound to the far-distant shores of America, menced, and anthem after anthem died |what a complicated piece of machinery through the magnificent pile, with all the she appears to the uninitiated landsman ! effect that the rich harmony of sacred | What an assemblage of ropes, apparently music could give it. But “ all that's more numerous than necessary! But no, bright must fade;" so faded my day- not a rope but what is absolutely useful, dream; my imagination no longer lorded not a sail more than is required. What a it over my senses, and the Abbey again beautiful object she is, walking the appeared in its true character.

waters” in her pride; and her sails, like A ruined abbey presents to the eye clouds, floating on the azure vault of of the mere poet or moralist, an interesting heaven! Who may tell what storms appearance; the poet may sing its praise await that ship, and how many dangers in “ thoughts that breathe, and words that she may have to encounter, ere she reach burn," and to the moralist it may read a her desired haven? “How many sighs striking lesson of the instability of worldly will be wafted after her, how many enjoyments and pursuits; but to the prayers offered up for her safety," and Christian it speaks in a more exalted and how many sleepless nights will be passed dignified strain, inasmuch as it is a hea- by the friends of her passengers, when venly lesson to him; and as he sees the they hear the storm and the wind howling fleeting and transitory nature of all created in discord.

S. J. good, the voice of revelation warns him Huddersfield, Feb. 18, 1829. to “set his affections on things above," and sounds in his ear, “ Prepare to meet thy God.”

“THE LORD LOVETH A CHEERFUL GIVER.” The ruins of an abbey have an additional claim to our respect, when we take

In looking over the reports of many reliinto consideration, that the building was

gious and benevolent Institutions, of unonce the honoured ark in which was pre- questionable utility, I have read with pain served the sacred Scriptures; and though

and sorrow such items as follow,_"Her the jewel may now be gone, the casket,

Grace the Duchess of A....., £1. 1. 0. which for so long a time preserved that — The Right Honourable the Countess of jewel, should be ever dear to our hearts, | B....., £0. 10. 6.—and the Honourable as having been of such incalculable service

Mrs. C....., (don.) £0. 5. 0." Alas ! to our country. And “here learning,

that such illustrious names should be such as it was, had her first and only

allied to such plebeian sums. If such be asylum; here only, silent art was culti-the, standard of benevolence ; - from the vated, in illuminating missals, and other poor mechanic and the needy peasant, books belonging to the church service;

what can be expected ?-If £20,000 per here only, history composed her chronicles annum yield 10s. 6d.; from £25 or £30 and rude memorials."*

per annum what is the claim of Bene

volence ? • Rev. W. L. Bowles's History of Brenhill. But this is not the Chistian's method of

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computing her demands : the believing him the preference. My friend mentioned tradesman exclaims, “Of all that He shall the inability of his parents, from their large give me, I will surely give the tenth unto family, to support him in necessaries for Thee.” The pious labourer will share so long a term. The gentleman replied, his last loaf with her; and the friendless “I am aware of that, but Providence widow will throw into her treasury “all has blessed me in my profession with sucthat she hath !”. Oh, think of these, ye cess, and I make it a point to appropriate who, though placed by a bountiful Pro- | the sum I do not require, towards the cause vidence beyond the reach of want, grudge of religion; and the way I think most to ignorant and suffering humanity the beneficial is, in enabling a pious young thousandth part of your superfluous man to become one of its devoted minismammon.

ters. If, therefore, you think proper to go, May I ask in what bank is lodged your I will undertake to supply all your wants favourite and growing hoard ?-Do you during your probation.” want a better security, or a higher rate of On mentioning this conversation to me, interest ?-Has it escaped your recollection I felt equally astonished with my friend, that there is a bank in Heaven ready to at this providential assistance, coming as receive your deposits, and a recording | it did from a quarter whence apparently angel waiting there to note down the so little was to be expected ; and I could sums ?-In that bank only can you say not but question the propriety of such your money is safe, and there only can benevolence, in a man who had a family you depend upon its being forthcoming of children depending upon him for sup. with rich interest, when all other banksport. The offer was however accepted, bave stopped payment, and all other secu and my friend repaired to college, and rities are void and annihilated. But during the four years he remained there, remember, life is the only time to lay up his benefactor, to his immortal honour, not treasuses in that truly saving bank ;-I only supplied, but anticipated all his much doubt whether sums left by will are wants. placed to the credit of the testator there. Some years after this, in looking over In the case of an old and well-known a provincial paper, I read the following depositor, it may possibly do; but to open paragraph,—“On Thursday last Mr. *** a new account by such a method is little was elected Master of the Grammar School better than attempting to cross the Pacific of this Town. The election has caused in a stolen canoe.

some surprise, as Mr. had not been TRAVELLER. long a resident in the town; and one can

didate in particular was a competitor with LIVING FAITH.

him, whose talents had procured him a

deserved celebrity, and promised him I HAD an intimate friend who had a

success.” The election might cause surlonging desire, and talents that justified

prise to many, but not to me. Mr. *** his desire, to enter the ministry; but his

was my friend's benefactor; and this parents not being in affluent circumstances, valuable appointment, the reward of his the expenses of a necessary education to living faith and sterling benevolence. qualify him for the office, seemed to pre. Faithful is He who hath promised to sent an insurmountable bar to the attain

honour them who honour Him! ment of his wishes. When he was upon

Kirkby Stephen. TRAVELLER. the point of abandoning the idea as hopeless, he received a note from a person with whom he had no acquaintance, re

VISIT TO MOUNT SINAI. questing an interview with him. This individual was a respectable schoolmaster A few hours more, and we got sight of of the town; a man of harsh and unpleas the mountains round Sinai. Their aping exterior, and cold and repulsive in his pearance was magnificent; when we drew manners : what such a man could want nearer, and emerged out of a deep pass, with my friend, he was totally at a loss to the scenery was infinitely striking, and on conjecture. He called, however, and was the right extended a vast range of mounsurprised to find the gentleman, not only ac. tains, as far as the eye could reach, from quainted with his wishes respecting the mi. the vicinity of Sinai down to Tor. They nistry, but who told him, that having in- were perfectly bare, but of /grand and sinquired into his character, being pleased with gular form. it, and having the nomination of a student We had hoped to reach the convent by to * * * * College, he wished to give day-light, but the moon had risen some

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