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268 ..........................correrererererercumonm.mmunocer amples he adduces are, “The righteous In Rule xviii, he enters at some length shall flourish as the palm-tree.” “ The on a defence of the subjunctive mood, and just shall live by faith." Both these exam- vindicates the example in Dr. Lowth, “We ples we understand in the plural, as the shall overtake him, though he run," and wise—the brave—the good; whereas, on the phrase in Dr. Blair, “It must be the reference to the Hebrew and Greek, we preacher's own fault, if he transgress in find the words in the singular, tzadick and unity." We cannot say here, “will run," dicaios. On the contrary, Matt. xiii. 43, because we cannot foretell, nor can we say, “ The righteous shall shine as the sun," shall run,” because we cannot command; dicaioi, the righteous in the plural number. therefore, “should run," must be the auxiAll this confusion might be avoided by a liary understood. He objects in the second recurrence to the longer and shorter article, example, to transgresses, because it fills and if not admitted in the colloquial, the language with a superabundance of sibiwe might at least write thề and the or lancy, of which the French is happily re. thei.
lieved. Ex. Si Mentor me quit, “If MenOn the verb, nine pages are bestowed tor quit me." in the illustration of the modes and tenses, After supporting this doctrine with twenty and of the auxiliaries. We find also a examples, down from the Saxon age to the copious note of the primitive form of cer present time, he concludes by accounting tain verbs in the Gothic, the Swedish, and for the disregard of the subjunctive form, in the Saxon tongues ; and in the appendices, most writers, in the following manner:three tables of the time of the verb by our “Dr. John Wallis, Savilian professor of geome
try in the University of Oxford, an elegant Latin
writer on English Grammar, Logic, &c., having zée. He declines the term “second future denied the existence of the subjunctive mood, and tense,” for “the future relative tense.” Ex. by consequence the influence of the conjunction,
induced many of his pupils, and others who be. “When this corruption shall have put on
came great writers during the reign of queen incorruption;" the future here having rela Anne, to follow his example. Before his time we tion to the precise time of the resurrection.
scarcely find any who had ventured to take that li.
berty with the language."-p. 268. He complains, p. 46, that by leaving be.
The Cratylus of primitive words contains hind the termination of the verb in n, an,
an, many amusing remarks, with seven specien, o, er, or, ere, though we have gained a
mens of the changes induced on the Engshade of uniformity in orthography, we
lish tongue; to which is added, an essay have at the same time lost the primitive dis
on composition. The Cratylus, (the name tinction between the infinitive and active
of Plato's master, to whom he dedicates structure of the verb. Ex. Bita nagot
his book on names) though brief, is very litel i sonder, “to bite any little thing)
interesting in Swedish antiquities, and in asunder;" Iag biter, “I bite.” Thus, in
proofs that all the languages of the present the haste of excision, we have left many
world have emanated from the family of excellencies.
Noah. The proofs he adduces are from On the subject of adverbs, conjunctions,
ons, professor Ihve of Sweden, who, according and prepositions, very many difficulties
to Dupin, has demonstrated that the Gooccur in the classifications. The fact is, in
thic, the Hebrew, and the ancient Persic,
this the earliest traces of ancient grammar there
are sister languages. The next testimony existed but three divisions of words, the
is from sir William Jones, who asserts, noun, the 'verb, and the particle or inde
Disc. vi.] that all the languages of India clinable parts of speech. By consequence,
have proceeded from a common language many words were used as adjectives, as
spoken in the ancient empire of Iran. Mr. adverbs, and as prepositions. Some of| those difficulties remain to the present day. Erak of the French writers, and derived
Sutcliffe conceives that this Iran is the However, on collating the illustrations of our author, with other English grammars, the first four cities of Noah's family.
from the Erech of Moses, Gen, xi, one of the reader will find much light thrown upon the particles, which he seems to have gleaned in a vast course of reading, and REVIEW.-The Stepmother, a Tragedy in long protracted studies.
| five Acts, by Jacob Jones, Esq. of the The syntax of this grammar is the most! Inner Temple. Hurst, London, 1829. interesting part. It opens with many pre-Our dramatic compositions have of late paratory hints to study and understand the been so polluted with profaneness but ill rules. The principles of concord, pro- concealed, with licentiousness scarcely dispriety, and government, are illustrated by guised, and with pernicious principles that phrases and simple sentences, which can- are almost recommended by the polite not be misunderstood.
manner in which they are reprobated, 269
Review.—My Grandfather's Farm.
............................................ that we have been led to view productions surveyed by the reader with the mingled of this description, as belonging to a sus emotions of disgust, contempt, and indigpicious family. In the theatre, we too fre-nation. quently perceive experiments made on Some branches of these episodes seem the depraved taste of the auditors, to as- | involved in clouds of obscurity, which certain how much vice may be thrown into nothing but conjecture will enable us to the composition without exciting expressions pierce; and the major characters occasionof disapprobation, and how far its grossness ally display appearances which might have may be exposed, without shocking their been rendered more luminous without any nervous and moral sensibilities. The ob- disadvantage. One general feature, howservations made on the last representation, ever, prevails throughout the whole : Vice, frequently furnish a guide to those which though it prospers for a season, is uniformly follow; and the more nearly an author can overtaken by justice; while Virtue, though approach the confines of iniquity without severely depressed, is ultimately triumphactually plunging into the vortex, the greater | ant. is the probability that he will be rewarded The language of this tragedy is bold with success, and crowned with applause. I | and energetic, but less impassioned than
The tragedy which now presents itself might have been expected. With exalted to our notice, the author avows, takes its sentiments it does not abound : but this stand on fictitious ground. The plan is deficiency is somewhat supplied by the local laid in the region of fancy, and the various incidents that are numerously introduced. characters which furnish out the scenery, The author is no stranger to Parnassus, and exist as such only in the writer's imagina- the favours he receives from the Muses, are tion. They are, nevertheless, in their radical fully sufficient to encourage the repetition principles, true to nature, though coloured of his visits to the hallowed mount. too highly to be generally perceived in active life. The Stepmother, who is the principal
Review.- My Grandfather's Farm ; or
Pictures of Rural Life. 12mo. pp. 335. figure, is what may be called a paragon of every thing that is wicked ; or, if she
Whittaker, London. 1829. find a rival in her ascent to this bad pre- This is a book of amusement, made up of eminence, it can only be found in the Prior various tales which have their chief foundaand Monk, through whose instrumentality tion in rural life. It is designed principally she contrives to execute the diabolical pur- for the young, to whom the stories will poses of her heart. In her movements prove entertaining, but we cannot find any through these regions of villany, murder remarkable incidents, any striking developmarks her steps; but on many occasions ment of character, and but little display of when the object of her iniquitous solicitude intellectual energy. The scenes, however," seems within her grasp, some unforeseen placed before the reader, are considerably event defeats her intentions, and finally varied; and this circumstance, by impartunravels all her horrid machinations. Ating the charms of novelty to the whole, length, overtaken by the pursuits of long excites an interest which rarely fails to insulted justice, in a moment of attempted banish languor, while it keeps attention suicide, she is struck dead by the lightnings generally on the alert. of Heaven, and the Prior dies by the hands The tales, which are twenty-two in num. of the executioner.
ber, exhibit different degrees of merit, which The plot contains several interesting seem to arise more from the region which episodes; among which, her contrivance the author explores, than from any peculiar to confine in a dungeon her husband's first power of invention, or facility of elucidawife, who is supposed to be dead, and her tion. In their character and tendency, they efforts to transfer the wealth and titles are strictly moral, and simplicity distinwhich the former children would inherit, guishes the style in which they are written. to her own son, are particularly prominent. It is a book which may be read and underTo accomplish this latter purpose, she stood with the utmost facility, no depth of stimulates him to murder his rival brother thought or vastness of comprehension being in-law; but his failure in the attempt, necessary to catch the ideas which run along finally discloses the wickedness of her soul. the pages. This to many readers will most The Prior, and his confederate Monk, ap- probably operate as a strong recommendapear, through all their transactions, in their tion, and the number of those who are genuine' hypocritical character, and ulti- strangers to mental energy is by no means mately retire from public view, the victims contemptible. of superstition, cowardice, and despair ; In a work of this description, where no
Review.-Crosley's Poems-Stories from Scripture.
thing could reasonably be expected besides some exalted sentiments, that correspond what floats on the surface, it is no mean in vigour with the language in which they proof of the writer's talents, that he can al. are expressed. The moral pieces always lure his readers to persevere to the end. sustain their character; but the author, traDifficult as this task is, it is one which we velling, in general a beaten path, they think the author of “My Grandfather's derive but little assistance from the charms Farm," has fully accomplished, as few of novelty. The humorous compositions who peruse books for amusement, will be never transgress the rules of decorum, or inclined to lay it aside, until the conclusion range beyond the boundaries which the of the last story is known.
smiles of innocence and chastity prescribe. In addition to the entertainment which Although these poems contain no prothis volume affords, several of the tales fur fundity of research, no brilliant coruscanish wholesome lessons, and the instruction tions of thought, no elevated flights of they convey, improvement may render ex imagination, they possess a nameless charm, tensively valuable. It is not always that which seems to captivate, while it remains the amusements of literature are associated unseen, and please, we hardly know why. with innocence, much less with moral utility; To this, the ease, simplicity, and harmony but whenever we find these combined, as of the numbers may in part contribute, but in the case before us, we always think such we think the greater portion must arise books entitled to recommendation.
from a degree of poetical merit, which, though latent in itself, is seen in its emana
tions, and for which, at present, we are at Review.-Poems, Lyric, Moral, and
a loss to find an adequate name. Humorous. By Thomas Crosley. 12mo. pp. 140. Hunt. London.
Review.-Stories from Scripture, on an If our young ladies were favoured with as improved plan. 2 vols. 12mo. pp. 200 many admirers as the Muses, it is not -- 200. Harris, London. unlikely that they would be equally Tue first of these volumes is devoted to haughty, disdainful, and regardless of the events and incidents recorded in the Old prayers of their numerous petitioners. To Testament, and the sec
Testament, and the second to such as are a favoured votary they might, perhaps, | furnished in the New; and whether we view occasionally extend a smile, but by far the them as detached from their sacred chagreater number would be compelled to sigh racter, or invested with it, they appear both and court in vain.
amusing and instructive. The volume on So far as the Nine are concerned, Mr. the Old Testament contains twenty-four Crosley has no reason to complain of being narratives, each of which is illustrated with a treated with disrespect, although they have neat copper-plate. The language in which not condescended to admit him into the these stories are told is simple and familiar, more splendid or more elevated apartments but on all occasions the author has obseryof the Parnassian mansion. In the present ed a strict adherence to the materials which volume he has knocked at their habitation the sacred text supplies. To young persons about sixty different ways and times, and in they will be found particularly interesting most of his calls has received a friendly as detached narratives, while in their comnod, although he may perhaps be in- bined effect they can hardly fail to impart clined to think
a general knowledge of many leading events “They sqneeze my hand, and beg me come to recorded in the Bible; and it is not impromorrow."
bable that many readers will be induced, There is a prettiness in these little effu- from a perusal of them, to seek after an sions, on which we cannot look without acquaintance with the general history with being pleased ; but this pleasure never rises which they stood connected in the inspired into astonishment, and it is but rarely that pages. we pause to explore the real source of our The volume, founded on events selected approbation. As flowers, these composi- from the New Testament, is also ornamented tions may be compared to daisies, prim- with twenty-four neatly executed engravroses, and violets, cheerful to the eye, and ings, thus corresponding with the precedfragrant to the smell, though destitute of ing, but the stories are extended to thirty, that vivifying aroma, for which the moss-to which is appended a brief sketch of the rose and the carnation will always be evidences in favour of divine revelation. distinguished.
To these narratives, the plates will give an In those parts which may be termed additional interest, from their having a light Lyric, we find many excellent lines, and and elegant appearance, with which nearly
Brief Survey of Books.
every reader will be pleased. It can be Qualification, by John Howard Hinton, scarcely needful to say, that the sacred | (Holdsworth, London,) is a sermon, preached writings abound with incidents and mate | in London in June 1826, and, with conrials for such sketches and graphic illustra siderable variations, at the anniversary of tions more than any other work extant; and the Baptist Academy at Bradford, Yorkthe difficulty lies, not in finding subjects shire, and now first published. In his for the pencil and the pen, but in making a preface, the author distinctly avows his selection from the abounding profusion. belief in the ability of man to do good un
In the work before us, the author has der the present Gospel dispensation, and judiciously fixed on those incidents and his decided conviction that Christ died for events that are, perhaps, more pathetic and all mankind. Without the former, he coninteresting in themselves than many others, tends, responsibility must be done away ; and more susceptible of graphic embellish. / and without the latter, there can be no good ments. In both respects it assumes a faith in universal invitations. In his catapleasing appearance; and as a present to a logue of excellencies belonging to the minisyoung friend of either sex, or a reward for a | terial character, he has given an extensive Sunday scholar or other pupil, it would be enumeration ; the whole resulting in these considered as a valuable prize. Publica points, that in personal piety, a minister tions of this description cannot be too exten should be a bright example to others; and sively circulated.
in general knowledge, a workman that need not be ashamed. Young ministers may
peruse it with much advantage. BRIEF SURVEY OF BOOKS.
4. Report of the Proceedings at a 1. A Guide to Acquaintance with God, Dinner to Commemorate the Abolition of by the Rev. J. Sherman, (Nisbit, London, the Sacramental Test, June 18th, 1829, having passed through three editions, must Freemason's Hall, H. R. H. The Duke of already be tolerably well known through- Sussex in the chair, (Wightman, London, out an extensive circle. The substance of might at first sight seem a strange subject this little volume, as we are informed in either for publication or review. The the preface, was first delivered in three speeches, however, which were delivered on discourses to a congregation in Reading, of this occasion, give to the proceedings quite which the author is the minister, and pub a new aspect. Animated by this memoralished at their request. It is now divided ble event, the repeal of the test and corpointo six chapters, in which this important ration act, the speakers, among whom were subject is examined in various lights. It many of our most distinguished national is not a philosophical acquaintance with characters, entered into an investigation of the Divine Being which the author recom- the principles of ecclessiastical liberty, mends, but that which is experimental and which they advocated as an unalienable practical. To this all his observations tend, right of man. Among these, we find the and, if perused in the same spirit and with Duke of Sussex, Lord John Russell, Lord the same views with which it appears to Holland, Mr. John Abel Smith, Mr. Wilhave been written, the reader will not com liam Smith, Lord Althorp, the Rev. Dr. plain that he has wasted his time in looking Cox, the Rev. Robert Aspland, Mr. Weythrough its pages.
mouth, Sir John Newport, Mr. Brougham, 2. The Scripture Student's Assistant, Earl of Carnarvon, Mr. Denman, Lord being an Index and Dictionary to the Nugent, Sir Francis Burdett, Mr. Spring Holy Bible, by the Rev. John Barr, Rice, and Dr. Brown. The speeches of (Simpkin, London,) is thus described in the above noblemen and gentlemen, warmed the preface. " Every difficult word is with the triumphs of religious liberty, are here briefly explained, figurative language followed by several interesting letters, which is illustrated, allusions to Eastern customs form an Appendix, all advocating the rights shortly noticed, the situation of cities, coun. of conscience, over which no human autries, &c, mentioned, and the symbolical thority can exercise a just control. style of prophecy expounded." Great and 5. A New Version of the Psalms of numerous as these pretensions are, all that David, from their original Text, by James they promise may be found in this volume, Usher, Part 1, (Stephens, London,) apthough on a diminutive scale. It is a Dic- pears before us in a promising form. There tionary of the Bible in miniature, and will are in several parts manifest departures be found of great service to those who have from the versions we have been accustomed not any larger work of a similar nature, to to read, but we find no deviations which which they can refer.
do not bring their own sanctions. The 3. On Completeness of Ministerial | variations, however, are not important. 123.-VOL XI.
Brief Survey of Books. They consist more in terms of expression, , subservient to the spiritual welfare of all to than in a change of ideas. The versifica- whom it is administered. tion is smooth, but not elevated, the author's 10. The Christian Recorder, Nos. I. II. aim being fidelity rather than splendour, and III. (Cowie, London,) is a new publi. and to exalt the real sentiments of the cation, issued in weekly numbers, at threesacred writer, rather than to display his own pence each. Its professed design is to furabilities.
nish occasional essays on biblical criticism, 6. Scripture Questions concerning the to give sketches from the discouses of cele Life, Death, Resurrection, and Ascen brated preachers, with other articles of a sion of our Lord, by the Rev. Albert Jud more miscellaneous and incidental nature. son of America, (Religious Tract Society, From the specimens before us, we should London,) will be found useful in schools, be inclined to think it will be a useful and among the younger branches of private work. families. The questions, which are very | 11. An Essay on the Lever, containing a numerous, are divided into two classes. Mathematical Investigation of its ProperThe first is followed by a reference to the ties, 8c. &c. by G. G. Ward, (Steill, Lonpassages which give the answer; but the don,) is a pamphlet to which was awarded replies to the second class can only be ob- a prize by the London Mechanics' Institutained from a previous acquaintance with tion, in December, 1828, as being the best the Scriptures on which they are founded. that had appeared on this subject, among To meet all these questions fully, will re the competitors for fame. “Taken as a quire a degree of memory which few children whole,” Dr. Birkbeck observed, when discan be expected to possess; but even a tributing the prizes, “as an historical, mapartial progress, which all may make, will thematical, and practical dissertation on the be an advancement in religious knowledge. lever, I will venture to assert that it stands
7. The Catechism of Scripture Bio | unrivalled.” After such a testimony, comgraphy, No. 1, (Religious Tract Society, ing from such an authority, all additional London,) will be found both amusing and remarks would be superfluous. instructive to children, the style being fa- 12. Microscopic Amusements, exhibiting miliar, and the pages adorned with several at one view a full Description of West's wood cuts. In this, the answers follow the Improved Pocket Compound Microscope, questions, and a knowledge of both may be &c. &c. by E. G. Ballard, (West, London, acquired without exhausting the patience is a little work replete with useful philosophiof the little pupil.
cal information, on subjects of microscopic 8. Hints designed to promote a pro- inspection. It contains two copper-plates, fitable Attendance on an Evangelical Mi the first exhibiting the microscope in its vanistry, by the Rev. W. Davis, (Hatchard, rious parts, and the second displaying such London, appear in a decent pamphlet, objects as are nearly invisible to the naked that contains much useful matter. The eye, in the dimensions they assume when design of the author is, to inculcate the enlarged by a strong magnifying power. To religion of the heart and the religion of the each article on these plates there is a referlife. The imperative duty of attending ence on the subjoined pages, which cannot public worship is enforced by many pow- fail to render the whole perfectly intelligible erful arguments, and the advantages of at- to every reader. In the book itself, we have, tending an evangelical ministry are pointed first, a general description of vegetables out with conclusive perspicuity. Against and their parts, particularly flowers; and the rocks of Legality, and the whirlpool of in the second, of insects, and their various Antinomianism, an equal guard is placed ; limbs and members. From these the auand the hearer is directed to look for par- thor proceeds to distinguish the varieties, don and regeneration from Christ alone, | observing what is peculiar and surprising in through that faith which worketh by love." each species, as it respects their formation,
9. The Communicant's Spiritual Com their dissection, and the exhibition of their panion, or un Evangelical Preparation parts. It is a pleasing little book, which for the Lord's Supper, by the late Rev. will be perused with advantage by every
T. Haweis, LL. B., M, D., (Hamilton, inquiring youth, who wishes to explore these London,) is a reprint of a small treatise, hidden departments of nature.* which, having been long in circulation, has 13. Infant Education, or Practical Repassed through numerous editions, and marks on the Importance of Educating received the sanction of general approba- the Infant Poor, from the age of eighteen tion. The author's principal aim is, not months to seven years, by S. Wilderspin, to enter into doubtful disputation on the (Simpkin, London,) is a work which we renature of the ordinance, but to render it viewed about two years since. It has now