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Wesleyan Mission in New Zealand.
it had every appearance of a living person. | is centrical, and will enable us to visit An old woman sat near it weeping. She without difficulty all the tribes of 'Hokirepeated an extemporaneous song of the anga. The spot we have pitched upon good qualities of the deceased, and amongst has a beach about 20 yards wide,' to other things, mentioned our having given which a boat can come either at low or her a blanket, and such like matters. | high water. From this beach the ground Patuone, though a lion in battle, was gradually rises to about 60 feet, and runs melted down to deep distress. The tears on that level to the northward, over a much rolled down his cheeks, and he joined with larger extent than we shall ever require to the old woman in singing the virtues of occupy. It commands a fine prospect; his lamented partner. I have never before to the south-east for about 12 miles, seen, even in New Zealand, a more affect and to the north-east for about 5 miles, ing display of real sorrow. We could not there is a beautifully diversified landscape; help mingling our feelings with those of the in front there is a fine river, which, at high mourners. It is remarkable, that in these water, is a mile wide, and where a vessel effusions of grief, they address themselves of 400 tons may lie within a hundred yards to the dead body, as if the person were of our house. The land is timbered, but still living, and knew all they said. not heavily; and there is sufficient perfectly Patuone seemed gratified by our visit, and clear, on which to commence building. requested us to come again to-morrow. It is at present the property of Hekemete, Captain Clarke fired several great guns on and Wanekana, two near relatives of this occasion.
Patuone. We saw them yesterday, and 29. A lamentable accident occurred | had the boundary line pointed out; they this morning. The body of Patuone's have agreed to take blankets and hardware, wife was to be removed to the wahi tapu, | as the hutu, or payment. . or sacred place, which ceremony was to be 26. Nothing pleases Patuone so much distinguished by the firing of the guns at as to talk to him about fighting. His eyes Messrs. Raine and Browne's establish- instantly begin to sparkle, and he expament. A rash young man, named Ka, tiates with great fluency, either on his own loaded a blunderbuss very heavily, and exploits, or those of his friends. He told beat a stick into the mouth of it, till it was me to-day, that his father had been in tightly jambed in, thinking by this means upwards of a hundred engagements, in all to make a very loud report. The natives of which he had distinguished himself by warned him of the danger, and told him killing the first man, and conquering the that if he fired he would certainly hurt | chief; that he never fought without being himself; but his pride would not permit wounded, but neither wounds, nor loss of him to acknowledge his folly, or hesitate blood, could chill his heroism; and that, if to fulfil his intention. The result was, compelled to flee, he was always seen that the piece burst, and a large fragment covering the retreat. He spoke of Taonui, entered his thigh, and broke the bone. the brother of Muriwai, in the most Still persisting in his bravado, he only laughed degrading terms. He said that once, at the affair; but in less than four hours he when slinking in the rear, he shot his own died. This young man was somewhat nephew by mistake, and that whenever remarkable, as a New Zealander, for the his party were beaten, he was always urbanity of his manners.
seen a long way off ahead, making the 1828, Jan. 7. A few days ago, it was best of his way to a place of safety ;-"last reported that 'Honghi was dead. . But we to fight, first to run." ascertained to-day that the rumour was not 27. A party from the Bay of Islands, true. It appears that his son had been who came over last week, stole, on their eating some narcotic fruit, the effects of return, two male slaves, belonging to which, it was thought by the natives, would Ngahuruhuru, and a musket they had with prove fatal. The circumstance so power- them. The 'Hokianga natives view this as fully affected 'Honghi, whose family losses a great insult offered to them. Ngahuruhave been severe, that he resolved, in case huru and his son, with two others, are gone of his son's death, to shoot himself. This to recover the spoil; otherwise a large we found to be the origin of the report. body would have immediately marched off
19. We have at length found a suitable to Wangaroa, to demand its restoration, place for a permanent station. It is by robbing their comera plantation, when called Mangungu, and is about 6 miles he was shot. As soon as the report of this from Waihou, in a north-westerly direc-il young man's death reached the Bay of tion, and one mile from Messrs. Raine Islands, it was resolved that it should be and Browne's establishment. Its situation revenged ; and with this view, 400 fighting
Wesleyan Mission in New Zealand.
men were collected together, and formed into remove to a pa at Horeke, and there, by two divisions, one commanded by Toi, the uniting in one body, to prepare against an other by Wareumu, or, as he is usually attack from the Bay of Islands. This inticalled by Europeans, King George. They mation being afterwards confirmed by Pamarched direct to Hokianga; Toi arrived tuone, we resolved upon an immediate first at Waima, where Patuone and several removal to Maugungu. In this state of other chiefs, together with many of their | general commotion Warerahi called upon men, were assembled. After Toi had us, and with a countenance which bespoke robbed the natives of their potatoes, &c. the concern he felt, expressed his fear as to a reconciliation took place, and nothing our being again plundered and driven from further seemed likely to occur. But when the island, assuring us, however, that he Varemu arrived, wbich was on the next would protect us from all personal injury. day, he expressed the strongest dissatisfac- | Having already erected at Maugungu two tion with Toi for having made peace on rooms, we began on Monday the 18th, such easy terms, and prevailed upon him | and finished on Wednesday evening the to break the league. He was also ex 20th, the removal thither of all our goods." tremely insolent to Muriwai, intimating On Thursday the 21st, we received a that he was a coward, and sneered at the letter from the Bay of Islands, representing idea of the 'Hokianga tribes attempting to it as possible that the circumstance of defend themselves against his power. Wareumu's death may cause the total extir
That day, however, passed over with pation of the 'Hokianga tribes, and the nothing more than hard words; but on the | overthrow of the European establishments; following day, the 16th of March, a quar that the majority of the Bay of Islanders rel took place between the Bay of Islanders were for peace, but it was very doubtful, and the 'Hokianga party. At first it did whether they would prevail over those who not appear likely to lead to bloodshed, but were athirst for war. Muriwai, who lay
the beginning of strife is like the letting wounded pear us, said it was well we had ont of water;" so it was in this instance; removed to Maugungu, as we were now shots were fired on both sides, till several within reach of the great body of the nawere killed, and others wounded. At tives, who would not allow us to be treated length Muriwai, who was acting as a paci as we had been at Wangaroa. Captain ficator, was. wounded, and fell. Supposing Clarke, whose premises are fortified by he was killed, our natives, who were un- several pieces of cannon, resolved, in case sapported by the Waima tribe, (they hav of an attack upon his property, to defend ing fied as soon as things assumed a serious himself to the last extremity. We must not aspect,) became highly enraged, and though omit to state, however, to the praise of this they were before giving way, they now | gentleman, that he declared, if he thought turned round upon their opponents with one Missionary would lose his life, by the desperate valour, and singled out Wareumu natives revenging themselves upon us for as a hutu for Muriwai. Wareumu re. any loss that they might sustain in conceived two balls, and by the second, which tending with him, he would not fire a single passed through his throat, was killed. As shot. soon as he fell, all his followers retreated, At nine o'clock on Friday morning, the learing nine of their companions dead 22d, a canoe, with about sixty warriors, upon the field, amongst whom was Oro, passed our house, and went up the Waima the chief who commenced the pillage of river, to join the Mahurihuri tribe, who our Mission premises at Wangaroa. Here were expecting an immediate attack from the contest terminated. Patuone and Nene the Bay of Islands. In the course of the immediately took the body of the fallen forenoon, several other parties passed overchief, and, though an enemy, made great land, from Horeke to Waima. In the lamentation over him: as a further mark of afternoon we received a letter from the respect, they have since placed it between Rev. Henry Williams, stating, that he and the bodies of their own relations.
some of his brethren were to proceed on In the evening, eight or ten natives of the the following day, to the place where the viler sort, came to Waihou, and sung the natives of the Bay of Islands would assem. pihe, or funeral ode, as an expression of ble to hold a general council, as to the great joy at the yictory they had obtained measures they should adopt in reference to Ofer the Bay of Islanders; proclaiming at ’Hokianga; that if peace be determined the same time. in the most extravagant upon, the Missionaries would accompany terrs, their own bravery. They likewise the natives to Waima, as arbitrators; and intimated that we should be no longer safe that if war should be the result, they would a Waihon as all the tribes intended to come over without delay to our help. They 121,--VOL. XI.
Wesleyan Mission in New Zealand.
regarded the posture of affairs as extremely board, and by six o'clock in the evening critical.
arrived safe at Maugungu. It seems that the news of Wareumu's! We received an interesting account of death produced at the Bay of Islands á what had taken place on the field of action very strong disposition for war, principally, The chiefs behaved in a very becoming however, among the young and inexpe- manner: those from the Bay of Islands rienced. The older chiefs were, in gene- declared, that as the people of 'Hokianga ral, advocates for peace, partly on the were their relations and friends, they had no ground of family alliance, and partly from wish to fight with them. After much disa a principle of general policy." They felt cussion, it was at length agreed, that peace adverse to the adoption of hostile proceed should be proclaimed on Sunday. The ings against the 'Hiokianga chiefs, becauso Missionaries remonstrated against this, and many of them were their near relations; recommended that the public proclamation and this disinclination to war was confirmed of peace should be deferred till Monday. by an opinion, that if the inhabitants of This was consented to, and both parties this part of the island were to weaken remained quiet during the Sabbath, and themselves by mutual quarrels, the natives listened with attention to the instructions of of the south-east coast, hearing of their the Missionaries. As soon, however, as dissensions, would come in a large body, the flag, which is always hoisted on that and exterminate them all. But whilst these day, was taken down, they commenced considerations powerfully recommended the firing, and ceased not all night. It being maintenance of tranquillity and friendship, customary on such occasions for individuals the established customs of New Zealand, to single out those whom they dislike, and which have the force of law, required them shoot them clandestinely, there was reason to fight; a great chief had fallen, and his to fear that some mischief would be done. death must be avenged. In this extremity The Missionaries, whose tent was pitched they had applied to the Missionaries, and de in the centre of the Bay-of-Islanders' sired them to become arbitrators of the matter. camp, had indeed requested the natives, on - Accordingly, the Rev. Henry Williams their deciding upon peace, to break the and Mr. Richard Davis, accompanied the balls off their cartridges; but this advice Bay of Islanders, who amounted to five or was evidently not taken, as balls were kept six hundred strong, all well armed, to flying over their heads all night. On MonWaima, where they arrived on Friday the day morning the chiefs of note, belonging 22d, and encamped near the pa in which to both parties, met together in token ofgood the opposite party were posted. It may be will, on which occasion several speeches necessary to explain what the natives call were made. It was still doubtful, however, a pa : it is a strong stockade made of the whether an engagement would take place trunks of trees, and usually situated upon or not, till the Bay-of-Islanders, at the the summit of a high bill, difficult of access. command of their chiefs, fired several tres It was a fortification of this kind in which mendous volleys in the air, and turned their the 'Hokianga natives had enclosed them backs on Waima, to return home. The selves; there was about 400 fighting men, 1 firing was answered by corresponding volbesides the wives and children of the Ma- | leys from the pa. An accident occurred at hurihuri tribe. Friday and Saturday were this juncture, which was calculated to intera spent in deliberating on what should be rupt these pacific tokens. A ball struck done. On the latter day, Mr. Clark and the ground near an aged chief of the Bay Mr. Kemp arrived from the Mission station of Islands. It being supposed that this at Kere-Kere. On Sunday we received a shot was intended to hit some person, a note, requesting that our boat might be good deal of irritation was produced. But sent' to Waima. The following morning the Bay-of-Islanders were satisfied with the we started at 'day-break; as we drew near hutu of firing several shots near the people in the place, we were gravely informed by the pa. Had any one been killed, a general some natives in a canoe, that three hun- engagement would inevitably have ensued. 'dred Bay-of-Islanders had been killed, and Happily this was not the case, though it is that the rest had fled; but, though we had truly astonishing, that nearly a thousand heard tremendous firing as we were going | undisciplined savages should have been up the river, which we could not account brought together under such circumstances, for, yet knowing that no reliance could be and with their passions so much inflamed, placed on such accounts from the natives, and that they should be firing at random we proceeded onward. When we got for twelve hours in a hostile manner. Nene within sight of the pa, we met our friends said, that Ngahuruhuru ought not to have from the Bay of Islands, took them on | gone without the concurrence of his friends. 21
Wesleyan Mission in New Zealand.
28. We have again taken into the Mission he resides. He advised us to have plenty family, two native females, Taki and Motio, of the chiefs' children residing with us, as one the slave, and the other the daughter, of they would be a security to us, He'promised Tepui. Both of them formerly resided to send two of his own, a son and a daughwith us at Wangaroa. ,
ter, who are from 14 to 15 years of age.. 29. Nghahuruhuru returned to-day. His 3d. I went to Hutakuru, the residence of unexpected' appearance at Pinia, where Taonui. I was conversing with this chief 'Honghi now is, excited some alarm at the on the goodness of God, when his brother first, from a supposition, that a fighting said, “ Ae! ina te tini turore e takoto,nei," party, had come from 'Hokianga. When “ hence the infinite number of sick peohe got to 'Honghi's house, he declared his ple lying down." We hardly ever speak of errand ; one of his old neighbours con the divine goodness, but they raise some temptuously asked, “What is this slave objections. Having a blister in my pocket, come here for ?" Another replied, “ His which I had prepared for another person, conduct is not like a slave, for he has come who however I found had recovered, I apin the face of danger to recover his stolen | plied it to a daughter of Taonui's, who is property. . If he were gathering cockles for suffering much in her chest, from the others, as we are, (alluding to the servile effects of the influenza. It is not three obedience they are required to pay to weeks since Taonui buried one of his 'Honghi, you might well call him a slave.” daughters,' a very fine young woman; I 'Honghi expressed his sorrow that the saw the box in which she is placed; it is affair had happened at all. It appeared ornamented all over with leaves of books that the stolen slaves had run homewards, and portraits, taken out of the Magazines. one of them having been severely beaten, Muriwai overtook me on my return, and because he refused to give up his musket. wished to talk about buying and selling; His comrade made a fire, and steamed his but finding I would not converse on these body in hot moist leaves, to mollify the subjects, he said to one of my guides, bruises; a process that is customary among “This is indeed a sacred day, for this people them in such cases. Ngahuruhuru met talk of nothing but the God.” with them on their way back to 'Hokianga. 4th. Patuone wishes his daughter, a girl This chief informs us, that 'Honghi is re- about ten years of age, to live with us; but duced to a mere skeleton, and cannot live she would not come to-day, though he more than another month; but that, not- requested her. He and Nene say we ought withstanding his extreme debility of body, to have none but chiefs' daughters. he declares "his heart is not small at all," 10th. Patuone, and all his party, are meaning, that his heart is as much dis gone to the Bay of Islands, to plunder posed to fight as ever.
Titore's lands, for some misconduct of his 930. An old chief, Tekaweka, observed, towards a female. that a man who had no daughters, obtained 11th. About two o'clock this morning a but little benefit from the white people. canoe passed up the river, with a party,
Ki te ware pakeha ?” said he, who is that who exhorted all to go to Tutu's place, and at the white man's house ? ko mea ma? | get something for themselves, for that he what is his name? Hae, hae, e tamaine had shot himself, because his wife had ana; yes, yes, he has daughters. “Our committed adultery. youths,” he added, “ have no wives left; 12th. The natives who returned from the white people are taking them all.” I Tutu's place, related to me the particulars asked a man, whether his son, if allowed of the death of this unhappy man. He sat to become one of our domestics, would be down with his son, a child about five or obedient, having frequently witnessed his six years of age, upon his back, putting the disobedient conduct towards his father. lle muzzle of a loaded musket to his breast, replied, Ko tana rongonga ia he tangata that the ball, having passed through his ke panei ka tono ia i tana matuo ekore e own heart, might also kill the child; that te tamaite ko ta. Nu tirani ritenga." not being able to fire off the piece with his & The thing he will listen to is a stranger. foot, he drew the ramrod, and thrust it But if his father or mother orders him to against the trigger, The ball passed through do any thing, he will not listen, but will his body, and came out at the back of his throw stones at his father. . This is how neck. The child, though unconscious of New Zealanders act,”
, :: what his father was doing, was providenm February 1st. Muriwai called to-day tially unhurt; and taking up the ramrod, with his son Kaitoke (eat worms.), He he ran home, crying, “ E mata ana kura! asked if we had sent for a Missionary to E. mata ana kura !" Father is dead'! be stationed at Paramatta, the place where father is dead! The widow seemed quite
Wesleyan Mission in New Zealand.
unconcerned, and was laughing and jesting expected they would be attacked after-his as if nothing had happened. “ Had he, death; but exhorted them, if they should said the natives, “ shot her as well as him. be, never to yield to their enemies, however self, that would have been well; but to numerous, they might be, as it was only thus shoot himself only was foolish."
they could obtain a hutu, or satisfaction, 13th. The weather was very wet; the for his death. On the morning of the river was swollen as high as the banks, and 6th, he repeatedly exclaimed, " Kia toa! we were apprehensive of an inundation. Kia toa !” Be courageous! Be courageThe natives regard the river as a god, and lous! And such exhortations as these emcall it Taniwa. When they saw how we ployed his quivering lips till he expired. treated their superstitious fears, as to its Of this ferocious warrior, the following overflowing its banks, they said, “ When Portrait, with all its scarifications of rank you are immersed in water, you will see and honour, gives a faithful likeness. b an whether the Taniwa has no power : this
1994. above all rivers is sacred. One ship, (meaning the Cossack, an American schoo
ESO ner, that was wrecked at 'Hokianga, in
as od January, 1822,) has been destroyed by him.
top He has power indeed." 21. Nearly all the natives of this place
pastel left yesterday, to go to Wirinake, near the
S VON heads, with a view to plunder the people there of all they possess. The natives of the Bay of Islands are reported to be in the neighbourhood, coming to assist Ma
dsdong tanga, an upstart fellow, against Tehihatai,
old be (the salt nose,) a powerful tribe.
basis 22. The persons we sent down the river
gotot 91 in our boat, to take our letters on board the vessel that is lying there, saw a powerful
SVSEEN New Zealand force. The canoes were very numerous, and full of fighting men, from the Bay of Islands, together with Matangi's party.
Here the journal, from which the preceding extracts are taken, terminates; but other communications, dated in March,
és barta supply the following particulars :
so Soon Ilonghi, (Shungie,) the hero of New Zea- It is customary in New Zealand, at the land, is at length numbered with the clods of death of a chief, for some of his surviving the valley. A party of the 'Hokianga natives acquaintance to kill several of his poor were on a visit to hiin at Wangaroa, when relations or neighbours. The followers of he died. Patuone, who was one of them, 'Honghi, apprehensive of immediate derelated the following circumstances:-He struction, shut themselves up in their pa, and his party reached Wangaroa on the or fortified place, and began to block up 4th of March; they were much grieved to all the ways which led to it. To allay their find 'Ilonghi so dreadfully emaciated. fears, Patuone and the other chiefs ordered They lifted up their voices, and wept; and their men to remain quiet in their houses, the sick warrior himself was so much whilst he and a few friends went to see the affected, that for some time he had no corpse : still, however, the approach of power to speak. They told him they these few individuals towards the pa, greatly feared he was near death, which however alarmed those within, and made them he denied, and said he never was in better shiver like leaves in the wind. Being spirits in his life. On the following day assured however, by Patuone, that no evil they intended to depart, but finding him was meditated against them, they admitted worse, they resolved to remain. 'Honghi him and his companions. 'Honghi's chilnow became conscious of his approaching dren were engaged in binding up the dissolution, and bequeathed to his sons his body of their father, but the dread which implements of war, amongst which was the they felt of a hostile assault, prevented coat-of-mail presented to him, when in them paying that respect to the remains of England, by his majesty king George the the departed chief, which is customary : Fourth Ile told his friends, he hardly they were inclined to hurry over the funeral