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Historical Account of York and its Cathedral.
ignited wood, some of which were borne in
GROUND PLAN. the air, to a considerable distance. The
a D flames now played uncontrolled on the exterior of the choir and chancel, rising several feet above the battlements, while the water from the engines mingled with the stream of melted lead from the roof.
“At this moment it was impossible to view the interior without emotions of the most painful kind. Every vestige of the exquisite tabernacle-work around the choir, and forming the prebends' stalls, &c. was consumed ; the pews, the cathedral, the pulpit, the beautiful altar screen, so justly admired for its elegant architecture, had all become one commingled mass of smouldering and blazing ruin, which strewed the pavement to the depth of three feet. The pillars, that once served to assist in dividing the choir from the two side aisles, now stood alone, the whole being one open space, with the roof burning on the ground, and nothing above but the light of heaven. The roofs of the side aisles were smoking. The organ had early fallen a sacrifice, and now, at intervals, were seen portions of the valuable music, falling from the relics of the loft, into the burning mass below.”
The fire was so far got under by noon, that all apprehensions of its spreading to the nave were removed. The stone fabric
REFERENCES. itself has sustained considerable injury; the A. The Lady's Chapel filled with monuments, pillars being of limestone, burnt with great B. The Ornamental Screen dividing the Chian.
cel. violence to the height of the conflagra The Communion Table. tion. The sight of the ruins is most me D. The Great East Window.
E. The Choir. lancholy. Scarcely any vestige whatever
P. The Organ and Entrance to the Choir. of the choir remains.
G. The North side Aisle.
H. The South side Aisle.
1. The Vestries, &c.
That portion of the roof which has fallen others. The 7th Dragoon Guards sent
in, extended from the screen F, where the their engine, with two troops to guard the
organ stood, to the large stained window at workmen and building from idle intruders.
the eastern extremity D. So that the space The Tadcaster engine arrived presently after
now exposed embraces that part of the this. About two o'clock two engines arriv
choir used for divine service, and the chan. ed from Leeds, and at four o'clock two
cel, and the interval behind the altar usually others. The total number of engines em
called the Lady's Chapel, A. Of the organ ployed was ten, and they continued play
only a few worthless fragments remain. ing all night.
The communion table was removed before The annexed ground-plan of the choir,
the fire had reached that portion of the and other parts of the cathedral, that have
building; but the plate was unfortunately sustained the greatest injury, will enable
exposed to the flames, which reduced it to the reader to form a more correct idea than
a shapeless mass. Of the pews no traces mere description could give of the extent of
whatever are left. Yet it is some consolathe calamity.
tion to learn, that the beautiful Gothic The dimensions of this magnificent cathe
screen F, so much admired for its delicate dral are as follows:
tracery work, has sustained no material Length from East to West, .... Feet 5248 damage. The effigies of the monarchs of Breadth of the East end, . . . . . . . 105 Breadth of the West end,
England, in the front of this screen, on the Length of the cross aisles from North to South 222 right and left of the choir door, remain Height of the two Western tower's or steeples 196 Height of the nave, . .
. Height of the lantern tower or steeple,,
Historical Account of York and its Cathedral.
A new organ
aisles, G and H, remains standing, though . The following is a rough calculation of the lead is melted away, and it must be the expense which will attend the necessary otherwise much injured, from its contiguity repairs :to the part where the fire raged so destruc- Oak wood roofing . . . : : £2.500
Groined ceiling tively. The monuments in these isles are par
Carved bosses or knots
2,800 tially injured. The large pillars on each side The large and iutersecting ribs (oak wood) 2,300 of the choir have suffered greatly. These co
Slating the roof with the best Westmore-
600 lumns being composed of magnesian lime- Lead for gutters, ridge, &c. of 81b, to the foot 500
Iron work for the whole building
509 stone, the fire has detached large pieces from
Plastering the ceiling, using oak laths .
550 Repairing the windows ..
500 east side, against which the flames raged Repairing the stone work damaged by fire 5,000 with tremendous fury, has received no great
Ditto the stone screen, stair-cases, &c
1,000 damage, except where the roof of the choir Supposing the floor destroyed, renewing extended. The progress of the flames was the same, the altar-steps, &
3,000 arrested by the lantern tower, when, indeed,
Repairing the side aisles, the roofing, gut-
2,000 nothing more that was combustible re Repairing the altar screen, glass, &c.
1,000 mained. The elegant stone screen B, se
52 new Prebendal and other stalls, at 1001.
5,200 parating the altar from the Lady's Chapel, The screens, doors, &c. from the stalls to has suffered less than might have been ex
3,000 The pulpit and Archbishop's throne :
1,500 The galleries, robing-rooms, &c, each side
2,000 mischief in the Lady's Chapel, A, the The pews, Litany desk, &c. i
3,500 Scaffolding for the whole work
2,550 whole space being filled with monuments of great value, many of which must, at
£42,000 least, be greatly mutilated. Considerable
4,000 interest is felt for the preservation of that to
£46,002 the memory of Sir George Saville.
For extras, contingencies, &c. say. .
5,000 The following are the principal monu
Total expense . £50,000 ments : A superb monumental shrine of
But however great the loss may be in a Archbishop Bowet; also of Archbishops
pecuniary point of view, it is trifling when Scroope, Sterne, Savage, Frewen, Mat- compared with the national injury that has thews, Sharp, Piers, Sewall, Lamplugh, been sustained. An edifice of olden times, Dolben, and Hutton; of Prince William noble in its architecture, splendid and grand de Hatfield, second son of Edward IIId., 1 in its decorations, and, above all, venerable of Sir Thomas Davenport, and several for its age, has been, at once, stripped of others. Dr. Dealtry's monument has a l its beauty, and reduced to a ruin. A tabeautiful figure of Health, bending over an lented architect may indeed engraft his reurn, and dropping a faded wreath on his novations on what remains, so as to give no ashes. There is a full-length figure of Sir offence to the eye of taste, but he cannot George Saville, six feet high, standing on a throw around them the halo of antiquity, rich pedestal; he is resting on a column, and and invest them with the venerable glory of holding a scroll in his hand : over the in five hundred years. scription of the pedestal are emblematic During Monday night many rumours figures of Wisdom, Fortitude, and Eternity. were afloat relative to the cause of this
The large East Window D, emphatically lamentable event, which, from certain circalled, “The Glory of the Cathedral,” from cumstances that had transpired, was susthe exquisite beauty of the staining, and the pected to have been the work of an incendelicacy of the tracery work, has suffered diary. A knotted rope had been found comparatively little. Nor have any of the hanging on the outside of the building, stained windows received very serious da- | from the north transept; and several threatmage. The transepts and nave of the ening letters had been sent to the dignitaries building are entirely uninjured ; and the of the church. One of these letters arrived exterior exhibits no appearance of a fire on the Sunday preceding the fire, but was having taken place. The valuable docu- | returned unopened to the office; however, ments deposited in this cathedral were early when the building was in flames, this letter removed to the church of St. Michael-le was brought back and read. It was found Belfrey. Many curiosities of great interest to contain something between a threat and to the antiquarian have also been preserved. a warning of what would follow. After But what is of greater consequence than some investigation, the fact of the building the latter, the valuable library has been having been set on fire was pretty clearly saved, excepting some volumes of music, established. It was discovered that a man and other books, which had been left in had absconded from York, who had of the organ loft.
late endeavoured' to gain a livelihood by
Historical Account of York and its Cathedral.
selling a pamphlet, containing a history was going to reside at Leeds. On Saturof his own life. This person had been day, (Jan. 31st.) he again arrived at York, known frequently to foretell, that York and spent the day at the shoemaker's, in minster would be destroyed by fire; and, whose house he had before resided. On like many other prophets, was, it seems, de- Sunday he went out about eleven o'clock, termined to fulfil his own predictions. A and was not seen in York any more up to shoemaker, with whom he lodged, identified the time of the fire. Martin was formerly as his property, a pair of pincers, which a sailor, but has lived in Lincoln some few had been found on the ledge of the win- years as a joumeyman tanner. He is well dow, from whence the incendiary made his known among the religious sects an an enexit. It was further ascertained, that the thusiast of extraordinary pretensions. The individual on whom suspicion rested so history he published of his life is full of strongly, had been twice in a lunatic asy- visionary matter; in it he calls himself brolum, and was at the present time believed to ther to the great painter of the Deluge, &c. be insane. Police officers were immediately He has a brother who lectures on the prodespatched in search of this wretched being. perties of the philosopher's stone. He has
On Friday the 6th, this person, whose himself always been very furious against name is Martin, was apprehended near the established church, and lately he stuck Hexham, Northumberland, the place of his up placards on Lincoln cathedral, with denativity, by a sheriff's officer of Hexham, nunciations of the wrath to come. named Stainthorpe, who lodged him in the To the sheriff's officer who apprehended House of Correction. Information of his him, Martin made the following disclocapture being sent to York, a party set out sure:-" At four o'clock on Sunday aftershortly after in a post-chaise, to bring him noon I entered the minster, and stood thither. He arrived in York soon after against the prayer-house, (in the north aisle,) three on Monday morning, and was taken watching an opportunity of getting over the to Peter prison. The magistrates shortly gate. I got over, and concealed myself afterwards assembled, the witnesses were till after service, and then looked for the called out of bed, and about five o'clock best place to begin the fire. I watched the the examination commenced, which con- ringers out of the church; and some time tinued till seven. Property belonging to after struck my first light in the bell chamthe cathedral, worth several pounds, was ber. I had no dark lantern, but carried found on him at the time of his apprehen- the naked candle about with me. I broke sion. After the depositions of the witnesses the window, and tied a knotted bell-rope had been taken, he made the following to some wooden steps that were standing confession, in the coolest and most collected near it. I put out my light, and lay for manner possible :
some time singing hymns. After getting “ I set fire to the minster in consequence over the choir door, I made two heaps of of two remarkable dreams. I dreamed, books, &c. at the throne and the organ; that one stood by me with a bow and but before setting fire to them, I cut off a sheaf of arrows, and he shot one through quantity of gold lace and velvet from these the minster door. I said I wanted to try places." to shoot, and he presented me the bow. Il Among the rumours in circulation respecttook an arrow from the sheaf, and shot, but ing this wretched man, it has been insinuathe arrow hit the flags, and I lost it. I also ted, that his animosity towards the establishdreamed that a large thick cloud came ment and its clergy was acquired from his down over the minster, and extended to connexion with the Wesleyan Methodists. my lodgings; and from these things I The fact, however, is, that he was expelled thought that I was to set fire to the minster. their society for his enthusiasm and insanity. I took these things away with me, for fear We esteem ourselves very fortunate in somebody else should be blamed; I cut off being able to procure a limited number of the fringe and the tassels from the pulpit copies, from an exquisitely engraved view and the bishop's throne, or what you call it, of York Cathedral ; one of a splendid series for I do not know their names, as a witness that has been got up to illustrate a complete against me, to shew that I had done it my- History of York, by T. Allen, Esq. a work self.”—After signing this, and declaring it to of considerable erudition, and of great be the truth, he was fully committed to the worth to those who delight in monastic city gaol for trial, at the next assizes. Being records. With this beautiful view of the conducted thither, he partook of some re- West Front of the Cathedral before him, the freshment, went to bed, and slept soundly. reader will be enabled to form an idea of
About a fortnight before his apprehension, the general grandeur and sublime magnifiit appears, Martin left York, stating that he cence of the edifice.
| they were shorn of their strength, and beJOTHAM'S FABLE.
came a prey to their neighbours, who (Concluded from col. 112)
oppressed them sore; until, in humble con
trition, they returned to him against whom Tue answer of the bramble was, “ If in they had revolted, and put away the strange truth ye anoint me king over you, then gods which they had adopted, from among come and put your trust in my shadow : them : then did Jehovah return to them, and if not, let fire come out of the bramble and in his power they had peace and and devour the cedars of Lebanon.” This security. answer identifies the bramble with the A departure from the sovereignty of Jecrooked policy of terrestrial thrones, and hovah took place in Israel, not only in the forms a fine contrast to the meek answers of days of Jotham, but again in the days the sacred trees. Place your heads, it of Samuel; and on that occasion the cries, beneath my shadows, bow down to Lord comforted Samuel in these memorable me; and, if not, bickering flames shall words, “ The people have not rejected thee, ascend in instant fury from my seat, and but they have rejected me, that I should consuming your exalted foliage, stretch your not reign over them.” The disasters of scorched trunks at my feet. The answers Israel were heavier under the reign of Saul of the trees of righteousness were, We than under the viceroyalty of Samuel, and serve Jehovah, and in serving him, minister although beneath the reign of David, who to men; serye ye him, and him alone; to was named “a man after God's own him bow down, and hail him Lord of all; heart," and in the first days of Solomon, they while the ambitious bramble cries, Bow flourished, it is evident, from the subsequent down to me, and names not the Lord history of this people, that the rejection of Jehovah, who alone was and is King of Jehovah was the ruin of Israel. Bramble Israel.
succeeded bramble, each swayed in blood We proceed now to treat of the exalted and rioted in the flames of discord and disscope of this sublime fable. Jotham was traction, worshipping they knew not what, of the seed of Abraham, over which seed and casting the ordinances of Jehovah Jehovah then reigned sole Monarch, upon behind their backs, afflicting and being the mercy-seat in Shiloh, and by oracular afflicted, until the wrath of God, which responses governed Israel. A vile usurpa- had for ages burnt against them, swept ten tion of his sovereignty was then attempted tribes from their land : because of their by Jotham's brother, Abimelech, who be- crimes, the famine, the pestilence, and the came sovereign upon the murder of seventy sword consumed them. A small remnant, persons, the sons of that great and holy indeed, were carried into captivity, and of man Gideon, then recently deceased, who these, age after age inquires, Where are were all the brethren of Abimelech. He these? But there is no voice, none to waded, therefore, through a sea of blood answer. his brethren's blood, to the throne : while he Of the two remaining tribes, the records occupied the throne, his sole occupation of that people dwell with notes of wo, if appears to have been to shed blood—the not equal to the ten tribes, so similar that a blood of his own countrymen; and while | mere shade of difference exists between thus impiously engaged, a woman, in retri them. Now a bramble and now a cedar butive justice, shed his blood. The flames swayed; the altars of Jehovah flamed with of discord, thus proceeding from the bram- sacrifices, and the altar of demons, in ble, agreeable to its recorded answer, con- awful alternations ; innocent blood was shed sumed the lofty cedars and the creeping by princes, and parents gave their innocents bramble together one common ruin swal- to Moloch; and wars, awful wars, were lowed up all.
waged with their brethren. Often as a prince · Israel was selected from the nations, as arose to purge the land, a tyrant followed at we have already noted, to become a people, his heels, to recreate the loathsome filth of in the midst of whom Jehovah was to idolatry and blood. Jehovah was not in reign in perpetuity in person; his name all their thoughts, and eventually his. sovewas, therefore, put upon this people, and a reignty was banished from Capaan. Then state, in midst of the states of the earth, did his wrath arise, and he banished Israel was erected, and became a beacon to all from their land. The two remaining tribes, nations. While this people obeyed him, consumed by famine, the pestilence, and he exalted them; they were formidable to the sword, ceased to be a nation; and the the surrounding nations, and dwelt in the miserable remnant of this people were cast midst of the land of promise in perfect out of the promised land, and became capsecurity ; but when they revolted from him, tives in Babylon. Alas, for Israel! How
awfully did he prove that “ It is a fearful ! Previous to the appearance of Emanuelthing to fall into the hands of the living | God with us, he who is called Jesus, be. God," rather than to abide beneath “ the cause he saves his people from their sins, shadow of his wings.”
and at the moment of his coming to atone The Lord, mindful of his promises to the for man, high expectations were rife seed of Abraham, after a doleful captivity throughout the world, that a great Personof seventy years, released the captives of age would arise in the east, who was desthe two tribes from Babylon, and restored tined to reign over all the earth; and at them to the promised land. There they re this moment the highest expectations reigned built Jerusalem, erected a second temple, amongst the seed of Abraham, that this restored the services of the sanctuary, and great Personage would be of themselves, became again a nation. Amidst turbulent the Son of David; and that he would rewars, internal as well as external, and sore store the kingdom to Israel. This great oppressions from within and from without, Personage came; he was of the seed of now persecuted and now persecuting, faith Abraham, and the Son of David; and he ful to Jehovah at one time, and apostate at came to restore the kingdom to Israel. But another, they continued a nation in Canaan, his was a spiritual kingdom ; such a kingpossessed a temple, and enjoyed a priest dom as Israel enjoyed when Jotham comhood, until He came of whom all the pro posed this fable; Jehovah himself, in the phets witnessed, “ Jesus, the Son of the person of his Son, being Sovereign Lord. Highest ; unto whom the Lord God gave | Although the multitude were ready to rethe throne of his father David. And he ceive this kingdom, the rulers of Israel saw, shall reign over the house of Jacob for that instead of leading them through conever; and of his kingdom there shall be no quests to universal dominion, it thwarted
their carnal views, and that it would diBut if the influence of impious rulers minish, if not destroy, their power ; they, led astray the mass of the people, we have, therefore, did every thing they possibly could during these periods, instances of individual to harass and overthrow this spiritual kingpiety and devotion almost innumerable. The dom: and to effect this, they slew this great host of prophets, who, in succession, arose Personage, and persecuted his followers through a period of eleven hundred years, even unto death. Once more, they pretestifying of and for God in the very teeth of ferred a murderer to the Prince of Life; idolatrous impiety, and at the hazard of and they chose almost every bramble, their lives, the sublime effusions, which are every false Messiah, that offered, (and many recorded from their lips, and the exalted there did offer,) to be their king, to their devotion of their individual characters, utter ruin. amidst multitudes who hated God, and Emanuel, the son and heir of David, worshipped the works of men's hands, be received back again that sovereignty which, fore and during the captivity; and after during many ages, had been delegated to wards the hosts of martyrs who bled for David and his seed; and being God and the truth, and bare righteous witness for man, reigned over Israel. He therefore God beneath the domination of idolatry, chose all his ministers from that people, when clothed with imperial power, bring perambulated and took possession of Caout the character of the seed of Abraham, naan, declared, “I am not sent but to the and shew it forth, worthy of His choice who lost sheep of the house of Israel," and in searcheth the hearts of men, and errs not the commission given to his ministers to set in his providential dealings with the works up the kingdom of heaven upon earth, of his hands. These are they that “had commands them to begin at Jerusalem. trial of cruel mockings and scourgings; Accordingly, at Jerusalem the Holy Ghost yea, moreover, of bonds and imprisonments. was miraculously poured out upon these They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, ministers, there they opened their commiswere tempted, were slain with the sword; sion, and from the seed of Abraham, dethey wandered about in sheep-skins and vout men, of every nation under heaven, goat-skins, being destitute, afflicted, tor assembled there to keep the feast of Pentemented, (of whom the world was not wor cost, were the first subjects of this kingthy ;) they wandered in deserts, and in dom gathered. Alas, then did the rulers in mountains, and in dens and caves of the Israel rage against the Lord's anointed, earth. And these all having obtained a | against his ministers and his people, and good report through faith, received not the having slain their Lord, they filled up the promise, God having provided some better measure of their iniquities by persecuting, thing for us, that they without us should and slaying his ministers and people. not be made perfect.”
66 Then did the Lord send forth his ar