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Thieves.-Taking into the account the hulks, and : A Treatise on Dyeing Silk Shawls, Garments, Ban. the different prisons in and about the metropolis. I danas, &c. By H. Mc Kernan. 8vo. With Plates there are calculated to be very little short of an

and Wood-cuts.

An Appeal to Britain, recommending the Abolition average of 100 thieves per day let loose to their

of the Practice of Burning Hindoo Widows. By the former occupations,

Coventry Society for the Abolition of Human Sacri. Large Trees.-In Needwood forest, in Englan fices in India. the oak tree, called the Swilear lawn oak, con The Child's Commentator on the Holy Scriptures. tains by estimation a thousand feet of timber. The By Ingram Cobbin, A.M. Rev. Mr. Snow says, this oak. the father of the

A Manual of Christian Instruction, &c. By Wm.

Sleigh. forest, girths, at five feet high, 21 feet, the whole

The Step-Mother; a Tragedy. By Jacob Jones, Esq. height 65 feet. In the county of Essex, a Lom The Communicant's Spiritual Companion, &c. By bardy poplar is described as a very fine and beauti the late Rev. T. Haweis, L.L.B. M.D. ful tree, 70 feet high, and seven feet three inches Memoir of James Wait, a pious shepherd. By in circumference; and there is now standing in

Robert Maclaurin. the garden of Mr. Jeremy Bentham, in St. James's

Poems, Lyric, Moral, and Humorous. By Thomas

Crossley. Park, a poplar, which is nearly 80 feet in height. The Parental Discipline of Affliction. By Henry An ash on the lawn of Castle Menzies, in Scotland,

Forster Burder, M.A. was blown over during a violent snow storm, and A New Version of the Psalms of David. ? y James was then described as the largest ash in that coun Usher. try : it measured eighteen and a half feet in cir. The Christian Souvenir ; or, Reflections for every cunference. The Charter oak, in Connecticut,

Day in the Year.

A Pastoral Letter on Revivals of Religion. By says a Hertford paper, 18 no less than 400 years 1 John Angell James old; it is 28 feet in circumference near the ground,

Ghaut Murders in India. By J. Peggs.

Ghant Worders in India By I Pos and at the height of seven feet it is 17 feet in The Scripture Student's Assistant, to facilitate the circumference; the height of the tree is about Study of the Sacred Scriptures. By Rev. John Barr. 70 feet; some of its branches extend 20 feet. Mr. Report of the General Baptist Missionary Society, Nelson, the botanist, who accompanied Captain

| for the year ending June 30, 1828.

A Help to the Private and Domestic Reading of Bligh to the South Seas, for the purpose of con.

| the Holy Scriptures. By J, Leifchild. veving the Bread-fruit-tree to the West Indies,

Twelve Moral Maxims of my Uncle Newbury. when on Van Diemen's Land, found a tree in a

A Defence of the Students of Prophecy, in Answer thriving state, of the enormous size of thirty-three to the Attack of the Rev. Dr. Hamilton, of Strathblane. and a half feet in girth, and of a proportionate The Fatal Consequences of Licentiousness; a Serheight. The elin, in Hatfield, Massachusets, is

mon. By John Scott, M.A. said to be the largest tree in New England. It

A Guide to Acquaintance with God. By the Rev.

James Sherman: third edition. measures in circumference 34 feet, at two feet from

Speeches delivered at a Meeting of the British the ground at the height of five feet from the Reformation Society. smallest place in the trunk, the circumference is The Ladies' Library. Part I. 24 feet 6 inches. There is a cut in the tree, four The Triumph of Scriptural and Rational Truth feet from the ground, which tradition says was

displayed in a complete Refutation of the Doctrine of made by the Indians for the highest rise of the

the Eternal Generation of the Divine Logos, and the

Hypostatical Union of two Spiritual Natures in Connecticut river.-" The largest tree in Great

Jesus Christ, addressed to the President of the Wes· Britain," says Dr. Hunter, “ that I have read of, I leyan Methodist Conference; and an Expostulatory is the one cited by Smellie, in his Philosophy of Address to that Conference, as a body. By Samuel Natural History,' as growing at Cowthorpe, wear Tucker, V.D.M. Weatherby, upon the estate belonging to the Right The Modern Martyr. By the Author of the EvanHonourable Lady Stourton. The dimensions are

gelical Rambler. 2 vols. 12mo.

West Indian Slavery traced to its actual source ; almost incredible ; it measures close by the ground

and an Appeal for sympathy and consideration. 26 feet ; its height, in its present ruinous state,

The Monthly Bible Class Book, upon the American (1776), is about 85 feet, and lits principal limb ex plan. Vol. J.' Gospel by John. By John Morrison. tends 16 yards from the boll. When compared to · The Scripture Reader's Guide to the Devotional this, all other trees are but children of the forests."

Use of the Holy Scriptures. By Caroline Fry, In Lewis and Clarke's expedition, they saw pine

An Inquiry-What is the one True Faith, and

whether it is professed by all Christian Sects, &c. trees at the mouth of the Colombia river, of twelve feet diameter and 200 feet high.

In the Press. The New Testament; with a Key of Reference and Questions, Geographical, Historical, Doctrinal,

Practical, and Experimental; designed to facilitate Literary Notices.

the Acquaintance of Scriptural Knowledge in Bible

Classes, Sunday and other Schools, and Private Just Published.

Families. By Henry Wilbur, A.M. Fishers' Grand National Improvements; or, Pic

Essays on Various Subjects. By Jacob Stanley. 12mo. turesque Beauties of the British Empire in the Nine

The Prize Essay on the Lever, (embracing its nuteenth Century :--No. 1, of "England," commenc

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chanic, the errors of Gregory, Lardner, Nicholson, land," commencing with Edinburgh.

and other eminent professors of mechanical science, The First Number of the Library of Religious

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to the meanest capacity. Numerous engravings. To be continued every Fortnight.

Mr. Edmeston has in the press, "The Woman of Noon-Day Sunset. A Sermon addressed chiefly to

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Poems. don, on the decease of Mrs. T. C, Everett, of Read

The Portraiture of a Christian Gentleman. By a

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Reformation ; a Sermon preached at Kingston, before ance System, which paralyzes the beneficial operation

the Monthly Association of Congregational Ministers. of Friendly Societies, Savings Banks, Select Ves

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worth, M.A. F.A.S.

Britaining cited by Smelt

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LONDON : PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY H. FISHER, SON, AND CO.

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THE

Imperial Magazine;

OR, COMPENDIUM OF, RELIGIOUS, MORAL, $ PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE.

MARCH.]

" READING IMPARTS ENERGY TO TRE MIND."

(1829.

he founded the cathedral, over which, PauHISTORICAL NOTICES OF YORK AND ITS

linus was appointed archbishop, being forCATHEDRAL, WITH AUTHENTIC PARTI

mally invested with the ensigns of his office CULARS RESPECTING THE LATE CON

by the pope Honorius. Such was the state FLAGRATION.

of York in the first part of the ninth cen(With an Engravings)

tury, that it might very well be styled the The Cathedral Church of York, around Athens of that dark age. The library of which the hoar of antiquity has been gather the cathedral was exceedingly rich in valuing for ages, and that was regarded with able, books, and scholars were sent from high veneration by the scholar and archi France for the purpose of transcribing some tect, has lately, by the wild enthusiasm of a of the writings to be found only in “that disordered intellect, been reduced to a de- noblest repository and cabinet of arts and plorable ruin.

sciences in the whole world.” The city of YORK Owes its origin to the York was captured in 867 by the Danes, Romans, by whom it was named Ebora- | the town laid in ruins, and most of the cum; for before the time of the invasion inhabitants put to the sword ; though it by Julius Cæsar, this, and almost every does not appear that the cathedral and other town in the island, consisted of mise- famous library suffered on this occasion. rable huts, in the midst of thick woods or | But the ravages of the Danes were mild in morasses. The central position of this their effects, when compared with the barplace occasioned it to be very early erected barities and enormities of William the Coninto a Roman station of considerable im- quoror. York, it seems, appeared to him portance; and it was afterwards made the to be the focus of rebellion, and he vented principal residence of the emperors and his anger against it by razing the city to commanders during their protracted con. the ground, and putting to death, not only test with the natives. The Romans adorned the inhabitants of the town, but those also this city with temples, palaces, theatres, of the surrounding country. A Norman and other public buildings; but all traces garrison, stationed in York, set fire to the of these works of antiquity have long since suburbs, to prevent the houses being used disappeared. The emperor Severus, whilst for filling up the ditches by the Danes, he was constructing the famous wall be- / who were besieging them. But the fire tween the Tyne and the Eden, resided at spreading, burnt a great part of the Eboracum; and before the completion of city, and the cathedral, with its library, the work, he died there. Excepting Veru- perished in the conflagration. « It was lamium, (St. Alban's) there was no Roman shocking,” says Simeon of Durham, “to settlement in the kingdom, which possessed see in the houses, the streets, and highprivileges at all similar to those of Ebora- / ways, human carcases' swarming with cum. It was invested with the power of worms, dissolving in putridity, and yieldself-government, under magistrates of its ing a horrible stench; nor were any left own choosing. York, the modern name of alive to cover them with earth, all having the city, is a corruption of Yevor-wyc, an perished by sword or by famine, or, stimuidiomatic alteration by the Saxons from lated by hunger, had abandoned their Cair-Effroc, the British appellation..rv native land. . During the space of nine

The earliest notice respecting the recog- years, the country lay totally uncultivated, nized establishment of Christianity in York, presenting to the view a vast and dreary bears date A. D. 314. About A. D. 628, solitude: between York and Durham not a Edwin, king of Northumberland, hav- | house was inhabited, all was a lonely wil. ing married Ethelburga, sister of Ebald, derness, the retreat of wild beasts and robthe converted king of Kent, was, by her bers, and the terror of travellers." persuasion, aided by Paulinus, who attend This celebrated city lay a long time ed her to York, induced to embrace the buried in its ruins, and for half a century Christian religion. A few years after this, | its name is not mentioned in history. But

123,- VOL. XI.

195

Historical Account of York and its Cathedral.

196

W

in the reign of king Stephen it began to I below. In a few hours this venerable and assume something of its former importance, elegant pile, which had been the pride and till, by an accidental fire, the town and boast of the north of England, was become cathedral were again involved in one com. a mass of smoking ruins. And the evil is mon destruction. This calamitous event aggravated by the reflection that it was not happened on the 4th of June, 1137. Yet produced by accident, but done delibeonly forty-nine years after this terrible catas rately, and with premeditation. That the trophe, the cathedral rose again from its unhappy man who has caused this lamentruins, and the city was considered as bear able mischief is insane, we readily believe, ing a half-proportion to London.

for surely none but a maniac could have In 1251, the marriage of Henry the committed such an act. Yet, how well Third's daughter, with Alexander king of soever the fact of his insanity be estaScotland, was celebrated in this edifice, and blished, it can take nothing from the regret scarcely ever had been seen a spectacle so ex- | which must be felt for the loss that has tensive and splendid. In the reign of Ed- | been sustained. ward the Second, the suburbs of the city were On the Sunday evening divine service burnt by the Scots, under earl Murray. In was performed as usual, and the building 1328, the marriage ceremony of Edward left apparently safe. About four o'clock the Third with Philippa of Hainault, was on Monday morning, a man passing through performed in the cathedral of York. In the the minster yard, observed a light in the year 1509, a printing press was established cathedral; but supposing that it might prowithin the precincts of York cathedral, near ceed from workmen preparing a vault, or the place where the royal presses were erected otherwise engaged, he made no inquiry. in 1642, while Charles resided in the city. Between six and seven the discovery was

Of the building, as it existed previous made in a singular manner. A boy, named to the late lamentable occurrence, it is to Swinbank, one of the choristers, walking be noticed, that the oldest part is the south through the precincts, accidentally stepped transept, which was built by archbishop on a piece of ice, and was thrown on his Grey, in the reign of Henry the Third, back. Before he recovered himself suffiA. D. 1228. The north transept was added ciently to rise, he noticed a quantity of in A. D. 1260, by John le Romain, who smoke issuing from several parts of the also raised a handsome steeple in the place roof. Alarmed at the sight, he went to which the lantern now occupies. In 1291, the man who keeps the keys, and they this same prelate laid the first stone of the returned together. On entering the buildnave, and ultimately finished the west ending, the scene was beyond description. The with the steeples as it remains to this day. beautiful wood work of the south side of The choir not corresponding with the ele the choir was extensively on fire, and gance of the nave, was taken down, and columns of dense smoke were wreathing the sum of £1810 expended in the erection their dark colossal folds up to the roof of of a new one.

the building. The alarm was given, and As the cathedral of York is one of the the whole city quickly made acquainted largest structures of the kind in England, with the distressing circumstance. Engines so it was also one of the most magnificent. were procured, and workmen arrived about In no edifice of the same nature was there seven, when they found the interior of the to be found such a splendour of detail as vestry entirely consumed, and could easily in this. Its superb windows, delicate trace the communication of the fire with tracery, and rich tabernacle-work, made it the rest of the building. a perfect study for the architectural student, "About eight o'clock the aspect was dreadand gave it a venerable interest in the esti- ful in the extreme. The whole of the west mation of every person of correct taste. nave was filled with one suffocating mass

We have now to enter on the ungrateful | of smoke, whilst the choir glared with task of narrating the circumstances con flame. From the minster-yard the smoke nected with the late destructive fire.

was seen issuing from the base of the lanOn Monday, the 2d of February, 1829, | tern tower, from the pinnacles to the south at an early hour in the morning, it was front, all along the roof of the nave to the discovered that the choir of this splendid western tower. The flames had made cathedral was in flames, which, before they frightful progress at nine o'clock in the were subdued, destroyed all that part of morning, and the minster bells were rung, the building. The roof from the tower to to spread the alarm still farther, and shortly the great east window fell in, burying at afterwards the roof of the choir began to once all those relics of piety, and beautiful fall in with crashes; at every fall, sending specimens of art, which filled the space | up showers of sparks and lighter pieces of

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