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171

Review.-Memoirs of Mrs. Sarah Savage.

chapters much time has been spent, while sacred volume, we feel a deeper interest in others but little has occurred to require in the explication of its obscurities, and explanation. But after all that has been here the author has displayed to great adsaid and done to illustrate some dark and vantage the fruits of his diligence, and his mysterious passages, it cannot be denied undeviating adherence to his primary printhat “clouds and darkness" still rest upon ciples. On many passages we are furthem, and will probably remain unre nished with an ample commentary; and moved, until the shadows of time shall be what is still more desirable, every reader dispelled by the light of eternity.

of candour will, we conceive, be pleased But while we find in this volume much with the result of the author's researches. to admire and approve, we discover some We have already observed, that to the few remarks, to which we cannot yield our production of much original matter, Mr. assent. In his observations, for instance, on Carpenter makes no pretensions; but, if Genesis i. 4. “And God divided the light unwearied diligence in collecting what from the darkness," he doubts if darkness others have advanced, and judiciousness ought to be considered only as a mere in making appropriate selections from the privation of light. In support of this opi general mass, together with clearness and nion, he takes shelter under some expres. order in arranging the materials, have any sions of bishop Horne, and finally tells us merit, he has an unquestionable right to that the truth seems to be this—“light is expect public patronage and support. In the celestial fluid in a certain condition, these respects he has produced a work of and a certain degree of motion; and dark considerable value, which being uncon. ness the same fuid, in a different condi taminated with the local badges of sect tion, and without that degree of motion, and party, extends its claims, like its or when such motion is interrupted by the utility, to the friends of Christianity among interposition of an opaque body. A room, every denomination of professors. for example, is full of light: close the shut. ters, and that light instantly disappears. But what is become of it? It is not anni

Review.--Memoirs of the Life and Chan hilated. No: the substance which occa

racter of Mrs. Sarah Savage. By J.. sioned the sensation of light to the eye is

B. Williams, Esq. F.S.A. To which still present as before, but occasions that

are added Memoirs of her Sister Mrs.“ sensation no more." p. 14. This is going

Hulton. 12mo. pp. 368. Holdsworth. far to raise tenebrosity into a substance,

London. 1828. but few we believe will be proselyted to MRS. SARAH SAVAGE, the subject of the opinion.

this memoir, presents herself to us in an In making his appeal to historical records attitude that commands our respect, being to illustrate various expressions of scripture, the daughter of the well-known Philip Mr. Carpenter has manifested much in Henry, and sister of the still more cele dustry, and displayed an equal degree of brated Matthew Henry, whose voluminous! judgment, in the selections he has made. commentary will hand his name down to He has satisfactorily proved, that the lan- | the latest posterity. From this family conguage, customs, and modes of life and nexion it will be instantly seen, that* this conduct, recorded in the Bible, though is not a biographical sketch of a modern repugnant to the practice of modern individual, but of one who lived and died times, were not solitary in those remote more that a century since, leaving behind ages of the world to which they are ascrib. her, preserved in this memorial, a character: ed; and that many of them may still which will be always found worthy of imibe found existing among distant nations, tation. that, unchanged by conquest and revolu Prefixed to this memoir is a preface tion, continue to tread in the footsteps which runs through eighteen pages, written of their distant ancestors. In this de by the rev. William Jay, of Bath. This is partment he has rendered his work both a gentleman whom we highly respect, and instructive and entertaining; having pro we cannot but regret, that on the present vided, from foreign and domestic sources, occasion, he has been more ready to meafor his readers a rich intellectual repast, sure the expressions, and Christian' exthat is at once inviting, grateful, and perience, of Mrs. Savage, by the standard wholesome.

of Calvinism, than by that of the gospel Of this work, the greater part is devoted of Jesus Christ. Even the tree of antinoto the elucidation of difficulties that oc- | manism is introduced to illustrate his posicur in the New Testament. This being tions, exhibiting different aspects during to us the more important portion of the the four seasons of the year : '“ Winter

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Review.-Conversations on Geology.

174

leading the sap down into the roots, while Granville Penn; and the late Disco. summer calls it up into the branches, and veries of Professor Buckland, Humdisplays it in the blossoms and the fruit !" | boldt, Dr. Macclough, and others. From pupils of the Plymouth school, we 12mo. pp. 393. Maunder. London. might have expected such ominous inti 1828. mations, but we were not prepared to re- | It is only of late years that geology has ceive them from the rev, Mr. Jay, of been honoured with a niche in the temple Bath.

of science, or that a knowledge of its prinThe memoir itself is that of a pious

ciples and outlines has been considered as Jady, of strong natural understanding, and

a branch of ornamental education. Some a more than common share of learning crude and inconsistent conjectures blended derived from education. The materials of

themselves with the various theories of the which this volume is composed, are taken

earth, that have been published to the chiefly from a diary, which she regularly world; but not being founded on observakept during several years. In this diary, tion, experiment, and fact, the premises, we find many expressions and peculiar which were hypothetical and uncertain, in turns of thought, that furnish strong indica

variably led to conclusions that were errotions of superior talent and intellectual neous and absurd. The dawn of scientific vigour, accompanied and guided in all

knowledge, however, which of late visited their movements by an exalted piety, and the civilized world, has extended its light a genuine devotedness to God. The diary, to this department of useful investigation, we are informed in the advertisement, con

and, as the natural result of unremitting sists of many volumes, consequently the

inquiry, we have obtained an almost intiextracts transplanted into this memoir are

mate acquaintance with the various strata comparatively few. In several instances

that constitute the surface of our globe. ' also, the biographer has been obliged to

But while scientific knowledge has been seize the materials rather than the language, thus extending her empire, it is to be rein order that distant parts might have some

gretted that some few, while tracing the connecting links. By this means the whole

connexion between cause and effect, appears unbroken and consistent, although

" - having found the instrument, forget, many sentiments of Mrs. Savage are con Or disregard, or, more presumptuous still, cealed from view.

Deny the Power that wields it." Several other articles contained in this We are not aware that the study of geovolume tend to increase the interest it is logy has ever made either an atheist or an calculated to excite. A short sermon by infidel; but there can be little doubt, that Mr. Philip Henry, copied from the diary, | atheisin and infidelity have led several to will be perused with much pleasure. The the study of geology, in order that they Appendix is full of interesting matter, which might find reasons to contradict the Mosaic has a bearing either upon the subject of account of creation, if not altogether to this memoir, or her family connexions. At exclude God from all connexion with his the conclusion, we have a brief sketch of works. It is with no better design than the life and character of Mrs. Hulton, a this, thatyounger sister of Mrs. Savage, written by

"-some drill and bore

The solid earth, and from the strata there, her brother, the rev. Matthew Henry. It

Extract a register, by which we learn is a pleasing narrative, full of pious senti That he who made it, and revealed its date

To Moses, was mistaken in its age." ments, expressed in plain and appropriate

CowPER. language. This volume, taken as a whole, is a

But amidst these gloomy prostitutions of valuable piece of religious biography, which scientific acquirements, it is pleasing to ought neither to be consigned to oblivion,

observe, that a far greater number, blessed nor suffered to slumber among the wrecks

with superior acuteness of intellect, and which time has left behind him in his

far more extensive learning, have prosemarch; and in, thus bringing it before the

cuted their researches in these geological public in its present form, Mr. Williams

| regions, under the influence of very diffehas conferred a favour on the truly pious

rent motives; and, as might naturally be of all denominations.

expected, their inquiries have led to an opposite result. They have seen the finger

of Deity, where others discovered nothing Review.Conversations on Geology, com | but chemical affinities, and found the me

prising a familiar Explanation of the morials of Moses confirmed by an appeal Huttonian and Wernerian Systems; the to fact. Science, thus subserving the cause Mosaic Geology, as explained by Mr. of Revelation, becomes doubly amiable;'

175

Review.On the Mischiefs of Self-Ignorances" ap!

176

we admire her intrinsic excellenice, and embedded in yellow limestone, has in it rejoice in the alliance which she forms with something more solemnly attractive. On the word of God,

the whole, we think this book will form à Of this latter description is the volume valuable acquisition to the juvenile library, now before us. It does not enter into the being every way calculated to impart madepths which others have explored, nor tional amusement, and valuable instruction expatiate on propositions of doubtful im- , to the inquiring mind, it is to, 310, port. It seizes on facts that are placed beyond the reach of dispute, and in pleasing and familiar language places them

REVIEW.On the Mischiefs of Self-Ig. before the pupil who requires instruction.

norance, and the Benefits of Self-Ac The whole is laid out in the form of dia

quaintance, by Richard Baxter; with logues, in which Mrs. R. instructs her chil

an Introductory Essay, by the Rev. dren by giving replies to such questions as

David Young. 12mo, pp. 382. Whit they are led to ask. The difficult terms of

taker, London, 1828,

1

W 854 science are fully explained, and frequently The name of Richard Baxter is too for accompanied with some historical remark, midable for criticism; and the sacred halo that is at once elucidative, and calculated which surrounds his writings, will always to make an impression on the youthful guard them from violation by sacrilegious mind..

hands. Both the man and his productions In its import and character, this may be have long since passed the ordeal, and considered as an elementary book, without such is their character, that they command sustaining the formality of the designation. Our reverence without exciting our animadIt is at once adapted to the capacity of versions. youth, and will be found highly serviceable In the introductory essay, Mr. Young to those of more mature years, who wish enforces, by a variety of motives and con to become acquainted with the science of siderations, the necessity of self-knowledge, geology, but scarcely know how and where without which nothing that is truly noble, to begin.'. Of the various theories of the and worthy the exalted dignity of man, earth, by Burnett, Woodward, Whiston, can be attained. This knowledge extends Descartes, Leibnitz, Buffon, and several to his moral relation to God, and to his others, it contains a general outline, and interests in eternity.' Connecting this introduces the reader to the two rival šys world with that which is to come, this tems of Hutton and Werner, whose dis- knowledge will lead him to see the necest ciples reproach each other with being the sity of a Saviour, and to value the rich friends either of Vulcan or Neptune, from provisions of the gospel. In short, it their respective appeals to the agency | cannot be separated from the knowledge either of fire or water.

of the only true God, and Jesus Christ There are few articles connected with whom he hath sent. This essay is admigeology, on which this volume does not rably adapted to introduce the treatise to touch; but in most cases this is rather done which it is prefixed, and to prepare the with a design to communicate pleasing reader for a profitable perusal of its coninformation, than to investigate the theories tents. which are submitted to the reader's eye. The mischiefs of self-ignorance may be The topics introduced into these conver- justly contrasted with the advantages of selfsations amount to nearly three hundred, knowledge, the one implying on all occasions which of course have rendered the author's the reverse of the other. Ignorance is the observations both transient and superficial. parent of error, and when both are combined, This, however, can furnish no argument such is the constitution of heaven, earth, against the utility of the book. It is de moral agency, and the economy of God signed for learners, and in this station it towards his creatures, that they cannot supports its credit in a most respectable but lead to inevitable and perpetual manner...

misery. These momentous truths are Scattered among its pages, we find strongly enforced both in the introduction twelve engravings, all of which are imme and the treatise.' diately connected with the subjects of the Of the work itself, Mr. Baxter has volume. Some of these are neatly coloured, given us an epitome in the following sen. to produce a more striking effect. The tences with which it commences. "He skeleton of a gigantic antediluvian beast of that is a stranger to himself, his sin, his prey, in connexion with its history, is par- misery, his necessity, &c., is a stranger to ticularly interesting; and that of a human God." To have taken the true measure of being found in the island of Guadaloupé, our" capacities, abilities, infirmities, and

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Review.- Serious Reflections on Time and Eternity.

178

necessities; and thereupon to perceive writings of these two eminent servants of what is really best for us, and most agree- God Their intrinsic excellence will at able to our case, is the first part of true, all times render them acceptable, but, at practical, saving knowledge.” Throughout this eventful period, they derive an addithe whole, the same strong, nervous, and tional importance from the peculiar aspect vigorous sentiment is every where percep- of the present times. Between our days, tible. For this, indeed, all Mr. Baxter's however, and those of Ridley and Philpot, writings are particularly remarkable. He we can trace but little more than a symnever grows languid, and the resources of pathetic resemblance. The Papal tiger his mind appear to be inexhaustible. was rampant, and at large; he is now Many of his expressions embody incon- couchant, because in chains. Yet we hear trovertible axioms, which seem to flow him growling in his den, and more than spontaneously from his pen. It is the half mingling threats of vengeance with native element of his exalted spirit; always his entreaties for liberation. In some either soaring in a region, of which we inauspicious moment, should he unfortuscarcely know how to measure the ele nately burst his shackles, a virtual resurvation, or descending into depths, the | rection may be expected of the days of profundity of which no common line can these venerable men, and Smithfield may fathom.

be again applied to another purpose besides The diligence of Mr. Baxter was equal that of selling cattle. to his mental vigour and exalted piety. The examinations which Mr. Philpot The labours of his pen amounted to one underwent, as recorded in this volume, hundred and forty-five treatises, of which are disgustingly interesting. Few memofour were folios, seventy-three, quartos; rials display in more striking colours the forty-nine, octavos; and others of a strange perversion of intellect, and deprasmaller size. Having stood the test of vity of the human heart, taking shelter more than one hundred and fifty years, under the name of religion, than the diamany of these works still retain their ele. logues before us. The man who can read vated rank among the theological writings them without feeling indignant, must posof the Christian world. Several times sess something more than stoic apathy. have they been reprinted in various forms, In giving publicity to such barefaced ini. and we rejoice to find that the publishers quity on the one hand, and suffering of “ Select Christian Authors" have given | virtue on the other, the Tract Society is to this treatise a place in that valuable

| acting a noble part towards pushing aside collection of sterling volumes, with which the mask with which many are attempting they are both enriching and ornamenting

to hide the deformity of a visage which Every Christian library.

is too hideous to be seen without horror and disgust. To these treatises, now bound

up in one volume, every friend of Protest. Review - British Reformers. Treatises

| tantism will earnestly wish and Letters of Dr. Nicholas Ridley,

an extensive

circulation, and also do something to John Philpot's Eramination, Letters,

promote it among his neighbours and bc 12mo. pp. 432. Religious Tract

friends. Society. London. The names of th-se veteran worthies that

REVIEW.-Serious Reflections on Time appear in the title-page, will carry sufficient evidence that nothing modern is to

and Eternity. By John Shower, and be expected in this volume; but they also

on the Consideration of our Latter give an assurance, that whatever may be

End, and other contemplations, by wanting in novelty, will be amply supplied

Sir Matthew Hale, Knt. With an by sterling worth. Ridley and Philpot

Introductory Essay by Thomas Chalhold a conspicuous place in our list of

mers, D.D. 12mo. pp. 366. Whitmartyrs, who counted their lives of less

taker. London. 1828. -. importance than the cause of God and REVIEWING in this number of the Imtruth. Their histories have been long before perial Magazine, another volume of “Select the world, and are therefore familiar to all Christian Authors,” we have briefly dewho are conversant with the disastrous lineated, chiefly in the language of the times in which they lived.

Rev. David Young, the character and The Religious Tract Society, uniformly writings of Sir Matthew Hale. On this engaged, in circulating useful treatises, account it will be less necessary to enlarge have selected from among the productions on the work which is now before us, a of our venerable reformers, some of the considerable portion of which is derived 122.-VOL IX.

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179

Review.-- Memoirs of the Rev. John Cooke.'

180

from the same source : and to both pub which he occupied, rendered still more arduous

and difficult by the anarchy and confusion of that lications our previous observations are

revolutionary period in which he lived, this good equally applicable.

man was not unmindful to address those moni. : To this volume is prefixed a valuable

tory lessons to his countrymen, which we now

present anew, as salutary admonitions to the preessay by the Rev. Dr. Chalmers,-a gen gent generation, then have we a testimony to tleman whose talents, learning, and ardent the worth and surpassing excellence of this

wisdom, above all the acquisitious of science zeal in the cause of Christianity, have ren

and philosophy, which cannot be disregarded dered his name familiar to almost every without incurring the imputation of folly. Science

and human learning we hold in high estimation, reader. In this Essay, his language is

and let them be diffused thronghout every corner strong, fervent, and commanding, embody of our land; but what we affirm is, that they ing sentiments of the utmost importance do not meet the necessities of man's moral con

stitution. The man of science may be rich in to man; and communicating a vigorous

all these acquisitions, and yet be destitute of that impulse to the reflections and, contempla knowledge which forms a right preparation for

the duties of time, or a sound preparation for the tions which he recommends; and perhaps,

glories of eternity; while the humble peasant, we cannot more effectually characterize whose mind has never been illumined with these productions of Mr. Shower and Sir

science, may be illustrious in wisdom of a far

higher order, and, by turning the consideration Matthew Hale than by adopting the words of his latter end to its right and practical use, of Dr. Chalmers, especially as they will fur

may have attained to that knowledge in which

the apostle determined alone to glory, " the nish a favourable specimen of his mental

knowledge of Jesus Christ, and him cruci. vigour and unaffected eloquence.

fied."-p. xxiii-XXY. Adverting to the momentous truths of the gospel, and the necessity of realizing

Review.-Memoirs and Select Remains their influence on our hearts, Dr. Chalmers

of the late Rev. John Cooke, forty-three thus proceeds :

years Pastor of the Independent Church,

Maidenhead, Berks. By George Red* "We cannot better en force these solemn considerations on the minds of our readers, with the ford, M. A. 8vo. pp. 622. Hurst view of shutting them up to the faith that is in and Co. London. 1828.. Christ, than by referring them to SHOWER'S

Serious reflections on Time and Eternity,' and The size of this volume, when we first
SIR MATTHEW HALE, 'On the Consideration of our took it in hand for serious examination,
Latter End." In Shower's excellent treatise,
they will find the serious reflections of a mind,

presented to our view a forbidding aspect. which, by the habit of solemn consideration, and We have been so much accustomed to the the exercise of a vigorous faith, habitually felt the power and the reality of those important

art and mystery of book-making, that this truths, respecting which, mankind in general was suspected to be one of the common maintain an obstinate, and almost incurable beed.

family; and that the author, to fill "his lessness. There is scarcely any form of words, or any mode of computation, or any point of con.

pages, had introduced an unnecessary actrast, which he has not employed, to give the cumulation of foreign matter, not much reader a vivid and substantive impression of the

less remote from his subject, than if he littleness of Time, and the greatness of Eternity. The truths on which he insists, are truths of the had given the height of St. Paul's, or plainest and most elementary kind; but, thoroughly

enumerated the arches of Blackfriars' bridge. aware that the practical consideration of them constitutes the essence of true wisdom, he en

| A nearer inspection, however, speedily deavours, by the most forcible arguments, and | dissipated these unfounded prejudices, and the most touching appeals, and the most persia

from first engrossing our attention, soon sive earnestness, to arrest mankind in their career of thoughtlessness and inconcern, and to turn interested us in its details. their resolute and sustained attention to the con.

The work comprises four grand divisideration of their latter end, and so to number their days, that they may apply their hearts to sions : namely, I. The Memoir of Mr. that highest of all wisdom-a preparation for the Cooke : II. Facts and Anecdotes connected coming eternity; and, with the real and tender solicitude of men in earnest, lay to heart those

with his public Life; III. Select Remains ; things that pertain to their everlasting peace, and, IV, Letters written to Different Inere time be hid from their eyes.

dividuals. "The Consideration of our Latter End,' and the other kindred pieces of Sir Matthew Hale, The memoir, which includes the select are not only marked by the same solemn earnest

remains, and occupies about one hundred ness, but possess all that graphic power of thought, and depth of experimental feeling, which

and forty pages, is particularly interesting; characterise tbe writings of this extraordinary the biographer having carefully avoided man. We have already adverted, in a former

all prolixity in his narrative, and, while Essay, to the character and writings of this great and good man, which precludes the necessity of placing the character of Mr. Cooke in an our entering into any farther exposition of them,

amiable light, disdaining to insult his But we cannot help observing, that if Sir Mat. thew Hale, whose genius and learning rendered memory with extravagant praises, or fulhim one of the most distinguished oruaments of some panegyric. It is a clear and comhis age, and whose character and wisdom still as. sociate him, in England's best remembrances, with

prehensive memoir of a venerable and the noblest of her worthies, counted it a wisdom worthy minister, written by a gentleman superior to all human learning, to consider his

who seems less attached to hyperbole than latter endana na mashahichte station l to truth. portant avocations of that high official station

In no place is the picture over.

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