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Wesleyan Mission in New Zealand.
which only affords matter for subsequent , in 1827. Of this disastrous event, a circensorious gossip;-a party, which wears cumstantial account was published at the none of the character of Christian friend time. The Missionaries, who were strip ship, occasions days of bustle and disorder ped of all their personal property, as well in the house, and supersedes at the time as compelled to abandon the Society's prothe usual attention to the family altar. | perty to the rapacity of the marauders, proWith such parties, therefore, I would have ceeded to New South Wales, that they no fellowship. . How otherwise could I might there consult their brethren as to the say, 'I have not sat with vain persons ? steps they should take, and procure a rehow otherwise could I say, I'am a com equipment of what they required for furpanion of them that fear Thee?'. In the ther operations. As the Wangaroa station saints, the excellent of the earth, is all my had not been broken up by a regular delight.' * * * * * * *
authorized force, but by a lawless banditti; « In defence of Christianity, many and as its demolition was thus to be learned and elaborate books have been regarded as an adventitious occurrence, written. In defence of Christianity, many arising out of the tumultuous state of things eloquent and powerful sermons have been which prevailed at the time, it was repreached and published. In defence of solved that the first opportunity of recomChristianity, innumerable, convincing, and mencing the mission, with any favourable irresistible arguments have been urged. prospect of its stability and success, should Under the banner of Christianity, a mighty be embraced. Such an opening presented phalanx of the noblest advocates have itself at 'Hokianga (sometimes written E united in her defence. But, after all, for Ho Ki Anga,) a place on the western coast the best defence of the Christian cause, we about forty miles from Wangaroa Bay, must look to the man who lives in the cha- and about fifty miles over land from the racter of a believer, and to whom the Bay of Islands. It was ascertained that pastor of a church can make the same the inhabitants of that neighbourhood were appeal, as the apostle makes to the Corin- numerous, amounting to about 4000; that thians, Ye are our epistles, written not the several tribes, having their several vilwith ink, but with the Spirit of the living lages upon the banks of a fine navigable God, known and read of all men.' Such river, could be all easily and expeditiously believers offer the most eloquent pleas, visited in a boat; that these tribes, though the most convincing arguments; they will independent of each other, were at peace prove the most successful and triumphant among themselves; and that the principal advocates in the cause of Christ, in whose chief, Patuone, a man of superior intellect characters, in whose tempers and deport- and extensive influence, was not only ment, the essential graces, the holy and friendly to Europeans, but also particularly lovely virtues, of the religion of the cross, anxious that the missionaries should fix are to be seen embodied and alive."--Ser- their residence near him, and that he had mon at the settlement of the Rev. J. Fox, engaged to protect them to the utmost of at Hull, p. 76, 77, 79, and 80.
his power. Mr. Parsons has edited the works of With these favourable circumstances, Dr. Watts, Dr. Doddridge, 10 vols. 8vo. there was associated another of some imPresident Edwards, 8 vols. 8vo. jointly I portance. An establishment of Europeans with Dr. W. Williams; an Abridgment already existed on the spot, for the purof Neal's History of the Puritans, 1811, pose of ship-building and trading with the 2 vols. 8vo.; Simpson's Plea for the Deity natives, the proprietors of which, Thomas of Jesus and the Trinity, 1812; Charnock's Raine, Esq. and Gordon D. Browne, Esq. Works, 9 vols. 8vo.
two highly respectable merchants of Sydney, expressed a desire to see the mission resumed in that part of the country, and
kindly promised to render all the assistance INTERESTING ACCOUNT OF THE WESLEYAN
and co-operation in their power. MISSION IN NEW ZEALAND, DELINEA
considerations induced the missionaries to TING THE CHARACTER OF THE NATIVES.
fix upon 'Hokianga as the seat of their (From the Sydney Gazette, dated May, 1828.)
future operations; and, accordingly, the The first establishment formed by the Rev. John Hobbs and Mrs. Hobbs, the Wesleyan Missionaries in New Zealand, Rev. James Stack and Miss Bedford, acwhich was at Wangaroa, a place on the companied by Luke Wade and his wife, western side of the island, and near its as confidential servants, and 'Hika, a very northern extremity, was plundered and de clever and promising native youth, who stroyed by a hostile party of natives, early had resided with them at Wangaroa, and
Wesleyan Mission in New Zealand. snover.............nevarno...ooocown............................................. had accompanied them to the colony, go to war, we shall have no love for you, sailed in October, 1827, for 'Hokianga. but if we turn, our backs upon you and go They landed at Wahion, a spot not far away, then we shall think of you with from Patuone's residence, and about thirty- affection; and when we return home, two miles from the mouth of the river. should we find you all well, we shall ex. Here they remained several months, but claim, E! ko to tatou pakeha E! Oh! have since found it necessary to remove our white people, Oh! Should we be killed, about six miles down the river, to a place then you will mourn for us. Should you be called Mangungu, where they are now killed by a strange party, then we shall exoccupied in erecting a suitable dwelling, claim, Aue! tai kua mara a tatou pakeha ! and forming a regular establishment. Their Alas! our white people are killed !" intention is to visit all the tribes within 15th. Tepapatahi brought a native mat their reach, for the purpose of instructing this morning, as a compensation for his them in the momentous truths of Chris- | fault in having quarrelled with us on tianity, and to take under their immediate Saturday. He informed us that his son care and tuition as many of the native died two days ago, and that the Mitinayouth as they may be able to accommodate gari's Atua, Missionary's God, bad brought and support, some of whom it is hoped him back to life again. “Kua Mitingarimay hereafter become useful assistants in tia taku tama iti. “My son is become a teaching their own countrymen.
missionary,” said he; “ come, and hear The following extracts from a journal what he says, and, if he talks as you do, kept on the spot, though not intended to then your God is in him." This young give a complete account of the proceed man was reported yesterday by the natives ings of the mission, will nevertheless exhibit to have been bewitched by us. We went some of the difficulties attending the first to see him, and found him apparently in formation of a missionary settlement in a state of mental derangement. As we such a country as New Zealand; they will approached him, he stared, and uttered present also an engaging view of the sen- incoherently, “Jesus Christ, but in such timents and manners of its inhabitants, and a manner as scarcely to be understood by the principal political events that have an Europeana: He mentioned also a hearecently taken place among them. Such a then divinity, whose name is Baba. On view of a people, who live at our doors, our asking who Baba was, he replied, with whom we have already begun to form “The God that turned the world upside commercial connexions of some magni | down." The natives have a tradition that tude, and who are now gradually emerg the world was once turned over. He also inz, through our instrumentality, from their said, that he had been up in the sky, and ancient barbarism, cannot fail of exciting a had come down again, and that what we general and powerful interest !
| taught on religious subjects was very good. 1827, Nov. 13th. After dinner, Matangi, Tepapatahi inquired if this was the sacred Patuone, Warerahi, and others, who have day,” for, said he, “he is determined to a military expedition in view, came and observe it like you." As the natives atsat near our hut. We spake to them on tached great importance to what he said, the evils of war, but our arguments made and believed it to be from God, we tried no impression upon them; all our remon- to discover whether he had been on board strances and advice were unayailing. Ma- a ship, or at the mission station. “The tangi said, “There is ’Honghi; he has lost knowledge I have is derived from the God the use of one arm; yet he is going to bat. that is in me," replied the man, “I have tle again; and by and by, when he has had no intercourse with ships." On our lost the other, he will go with his shoulders return home, we met several natives, who only." This declaration he accompanied were full of inquiry concerning the “Mitinwith a peculiar and appropriate gesture, gari,” as they called him. which of itself would alınost have conveyed 18th. Being Sunday, we visited Horohis meaning. They asked us of our origin, eke, the native name of the place where but could not allow that our forefathers Messrs. Raine and Browne's establishment were once as uncivilized as themselves. is situated. It is seven miles from WaiKnowledge, they thought must have been hou, and twenty-five from the mouth of the coeval with our race. "Wbat is the rea- river. Our object was to collect the Euroson," said one, “that many of those New peans, and hold divine service. We found Zealanders who have lived with you, and this im practicable, but spoke on religious have been taught to read when young, have subjects to those we met with. The coun afterwards become as warlike in their dis- try. we passed over between Waihou and position as any other of us. If we do not Horoeke consists chiefly of bluff hills,
Wesleyan Mission in New Zealand.
thickly covered on one -side with timber, hut with his hatchet, and then ran off toOn the side facing the river they are more wards the new fence, where he vented his gradual in their slope, and more sterile. fury by cutting a bundle of spare fencing. From their base to the stream, which in He then seized one of our axes and ran off some places is nearly a mile, there is a with it, saying, that should be the hutu or swamp, thickly studded with bulrushes. payment for what he had done. Taomni The effluvia that are exhaled at low water, affected to be very angry with him, and from the sides of the river, which are low called him the son of an angry parent. and muddy, are exceedingly disagreeable 21st. Taonui again brought his party to and noxious.
be paid; but we told him that the axe Patuone and Nene his brother were at which was taken away yesterday, and also Horoeke. They said that before Euro a spade that was missing, must first be repeans came to New Zealand, the natives turned. He said this was unreasonable ; generally lived to a greater age than they but finding that we were inflexible, both do now. This was to refute what we had the articles were soon produced, and deliasserted as to "eternal life” being vouch vered to us. After having paid Taonui safed to them that embrace the gospel. and his fencers, Patuone's slaves refused to They understood the term in its gross do any thing more at the house till they sense, and said it was good to live till were paid also. We referred the matter to their bones were rotten, and not die young. Patuone, who advised us to pay them, and Having corrected the misapprehension, I promised to send two more men to finish Nene said, Ka mea au kia ora tonu ki the house. He asked with great concern tenei ao kaia koutou e haere mai ai. I whether any thing unpleasant had occurred thought you came here that we might live / yesterday, as he had heard that we had for ever. He also said, if one New Zea | been robbed. The conduct of this chief, lander should come from the dead, and tell as a New Zealander, has hitherto been kind the same story that we did about heaven and honourable; but his brother Nene had and hell, he would believe.
the audacity to ask us to-day for a hutu 19th. Tepapatahi requested us to go or payment for the place on which our again to see his son. At our former visit, present temporary dwelling stands. He supposing him to be deranged, we gave | made this demand on the plea of wharfage, him some medicine. This had the effect • Kin penei,' like Port Jackson, said he. of composing him to sleep. His friends We spoke to him with so much warmth thought he was dying, but we found him on the baseness of this claim, that he said better in mind, though exceedingly lan- he would not call at our house for a long guid in body. His family and friends time, as he saw we were offended with him. manifested the most tender solicitude on 24th. This last week we have been his behalf. His wife, with an infant at her anxiously searching for a situation on which breast, was most disconsolate.
to fix our permanent abode. Patuone 20th. Taonui, who had engaged to put | has pointed out to us a place called Toke, a fence round the house which Patuone's which possesses some advantages, but the slaves are building for us, was requested to labour which would be requisite to make it employ ten men. In the New Zealand at all commodious is more than we could language there is the Te kau taki tahi, the accomplish; and after all, its tenure would single ten, and the Te kau taki rua, the be somewhat precarious. There are sevedouble ten. Intending to overreach us, ral good sites for a mission station to be he took advantage of this ambiguity, and found, but they do not belong to Patuone. employed Te kau taki rua, double ten, The place on which we now reside is low and came this afternoon to say, that the and liable to inundation, but we have party wished to be paid. We did not sometimes thought of overcoming these notice the error in the number, knowing natural disadvantages by building upon what excuse he would make; but on ex piles. However, we cannot yet finally deamining the fence, we found it was not termine, and are much perplexed as to fastened in the usual manner; upon which what we should do. we signified our determination to have it. From 'Honghi Nehe, Tepui's son, who is properly fastened, before we should pay living with us, I have learnt many intefor it. The party that had been employed resting particulars respecting Wangaroa. to do the work became highly enraged, and ) Matapo's breast was picked by one of the threatened to go and cut it all down, which meanest slaves in our valley. That part of we gave them full liberty to do. Taonui's the Ngatehunu, the Wangaroa tribe, that brother stripping himself naked, made two still remain there, are living in a state of or three blows at the fence of our present servile subjection to Honghi Hika.
venernorosconoccorso 26th. I went across the river to see a ) had received from his employers. They native who is suffering from the catarrh, They are as follows: which has prevailed universally here for the "Should the missionaries have settled in last fortnight. Many are reduced to a our neighbourhood, we wish you to shew most distressing condition by it, and having them every attention and civility on our no correct idea of the cause, they fancy | behalf, and to afford them every assistance that the white man's God is afflicting them. in your power; and for any work you may They say to us “ No koutou tenei taru,” | do for them, keep an account, and take this evil disease is from you. Every dis- their bill for the amount on the treasurer of order they attribute to the agency of some the society here. divinity, either native or European. Their “With respect to the conduct of the sufferings are greatly aggravated by the establishment, we trust you will be able to total disregard of all counteractive precau- keep it as regular and orderly as possible; tions. Instead of soothing the cough, the and to this end it would be well to limit slightest tickling sensation in the throat will the issue of spirits, never giving to any make them bellow like calves, and thus by , man at one time sufficient to produce a straining and irritating the tender organs of bad effect, respiration, a simple cold often lays the “We request a particular attention to foundation of an incurable disease.
the strict observance of the Sabbath : 28th. Patuone, who is still unwell from this has in one or two instances been the catarrh, spent an hour or two with us broken; but never again for the sake of to-day. On our presenting to him two expediting any work of ours, let this be large glass ear-drops to put in his ears, he the case. inquired whether king George wore such. “The sawyers and carpenters too must Being told that he did not, “Why then," be expressly forbidden to work for themsaid he, « do you think I should wear selves, as some of them have hitherto done, them?” He shėwed us a fine Meri, a on that day. We can by no means allow sinall native weapon, made of green talc, it. The ensign hoisted on that day must which he said he was keeping for the Rev. | be understood to proclaim our wishes in Samuel Marsden.
this respect. 30th. On speaking this evening to
“Tuomas RainE. Tepapatahi, and Tewaiti, two chiefs, on the
“GURDON D. BROWNE." rotundity of the globe, one of them said, “ To Mr. Clarke, Superintendent, • Per haps it is true, perhaps not, but Hon
“ Horeke, ghi knows, for he has been in England.”
“ Hokiangu.” December 2d. I visited some of the These , very excellent and liberal in. Wangaroa tribe, who, on the dispersion of structions, lay us under very considerable that people, fled hither for refuge. Amongst obligations, and demand our most gratethese was Tepui, our old chief, with his ful acknowledgments to the gentlemen from family, from whom we have had several | whom they emanate. Muriwai was at Ho visits. One of the natives complained that reke: He said, “Do you like Waihou? You since the white people came among them, will be overflowed with water as soon as it they had been afflicted with disorders to rains heavy. Is it a good thing to be inwhich they were strangers before; that their solent? The natives of those places are god ate out their breasts, but did not most insolent, where they eat nothing but always kill them; but as for this he-he, this fern root. If you have but one chief to dizziness of the head, it was quite insup- protect you as you had at Wangaroa, you portable.' And, added Ngahuruhuru, “Ka will experience the same fate as you did tae nei anati koutou ka tae hae ki ta there. As soon as the natives of the Bay koutou te,” you have just begun to be of Island appeared, Tepui ran off, and left stingy with your tea.
you to shift for yourselves, and you became · 13th. We have been again seeking for a the spoil of plunderers. If you wish to be suitable spot for a mission station. Patuone safe, secure the friendship of all the chiefs, shewed us several, but all were ineligible, by giving them liberal presents.” He and his wife, who is in a deep con 1 19th. At our return home from Horeke, sumption, and whom he brought a day or we found that everyone was talking of two ago to introduce her to Mrs. Hobbs, war. A large party of the Ngapui are slept all night in the open air.
reported to be on their way from Wan19th. We went to Horeke, and saw Mr. garoa, to seek satisfaction from NgahuClarke, the superintendent of the establish ruhuru, for having sold his daughter to a ment. He behaved to us with great kind- white man, after she had been betrothed ness, and shewed us the instructions he to a relative of Honghi's.
Wesleyan Mission in New Zealand.
20th. Patuone told us it was true that a 10 o'clock P. M.,' I can hear Huru and party of fighting men were coming, as we Muriwai in close conversation on national had heard yesterday. He advised us to politics. Several muskets were fired just remove a mile and a half further up the now down the river, which circumstance river, where he himself now lives, and has likewise set Ngahuruhuru in motion. where several Scotchmen, who once be 22d. Tepui narrowly escaped death the longed to the New Zealand Company's night before last. A hostile party, who establishment, together with some runaway came to murder him treacherously, were sailors, are also residing. He said that in prevented from accomplishing their design, case of an attack we should not be safe by his having accidentally removed from here. We expostulated with Patuone his usual sleeping place. Patuone told us against the practice which prevails among this morning, that he had spent all yesterday the chiefs, of selling their daughters to in endeavouring to track this party in the Europeans for muskets and powder. woods, but he found it impossible. They “But,” said he, “if I keep my daughter sometimes fell into detached parties, and unpolluted, will King George send me having proceeded some distance, they repowder and muskets, the things I want so united into one body; having travelled for much?” In reference to Ngahuruhuru, a while in this manner, they would again he said he acted wrong, because he had spread themselves into small parties, so that broken a New Zealand law, in having no definite track could be followed. By disposed of his daughter to one man, this manæuyre they baffled and eluded when she was engaged to another. I their pursuers. As I was conversing with accompanied Patuone to his house, and Patuone, an alarm of war was given. He found his wife rapidly hastening to her instantly started at the sound, exclaiming, dissolution. One side of her face was kua pai te huake nei emarama! that is, the much swollen, and her countenance was report of a war party, is it not ? and in very ghastly. After conversing with her, I the same moment, throwing off his dress, prayed in the native tongue to the Father he ran off with all speed for his musket. of the spirits of all flesh, compassionately | December 23. Tepui came this evening. to regard this immortal being, on the eve He is a perfect picture of anxiety and fear; he of launching into eternity. My heart declared that for several nights he had slept sinks at the sight of so many souls, on the upon his knees, leaning on his musket; he right hand and on the left, perishing for eats his food in the same state of trepidalack of knowledge. “Awake, O arm of tion and alarm, sitting behind a tuft of the Lord, put on strength !” I gave some reeds to screen himself from observation, medicine and a white shirt to the dying and holding his musket in one hand, while woman. She wishes to die in the shirt, he eats with the other. A party of Tehithat, as she says, her spirit may be clothed hutai, the salt nose tribe, arrived to-day to in white. O! when shall New Zealanders, protect him. “ clothed with white robes, and palms in 26. A man named Horu came over their hands, cry with a loud voice, Salva- from Wangaroa, to demand from Ngahu. tion to our God, which sitteth upon the ruhuru the musket he had received for his throne, and unto the Lamb !"
daughter. His appearance excited the 21st. This morning the natives were all suspicion of Tepui, who thought he was in great consternation, it being reported come as a spy, and declared he would that a party was coming to murder Tepui shoot him.-_Make haste about it," said secretly. "Muriwai and several of his Horú. “Why should I not come to spy people, all armed, came up the river, as you out? Do you think the Ngapai, he said, to our help, fearing we might be (Honghi's tribe,) will ever let you rest ?" in danger. “E mea,” said he, “te mitia- 27. Patuone's principal wife died this gari ma tana paraikiti ahau é waka ma-morning. He sent to us for some nails to hana i te 'hau,” the Missionary is a good fasten the coffin, in which she is to be thing, his blanket will keep me warm from buried. It is made something like a box, the wind. “ Na ra nei," added he, so as to allow of her being placed in the “ i meatu apau ra e mea kine te rangatera usual sitting posture of the New Zealarid kotahi ;” See, did not I tell you it was a bad dead. We found at Patuone's residence thing to have but one chief? He declared many who had come to condole with him. the natives here would not treat us as they | We all went across the river, and proa did at Wangaroa, but would fight for us ceeded to a small bank, where 'the corpse till death. He and his party stationed was placed. Being covered with a new themselves near our house all night, to blanket, and having the head oiled and protect us. While I am writing this, at | dressed in feathers, and the face concealed,