Linguistic Evolution: With Special Reference to English
Professor Samuels presents a comprehensive explanation of the reasons for linguistic change, applying his theory in particular to the history of English. He assesses and mediates between the conflicting dogmas of different schools of linguistics, and offers an alternative theory of linguistic change which is basically simple but has the scope to cover any type of change.
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allophones ambiguity arise chapter circular shift common complementary distribution conditioned consonants contexts Danelaw dialect dialect continuum differentiation diphthongs distribution drag-chain evidence example existing extension extralinguistic factors Firstly French fricatives functional further Germanic Germanic languages gradual grammar and lexis grammatical gender homonymy hypercorrection idiolect inflections influence intrasystemic isogloss isolative change later less lexical linguistic change loanwords loss marked forms meaning merger Middle English Midlands minor system neogrammarian normal noun occur origin parallel pattern period periphrasis phonaesthetic phoneme phonemicisation phonetic change phonology polysemy possible preference pressures prestige dialects preterite probably pronunciation push-chain reasons reflex regarded relevant replacement result selection semantic shift sixteenth century ſkſ social sound-change speakers spoken chain spread stages stress subsystems suggests suprasegmental survival syllables systemic regulation take place texts tion unstressed variants verbs Vowel Shift vowels whereas words written language
Foundations in Sociolinguistics: An Ethnographic Approach
Dell H. Hymes
No preview available - 1977
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Theodora Bynon,Professor of Historical Linguistics Soas Theodora Bynon
Limited preview - 1977