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as Cambden, Spotswood, Clarendon , Bishop Burnet, and the late Bishop of Rochester..
Whether this Regard to the Words of dy. ing Men proceeds from an Imagination that one who stands on the Confines of each State, has juster Notions of both, than he, whose Views seem more remote ; or from an Opinion, that the Character of the Man is best understood from his Behaviour in this last Scene of Action : It must however be admitted, that an Account of his preceding Life, a Relation of the constant Tenor of his Actions, and his unbyass’d Discourses, while under the Enjoyment of an easy Fortune, must certainly contribute something towards forming a right Judgment of him.
Many indeed take upon them to judge of the Cause, as well as the Man, purely from what he says at that important Hour, and great Stress they lay upon every the minutest Action; they take his Words as the Result of a fincere disinterested Mind, not fway'd by any secular Motives, and therefore then bert qualify'd to make a Judgment of the State
But'tis with great difficulty, if ever the contrary Party will admit, that the Constancy, Serenity, or even the Exultation of the Sufferer at his Execution, are any Signs he is in the right ; or that the Justification of the
Enterprize at the last Gasp, adds any weight to the Justice of his Cause, tho' the Suffering Side are always ready to ascribe' much to the Resolution of their Martyr'd Hero. -'
Indeed, we find Men of the most distant Principles have dy'd, not only with equal Intrepidity, but equal Hopes of future Joys: We find the Cavalier looking on the Cause of God's Vice-gerent as the Cause of God, and bravely embracing Death and Sufferings, in Defence of his Lawful King, and the ancient Constitution : Soon after, we behold the Regicide, at his Execution, in Raptures at the Thoughts that God had been lo gracious to permit him to imbrue his Hands in
Royal Blood, and made him an Instrument - of throwing three Kingdoms into Confusion.
He tells the World, as he is turning off, the Saints would gladly leave their blessd Abodes to dye again in such a Cause. ,1???
But whatever else may be concluded from such Scenes - as these, we easily discern from hence, how far natural Courage, Education,
and a Familiarity with Dangers, or the Spirit 7 of Enthusiasm, can carry a Man.
To the Speeches and Characters I have added a Table, Shewing the Punishments
appropriated to every Crime mention'd in I the State Tryals, and which of them were
executed, and which of them mitigated, or kotally pardon’d.. A 3 " And
And the two first Tryals being for Heresy, I have, by way of Introduction, shewn how this Crime was anciently try'd and punish'd, and how at this Day; and given some Precedents of the Writ de Heretico .comburendo, and of the Warrant for issuing it.
· From this short Account, the Reader will judge of the Usefulness of these Sheets in general, and more particularly to those Gentlemen who have purchas'd the Tryals, and who seem indeed to expect something of this kind to compleat that Work,
OF The several PRISONERS niention'd in the STATE TRYALS; shewing how the respective Sentences were executed on those who were Attainted, and which of them were Acquitted.
1407 INIliam Thorpe, Clerk, Imprisoned. 12 V V Șir John Oldcastle, Hang'd and
? Lord Cobham, S Burnt. 1535 Sir Thomas More,
Beheaded. 1554 Sir Nicholas Throckmorton Acquitted. 1567 James, Earl of Bothwell Acquitted, 1571 Thomas Duke of Norfolk, Beheaded.
s Parry, Ballard, Babington,
Savagė, Barnwell, Titch-
Salisbury, Donn, Jones, ? Quarterid 1586
Charnock, Travers, Gage i
gainst Queen Elizabeth,
Beheaded. 1589 Philip Earl of Arundel...
Rard Confis. 1600 Earl of Effex :. . Beheaded.
Imprisonm. 1600 Earl of Southampton i }
Land Confis. A4
1602 Ş Sir Walter Raleigh tryd; and} Beheaded.
Robert Winter, John Grant, ..
Tho. Bates, Tho. Winter,
Ambrose Rookwood, Rob. (Executedas 1605 3
Keys, Guy Fawkes, and Sir / Traytors.
tors in the Gunpowder Plot, J 1606 Henry Garnet, Superior of the Executed China ? Fesuits,
Sas a Traytor Richard Weston, Anne Tur-)
ner, Sir Jervis Elvis and l. 1615 James Franklin, - Murderers 1
Hang'd. B it of Sir Thomas Overbury,j.
Frances Countess of Somerset, in 1616
and Robert Carr, Earl of Imprisonm.
Somerset, Murderers of Sir and Confil. List Thomas Overbury, "... " į Lord Audley ?
Beheaded. 1621 > Fitz-Patrick and Broadway, } Hang’d. his Servants
Pillory'd, 1633 William Prynn, Esq;
Ears cut off
(Imprifon'd. 1634 Lord Balmerino
Pardon'd. 1641 Earl of Strafford
Beheaded. : John Hampden Esq; his Try-?
al in the Case of Ship-money, Shot in the
1636. He was in an Engage- í Field. i ment with the Ki's Forces 1643) 1644 Archbishop Laud'.'.' Beheaded. 1644 Connor Lord Macguire ' Executedas 1648 King CHARLES the First Beheaded.
< James Dukę Hamilton and Beheaded. 1649 ? Lord Capel" ; hn Lilburne i
Acquitted. Los Chrifto