« PreviousContinue »
man of a good Presence, handsome, and well proportion'd, had a strong and natural Wit, and a better Judgment, a voluble Tongue, and good Address; and to these he had added a general Learning, being an indefatigable Reader, even while engaged in the Service by Sea or Land, and a great Observer of Men and Times : His Morto (says the Writer of his Life) was, Tam Marti quam Mercurio ; tho' I find it in Collier to be, Either die nobly, or live honourably : Five Hours he us'd to sleep, four he read, two he spent in Difcourse, and the rest he allotted for Business. There was not an expert Soldier or Seaman but he consulted ; no valuable Treatise of Navigation , whether printed or Manuscript, but he read; obferving that there was nothing of greater Confequence for the Advancement of Learning, than the finding out, the plainest and most compendious Way of knowing and teaching things in every Science : His successful Services by Sea and Land continued him in the Queen's Favour to her Death [fave that he', fell under her Displeasure in the Year 1595, for being a little too familiar with one of her Maids of Honour, to whom he afterwards made ample Satisfa&ion, by marrying her.] He was very active against the Spanish Armada in 1588, and Joint-Commander with the Earl of Esex when he storm'd Cadiz : The Queen, to reward his Merit, made him Captain of her Guards, Warden of the Cinque Ports, and Governor of Virginia ; a Country of his own Discovery, and at this Day one of the most flourishing Colonies belonging to this Crown. During his Confinement in the Tower, he compos'd that excellent Work, intitled, The History of the World ; (from whence indeed the Character of this Gentleman may be best cok tected, every Man being best known by his Works.) Being weary of his Confinement, he propos'd ro
his Majesty King James to make him Master of a , Gold Mine he had formerly discover'd in Guiana:
The King clos'd with the Project, requiring him e only to give him an Account of the Scituation of
the Country, and the River by which he was to
have Access to it, and what Strength of Shipping, i &c. the Expedition would require : Which the
King no sooner knew, but Gondamore, the Spanish
it ; and Letters were dispatch'd to all parts of the | Indies, to prepare for their Defence, which was the I true Reason of the ill Success of that Voyage.
Ar his Return to England, Gondamore so exafperated the King against him for this Breach of the
Peace, as he term'd it, that he was recommitted e to the Tower, where, expecting to be made a Sa
crifice to the Spaniard, he sent for Mr. Burre, who had printed his first Volume of The History of the
World, and ask'd him how it fold ; Burre answer'd, E It fold so flowly it had undone him ; (which is
seems was false) whereupon Sir Walter takes the other Part, which was unprinted, out of his Desk, and sighing said, Ah! my Friend, hath the first Part undone thee? the second Volume fhall undo no more ; this ungrateful World is unworthy of it, and immediately threw it into the Fire, and set his Foot upon it till it was consum'd : Besides his History of the World, he wrote a Treatise call’d, The Cabinet Council, containing the Arts of Government : An accurate Account of his Catholick Majesty's Power and Riches : The Rise and Ruin of the Saracen Empire : A Treatise of Mines and Minerals : The Prerogatives of Parliaments : Another Treatise, intitled, Instru&tions to his Soil and his Pofterity. Divers Speeches and Arguments in several Parliaments, c. Townsend's Hist. Athen. Oxon.
· Whether Sir Walter was really in that Plot against King James, of which the Jury, in Compliance with the Court, found him guilty, I shall not determine ; but thus much is certain, there was not legal Evidence produc'd at his Tryal to conviet him, and he had the hardest Measure from Sir Edward Coke, who was then Attorney-General, as well as from the Court, as ever Subje& met with, several Points being ruld against him diredly contrary both to the Common and Statute Laws of this Kingdom.
On Thursday the 30th of January, 1605, Sir Ev E· RARD DIGBY, ROBERT WINTER, JOHN
GRANT, and THOMAS BATES, were execu· ted at the West End of St. Paul's : And the next ? Day, Jan. 31, THOMAS WINTER, A M• BROSE ROQKWOOD, ROBERT KEYS, and GUY FAUX, were executed in the Old Palace
Yard, Westminster. Conspirators in the Powder· Plot. ; . .
The Execution of Mr. GARNET, the 3d of May, :: Anno 1606. A Conspirator in the Powder-Plor.'
n N the 3d of May, Garnet, according to his U Judgment, was executed upon a Scaffold, fet, up for that Purpose at the West End of St. Paul's Church. At his arise up the Scaffold, he ftood much amaz’d, (Fear and Guiltiness appearing in his Face.) The Deans of Paul's and Wine chefter being present, very gravely and christianly exhorted him to a true and lively Faith to Godward, a free and plain Acknowledgment to the World of his Offence ; and if any further Treafon lay in his Knowledge, to unburden his Confcience, and shew a Sorrow and Detestation of it: But Garnet, impatient of Persuasions, and ill-plea
fed to be exhorted by them,desir'd them not to trouble him, he came prepar'd, and was resolv’d. Then the Recorder of London (who was by his Majesty appointed to be there) ask'd Garnet if he had any thing to say unto the People before he died ; it was no time to dislemble, and now his Treasons were too manifest to be dissembled ; therefore, if he would, the World should witness what at lait he censur'd of himself, and of his Fact ; it should be free to him to speak what he listed. But Gara net, unwilling to take the Offer, faid, His Voice was low, his Strength gone, the People could not hear him, tho' he spake to them ; but to those about him on the Scaffold, he said, The Intention was wicked, and the Fact would have been cruel, and from his Soul he should have abhorred it, had it effected : But he said, He only had a general Knowledge of it by Mr. Catesby, which in that he disclosed not, nor us’d Means to prevent it, herein he had offended; what he knew in Particulars was in Confession, as he said. But the Recorder wished him to be remembred, that the King's Majesty had under his Hand-writing these four Points amongst others.
1. That Greenway told him of this, not as a Fault, but as a thing which he had Intelligence of, and told it him by Way of Consultation. .:
2. That Catesby and Greenway came together to him to be resolved.
3. That Mr. Tesmond and he had Conference of the Particulars of the Powder-Treason in Elex long after. . I
4. Greenway had ask?d him who should be the Protector ? but Garnet said, That was to be referred till the Blow was past.
These prove your Privity besides Confession, and these are extant under your Hand. Garnet anTwer'd, whatsoever was under his Hand was true.
These prove younder your Handand was truer
And for that he disclosed not to his Majesty the things he knew, he confeffed himself justly condemn'd; and for this did ask Forgiveness of his Majesty. Hereupon the Recorder led him to the Scaffold to make his Confession publick..
Then Garnet said, Good Countrymen, I am come hither this blessed Day of The Invention of the holy Cross, to end all my Crosses in this Life: The Cause of my Suffering is not unknown to you ; I confess I have offended the King, and am sorry for it, so far as I was guilty, which was in concealing it; and for that I ask Pardon of his Majesty. The Treason intended against the King and Stare was bloody, my self thould have detested it, had it taken effect. And I am heartily sorry that any Catholicks ever had so cruel a Design. Then turning himself from the People to them about him, he made an Apology for Mrs. Anne Vaux, saying, There is such an honourable Gentlewoman who hath been much wronged in Report : For it is suspected and said, that I lhould be married to her, or worse. But I protest the contrary : She is a virtuous Gentlewoman, and for me a perfe& pure Virgin. For the Popes Breves, Sir Edmond Baynam's going over Seas, and the Matter of the Powder-Treason, he referred himself to his Arraignment, and his Confessions : For whatfoever is under my Hand in any of my Confefsions, said he, is true.
Then addressing himself to Execution, he kneeled at the Ladder-foot, and asked if he might have time to pray, and how long. It was an(wer'd, He should limit himself, none should interrupt him. It appear'd he could not constantly or devoutly pray ; Fear of Death, or Hope of Pardon, even then so distracted him : For oft in those Prayers he would break off, turn and look about him, and answer to what he over-heard,