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ver'd with black Cloth. As soon as she was fer down, and Silence commanded, Beale read the Warrant : She heard it attentively, yet as if her Thoughts were taken up with somewhat else. Then Fletcher, Dean of Peterborough, began a long Speech to her, touching the Condition of her Life past, present, and to come. She interrupted him once or twice as he was speaking, pray'd him not to trouble himself, protesting that she was firmly fix'd and resolv'd in the ancient Catholick Roman Religion, and for it was ready to shed her last Blood. When he earnestly persuaded her to true Repentance, and to put her whole Truft in Christ by an aflured Faith : She answer'd, 'That in that Religion she was both born and bred, and now ready to die. The Earls said they would pray with her, to whom she said, That she would give them hearty Thanks if they would pray for her ; but to join, said the, in Prayer with you, who are of another Profession, would be in me a heinous Sin. Then they appointed the Dean to pray; with whom, while the Multitude that stood round about were praying, she fell down upon her Knees, and holding the Crucifix before her in her Hands, pray'd in Latin, with her Servants, out of the Office of the bleffed Virgin Mary.

After the Dean had made an End of praying, The in English recommended the Church, her Son and Queen Elizabeth to God, beseeching him to turn away his Wrath from this Island, and profesling that she repos'd her Hope of Salvation in the Blood of Christ : Lifting up the Crucifix, the callid on the Celestial Choir of Saints to make Intercession to him for her : She forgave all her Enemies, and kissing the Crucifix, and signing her self with the Cross, the said, As-thy Arms, o Christ ! were spread out upon the Crofs, so receive me with the Atretched out Arms of thy Mercy, and forgive my Sins.



Then the Executioners ask'd her Forgiveness, which she granted them. And when, lier Women had taken off her upper Garments (which she was eager and hasty to have done) wailing and lamenting the while, the kiss'd them, and signing them with the Cross, with a chearful Countenarce bid them forbear their womanish Lamentations, for now she should rest from all her Sorrows. In like manner turning to her Men-Servants, who also wept, she sign'd them with the Cross, and smiling, bid them farewel. And now having cover'd her Face with a Linnen Handkerchief, and laying her self down to the Block, she recited that Psalm, In thee, O Lord! do I put my Trust, let me never be confounded. Then stretching forth her Body, and repeating many times, Into thy Hands, O Lord! I commend my Spirit, her Head was taken off at two Strokes : The Dean crying out, So let Queen Elizabeth's Enemies perif; the Earl of Kent answering Amen, and the Multitude sighing and sorrowing. Her Body was embalmed and order'd with due and usual Rites, and afterwards interr’d, with a Royal Funeral, in the Cathedral Church of Peterborough. A pom pous Obfequy was also perform'd for her at Paris, by Procurement of the Guises, who to their great Commendations perforin'd all the highest Offices of Kindness to their Kinswoman both alive and dead. Cambd. Eliz. 382.


This lamentable End had Mary Queen of Scots, Daughter to James the sth King of Scots, Great Grand-daughter to Henry the 7th King of England, by his eldest Daughter, in the 46th Year of her Age, and the 18th of her Imprisonment. A Lady fix'd and constant in her Religion, of fingular

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Piety towards God, invincible Magnanimity of Mind, Wisdom above her Sex, and admirable Beauty; a Lady to be reckon'd in the List of those Princesses which have chang'd their Felicity for Misery and Calamity. While yet an Infant she was earnestly desir'd by Henry VIII. King of England, for his Son Prince Edward, and by Henry the IId King of France, for Francis the Dauphin, both of them striving who should have her for his Daughter-in-law. At five Years old she was convey'd into France, and at fifteen married to the Dauphin. She was Queen of France, a Year and four Months. After the Death of her Husband the return'd into Scotland, was married again to Henry Stuart, Lord Darnly, and bore James the first Monarch of Great Britain. By Murray, her base Brother, and others her ungrateful and ambitious Subjects she was much toss'd and disquieted, depos'd from her Throne, and driven into England.

By some English-men, who were careful for preserving their Religion, and providing for the Queen's Safety, he was (as indifferent Cenfurers have thought) circumvented ; and by others, who were desirous to restore the Romih Religion, thrust forward to dangerous Undertakings ; and overborn by the Testimonies of her Secretaries, who seem'd to be brib'd and corrupted with Money.

Near her Tomb this EPITAPH was fet up, but soon after taken away.

MARY Queen of Scots, a King's Daughter, the King of France's Widow, the Queen of England's Kin/woman, and next Heir ; a Princess accomplish'd . with Royal Virtues, and a Royal Soul ; having many times (but in vain) demanded her Royal Privilege, is by ba; barous and tyrannical Cruelty extinét, who was the Ornament of our Age, and a Light truly Royal;

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and by one and the same wicked. Şentence is both Mary Queen of Scots doom'd to an unnatural Death, and all Jurviving Kings, being made as 'commen People, are subjected to a Civil Death. A new and unexampled Tomb is here extant, wherein the Living are enclosed with the Dead : For know that with the sacred Asbes of Saint M AR Y here' lieth violate and prostrate the Majesty of all Kings and Princes. And because (Redder that travellest this Way) the unrevealable Secret of Kings doth most sufficiently admonijh Kings of their Duty, i say no more." Her CHAR A CTE by Archbishop SpoTS WOOD.

::: Co . Archb. Spotswood, in his History of the Church of Scotland, fays, she was a Princess of many rare Virtues, but cross’d with all the Crosses of Fortune, which never any did bear with greater Courage and Magnanimity to the last. Upon her Return from France, for the first 2 or 3 Years she carried her self 'most worthily ; but then giving Ear to *some wicked Persons, and transported with the Passion of Revenge for the Indignity done to her in the Murder of David Rizio, her Secretary, the fell into a Labyrinth of Troubles, which forc'd her to flee into England, where, after eighteen Years Captivity, she was put to Death.

Refle&tions on the CHARACTER given her by


It is observable that both Cambden and Archbi-. shop Spotswood are very tender of this Princess's Honour; they endeavour to draw a Veil over her youthful Failings, and present us. only with the bright Side of her Chara&er, when they sum it up tho' there appear several Facts, even in these Historians, which bear hard upon her Conduct.

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'I shall not mention her March with my Lord Darnley as one, (yet this is censur'd by some as a very imprudent A&, her People, as well as Queen Elizabeth, being so averse to it) for his Person is faid to have been extremely agreeable, his Years suitable, and his Quality little inferior to the Queen's, being her first Cousin and next Heir to the Crown; and hard is it upon Sovereign Princes, if they have not an equal Freedom of Choice, in the most important Concern of their Lives, with the meanest of their Subjects. 7.

But her preferring David Rizio from being her Fiddler'to be Secretary of State ; and after she had married the Lord Darnley, and he was proclaim'd King, setting up this Rizio to rival him, as it were, and admitting him to the greatest Intimacies, whilst the treated the King her Husband with Contempe: This seems to require an Apology. And indeed this Usage so provok'd the King, that one Evening, when the Queen was at Supper with the Countess of Argyle and Rizio (for the Queen us'd to fup with Company) he ruth'd into her Apartment with the Lord Ruthuen, and four or five more ; and Ruthuen seeing Rizio at the Table; bid him get up and come forth, for the place where he fat did not become him.. ?

The Qeen starting up hastily, got between Ruthuen and Rizio, to fave him; and Rizio clasping his Hands' about her Middle, the King endeavour'd to loose them, defiring her not to be.afraid, 'for they were come only to take Order with that Villain : Then was he drag'd down Stairs to the Gallery, and there they fell upon him, and striving who should give the first Blow, they kill'd him with many Wour ds.. .!! sy

Weil had it been (says the Historian) if they had taken him at another Time and Place than in the Queen's Presencelic? For besides the great

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