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John Charnock and John Travers having their Minds wholly fixt on Prayer ,' recommended themselves to God and the Saints. Gage extolled the Queen's great Grace and Bounty co his Father, and detested his own perfidious Ingratitude towards his Princess. And Jerome Bellamy, with Confusion and deep Silence, sutter d. last.

The Queen being inform’d of the Severity us'd in the Executions the Day before, and detesting such Cruelty, gave express. Orders that these should be us'd more favourably ; and accordingly. they were permitted to hang till they were quite dead before they were cut down and bowell’d.


The Conspirators were most of them Gentlemen of good Families, whom nothing but the specious Pretence of Religion could probably have prevail'd upon to turn Aflaslins.

The Execution of MÁ R Y Queen of SCOT S, the

: : 8th of February, 1587..

Ueen Elizabeth, after some Hesitation, ha

ving deliver'd a Writing to Davison, one of

her Secretaries, sign'd with her own Hand, commanding a Warrant, under the great Şeal of England, to be drawn up for the Execution; which was to lie in readiness in Case of any dangerous Attempt upon Queen Elizabeth, and commanded him to acquaint no Mar therewith ;, the next Day the Queen changed her Mind, and command-, ed Davison by Killegrew that the Warrant should not be drawn. Davison came presently to the Queen, and told her that it was drawn and under Scal already ; at which she was somewhat mov’d,


and blam'd him for making such haste, He notwithstanding acquainted the Council both with the Warrant and the whole Matter, and easily persuaded them, who were apt to believe what they desir'd, that the Queen had commanded it should be executed. Hereupon, without any Delay,' Beale, who in respe&t of Religion was the Queen of Scots most bitter Adyersary, was fent down with one or two Executioners, and a Warrant, wherein Authority was given to the Earls of Shrewsbury, Kent, Derby, Cumberland, and others, to see Execution done according to Law; and this without the Queen's Knowledge. And tho The at that very time told Davison that he would take another Course, yet did not he for all that call Beale back.13: Siete ", : As soon as the Earls were come to Fotheringhay, they, together with Sir Amias Pawlet, and Sir Drue Drury, to whose Custody the Queen of Scots was committed, came to her and told her the Cause of their coming, reading the Warrant, and in few Words admonish'd her to prepare her self for Death, for she was to die the next Day. She undauntedly, and with a compos'd Spirit, made this Answer: I did not think the Queen, my Sister, would have consented to my Death, who am not Jubm ject to your Law and Jurisdiction : But seeing her Pleasure is. so, Death Mall be to me most welcome ; neither is that Soul worthy of the high and everlasting Joys above, whose Body cannot endure one Stroke of the Executioner. His t oriarum ,

She desir’d she might have Conference with her Almoner, her Confefforz; and Melvin, the Master of her Houshold: Forlieg Confessor, it was flatly deny'd that he fhould come at her; and the Earls recommended to, herathe Silop, or the Dean of Peterborough, to comfort her ; whom Ine - refusing, the Earl of Kent in a hot burning Zeal

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to Religion, broke forth into these Words among other Speeches : Your Life will be the Death of our Religion, as contrariwise your Death will be the Life thereof. Mention being made of Babington, the constantly denied his Conspiracy to have been at all known to her, and the Revenge of her Wrong the left to God. Then enquiring what was become of Nawe and Curle; she ask'd whether it were ever heard of before that Servants were suborn'd and accepted asWitnesses against their Masters Life. · When the Earls were departed, fhe commanded Supper to be hasten'd, that she might the better dispose of her Concerns. She sup'd temperately, as her manner was; and seeing her Servants, both Men and Women, weeping and lamenting as she fat at Supper ; she comforted them with great Courage and Magnanimity, bad them leave mourning, and rather rejoice that she was now to depart out of a World of Miseries. Turning to Burgoin, her Physician, fhe ask'd him whether he did not now find the Force of Truth to be great ; They say (quoth she) that I must die because I have plotted against the Queen's Life, yet the Earl of Kent tells me, there is no other Cause of my Death, buť that they are afraid for their Religion because of me ; neither. hath my Offence against the Queen, but their Fear because of me, drawn this End upon me, while Some, under the Colour of Religion, and the publick Good, ain at their own private Respets and Advantages..

Towards the End of Supper she drank to all her Servants, who pledg’d her in Order upon their Knees, mingling Tears with the Wine, and bega ing Pardon for their Neglect of their Duty ; as The also in like manner did of them. I . After Supper the perus'd her Will; read over the Inventory of her Goods and Jewels, and wrote down the Names of those to whom the bequeath'd every Particular. To fome lhe distri

buted to

buted Money with her own Hand. To her Cony feffor fhe wrote a Letter that he would make Int

terceffion for her to God in his Prayers. She
wrote also Letters of Recommendations for her
Servants to the French King and the Duke of
Guise. At her wonted time she went to Bed,
Nept fome Hours, and then waking, spent the reft
of the Night in Prayer.


i The fatal Day being come, which was the 8th of February, the dress’d her self as gorgeouly i as she was wont to do upon festival Days, and al calling her Servants together, commanded her

Will to be read; pray'd them to take cheir Lega

cies in good Part, for her Ability would not ex• tend to giving them any greater Matters. :. 21 Then fixing her Mind wholly upon God in her 2 Oratory or ordinary Place of Prayer, with

Sighs and Groans, and Prayers, the beg'd his
Divine Grace and Favour, till such time as I hate
mas Andrews, Sheriff of the County, acquainted
her that she must now come forth : And forth fhe
came with State, Countenance and Presence ma-
jestically compos'd ; a chearful Look, and a Ma-
tron-like and modest Habit ; her Head cover'd
with a Linnen Veil, and that hanging down to
the Ground, her Prayer-Beads hanging at her
Girdle, and carrying a Crucifix of Ivory in het
- In the Porch she was receiv'd by the Earls and
other Noblemen, 'where Melvin, her Servant, falt
ling upon his Knees, and pouring forth Tears,
bewail'd his hard Hap, that he was to carry into

Scotland the woful Tidings of the unhappy Fate , of his Lady and Mistress : She thus comforted him, Lament not, but rather-rejoice, thou phalt by and by Tee Mary Stuart freed from all her Cares. Tell them that I die constant in my Religion, and firm in my, Fidelity and Affection towards Scotland and France.


God forgive them. who have thirsted after my Blood, da Harts do after the Fountain. Thou, O God! who art Truth itself, and perfectly. and truly understandest the inward Thoughts of my Heart, knowest how greatly I have desir'd that the Kingdoms of England and Scotland might be united into one. Commend me to my Son, and asure him that I have done nothing which may be prejudicial to the Kingdom of Scotland ; admonish him to hold in Amity and Friendship with the Queen of England ; and see thou do him faithful Service. '

And now the Tears trickling down, she bad Melvin several times farewel, who wept as fast as she. Then turning to the Earls, she pray'd them that her Servants might be civilly dealt withal : That they might enjoy their Legacies, that they might stand by her at her Death, and might be fent back into their own Country with Letters of fafe Condu&. The former Request they granted, but that they should stand by her at her Death, the Earl of Kent Thèw'd himself somewhat unwilling, fearing some Superstition. Fear it not (faid the) These harmless Souls defire only to take their last Farewel: of me: I know my Sister Elizabeth would not have denied me so small a Matter, that my Women should be then present, wei'e it but for the Honour of the female Sex. I am her near Kinswoman, defcended from Henry VII. Queen Dowager of France, and anointed Queen of Scots. .

When she had faid this, and turned her self afide, it was at last granted, that such of her Servants as she should name should be present. She named Melvin, Burgoin her Physician, her Apor thecary, her Surgeon, two waiting Women, and others, of whom Melvin bore up her Train. So the Gentlemen, two Earls and the Sheriff going before her, she came to the Scaffold, which was built at the upper End of the Hall, on which was placd a Chair, a Cushion, and a Block, all co

the Earl oing some Souls defire on Elizabe

and anointed Dehry. VII. Ouces near Kinswom plonour

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