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these. Mens Ambitions and Lufts have kindled i
And I would fain know of any Man what AA i len : is that I have done ? Or what is it that was
proved in the High Court against me, that makes me guilty of Scotland's Blood ? Did I ever inviter the Scots to invade England ? What Man doth lay that to my Charge ? Did I ever encourage the English Army to invade Scotland? What A&tion is it that I have done that makes me guilty of that Blood ? Indeed this I have done, and this I have, and this I do stand to; I have, as a private Man, prayed unto God many a Day, and kept many a Fast, wherein I have fought God that there might be an Agreement between the King and the Scots, upon the Interest of Religion and Terms of the Covenant: Now, by what Consequence can this be strain'd, to charge me with Scotland's Blood ? For my Part, I was but only at one Meeting where the Question was propos'd (Fasts only excepted) what should be thought fit to be done to promote the Agreement between the King and the Scots? and that was moved in my House: And to thąt End, when there were some things there proposed which they call’d a Commission, or Instructions to teng to Holland; as soon as ever I heard them, I did declare against them. I did declare that it was an Act of high Presumption for private Persons to commissionate ; an Act of notorious Falfhood, to fay it was in the Name of the Presbyterian Party, when none knew of it (that I know of ) but on ly those few then present. Now this is only a political Engine to make the Presbyterian Parcy odious, who are the best Friends to a well Ol der'd Government, of any sort of People in tim
e in the
of any sort of
. I am accused likewise to be a Man of a turbulent Spirit, to be an Enemy to the Peace and Quiet of the Nation. Now, as to this, let'my Congregation and my Domestical Relations judge for
me, whether I am not a Man thar would fain have ' lived quiet in the Land : Iam as Jeremy was, born
a Man of Contention ; nor a&ively, I contend, I strive with none : But passively, many strive and contend with me. God is my Witness, my Judgment hath put me upon endeavouring after all honourable and just Ways for Peace and Love among the Godly. The Grief of my Heart hath
been for the Divisions, and the Desire of my Soul - for an Union among God's People. But when I
fpeak of an Union, I would not be misunderstood,
I do not mean a State Union, to engage to the · present Power, that is against my Principles; that
is to say, A Confederacy with them that say, A Confe deracy : That is, rather a Combination than a Gospel Union : O join not with them, left ye be consumed in their Sins ; they who get Power into their Hands by Policy, and use it with Cruelty, will lofe it with Ignominy. It was faid of Pope Boniface, He did enter into the Popedom like a Fox, reign'd like a Lion, but died like a Dog. Beloved, the Union for which I plead, is a Church Union; to wit, Love among the Godly; for this the Desires of my Soul have ever been, that those that fear God might walk Hand in Hand in the Fellowship of the Gospel, both in Truth and Love : If this Union be not, I am afraid, through our Divisions, a Company of loose Libertines will arise, who will endeavour not only to overthrow the Doctrine of Faith, and the Power of Godliness, but even good Manners also. I remember an Observation of holy Greenham's, giving his Judgment' upon the State of England, faith he, There is great Fear that Popery
is coming into England, and I fear it too ; But (fays - he) I fear more the coming in of Atheism into Eng
land than the coming in of Popery; and truly, that is my Fear also. Thus as to my 'Practice: A Word now as to my Principles..
I am accus'd to be an Apoftate, to be a Turncoat, to be this, to be that, to be any thing but what I am : In the general, I will tell you, I bless my God, a High-Court, a long Sword, a bloody Scaffold, have not made me in the least to alter my Principles, or to wrong my Conscience : And that I might discover to you my Principles, I hope I shall do it with Freedom; I will irritate and provoke none; what I fall say, shall not be an Irritation or Provocation of others, at least not intended by me; but only as a genuine and clear Manifestation of my own Přinciples how they
Detestation Thing; I ftillity, I do ha
: First then, my Principles, as to Civil and Religious Affairs, I do declare that I die with my Judgment ser against Malignity, I do hate both Name and Thing; I still retain as vehement a Detestation of a Malignant Interest as ever I did; yet I would not be misunderstood : I do not understand, nor count the godly Party, our covenanting Brethren in Scotland, to be a Malignant Party; nor the Scots defending their Nation and Title of their King to be a Malignant Interest, but an honest and justifiable Cause.
Secondly, Tho'I am against Malignity, yet I am pot against, but for a regulated Monarchy ; a mixt Monarchy, such as ours is, I judge to be the best Government in the World: I did, it's true, in my Place and Calling, oppose the Forces of the late King, but I was never against the Of fice; I am not only against Court-Parasites, who would screw up Monarchy into Tyranny, but against those who pull down Monarchy to bring in Anarchy,
. Thirdly, I was never for putting the King to death, whose Person I did promise in my Covenant to preserve: It is true, I did in my Place and Calling oppose his Forces, but I did never endeavour to destroy his Person. There is a Scandal rais'd of me, that in a Sermon at Windsor, I should have these Words, that It would never be well with England, till the King were let blood in the Neck-vein ; which Speech I utterly detest, profefsing, as a dying Man, in the presence of God and of you all, I never spake such Words, as relating to him Tho'my Judgment was for bringing Malignants, who did seduce him and draw him from his Parliament, to condign Punishment; yet I deem'd it an ill way to cure the Body-Politick, by cutting off the political Head.
Fourthly, I die with my Judgment absolutely set against the Engagement; I pray God forgive them that impose and subscribe it, and preserve those. that refuse it.
Fifthly, I would not in the next place be look'd upon, now I am a dying Man, as a Man owning this present Government; I die with my Judgment against it; It is true, in a Case of Life, į did petition the present Power, and did give them the Titles they take to themselves, and that others give them; but herein I did not wrong noc thwart my Principles; there are many Instances in Scripture to justify this : Husai did give the
Title of King to Absalom, tho' Abfalom had no Right to that Title; for David was the lawful King: And David himself gave him that Title as well as Hushai. And. Calvin he gave the Title to the French King, calling him the most Christian King, yet we know he was a Papilt : And we give a Title to King Henry VIII. and call him the Defender of the Faith, and yet he had no Right to thar Title; for he was an Opposer, not a Defen
der of the Faith ; that Title was given him upon an evil ground, because he opposed the Faith; he opposed the Doctrine of Luther, therefore the Pope gave him that Title, The Defender of the Faith; and yet none did scruple to give him that Title that was then commonly given him.
Sixthly, in the next place (I discover my Judgment, I provoke none, only tell you what my own Thoughts are, that so after I am dead and gone, I might not be belied, for I dare not now bely my Principles) my Judgment is against the Invafion of the Scotish Nation by the English Army. They, who gave us a friendly Affistance, who are joyned with us in the same Covenant, who drew à Sword with us in the fame Quarrel, should I live a Thousand Years, I should never draw Sword against them; but the English Army have forgot the Brotherly Covenant: So that Scotland may fay as Edom, The Men of my Confederacy, who were at Perice with me, have rifen up and prevailed gainst me : Because Scotland will not be a Commonwealth, they shall not be a People ; because they will not break Covenant, fome Men would have them broken; because they will not lay their Consciences waste, their Land must be laid waste. .
Lastly, and fo I have done, (only with a Word of Exhortation) I die cleaving to all those Oaths, Vows, Covenants, and Protestations that were imposed by the two Houses of Parliament, as owning them, and dying with my Judgment for them; to the Protestation, the Vow and Covenant, the Solemn League and Covenant. And this I tell you all, I had rather die a Covenant-keeper, than live a Covenant-breaker. 1 i.
I am now come to the third and last part of my Speech, and fo I shall have done, and commit niy Soul to God who gave it. My Exhortation firft fball be to this great City, unto the godly Mini