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Cromwell could bear ill Language and Reproaches with less Disturbance and Concern than any Perfon in Authority had ever done; yet the Prosecution this Man exercis'd him with; made him plainly discern that it would be impossible to preferve his Dignity, or to have any Security in the Government while this Licence continu'd ; and therefore, after he had set Spies upon him to observe his Actions, and colleat his Words, and upon Advice with the Council at Law of the State; was confidently inform'd, that as well by the old establish'd Laws, as by new Ordinances, Lilburne was guilty of High Treason, and had forfeited his Life if he were profecuted in any Court of Justice ; he caus'd him to be sent to Neugate, and at the next Sessions to be indicted of High Treafon : All the Judges being present, and the Council at Law to enforce the Evidence, and all Care being taken to return such a Jury as might be fit for the Importance of the Cafe ; Lilburne appear'd undaunted, and with the Confidence of a Man that was to play a Prize before the People for their own Liberty,' he pleaded Not guilty, and heard all the Charge and Evidence against him with Patience enough, fave that by interrupting the Lawyers sometimes who prosecuted him, and by sharp Answers to some Questions of the Judges, he shew'd that he had no Reverence for their Persons, nor any Submission to their Authority. The whole Day was spent in his Tryal, and when he came to make his Defence, he mingled so much Law in bis Discourse to invalidate their Authority, and to make it appear fo tyrannical, that neither their Lives, Liberties, or Estates, were in any Degree secure whilst that Usurpation was exercis'd, and answer'd all the Matters obje&ed-against him with such an Aflurance, making them to contain nothing of High Treason, and that to

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be à Government against .which High Treason could not be committed. He defended himself

with that Vigour, and charm'd the Jury fo pows i erfully, that, against all the Direction and Charge : the judges could give them (who affur'd them i that the Words and A&ions fully prov'd against

the Prisoner were High Treason by the Law, and that they were bound by all the Obligations of Conscience to find him guilty), after no long Consultation between themselves, they return'd with their Verdict that he was Not guilty, nor could they be persuaded by the Judges to ch inge or recede from their Verdia, which infinitely enrag'd and perplex'd Cromwell, who look'd upon it as a greater Defeat than the Loss of a Battle would have been. And tho Lilburne was acquitted on another Prosecution in the Year 1653, yet Cromwell would never suffer him to be set at Liberty, as by Law he ought to have been, but sent him from Prison to Prison, and kept him enclos'd there till he himself died. Clar. Vol. III. 503.

Dr. Nalfon sums up the Character of John Lili burne in few Words : He says, He was a Man of a restless,boiling and unwearied Spirit, condemn'd by his ungovernable Temper to perpetual Trous bles and Quarrels with his Superiors, and always oppoäng himself to the Power that was uppers most. Nalfon's Col. Vol. I. 512. After his second Tryal, being imprison'd by the Protector in Dover Castle, he there met with some of the Sect of the Quakers, who brought him over to their Opinions, in which he continu'd to his Death, and his Body was convey'd by the Brethren to their Meeting-house at the Bull and Mouth in London, where it was put into a plain Coffin, without any Covering, and from thence was carried with the Head forwards (in Opposition to the ancient sur .ser,

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perstitious Custom) to the new Church-yard by Bethlem, where it was interr’d.

The Execution of Mr. CHRISTOPHER LOVE,

August 22, 1651. .

A R . Love was brought from the Tower by

the Sheriffs of London to the Scaffold on Tower-hill, about two a-clock in the Afternoon: The Ministers that accompanied him were Mr. Ah, Mr. Calamy, and Mr. Manton. When he was upon the Scaffold, Sheriff Titchburn Inewed him the Warrant for his Suffering, telling him, that he took no Pleasure in this Work, but it was a Duty laid upon him okk, but it was a Duty laid upon him. Mr. Love, I believe it, Sir. Sheriff Titchburn, I have done my Duty for you. Mr. Love, The Lord bless you. · Lieutenant of the Tower, The Lord strengthen you in this Hour of your Temptation. Mr. Love, Sir, I bless God, my Heart is in Heaven, I am well. Then turning to Sheriff Titchburn, he faid, May I have the Liberty to speak and pray? Sheriff Titchburn, Yes : But I desire you to consider, we have the other (meaning Mr. Gibbons ] to execute afterwards, and fix a-clock is our Hour ; but we will give you as much time as we can. Mr. Love, I shall be the briefer. Then he put off his Hat two several times to the People, and spake as followeth : X Beloved Christians, · I am made this Day a Spectacle unto God, Angels, and Men: And among Men, I am made á Grief to the Godly, a Laughing-stock to the Wicked, and a Gazing-stock to all; yet blefled be my God, not a Terror to myself. Alcho' there be but little between me and Death ; yet this bears up my Heart, there is but little between


ne and Heaven. It comforted - Dr. Taylor, the Martyr, when he was going to Execution, that here were but two Stiles between him and his Faher's House; there is a lefser Way between me ind my Father's House ; but two Steps between ne and Glory ; it is but lying down upon the Block, and I shall ascend upon a Throne. I am his Day failing towards the Ocean of Eternity, hro’ a rough Passage to my Haven of Reft; thro'. & Red Sea to the promised Land. Methinks I - hear God say to me as he did to Moses, Go up to:

Mount Nebo, and die there : So to me, Go up to Tower-hill, and die there. Ifanc said of himself, that he was old, and yet he knew not the Day of his Death ; but I cannot say so, I am young, and

yet I know the Day of my Death, and I know **the kind of my Death, and the Place of iny Death also. I am put to such a kind of Death as two famous Preachers of the Gospel were put to, John the Baptist, and Paul the Apostle they were both beheaded; you have Mention of the one in Scripture Story, and of the other in Ecclesiastical History. And I read in Rev. 20. 4. The Saints were bebeaded for the Word of God, and for the Testimony of Jesus: But herein is the Disadvantage which I lie under in the Thoughts of many, they judge that I suffer not for the Word of God, or for Conscience, but for medding with State Matters. To this I shall briefly fay, That it is an old Guise of the Devil, to im

pute the Cause of God's Peoples Sufferings, to be wsi Contrivements against the State, when in Truth

it is their Religion and Conscience they are perfecuted for :: The Rulers of Israel would have put Jeremy, to Death upon a civil Account, tho' in

deed it was only the Truth of his Prophecy that to made the Rulers angry with him ; and yet upon Civil Account they pretend he must die, be



cause he fell away to the Chaldeans, and would have brought in foreign Forces to invade them : The fame thing is laid to my Charge, of which I am as innocent as Jeremy was. Yea, I find other Instances in Scripture, wherein the Cause of the Saints Sufferings were still imputed to their med dling with State Matters. Paul, tho' he did but preach Jesus Christ, yet he must die, if the People might have their Will, under Pretence that he was a Mover of Sedition. Upon a civil Account my Life is pretended to be taken away, whereas indeed it is because I pursue my Covenant, and will not prostitute my Principles and Conscience to the Ambition and Lusts of Men, Beloved, I am this Day making a double Exchange, I am changing a Pulpit for a Scaffold, and a Scaffold for a Throne ; and I might add a third, I am changeing this numerous Multitude, the Presence of this numerous Multitude on Tower-hill, for the innumerable Company of Saints and Angels in Heaven, the holy Hill of Sion ; and I am changing a Guard of Soldiers for a Guard of Angels, which will receive me, and carry me into Abraham's Bosom. This Scaffold is the best Pulpit that ever I preach'd in ; in my Church-Pulpit, God thro' his Grace made me an Instrument to bring others to Heaven; but in this Pulpit he will bring me to Heaven. These are the last Words that I shall speak in this World, and it may be I shall bring more Glory to God by this one Speech on a Scaffold, than I have done by many Sermons in a Pulpit. · Before I lay down my Neck upon the Block, I fhall lay open my Cause unto the People that hear me this Day, that I might not die under all that Obloquy and Reproach that is caft upon me; and in doing it, I shall avoid all Rancor, all Bitterness of Spirit, Animosity and Revenge ; God

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