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tical Opinions; yet he arrogantly and wilfully persistech and continueth in the same. We therefore, according to our regal Function and Office, minding the Execution of Justice in this Behalf, and to give Example to others, lest they fhould attempt the like hereafter, have determin'd, by the Affent of our Council, to will and require, and do hereby authorize and require you, our faid Chancellor, immediately upon the receipt hereof, to award and make out, under our great Seal of England, our Writ of Execution, according to the Tenór in these Prefents ensuing. And these Presents shall be your sufficient Warrant and Discharge for the same.

The WRIT de Hæretico comburendo.

R EX Vic' Civitatis noftræ Lich' salutem. Cum .? Reverendus in Christo Pater Richardus providentia

Divina Covvutre Lich' Episcopus nobis fignificaverit, quod ipse contra o adversus quendam Edwardum Wightman Parochie de Burton super Trent Coventro

Lich'Dioces. de super nephandis Hærefibus Ebionis, Cerinthi, Valentiniani, Arri, Macedonii, Simonis Magi,Manetis, Manechiorum, Photini Anabaptiftarum aliorumg; Harefiarcharum, do insuper de aliis execrandis opinionibus instinctu Satanæ excogitatis antehac inauditis, juxta Canonum Ecclefiafticorum legumque o consuetudinun hujns Regni noftri Anglexigentiam judicialit' procedens, præditus Edwardus Wightman coram præfato Reverendo Patre ac aliis Theologis Iurifperitis fibi in judicio assistentibus comparens, prædi&ta nephanda crimina Hærefes ac alias deteftandas blafphemias Errores contumaciter ex quadam pertinacia fcienter, maliciose,animoq; obdurato publicavit, defendebat, disseminabat, per fententiam definia tivam, ejufdem Reverendi Patris cum consensu Theologorum Jurisperitorum pradi&torum juste. Legitime


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Canonice contra eundem Edwardum Wightman in ea parte latam Hæretic' adjudicat de pronunciat existit; ideo tanquam ovem morbidam e grege Domini, ne subditos noftros sua contagione inficiet, ejiciendum eliminandum fore decreverit : Cum igitur Sancta Mater Ecclefia non habeat quod ulterius in hac parte facere dos exequi debeat, idem Reverendus Pater eundem Edwardum Wigheman, ut Blasphemum & damnatum Hæreticum, brachio noftro feculari reliquit, condigna animadversione plectend, prout per Literas Patentes præfati Reverendi Patris Episcopi Coventr' Lich' in hac parte superinde confe&ť Nobis in Cancellar' nostram certificat' eft. Nos igitur ut zelator juftitiæ fidei Catholica defenfor, VOE lentesque Ecclefiam Sanctam ac jura do libertates ejufdem to fidem Catholicam manutenere e defendere, ac hujusmodi Hæreses o Errores ubique (quantum in nobis eft) eradicare extirpare, ac Hæreticos fic convi&tos animadversione condigna puniri, attendentesg; hujusmodi Hæreticum in forma prædicta convictum o damnatum juxta leges confuetudinem Regni nostri Anglia in hac parte consuet' ignis incendio comburi debere ; Tibi præcepimus quod di' Edwardum Wightman in custodia tua existent in aliquo loco publico aperto infra Civitatem pradi&t' ex caufa præmisą coram populo publice igni committi, & ipfum Edwardum Wightman in eodem igne realiter comburi fac' in huo jufmodi criminis deteftationem aliorumque Christianorum exemplum manifeftum, ne in fimile crimen labantur. Et hoc Sub periculo incumbente nullatenns omittas. Teste, &c.

Henry Hibirte.

tatem pradiz,a aliquo dum Wight

• This containeth a Warrant to be granted by your Majesty unto the Lord Chancellor of Eng: land, for the awarding of a Writ, under the Great Seal of England, to the Sheriff of the City of Lichfield, for the burning of Edward Wightman, who is convicted of divers horrible Heresies, be


fore the Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, and by his Sentence left to the secular Power, as is by the said Bishop certified to your Majesty into your Highness's Court of Chancery.

And is done by Force of your Majesty's Commandment to me given under your Highness's Sign Manual.

Henry Hibirte:

dan is done 6 of Chancent Majettu as is by this

ed Herracedonius, d of the Anders of other

The WRIT for burning an Heretick in English. THE King to the Sheriff of our City of

1 Lichfield, greeting. Whereas the Reverend Father in Christ, Richard, by divine Providence, of Coventry and Lichfield, Bishop, hath fignified unto us, that he, judicially proceeding, according to the Exigence of the Ecclesiastical Canons, and of the Laws and Customs of this our King, dom of England, against one Edward Wightman of the Parish of Burton upon Trent, in the Diocess of Coventry and Lichfield, of and upon the wicked Heresies of Ebion, Cerinthus, Valentinian, Arrins, Macedonius, Simon Magus, of Manes, Manichees, Photinus, and of the Anabaptists, and other Arch-Hereticks; and moreover of other cursed Opinions belched by the Instinct of Satan excogitated and heretofore unheard of, the aforesaid Edward Wightman appearing before the aforesaid Reverend Father, and other Divines, and learned in the Law, assisting him in Judgment, the aforesaid wicked Crimes, Herelies, and other deteftable Blasphemies and Errors, stubbornly and pertinaciously, knowingly, maliciously, and with a harden'd Heart, publish'd, defended, and dispers’d, by definitive Sentence of the said Reverend Father, with the Consent of Divines, learn


ed in the Law aforesaid, justly, lawfully and canonically against the said Edward Wightman int that part brought, stands adjudged and pronoun

ced an Heretick, and therefore, as a diseased 4 Sheep out of the Flock of the Lord, lest our Sub

jeas he do infect by his Contagion, he hath decreed to be cast out and cut off. Whereas therefore the holy Mother Church hath not further in this Párt what it ought more to do and prosecute, the same Reverend Father, the same Edward Wightman, as a blafphemous and condemn'd Heretick, hath left to our secular Power to be punilh'd with condign Punishment, as by the Letters Patents of the aforesaid Reverend Father the Bifhop of Coventry and Lichfield, in this Behalf

thereupon made, is certified unto us in our Chan* cery. We therefore, as a Zealot of Justice, and a

Defender of the Catholick Faith; and willing that the Holy Church, and the Rights and Liberties of the same, and the Catholick Faith to main

tain and defend, and such like Heresies and Errors So every where, so much as in us lies, to root out

and extirpate, and Hereticks so convict to punish E with condign Punishment, holding that such an

Heretick, in the aforesaid Form, convict and i condemn'd according to the Laws and Customs

of this our Kingdom of England, in this part ac

custom'd, ought to be burnt with Fire ; We come mand theë that thou cause the said Edward * Wightman, being in thy Custody, to be commit

ted to the Fire, in fome publick and open Place, below the City aforesaid, for the Cause aforesaid, before the People, and the same Edward Wightman, in the fame Fire, cause really to be burnt, in the Detestation of the faid Crime, and for manifest

Example of other Christians, that they may not e fall into the fartie Crime; and this no ways omit,

- undes.

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under the Peril that shall follow thereon. Wie ness, &c. Expedit apud WelimNopo die Martii Anna Regis Jacobi Angl? &c. Nono. 1611.

per Windebank Mr. Collier, in his Ecelesiastical History, rightly observes, that the primitive Fathers did not think these severe Proceedings against erroneous Opinions agreeable to the Christian Institution, Non eft Religionis Religionem cogere: That Mil-belief of Opinion was no Forfeiture of Life: And that St. Martin and St. Ambrose refused to communicate with those who moy'd for the Execution of the Heretick Priscillian : This roasting Men to Orthodoxy, and enlightning them with Fire and Faggot, was not a Discipline understood in those early Ages. T HE first who was burnt for Heresy in

1 England was Sir William Sawtre (or Soutre) Anno 1401, if we may credit Fox, who says, That King Henry IV, who deposed King Richard II, wers the first of all English Kings that began the unmerciful burning of Christ's Saints. i


· Mr. Collier observęs of Soutre, that notwithstanding the Mistakes in some of his Conclusions, he was certainly a Man of Principles, and had great Strength of Mind to act up to them ; for (says he) He that voluntarily encounters the King of Terrors, must be strongly penetrated with the Belief of another World. No Body will part with an Interest in hand, and throw up his presenç Being without the Prospect of a Consideration. To submit to Extremity of Torture, is a fair


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