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he offer'd to his Majesty; he faid, He would not ftudy to justify them all, since he was far from the Vanity of magnifying his own Counsels ; but all he could answer for, was his good Intention which was not to be measur'd by Success.?
As for his disclosing the King's Designs to his Enemies, Hell could have devised nothing fart: ther from Truth : For not only does the Silence of all his Letters that are in my Hands refute that; but when some afterwards, who had been leading Men in the Covenant, broke with him, with such Animosity, and when by some of those much Pains was taken to possess the King with Jealou: fies of him, it is not to be doubted, but if there had been a Shadow of Truth for those Imputations, fome Particular would have appear'd, or Tome Letters had been preserv'd to have justify'd these Insinuations. But nothing was so much was ever pretended for this, beyond Whispers and get neral Stories. ..:
TIETO If all his Friends were not at all times fo fixed to their Duty as they ought to have been, that left no Blame upon him ; for po Man can be lir áble for his Friends, nor charg'd with the Fanles of other Men : But when any of them strayed from their Duty, his Friendship made him not the less, but the more severe to them; and many of them being yer alive, have witnessed with what lioneft Zeal he always studied to engage them to a cordial Adherence to the King's Service. But to sum up all, those, who after they see how, in his last Speech, deliver'd at his Death, he begs Pasdon and Mercy from God, as he hath been a faithful Servant to his Master, and do still retain their Jealousies, are beyond the Cure of any Perfualion ; for none but a desperate Atheist could have adventur'd so far with a defiled Conscience. Neither can it be alledged here, that all in thofe
Time's pretended to be for the King : For perbalps many thought the Methods they took were the best for securing and settling his Throne. But had the Duke been faulty, as the World accus'd him, it must not have been a Mistake in his Thoughts, but a Crookedness of his Heart, a betraying of his Trust, and a falsfying of his Engagements : And who.can suppose that the Parties, who were prevalent both in England and Scotland at the time of his Death, and pursued him and his Memory with all the Excesses of Malice, would not have discover'd such Treachery, to load him with the greater Infamy, if there had been any Grounds for it, since they were the Persons who must have known it best ?..
As for that ridiculous and devilish Forgery of his pretending to the Crown of Scotland, never any were alledged to have heard a Hint of it from himself, no not in Raillery ; and certainly if so great a Design had ever been discover'd to any Perfon, it must have been to his Friends, and he must have taken Pains to have made some Party sure for ić : But for this nothing was ever whisper'd but Surmises, and those hanging so ill together, that they retain'd not so much as the Shadow of Probability. i . is...i :. For his Country, as he had as great Interest in it as any Subject, so his Affection yielded to none : And it is certain, that if his Counsels to the King feem at any time to fall short of the higher Ways of Authority, nothing but his Affection to his Country gave him the Bials ; for, he confessed, the thing in the World at which he had the greatest Horror, was the engaging in à Civil War with his Countrymen.
He was far from any Designs of engrossing either Power or Places of Advantage to himself, and his Friends ; nor was he ever the Occasion of
any Burden to the Country ; for the Assignments he had upon some Taxations, were only for Payment of the Debts he had contracted by his Ma-. jesty's Command for his Expedition to Germany. And so little fond was he of being the King's Commissioner in Scotland, that in divers of his Letters he propos'd others to his Majesty for that Trust, protesting it was a Place of all other he hated most ; and when he saw Jealousies taken at his being in that Trust, as if the King had been to govern Scotland by a Commissioner, he pressed his Majesty to change him ; fo careful was he to avoid every thing which might be a Grievance to. his Country, and retard the King's Service.
He was the great Patron of Scotish Men in the Court, which drew, on several Occasions, a large Share of Malice upon him : As appear'd particularly in the Case of one Colonel Lesley, whom Colonel Sanderson's Friends were pursuing in the Court, alledging that Lesley had kill'd that Colonel unworthily in Muscovia. The Crime was not committed in the King's Dominions, and Lesley was legally acquitted of it in Russia, who upon a national Account, being a Scotijh Man, laid Claim to the Duke's Protection .; but this irritated Colonel Sanderson's Brother (who pretends to have written The History of King Charles I.) into so much Rage against him, that forgetting the Laws of History, he breaks out, on all Occasions, into the most palfionate Railings, that his spightful, but blunt and impotent Malice could devise. And the best of all is, he bewrays his Ignorance as well as his Paffion, in all the Accounts he gives of the Scotilla Affairs ; so that it is hard to say, whether his Folly in attempting to write a History on such flender Informations, or his Impudence in forging or venting Lies with such Confidence, deserves che severer Censure.
And since I mention this Lesley, I shall orly add, after that tho’ Sanderson tells a formal Story of the signal Judgments of God on him in his Death, he had was alive many Years after that Book was pub lish'd, which can be well proved by many who knew him.
The Dake was very fumptuous and magnificent in his Way of Living, but abhorred that det bauch'd Custom of Entertainments by Drinking, 17 and was an Example of Temperance ; which cost him dear in Denmark, where he refusing the ordinary Entertainments of that Court in Drinking, was not only ill us’d, bat made to pay a great Sum, under the Pretence of Passage-dues : Temperance was particularly recommended to him by his Mas jesty, when he went to Germany; and his returning from that Court without transgressing these Laws, was fuch an Evidence of his observing them, that afterwards few would tempt him to those Excefles.
Of all Virtues he esteem'd Ingenuity and Candor most, as that which was the Ground of all Confidence, and the only. Security among Men; and therefore recommended it chiefly to others, and studied to observe it most himself. I confessy when I consider his whole Method of framing and carrying on his Designs, how strait and candid they were ; if I oft admire his Invention, I do much more esteem the Ingenuity of his Proceedings : -for I never find him veiling Truth with a Lie, por carrying on Business with a Cheat : And to speak freely, the greatest departing from these Rules appear’d in the Declaration emitted in April, 1648; where, among other Things, the Parliament declar'd, They would not admit his Majesty to the Exercise of his Royal Authority, tiil he by Oath obliged himself to swear, and ratify the Covenant. The Duke stuck long e're he
: would give way to this ; at length finding the vio ilent Party that crossed the Engagement implacable;
and being desirous to withdraw from them all Co: lours or Pretences for opposing that Design, he yieldied to it ; and at that time said to a Friend of his,
that the Preservation of the King went so near his • Heart, that he could refuse nothing which might
make way for that. But it was far from his À Thoughts to seclude the King from the Exercise of
his Royal Power, and therefore it was excused
at the same time, both by the Letters his Broither wrote to the King, and in the Instructions
sent by Sir William Fleeming to the Queen and Prince, and by Sir William Belenden to the Prince of Orange. I have also a Journal, which he took with his own Hand, of what passed in that Parliament, wherein he wrote, when that Act was put to the Vote, that. (though he gave his Vote to it) it was not his Opinion. And thus I lay open both his Fault, and the Temptation that led him to it, so that if ever any officious Lie was: of a venial Guilt, sure this was : Yeni who knows, if among the many and wise Councils, for which God might have permitted that
Army's Miscarriage, .as a Punishment for our s other Sins, we por being ripe for a Deliverance,
this departing from the fevere Rules of Ingenuity and Virtue might not have been one procuring Cause? But this is the only Instance of this Nature I have met with, in the whole Survey of his Actions and Papers.
As for the Mildness and Gentleness of his Nature, no Day went over' him without giving new - Discoveries of it. For it was very hard to provoke him, but no less eafy to appeafe him : He
was not unequal in his Humor, but as one left d him they found him, being always chearful and ! ever the same. And whatever Aspiriwgs might