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as the King employ'd him for the Preservation of Episcopacy, he serv'd him faithfully; and thoafterwards he pressed him much for his Consent to the Abolition of that Government in Scotland, it was not from any Prejudice himself had at it, but Howed only from the Affe&ion he had to his Majesty, since he saw it could not have been preserv'd at that time, without very visible Hazard both to King and Country : And so he took the National Covenant at the King's Command, Anno 1641, in the Parliament of Scotland.
He was all his Life a great Honourer of truc Piery wherever he saw it, notwithstanding any Mistakes that might have been mingled with it ; so that whatsoever particular Ground of Resentments he had' at any who (he judged) feard God,
the Confideration of that did overcome and stifle -- it : But his firft Imprisonment in 1643, was the
happiest time of his Life to him, for there he had a truer Profpe&t of Things fer before him, which wrought a Change on him, discernable by thofe who knew him best. This made him frequently acknowledge God's great Goodness to him in that Restraint : For then he learnt to defpise the foo lish Pleasures of Sin, and the debasing Vanities of a falfe World, which had formerly possess'd too great a Room in his Thoughts. It is true, he chose to be religious in fecret, and therefore gave no other Vent to it in his Discourse than what he judged himself 'obliged to, which was chiefly to his Children, to whom he always recommended the Fear and Love of God, as that wherein himfelf had found his only Joy and Repose. The fol lowing Words are a part of one of his Letters to them, which he wrote a little before his last going to England... weil wir sind i ooms į inte
up, ELLa im. B .: 6731, 1:« In
.....« In all Croffes, even of the higheft Nature,
there is no other Remedy but Patience, and “. with Alacrity to submit to the Good-will and “ Pleasure of our Glorious Creator, and be con“ tented therewith ; which I advise you to learn “ in your render Age, having enjoyed that Bles« fing my felf, and found great Comfort in it “ while involved in the Middle of infinite Dan“ gers. : ;'! :' iwan .so . - He was a constant Reader of the Scriptures, and during his Imprisonment they were his only Companions, other Books being for a great while
denied him; and he making a Virtue of that i . Neceffity, became a diligent and serious Reader
of those Holy Oracles, and fudied to take the Measures of his Adions from them, and not from the foolish Dreams and Conjectures of Astrology's cho' the enquiring after, and taking notice of these, be among the injurious Imputations Obloquy fastened upon him. But. fo far was he from any Regard to them, that an Astrologer coming to him in Germany with a Paper, wherein he said he Thould read a noble Fortune ; he, after he had sent him away, threw it into the Fire, without once opening it : And indeed he was so far from Aattering himself with the Hopes of great Success in any of his Undertakings, that he rather apprehended himself under some inauspicious Star, that crossed all his Attempts, which made him in his latter Years long for some secret Retirement out of the Noise of Business. And in his last Expedition into England, he was so far from promising himself great Matters, that the Night before he marched, when he was taking leave of one of his Friends, he said, he not only knew that such Attempts were doubtfal, but apprehended that what he was then engaging in, might prove not only dangerous, but deftru&ive to himself ; neverthe
for, and adding, that the Attem.o thro' it fuccor
Jefs, he was resolved either to go thro? it success fully, or to perish in the Attempt, and never survive it ; adding, that the last was what he look'd ' for, and therefore he took his Leave as never to meet again. lit., s.
But notwithstanding all the Misfortunes that either lay upon him, or did hang over him, he preserved the greatest Calmness, in his Mind that could be imagin'd : Which appear'd in .an unclouded Serenity that dwelt always in his Looks, and discover'd him ever well pleas'd. And tho' the Greatness of his Mind, and the Sweetness of his natural Temper might have contributed much to that Tranquillity; yet certainly, it took its Rise from another Source, and flowed chiefly from his Confidence in God, and the Security he had in the Innocency of his own Heart. i.
His Accomplishments were great, tho' cultivated only by his own Thoughts, and improved by Experiences for he was no great Scholar, neither was he bred abroad : His Iudgment was profound, his Foresight-great, his Style was smooth and without Affectation, for he spoke with a Na tive Eloquences, One Advantage he had beyond all he engaged with in debating, that he was never fretted nor exasperated, and spake at the same Rate without: Clamouring or Eagerness. He had seen so much of the Bafenefs of many Men, that it inclin'd him in the End to Jealousy, which @ade him reserved to most people, and of this I fid-divers complaining in their Letters...
For his Affection and Duty to his Prince, it hach appeared io much in his History, that little reemains to be faid in his Character. It is true, some - Wcre pieased to say, that he treated with foreign Princes, for seconding him in his own Pretentions to the Crown of Scotland : But this Forgery was So ill-grounded that he had. Signal Proofs to the w
contrary. When he first engaged in the German Design, one wrote to him from the Spanish Cours in the Name of the Ministers of that Monarch, making him great Promises if he would delift from it : But his Answer was, that Duty, Grati tude, and Inclination concurred to tie him inseparably to his. Master's Interests, and that no Con lideration either of Hope or Fear, was able to hake him from his Fidelity to them. Neither did any thing obstruç his being more employ'd and trusted in Germany, than his conftant adhering to the King's Pleasure and Interest ; for had he gir ven himself up to the Will of the Swedish King, he would have been quickly put in another Capacity, and might have had about him one of the best Armies in Germany ; since all the Scotish Offcers, who at that time, were many and confiderable, inclin'd to have form'd an Army apart, and ferved under him, had the King of Sweden given way to it...
When he was claiming his Estate and Rights of Chaftleherault in France, Cardinal Richelieu appointed Sir James Hamilton, whom he had sent over to negotiate that Affair, to tell him, that he thould be not only settled in that, but have more liker wise, if he would enter into a close Correspondence with him, and be a Faithful Servant to the French Crown. His Answer was, that he owd indeed the greatest Duty and Dependance to the King of France, of any Prince next his own King; and therefore would faithfully ferye all his Interests after the King's. But nothing was to be expected from him that might, upon any Consideration, prejudice his Master's Service, neither would he engage in any Correspondence without his Knowledge and Allowance; adding, that he was confident his Eminence was too faithful a Minister to that Monarch whom he served, to
have pration, prejude in any Correlp adding, thaila
like him the worse for his Honesty to his own Master. These Instances will evince how far he was from pretending to any Interefts in his Correfpondence with Foreign Princes, different from the King's, whom he served with as much Affection as Duty. And indeed the Love he bore his Perfon, was no less than the Duty he paid to his Authority, for he, did not deny but the former made him digest some things, which perhaps otherwise he had not borne so well. This kept him far from vilifying his Majesty's Person, or speaking unhandsomely of him, as some accus'd him. It may be suppos'd, that had he been guilty of that, it would have appear'd more to his Friends than Strangers, since Prudence would have taught a reserve to them, tho' Duty had not enjoin'd it: But those who conversed most with him, saw so much of his Affection and Efteem for that Prince, that many of them have told the Writer (Dr. Burnet] he was the furthest from it that could be, since he studied by all Means to infuse that Value in others, for him, which possess'd his own Mind. It is true, his Calmness made many, who knew not how natural that Temper was to him, suspect he was not in earnest, because he did not bluster out in Heats of Passion, upon every. Occasion ; for as he was not easily inflam'd, so he could not well personate a Passion when he was free of it. All his Advices to the King were for settling Matters without hazarding on a bloody Decision, knowing well, that no Quarrels are so mortal, as those that follow upon the closest 'Ties; therefore he was far from a&ing that infamous Office of Incendiary, which some fastned on him. And it was his suggesting and pressing gentler Methods, which engaged some fiery Spirits into such Opposition to him ; and from hence it was, that when he was put to a Review of those Advices