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the Power was then, thoughị fit to have preserv’d his Life. - But since he was thenceforth to be of no more use, all he could do, was to with the Kingdom Happiness and Peace, and to pray that his Blood might be the last should be shed:
And tho' perhaps he had some Reluctance within · himself at the Suffering for this Fact, yet he free
ly forgave all Men, and carried no Rancour with him to the Grave ; but did fubmit to the Will of him who created Heaven and Earth; and himself, a poor sinful Creature their speaking before him : He conceiv'd it could contribute to no End for him to speak of State Business, of the Government of the Kingdom, or things of that Nature; his own Inclinations had been still for Peace. He was never an ill Instrument betwixt the King and his people, inor had he acted to the Prejudice of
the Parliament. And as he had noc meddled ...much in those Wars; so he was never wanting in
his Prayers to Almighty God for his King's Happiness, and be earnestly prayed God to direct his Majesty' (who then reigned) that he might do
what shonld tend to his Glory, and the Peace and · Happiness of the Kingdoms. He said he was of
the establil'd Religiout, which he had profess'd in his own Country where he was born and bred ; but for parţicular Opinions he was not rigid, he knew.tmany godly Men had Scruples about divers things, wherein he had never concern’d himself; nor did Difference of Opinion (which was never more than at this time) move him. His own was clear. He pray'd the Lord to forgive him His Sins, as he freely forgave even those against whom he had the greatest Grounds of Animosity, remembring that Prayer, Eorgive us.uter Tiefpales, as we forgive them that trespassagainst us. "
with his Rilaillery)
He discover'd a great Composure by his Looks and Manner of Expression; and when he was defir'd to change the Posture he stood in, since the Sun shin'd full in his Face : He answer'd presently, no, it would not burn it ; and he hoped to fee a brighter Sun than that very speedily. ini
After the Duke had done speaking, he call'd for the Executioner, and desir'd to know how he should fit his Body for the Blow, and told him his Servants would give him Satisfa&ion. Then he called to his Servants, and commanded them to remember him kindly to divers of his Friends in England, particularly to his Mother-in-law, the Countess of Denbigh, to whom he had ever paid a filial Respect, and to the old Countess of Devonfire : He bid them tell her the would no more question his Loyalty (which she had done fometimes in Raillery) since he was now to seal it with his Blood : Then he kneel'd down and prayed, after which Dr. Sibbald entertain'd him with some pious Discourses ; then the Duke pray'd a Thort Prayer himself, and with a chearful Counte'nance embrac'd the Doctor; and said, Truly I bless God I do not fear, I have an Asurance that is grounded here (laying his Hand on his Heart) that gives me more true Foy than ever I had. I pass out of a miserable World, to go to an eternal and glorious Kingdom ; and tho' I have been a most finful Creature, yet I know God's Mercy is infinite ; and I bless my God I go with so clear a Conscience, that I know not the Man I have personally injur’d. Then embracing his Servants, he said to every one of them, You have been very faithful to me, the Lord bless you. He turn'a next to the Executioner, and after he had obferv'd how he should lay his Body, he told him he was to lay a short Prayer to his God while he lay all along, and should give a Sign by stretching out his right Hand, and then he was to do his Duty ;
whom he freely forgave, as he did all the World. And then he stretched himself out on the Ground, i and having plac'd his Head right, he lay a little while praying, with great Appearance of Devotion , and then gave the Sign : Upon which the Execu
tioner, at one Blow, sever'd his Head from his : Body, which was receiv'd in a Crimson Taffety 6 Scarf by two of his Servants, kneeling by him,
and was, together with his Body, immediately put in a Coffin, which was ready on the Scaffold,
and from thence convey'd to a House in the Meuse, i from whence it was, according to the Orders he
had given, fent down by Sea to Scotland, and in: terd in the Burial-place of his Family. ..
The CHARACTER of JAME S Duke of
Thus lived and died James, Duke of Hamilton, who was born at Hamilton the 19th of June, 1606. His Parents were James, Marquefs of Hamilton, and Lady Anne Cunningham, Daughter to the Earl of Glencairn. He was of a middle Stature, his Body well-shap'd, and his. Limbs proportion'd and straic; in his last Years he incliu'd to Fatness ; his Complexion and Hair were Black, but his Countenance was pleasant, and full of Life, and shewed a great Sweetnels of Disposition; his Health was regular, suitable to his Dier, and free of Sickness or Pain, only in his last Years he was a little subject to the Stone : But when his Body was open'd, all his Inwards were found sound and entire ; so that had not that fatal Stroke brought his Days to a too early Period, he might proba bly have been very long liv’d. .
do 4 dni
Ar the time of his Father's coming to Court, the Duke of Buckingham (being then in great Fayour with King James, and desiring to strengthen his Family with noble Alliances)agreed a Marriage betwixt him and the Lady Mary Feilding, Daughter to William, Earl of Denbigh, and the Lady S4Janna Villiers, Sister to the Duke of Buckingham; upon which his Father sent for him to Court, to be married, when he himself was fourteen Years of Ages and the Lady design d for him but seven. This broke off the Course of Studies, in which he had been educated till then in Scotland : And tho he was sent afterwards to the University of Oxford, yet the Interruption that his Stay at Court put to his Education in Letters, was such, that he never recover'd it. After the Years of confummating the intended Marriage were come, he was forc'd to it, not without great Aversion, occasion'd partly by the Disproportion of their Ages, and partly by, some other fecret" Considerations.. . .!?; ; ; ; ,
He lived with his Lady for some Years in no good. Terms, and that concurring with other Morives, made him leave the Court upon his Father's Death : But her excellent Qualities did afterwards overcome that Aversion into as much Affection as he was capable of. She died the roth of May, in the Year 1638, and left her Lord, á moft fad and afflicted Perfon: And tho' his Spirit was too great to dink under any Burden, yet all his Life after he remembred her with much tender Affection. , She died indeed in a good time for her own Repose, when her Lord was beginning to engage in the Affairs of Scotland, which provd Co fatal both to his Quiet and Life
i i But the Distractions of the following Years concurring with the affectionate Remembrance of his Lady, which rather increas'd than abated with
. ; . . . . .: Time ;
Time ; kept him from the Thoughts of re-engaging in a married Life. Neither did the Death of his Sons shake him from that Purpose, fince he had so noble a Succeffor secured for his family in che Person of his Brother; and next to him he had two Daughters, who were dear to him, far beyond the ordinary Rate of Children, on whom he got his Dignity and Fortune entail'd, in case his Brother died without Sons.
His Religion was Protestant and reform’d; and as he was a zealous Enemy to Popery, so he was no less earnest for a good Correspondence among all the reformed Churches, in particular betwixt the Lutherans, and Calvinists, and therefore was a great Patron and Promoter of the Designs of Mr. Dury, who bestow'd so much of his Travel, and so many of his Years in driving on that desir'd'Union: For I find by many of Dury's Letters to him, that as he owed a great Part of his Subfistence to the Money, and Places were procured for him by the Duke, both from the King and my Lord of Canterbury ; fo his best Addresles to the Swedish Court, and the Princes of Germany, were those he had from him; and therefore he continued giving him an Account of his Success, as to his Patron and Benefactor. ,
As for our unhappy Differences which have divided this mand, he judg'd neither the one nor the other worth the Blood was thed in the Quarrel; and the Excess he had seen on both Hands, cured him from being a' Zealot for either. He was diffatisfied with the Courses fome of the Bifhops had follow'd before the Troubles began, and could not but impute their first Rise to the Provocations had been given by them : But he was no less offended with the violent Spirits of most of the Covenanters, and particularly with Cheir Opposition to Royal Authority. As long
most of the offended with th by them : Do the