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Causes by Persuasion, which the Stubbornness of Mens Humors made dilatory in Courts of Justice.
He was fearless in his Person, but in his riper Years not very enterprizing: He had an excellent Understanding, but was not confident enough of it, which made him oftentimes change his own Opinion for a worse, and follow the Advice of Men that did not judge fo.well as himself. This made him more irresolute than the Conjun&ure of his Affairs would admit: If he had been of a rougher and more imperious Nature, he would have found more Respect and Duty, and his not applying some severe Cures to approaching Evils, proceeded from the Lenity of his Nature, and the Tenderness of his Conscience, which in alt Cases of Blood made him chuse the sofrer way, and not harken to severe Councils, how reasonably foever urged. This only restrain'd him from pursuing his Advantage in the first Scotch Expedition, when, humanly speaking, he might have reduc'd that Nation to the most entire Obedience that could have been with’d; but no Mán can say he had then many that advis'd him to it, but the contrary, by a wonderful Indifpofition all his Council had to the War, or any other Fatigue. He was always a great Lover of the Scotish Nation, having not only been born there, but educated by that People, and besieg'd by them always, having few English about him till he was King; and the major Number of his Servants being still of that Nation, who he thought could never fail him. And among these no Man had such an Af cendant over him, by the humblest Insinuations, ás Duke Hamilton had. ...
: . As he excell'd in all other Virtues, so in Témperance he was fo ftriệt, that he abhor'd all Debauchery. to that degree, that at a great Festival Sclemnity, where he once was, when very many of
the the Nobility of the English and Scotch were entertain'd; being told by one who withdrew from thence what vast Draughts of Wine they drank, and that there was one Earl who had drank moft of the rest down, and was not himself mov'd or alter'd, the King said that he deserv'd to be hang’d; and that Earl coming shortly after inte the Room, where his Majesty was, in some Gaiety, to fhew how unhurt he was from that Battle, the Kipg sent one to bid him withdraw from his Majetty's Preíence, nor did he in some Days after appear before him.
So many miraculous Circumstances contributed to this King's Ruin, that Men might well think · that Heaven and Earth conspir'd it. Though he was from the first Declension of his Power fo much betray'd by his own Servants, that there were yery few who remain'd faithful to him, yet that Treachery proceeded not always from any treasonable Purpose to do him any Harm, but from particular and personal Animosities against other Men.' And afterwards the Terror that all. Men were under of the Parliament, and the Guilt they were conscious of themselves, made them watch all Opportunities to make themselves Gracious to those that could do them good ; and so they became Spies upon their Master, and from one piece of Knavery were harden'd and confirm’d to undertake another, till at last they had no hope of Preservation but by the Destruction of their Master, And after all this, when a Man might reasonably believe that less than a universal Defection of three Nations could not have reduc'd a great King to so ugly a Fate ; it is most certain, that in that very Hour when he was wickedly Murder'd in the fight of the Sun, he had as great a Share in the Hearts and Affections of his Subjects in general, was as much belov’d,
esteem'd and long'd for, by the People in general
of the three Nations, as any of his Predeceflors - had ever been. To conclude, he was the wor
thiest Gentleman, the best Master, the best Friend, the best Husband, the best Father, and the best Christian that the Age, in which he liv'd, produc'd. And if he were or the greatest King,
if he were without some Parts and Qualities - which have made fome Kings great and happy,
no other Prince was ever unhappy who was possess'd of half his Virtues and Endowments, and so much without any kind of Vice.
The Execution of Duke HAMILTON, Friday the
9th of March 1649: [Taken from the Right Reverend Bihop Burnet's Memoirs.]
THE eighth of March 1649, the Duke, the
Earl of Norwich, the Lord Capel, and Sir John Owen (who had all receiv'd Sentence of Death) were brought into one Room : Having spent great part of that Night in taking leave of ? their Friends, and in their Devotions. The next
Day the Duke made the following Speech to his Friends that attended him, which his Brother publish'd from the Original he sent him.
I know you that are here to be true and faithful to me, I will therefore, in your hearing, say fomewhat in order to myself and to my present Cordition, and give you also this Copy of it; which, after I am gone, may, perhaps, be thought necessary to be publish'd as the last Teftimony of my Loyalty to my King, for whom I now die, and of my Affection to my Country, for the pursuance of whose pious and loyal Commands I am now to suffer...,
That my Religion hath always been, and still is Orthodox, I am confident no Man doabes : 1
fhall not therefore need to fay much to that Particular, only that I am of the true reformid Protestant Religion, as it is profesi’d in the Church of Scorland.
I take God to Witness, that I have been conftantly a loyal and faithful Subject and Servant to his late Majesty, in spight of all Malice and Calumny : I have had the Honour, since my Childhood, to attend and be near him till now of late; and during all that time, I obferv'd in him as eminent Virtues, and as little Vice as in any Man I ever knew ; and I dare say; he never harbour'd Thought of countenancing Popery in any of his Dominions, otherwise than was allow'd by the Laws of England, and that among all his Subjeas there could not be found a better Protestant than himself, and surely also he was free from having any Intent to exercise any Tyranny, or absolute Power over his Subjects, and that he hath been só unfortunate, I rather impute the Cause of it to the Sins of his people, than to his own : For my own Parr, I do protest never to have swerv'd from that true Allegiance which was due to him, and that hach constantly been paid (to my Comfort I speak it) to his Progenitors by my Anceftors, for many "Ages, without Spoc or Difhonour; and I hope shall be still, by my Succeffors, to his Pofterity. Tepsi !!!!???ncialis "I do heartily with well 'to, and pray for his Royal Iñue, and shall die a true and loyal Subjeet to his eldest Son Charles II. the unqueftionable King by Right of all his Father's Kingdoms. I hope, tho I do not liye to see it, that God's Justice and Goodness will in his own time eftablith him on the Throne of his father, which I doubt not some of you will fee come to pass; and fam confident till then, and fo long as Men deeply plung'd in Guilt and Self-Interest ufurp Power
i and Government, thefe Kingdoms will fall short e either of Peace, or any other permanent Hapo
I speak this from my juft Affection to the Royal Race, and much Compassion to his Majesty's Subjects ; but nor from any Malice, Anger, og desire of Revenge against any, for what I have, or am to suffer, for I forgive all Men...
It is well known what Calumnies and Afperfions have been thrown upon me by Men of several Parties and Interests, not excepting those who would feem to carry much Affection to his laté Majesty, as if I had express'd Diflervice or Dif loyalty to him ; the which, how malicious and groundless they were, I appeal to God, who, with my own Conscience, clearly beareth Witness of my Innocency therein, and I shall beg Mercy from him to whom I am now to give an Account of all my Thoughts and Actions, as I have still had a faithful and loyal Heart to my Mafter. *** :. It hath been a general Complaint that I per suaded his Majesty to pass the A&t of continuing this Parliament." I dispute not whether the doing of it ac that time might have been reputed good or bad, but surely it was not I that did persuade it; neither did I at all deal with his Majesty for his Consent to the Bill of Artainder for taking away the Life of the Earl of Strafford, whose great Parts and Affe&ion, tis known, I highly valued ? Yet some have been pleas'd to attribute to me the Cause of that Concession ; but were his Majesty now living, I am confident he would publickly clear me in both these, as he hath been pleas'd many times in private formerly to do . And truly I am not conscious to my felf, (tho? I have been for many Years a Privy-Counsellot to taim) of ever giving him any Advice that tended