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fully as any Man in England. ------ I have been accus'd as an Enemy to Parliaments. No! I understand them, and the Benefic that comes by them, too well to be fo; but I did mislike the Misgovernments of some Parliaments many ways, and I had good Reason for it, for Corruptio optimi

eft peffima. There is no Corruption in the World so - bad as that which is of the best thing within itself;

for the better the thing is in Nature, the worfe it is corrupted. And that being the highest Court, over which no other hath Jurisdiction; when it is misinform’d, or misgovern'd, the Subject is left without all Remedy. But I have done. I forgive all the World, all and every of those bitter Enemies which have persecuted me, and humbly desire to be forgiven of God first, and then of every Man, whether I have offended him or not, if he do but conceive that I have : Lord do thou forgive me, and I beg Forgiveness of him; and so I heartily desire you to join in Prayers with me.

Having ended his Prayers, and finding the Scaffold crowded, he desir'd they would give him room to die, that he might have an End of the Miseries he had so long'endur'd; and coming near the Block, he said, God's Will be done. I am willing to go out of the World, none can be more willing to send me; and perceiving some People under the Scaffold thro' the Boards, he desir'd the Chinks might be stop'd, or the People remov?d, for he did not defire his Blood should fall upon their Heads. Sir John Clotworthy demanded of him, what was the most comfortable saying a dying Man could. have in his Mouth': He answer'd, Cupio disolvi delle cum Christo. Sir John still press’d him with several impertinent Questions, to which his Grace answer'd with abundance of Meekness; and turning to the Executioner, he gave him Money, and said, Here honest Friend, God forgive thee, and 14

I do,

I do, and do thy Office upon me with Mercy. Ha ving made another short Prayer, he laid his Head down upon the Block, and pray'd a little time to himself, after which he said aloud, Lord receive my Soul; and this being the Signal, the Executioner immediately sever'd his Head from his Body at one Blow. He was buried after the Manner of the Church of England, in the Church of Albab lows, Barking ; this being the very Day the Liturgy was abolish'd by Ordinance of Parliament, and the Directory set up in the room of it. A Brass Plate was nail'd on his Coffin with this Inscription : In hac Cistula conduntur Exuvia Gulielmi Laud, Archiepiscopi Cantuarienfis, qui securi percujns Immortalitatem adiit Die x Januarii, Ætatis fuæ 73, Archiepiscopatus XII. ..

His FAMILY, EDUCATION, and PROMO

T:IONS. · William Laud was born at Reading in Barkshire, his Father being a principal Burgher of that Town : His Mother's Name was Web, Sister to Sir William Web, Lord Mayor of London. He was admitted Commoner in St. John's College, Oxon, and took the Degree of Doctor of Divinity in 1608 ; and after several other Preferments, was promoted to the Bishoprick of St. David's in 1622. In 1626, to that of Bath and Wells, and made Dean of King's-Chappel the same Year: Two Years after he was translated to the Bishoprick of London, and in 1633 was preferred to the See of Canterbury. His Zeal for promoting Uniformity in the Church procur'd him many Enemies, which upon the breaking out of the Rebellion grew still more implacable, being further provok'd by the · Archbishop's unalterable Loyalty. For these Reafons, in the Beginning of that Revolt in the Reign of King Charles I. he was by the Prevalence of

the

the Facion committed to the Tower, and afterwards charg'd by the rebellious Parliament with a Design to introduce Popery, and reconcile the Churches of England and Rome, c. The King being defeated at Marston-Moor, the Rebels thought themselves secure, and proceeded to sentence him to Death, and upon the ioth of January 1644, he was murder'd by the Ax on Towerhill, where his Behaviour was compos'd, pious, and well supported. Col. Hist. Diet.

His CHARACTER. He was a Person of a regular Conversation, very charitable, and publick-spirited. His Parts and Industry were both extraordinary, and he was well acquainted with Men as well as Books : By these Advantages he became both an able Statesman and good Divine. The most con? siderable of his works is that against Fisher, in which he very learnedly defends the Church of England against the Objections of his Adversary. Vide Cyprianus Anglicus, F. Lloyd's Memoirs, and Wharton's Life of Archbishop Laud...

His CHARACTER by CLARENDON. . · Within one Week after the King's Return from Scotland, Archbishop Abbot died at his House at Lambeth. The King took very little time to consider who thould be his Successor, but the very next time the Bilhop of London came to him, his Majesty entertain'd him very chearfully with this Compellation, My Lord's Grace of Canterbury, you are very welcome and gave Order the same Day for the Dispatch of all the necessary Forms for the Translation ; so that within a Month, or thereabouts, after the Death of the other Archbishop, hę was compleatly invested in that high Dignity, and settled in his Palace at Lambeth. This great

Prelate

was, ani Buckinghamore in great for

Prelate had been before in great Favour with the Duke of Buckingham, whose chief Confident he was, and by him recommended to the King as fittest to be trusted in the conferring all Ecclesiastical Preferments, when he was but Bishop of St. David's, or newly preferr'd to Bath and Wells; and from that time he entirely govern'd that Province without a Rival : So thač his Promotion to Canterburg was long foreseen and expected, nor was it attended with any Encrease of Envy or Dislike.

He was a Man of great Parts and very exemplary Virtues, allay'd and discredited by some unpopular natural Infirmities; the greatest of which was (besides a hafty sharp Way of exprefsing himself) that he believ'd Innocence of Heart, and Integrity of Manners, was a Guard strong enough to secure any Man in his Voyage thro' this World, in what Company soever he travellid, and thro' what Ways foever he was to pass : And sure never any Man was better supplied with that Provision. He was born of honest Parents, who were well able to provide for his Education. in the Schools of Learning, from whence they sene him to St. John's College in Oxford, the worst endow'd at thar time of any in that famous University : From a Scholar he became a Fellow, and then the President of the College, after he had receiv'd all the Graces and Degrees (the Proctorship and the Doctorship) could be obtain'd there...

He was always maligned and persecuted by: those who were of the Calvinian Faction, which was then very powerful, and who, according to their usual Maxim and Pradice, call every Man they do not love Papist : And under this senseless Appellation, they created him many Troubles and Vexations ; and so far suppress’d him, that tho'. he was the King's Chaplain, and taken notice of

for

for an excellent Preacher, and a Scholar of the most sublime Parts, he had not any Preferment to invite him to leave his poor College, which only gave him Bread, till the. Vigour of his Age was past: And when he was promoted by King

James, it was but to a poor Bishoprick in Wales, which was not so good a Support for a Bishop as his College was for a private Scholar.

Parliaments in that time were frequent, and grew very busy, and the Party, under which he had suffer'd a continual Persecution, appear’d very powerful, and full of Design. And they who had the Courage to oppose them, begun to be ta-, ken notice of with Approbation and Countenance : Under this Stile he came to be first cherith'd by the Duke of Buckinghan, who had made fome Experiments of the Temper of the other People, nothing to his Satisfa&tion. From this time he prosper'd at the Rate of his own Wifhes, and being transplanted out of his cold barren Diocess of St. David's into a warmer Climate, he was left, as was said before, by that great Favourite in that great Trust with the King ; who was suffi-. : ciently indispos'd towards the Perfons, or the Principles of Calvin's Disciples. When he came into great. Auchority, it may be he retain'd too keen a Memory of those who had so unjustly and uncharitably persecuted him before ; and, I doubt, was so far transported with the fame Passions he had reason to complain of in his Adversaries, that as they accus'd him of Popery, because he held" some doctrinal Opinions which they lik'd not, tho they were nothing allied to Popery : So he entertain'd too much Prejudice to some Persons; as if they were Enemies to the Discipline of the Church, because they concur'd with Calvin in some do&rinal Points, when they abhor'd his Discipline, and reverenc'd the Government of the Church,

and

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