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to find some Advantage against his. Person, to make him less resolute in his Cause, were compell’d to give him a just Testimony. And the Judgment that was given against him infinitely more advanc'd him, than the Service for which it was given. When the long Parliament begun (being return’d Knight of the Shire for the County where he liv’d) the Eyes of all Men were fix'd upon him, as their Patriæ Pater, and the Pilot that must steer the Vessel through the Tempests and Rocks which threatned it. And I am persuaded, his Power and Interest at that time was greater to do Good, or Hurt, than any Man's in the Kingdom, or than any Man of his Rank hath had in any time : For his Reputation of Honesty was universal, and his Affections seem'd so publickly guided, that no corrupt or private Ends could byass them.
He was of that rare Affability and Temper in Debate, and of that seeming Humility and Submission of Judgment, as if he brought no Opinion of his own with him, but a Desire of Information and Instruction ; yet he had so subtle a. Way of Interrogating, and, under the Notion of Doubts, insinuating his Objections, that he infused his own Opinions into those from whom he pretended to learn and receive them; and even with them who were able to preserve themselves from his Infusions, and discern'd those Opinions to be fix'd in him, with which they could not comply, he always left the Character of an ingenious and conscientious Person. He was indeed a very wile Man, and of great Parts, and possess'd with the molt absolute Spirit of Popularity, and the most absolute Faculties to govern the People, of any Man I ever knew. For the first Year of the Para liament, he seem'd rather to moderate and soften the violent and distemper'd Humours, than to in
flame them. But wife and dispassion'd Men plainly discern'd that that Moderation proceeded from · Prudence, and Observation that the Season was not ripe, rather than that he approv'd of the Mo
deration ; and that he begot many Opinions and - Motions, the Education whereof he committed
to other Men, so far disguising his own Designs, - that he seem'd feldom to with more than was conCcluded ; and in many gross Conclusions, which i would hereafter contribute to Designs not yet set
on foot, when he found them sufficiently back'd " by Majority of Voices, he would withdraw him
self before the Question, that he might seem not to consent to so much visible Unreasonableness; which produc'd as great a Doubt in some, as it did Approbation in others of his Integrity. What Combination soever had been originally with the Scots for the Invasion of England, and what fure, ther was enter'd into afterwards in favour of them, and to advance any Alteration of the Government in Parliament, no Man doubts was at least with the Privity of this Gentleman.
After he was among those Members accus'd by - the King of High Treason, he was much alter'd';
his Nature and Carriage seeming much fiercer than it did before. And, without Question, where he first drew his Sword, he threw away the Scab
bard, for he passionately oppos'd the Overture " made by the King for a Treaty from Nottingham, , and as eminently all Expedients that might have
produc'd any Accommodations in this that was at Oxford; and was principally relied on to prevent any Infusions which might be made into the Eart of Elex towards Peace, or to render them inef fectual if they were made ; and was indeed much more relied on by that Party, than the General himself. In the first Entrance into the Troubles, he undertook the Command of a Regiment of
Foot, and perform’d the Duty of a Colonel up!! on all Occasions moft pun&ually. He was very k temperate in Diet, and a supreme Governor over all his Passions and Affections, and had thereby a great Power over other Mens. He was of an Industry and Vigilance not to be tired out, or wearied by the most laborious, and of Parts not to be impos'd upon by the most fubtle or sharp, and of a personal Courage equal to his best Parts; fo that he was an Enemy not to be wish'd, whereever he might have been made a Friend ; and as much to be apprehended where he was so, as any 4 Man could deserve to be, and therefore his Death was no less pleasing to the one Party, than it was pois condold in the other : In a Word, what was faid of Cinna might well be applied to him. He had a key Head to contrive, and a Tongue to persuade, and a Hand to execute any Mischief. His Death there , fore - seem'd to be a great Deliverance to the Nation.
The Execution of Archbishop LAUD, the 10th of Ja- f
nuary, 1644. L IS Grace being brought to the Scaffold,
1 erected on Tower-hill, made the following Specch: .. .
Good People, : This is an uncomfortable time to preach, yet? shall begin with a Text of Scripture, Heb. 12. 2. Let ms run with Patience the Race that is set before Hi, looking unto Felns, the Author and Finisher of our Faith; who, for the Foy that was set before him, en dur'd the Crojs, despising the Shame, and is set dozuza at the right Hand of the Throne of God.
One I have been long in my Race, and how I have Ta looked unto Jesus, the Author and Finisher of my - Faith, he best knows : I am now come to the End
of my Race, and here I find the Cross; a Death : of Shame : But the Shame must be despis’d, or no i coming to the right Hand of God : Jesus despi
fed the Shame for me, and God forbid but I i should despise the Shame for him. I am going ae pace (as you see) towards the Red Sea, and my
Feet are now upon the very Brink of it; an Argument, I hope, that God is bringing me into the
Land of Promise, for that was the way thro' -] which he led his People ; but before they came i to it, he instituted a Passover for them, a Lamb it
was, but must be eaten with sour Herbs. I shall i obey, and labour to digest che sour Herbs as well
as the Lamb; and I shall remember it is the Lord's Passover: I shall not think of the Herbs, nor be angry with the Hand that gathereth them, but look up only unto him who instituted that, and governs these. For Men can have no more Power over me than what is given from above. I am not in love with this Passage thro' the Red Sea, 'for I have the Weakness and Infirmity of Flesh and Blood plentifully in me, and I have pray'd with my Saviour, ut tranfiret Calix iste, that this Cup of red Wine might pass from me ; but if not, God's Will, not mine, be done : And I shall most willingly drink of this Cup as deep as he pleafes, and enter into this Sea, yea, and pass thro' it in the Way that he shall lead me ; but I would have it remember'd, good People, that when God's Servants were in this boisterous Sea, and Aaron amongst them, the Egyptians who persecuted them, and did in a manner drive them into the Sea, were drown'd in the same Waters, while they were in pursuit of them. ------- And as for this people, they are at this Day miserably miled; God of his
Mercy open their Eyes, that they may see the right Way; for at this Day the Blind lead the Blind, and if they go on, both will certainly fall into the Ditch, Tho' the Weight of my Sentence be heayy upon me, I am as quiet within as ever I was in my Life. And tho’I am not only the first Archbishop, but the first Man that ever died by an Ordinance in Parliament, yet some of my Predecessors have gone this Way, tho' not by this Means. ----- Here is a great Clamour that I would have brought in Popery : I fall answer that more fully by and by. In the mean time, you know what the Pharisees said against Christ himself, If we let him alone, all Men will believe in him, O venient Romani, and the Romans will come and take away our Place and Nation. Here was a causeless Cry against Christ, that the Romans would come : And see how just the Judgment was ; They crucified Christ for fear the Romans Thould come, and his Death was it that brought in the Romans upon them : God punishing them with that which they most feared. And I pray God this Clamour of venient Romani, for which I have given no Cause, help not to bring them in : For the Pope 'never had such an Harvest in England since the Reformation, as he hath now upon the Seas and Divisions that are among us. ----- This I shall be bold to speak of the King, our Gracious Sovereign : He hath been much, traduced also for bringing in Popery, but in my Conscience (of which I shall give God a very present Account) I know him to be as free from the Charge as any Man living, and I hold him to be as found a Protestant (according to the Religion by Law esta blilh'd) as any Man in this Kingdom, and that ; "he will venture his Life as far, and as freely, for · it. And I think I do, or should, know both his
Affeâion to Religion, and his Grounds for it, as