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Page iv - Mommsen's work," as Dr. Schmitz remarks in the introduction, " though the production of a man of most profound and extensive learning and knowledge of the world, is not as much designed for the professional scholar as for intelligent readers of all classes who take an interest in the history of by-gone ages, and are inclined there to seek information that may guide them safely through the perplexing mazes of modern history.
Page 183 - bridge-makers" (pontifices) derived their name from their function, as sacred as it was politically important, of conducting the building and demolition of the bridge over the Tiber. They were the Roman engineers, who understood the mystery of measures and numbers: whence there devolved upon them also the duties of managing the calendar of the state, of proclaiming to the people the time of new and full moon, and the days of festivals, and of seeing that every religious and every judicial act took...
Page 35 - Resolutely, on the other hand, the Italian surrendered his own personal will for the sake of freedom, and learned to obey his father that he might know how to obey the state.
Page 32 - It was in another fashion, but not less strongly, that the deeply implanted religious feeling of the Italian race manifested itself; it held firmly by the idea, and did not suffer the form to obscure it. As the Greek, when he sacrificed, raised his eyes to heaven, so the Roman veiled his head ; for the prayer of the former was vision, that of the latter reflection.
Page 53 - Romilii, the chief probably of all the Roman clans, was settled in this very quarter ; the Janiculum formed a part of the city itself, and Ostia was a burgess colony or, in other words, a suburb. This cannot have been the result of mere accident. The Tiber was the natural highway for the traffic of Latium ; and its mouth, on a coast scantily provided with harbors, became necessarily the anchorage of seafarers. Moreover, the Tiber formed from very ancient times the frontier defense of the Latin stock...
Page 51 - ... to it ; besides which, it must not be forgotten that at the time when the Tities settled beside the Ramnians, Latin nationality rested on Latium as its basis, and not on Rome. The new tripartite Roman commonwealth was, notwithstanding some elements which, it is possible, were originally Sabellian, just what the community of the Ramnians had previously been, a portion of the Latin nation.
Page 185 - The profound and fearful idea of substitution also meets us here: when the gods of the community were angry and nobody could be laid hold of as definitely guilty, the.y might be appeased by one who voluntarily gave himself up...
Page 467 - ... for the efficient repair of the network of drains small and large by which Rome was pervaded, as well as of the public buildings and places ; for the proper cleansing and paving of the streets ; for preventing the nuisances of ruinous buildings, dangerous animals, or foul smells ; for the removing of waggons from the highway except during the hours of evening and night, and generally for the keeping open of the communication ; for the uninterrupted supply of the market of the capital with good...
Page 51 - Kome was not built in a day. But the serious consideration of the historian may well be directed to the inquiry in what way Rome could so early attain that prominent political position which it held in Latium, so different from what the physical character of the locality would have led us to anticipate. The site of Rome is less healthy and less fertile than that of most of the old Latin towns.
Page 284 - Anio, where it occupied a hill and threatened to establish in this, the most fertile part of the Roman territory, a new plebeian city. This secession showed in a palpable manner, even to the most obstinate of the oppressors, that such a civil war must, end with economic ruin to themselves also, and the senate gave way. The dictator negotiated an agreement ; the citizens returned within the city walls ; unity was outwardly restored.