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NEW GENERAL

BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY,

PROJECTED AND PARTLY ARRANGED

BY THE LATK

REV. HUGH JAMES ROSE, B.D.

PRINCIPAL OF KING'S COLLEGE, LONDON.'

IN TWELVE VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

LONDON:

T. FELLOWES, LUDGATE STREET ; F. & J. RIVINGTON;
E. HODGSON; RICHARDSON, BROTHERS; J. BAIN; G. GREENLAND; A. GREENLAND
F. C. WESTLEY; CAPES & CO.; BOSWORTH AND HARRISON; H. G. BOHN;

H. WASHBOURNE; WILLIS & SOTHERAN; J. DALE;

DEIGHTON, BELL & CO. CAMBRIDGE;
AND J. H. PARKER, OXFORD.

1857

BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.

ANS

ANS ANSON, (Pierre Hubert, 1744_1810, she was married to his serene highness. a French writer, and an able financier. On that prince selling his territorial rights After having practised some time as an to the king of Prussia, he and the margraadvocate, he was taken into the office vine came to reside in England, until of the comptroller-general of finance, and the death of the former in 1806; after occupied, successively, several posts con- which event the margravine went again nected with that department. He wrote abroad, and died at Naples. The folsome historical memoirs; and translated lowing works are from her pen :-A Lady M. W. Montague's Letters, and Journey through Crimea to England, Anacreon; besides being the author of 4to, 1789; the Princess of Georgia; the several short poems and songs. (Biog. Twins of Smyrna; Nourjahad; and MeUniv.)

moirs of the Margravine of Anspach, ANSPACH and BAREITH, (the formerly Lady Craven, published in 1825. Margrave Christian Frederick Charles She also composed several pieces of Alexander of, born 1736,) was nephew music, principally for the theatrical pieces of Caroline, queen of George the Second. she had written. It has been judiciously In 1769 he united to his previous pos- observed, that “ the margravine of Anssessions of Anspach, those of Bareith, on pach claims attention rather from cirthe death of his cousin Frederick. In cumstances than talent. She was a light 1790, alarmed at the prospects of war in and vivacious woman, of a school which Gerinany, which seemed likely to inter- is rapidly going by, and which it is of the fere with his life of amusement and least possible consequence to renovate." pleasure, and having no one to succeed ANSPRAND, king of the Lombards, him, he resigned to Frederick William, guardian of Lieubert, son of Canibert, in for an annual consideration of 400,000 700. After defeating the army of Aririx-dollars, his sovereignty-which, at bert, son of the usurper Ragimbert, he any rate, would have fallen to the crown became king, and reigned for three of Prussia at his death. He died in months. His son Liutprand, who sucEngland in 1806. (Biog. Univ. Suppl.) ceeded him, was one of the greatest of

ANSPACH, (Elizabeth, margravine of, the Lombard kings. (Biog. Univ.) 1750—1828.) This lady, known as á ANSTEY, (Christopher, the son of writer, was the youngest daughter of the Rev. Christopher Anstey, was born Augustus, fourth earl of Berkeley, and 1724. He was of King's college, Camwas first married to Mr. William Craven, bridge, and made himself remarkable who afterwards succeeded to the title of there by his resistance to an attempt, on earl of Craven. After having been mar- the part of the university, to infringe ried many years, a separation took place, upon the peculiar privileges of that coland Lady Craven visited Italy, Austria, lege in taking degrees. He was a fellow, Poland, Russia, Turkey, and Greece. and continued to reside at college till his She lived for some years at Anspach, mother's death, in 1754, which put him where she became the principal lady of in possession of some family estates; and the court, established a theatre, and wrote he resigned his fellowship to become a several dramatic pieces for the stage. country gentleman. He often amused On the death of the margravine she vi- himself with writing small pieces of poesited Spain and Portugal, in company try, and in 1766 published the New with the margrave of Anspach; and on Bath Guide, which established his poetical the subsequent decease of Lord Craven, talent, and his peculiar and original

VOL. II.

powers of lively and satirical humour. V. H. xiv. 26, that he was in the habit Few poems have ever been so popular; of abusing the philosopher Arcesiļaus, and Dodsley, the bookseller, who pur- who treated him as he deserved, by leadchased the copyright, acknowledged that ing him to the most frequented places, the profits on the sale were greater than in order that the greatest number of he had ever made by any other book persons might become acquainted with during the same period, and generously the intemperance of his language and returned it to its author in 1777. He conduct. The Greek biographer of Aradied in 1805, in his eighty-first year. He tus has attributed to Antagoras a poem, wrote several other pieces, which were under the title of Thebais, which, accordcollected and published in 1808.

ing to Hemsterhuis on Callimach. p. 590, ANSTIS, (John,) a learned heraldic belongs rather to Antimachus. Schneider, writer, and garter king-at-arms. He was however, in Analect. p. 3, agrees with born in 1669, at St. Neot's, in Cornwall, the biographer; while Schellenberg on and was educated at Oxford and at the Antimachus, p. 27, ed. Giles, leaves the Middle Temple. As a gentleman of question as he found it-in uncertainty ; good fortune, he became known in his although he confesses that the story told county, (Cornwall,) and sat in parliament by Cicero, in Brut. 51, that Antimachus, in the reigns of Anne and George I. for while reading his Thebais at Athens, was St. Germains and Launceston. Anne deserted by all his auditors but Plato, is gave him a reversionary patent for the very similar to the one related by Stobæus place of garter; but on its becoming of Antagoras, who was left in like manner vacant, he was in prison, under suspicion by a circle of Boeotians, assembled to hear of being a jacobite. He claimed the an epic on the national theme of the office, and having cleared himself from Thebais. In one respect, however, the the charge brought against him, suc- stories do not tally; for while Antimaceeded in obtaining it against the nomi- chus consoled himself with having an nation of the Earl Marshal, and in 1718 auditor, whose single judgment could be was created garter. He died in 1745. opposed to the rest, Antagoras exhibited He was a most able and indefatigable much less of the philosopher in abusing officer at arms; and published a Letter the Bæotians, who he said were rightly concerning the Honour of Earl Marshal, called by that name, for they had the 1706; the Form of the Installation of ears of kine; a pun that turns in Greek the Garter, 1720; the Register of the upon the similarity of BOLwTol and Most Noble Order of the Garter, 1724; Bowu wra. Observations introductory to an Histori- ANTALCIDAS, a Spartan, famous cal Essay on the Knighthood of the Bath, in history for the disadvantageous peace 1725 ; besides other laborious works in which the Lacedæmonians, jealous of MS. on Topography, Antiquities, Gene- their neighbours at home, employed him alogies, &c. which were dispersed after to negotiate with the Persians, and by the death of his eldest son, John Anstis, which the Greeks yielded their footing in LL.D., who succeeded him as garter, by Asia. This treaty, concluded b. c. 387 virtue of a grant passed in 1727. The (Ol. 98, 2) was, from him, termed the son died in 1754.

peace of Antalcidas. On his return, ANSTRUTHER, (Sir John,) a distin- Antalcidas was made ephorus. The flatguished member of the English parlia- tering marks of distinction which had ment; born 1753, died 1811. He was been shown to Antalcidas by King Arappointed chief justice of Bengal in 1798. taxerxes, encouraged the Lacedæmonians At first a partisan of Fox, after the to send him on a second mission, the breaking out of the French revolution object of which was a loan of money, he joined the opposite party, and was But the Spartans had lost their infiucreated a baronet shortly before his de- ence in Greece ; Artaxerxes treated their parture for India.

envoy with coldness, and denied their ANTAGORAS, of RHODES, was a request. Antalcidas returned to Lacewriter of Greek epigrams, of which only dæmon, became the derision of his two have been preserved. He was con- enemies, and in the fear, as it is said, of temporary with Antigonus I. as we learn being pursued by the ephori, starved from Plutarch Apophth. ii. p. 182, and himself to death. Sympos. iv. 4; and such a gourmand ANTANDER, the brother of Agathat he would not suffer any hands but thocles, tyrant of Syracuse, and comhis own to dress his favourite dish of mander of the troops which he sent to conger-eels. It appears too, from Ælian, the aid of the Crotoniates. After his

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