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And purple tyrants vainly groan
With pangs unfelt before, unpitied, and alone.

Hymn to Adversity.—THOMAS GRAY.

ADVERSITY and PROSPERITY.

Prosperity is the blessing of the Old Testament, adversity is the blessing of the New, which carrieth the greater benediction, and the clearer revelation of God's favour. Yet even in the Old Testament, if you listen to David's harp, you shall hear as many funereal airs as carols ; and the pencil of the Holy Ghost hath laboured more in describing the afflictions of Job than the felicities of Solomon. Prosperity is not without many fears and distastes ; and adversity is not without comforts and hopes.

Essay on Adversity.—LORD Bacon.

ADVICE. Insincerity in asking

Nothing is less sincere than our manner of asking and of giving advice. He who asks advice would seem to have a respectful deference for the opinion of his friend ; whilst yet he only aims at getting his own approved of, and his friend responsible for his conduct. On the other hand, he who gives it, repays the confidence supposed to be placed in him, by a seemingly disinterested zeal, whilst he seldom means any thing by the advice he gives but his own interest or reputation.

Maxims, xix.---ROCHEFOUCAULT. AFFECTION of One preferred to the admiration of

Many.
I'd rather than that crowds should sigh
For me, that from some kindred eye
The trickling tear should steal.

To my Lyre: An Ode.-H. K. WHITE.

AFFLICTION. Mercy in

Alas! what were our hopes without our fears !
There is a mercy in affliction's smart-
It heals those wounds of sin which mock all human
art.

Resignation.Rev. H. CAUNTER.

AFFLICTION should be borne Patiently.

Henceforth I'll bear
Afiction, till it do cry out itself,
Enough, enough, and die.

King Lear, Act iv. Scene VI.--SHAKSPERE.

AFFLICTION. Sorts of

There are in affliction several kinds of hypocrisy. Under the pretence of weeping for the loss of one who was dear to us, we weep for ourselves : we weep over the diminution of our fortune, of our pleasure, of our importance. Thus have the dead the honour of tears which stream only for the living. I call this a sort of hypocrisy, because we impose on ourselves. There is another hypocrisy, which is less innocent, because it imposes on the world. This is the affliction of such as aspire to the glory of a great and immortal sorrow : when time, which consumes all things, has worn out the grief which they really had, they still persist in their tears, lamentations, and sighs. They assume a mournful behaviour ; and labour, by all their actions, to demonstrate that their affliction will not in the least abate till death. This disagreeable, this troublesome vanity, is common among ambitious women. As the sex bars all the paths to glory, they endeavour to render themselves celebrated by the ostentation of an inconsolable affliction. There is yet another species of tears, whose shallow springs easily overflow, and as easily dry away: we weep, to acquire the reputation of being tender ; we weep, in order to be pitied; we weep, that we may be wept over ; we even weep, to avoid the scandal of not weeping.

Maxims, xxv.-ROCHEFOUCAULT.

AGE, in Olden Times. Reverence paid to

Age was authority
Against a buffoon, and a man had then
A certain reverence paid unto his years,
That had none due unto his life. So much
The sanctity of some prevail'd for others.
Every Man in his Humour, Act 11. Scene v.

BEN JONSON.

AGE. Old

Old age is a tyrant, which forbids the pleasures of youth on pain of death.

Maxims, cccxx.—ROCHEFOUCAULT.

AGE. Weakness of Old

Men of age object too much, consult too long, adventure too little, repent too soon, and seldom drive business home to the full period, but content themselves with a mediocrity of success.

Essay on Youth and Age. — LORD Bacon,

AGE. Youthfulness in
Though gray our heads, our thoughts and aims are green!
Like damaged clocks, whose hand and bell dissent ;
Folly sings six, while nature points at twelve.

Night Thoughts, v. Line 633.

EDWARD YOUNG.

AMBITION knows no Limit.

Thriftless ambition, that wilt ravin up
Thine own life's means !

Macbeth, Act 11. Scene IV.-SHAKSPERE.

AMBITION. Absurdity of

Other ambition Nature interdicts ;
Nature proclaims it most absurd in man,
By pointing at his origin, and end ;

Milk, and a swathe, at first his whole demand ;
His whole domain, at last, a turf or stone ;
To whom, between, a world may seem too small.

Night Thoughts, vi. Line 341.

EDWARD YOUNG.

AMBITION. Test of

When great men suffer themselves to be subdued by the length of their misfortunes, they discover that the strength of their ambition, not of their understanding, was that which supported them. They discover too, that, allowing for a little vanity, heroes are just like other men.

Maxims, xxxIII.-ROCHEFOUCAULT.

AMBITION. Folly of

There shall they rot-Ambition's honour'd fools !
Yes, honour decks the turf that wraps their clay!
Vain sophistry! in these behold the tools,
The broken tools, that tyrants cast away
By myriads, when they dare to pave their way
With human hearts—to what !-a dream alone.
Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, Canto 1. Verse xlii.

LORD BYRON.

AMBITION and LOVE.

We pass often from love to ambition : but we seldom return from ambition to love.

Maxims, XXXVII. -ROCHEFOUCAULT.

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