Page images
PDF
EPUB
[blocks in formation]

Draw a meridian line to pass through the stationary angle as at F. From the point F, lay off the bearing and distance to the several angles, and connect them by lines, as FG, FA, FB, &c.

The area may be calculated as taught in the preceding

[blocks in formation]

TO SURVEY A FIELD FROM TWO STATIONS WITHIN THE

FIELD, PROVIDED THE SEVERAL ANGLES CAN BE SEEN FROM EACH STATION.

Find the bearing from each station to the respective angles; and also the bearing and distance from one station to

1

FIELD BOOK.

[blocks in formation]

First Station.

Second Station.
A C. N. 380 30' E.

BC. S. 82° 0' E.
A D. S. 69 O E.

BD. S. 17 0 E.
A E. S. 59 0 W.

B E. S. 28 0 W.
AF. N. 63 0 W.

BF.

S. 49 0 W.
A G. N. 21 0 W.

BG. N. 76 0 W.
A H. North.

N. 24 0 W.
Stationary line A B. N. 14° E. 20 chains. .

BH.

TO PROTRACT THIS FIELD.

At the first station A, draw a meridian line, and lay off the bearings to the respective angles; draw the stationary line AB, according to the bearing and distance; at B draw a meridian line parallel to the other, and lay off the bearings to the angles, as taken from this station ; from each station draw lines through the degree which shows the bearing of each angle, as marked by the protractor or line of chords, and the points where those lines intersect each other will be the angles of the field. Connect those angular points together by lines, and those lines will represent the several sides of the field.

CASE VIII.

TO SURVEY AN INACCESSIBLE FIELD.

field, from each of which the several angles may be seen; from each station take the bearing of the angles; and take the bearing and distance from one station to the other. * FIELD BOOK. See Fig. 59.

Fig. 59.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

W.

First Station.

Second Station. A E. N. 9° 15' E.

BE. N. 50° 0' W. A F. N. 16 Ο Ε.

BF. N. 29 15 W. A G. N. 14 30 E.

BD. N. 24 0 W. A D. N. 39 0 E.

BG. N. 21 30 A H. N. 40 0 E.

B H. N. 5 0 E. A C. N. 72 0 E.

BC. N. 20 30 E.

Ch. L.
Stationary distance A B. S. 88° 30' E. 19.20.

44. The directions given in the last CASE for plotting the field, will apply in this case also; and the area in this and the preceding case may be calculated in the manner pointed out in CASE IV. by dividing the plot into triangles, and measuring diagonals and perpendiculars. Or the sides may be found by trigonometry, and the area calculated arithmetically, as already taught.

CASE IX.

TO SURVEY A FIELD WHERE THE BOUNDARY LINES ARE VERY IRREGULAR, WITHOUT NOTICING WITH THE COMPASS EVERY SMALL BEND.

Fig. 60.

E

D

Begin near one corner of the field, as at A, Fig. 60, and measure

to the next large corner, as B, in a straight line; noticing also the bearing of this line. From the line take offsets to the several bends, at right angles from the line; noti. cing in the FIELD BOOK at what part of the line they are

N taken, as at A 1, H 2, 13, B 4. Proceed in the same manner round the field. In the figure, the dotted lines represent the stationary lines, and the black lines the boundaries of S? the field.

[blocks in formation]

Bearing and Distance.

Ch. L. AB. N. 85° 0 E. 11.20

at 5.40

8.26

the end BC. N. 7° 20' E. 7.96

at 2.36

4.28

the end CD. N. 62° 0' W. 4.64

at 4 34 DE. N. 11° 10' W. 4.201

Offsets. Bearing and Distance.
Ch. L.

Ch. L.
0.56

EF. S.67° 50' W. 8.20 1.40

at 1.04 0.36

2.96 0.36

5.88 0.20

the end 0.36 | FG. S. 27° 40' E. 7.06 0.96

at 2. 0.30

the end GA. S. 25° 20 W. 6.48 0.30

at 3.80 0 30

the end

Offsets.
Ch. L.

0.40 0.36 0.33 1. 0.12 1.20 0.24 0.16

0.80 0.40

TO PROTRACT THIS FIELD.

Draw the stationary lines according to the directions in CASE IV. From A make an offset of 56 links to I; measuro from A to H 540 links, and make the offset, H 2, 140 links; measure from A to I 826 links, and make the offset I 3, 36 links; at B make the offset B 4, 36 links. Proceed in the same manner round the field, and connect the ends of the off

TO FIND THE AREA.

Find the area within the stationary lines as before taught ; then of the several small trapezoids, rectangles, and trian. gles, made by the stationary lines, offsets, and boundary lines, and add the whole together : thus, add 56 links, the offset A 1, to 140 links, the offset H 2, and multiply their sum, 196, by half 540, the length of the line A H, and the product 52920 square links, will be the area of the trapezoid A H 21; again, add 140, the offset H 2, to 36, the offset I 3, and multiply their sum, 176, by half 286, the length of the line H I, and the product, 25168 square links, will be the area of the trapezoid HI 32. Proceed in the same manner to calculate the area of all the trapezoids, triangles, &c.

CASE X.

TO SURVEY A FIELD BY TAKING OFFSETS BOTH TO THE RIGHT

AND LEFT; THAT IS, WITHIN AND WITHOUT THE FIELD,
AS OCCASION SHALL REQUIRE, IN CONSEQUENCE OF THE
STATIONARY LINES CROSSING THE BOUNDARY LINES;
ALSO, BY INTERSECTIONS, THAT IS, TAKING THE BEARING,
OF AN INACCESSIBLE CORNER FROM TWO STATIONS.

The directions given in the preceding case, together with the following FIELD BOOK, will show the learner how to survey a field like the following, and also to protract it when surveyed.

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »