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SIR WILLIAM YOUNG, LL.D.
DIED MAY 8, 1887.
[Extract from Minutes of Board of Governors.]
The Governors of Dalhousie College desire to put on record their sense of the irreparable loss they have sustained in the death of SIR WILLIAM YOUNG, who was a member of this Board ever since 1842, and Chairman for a period of thirty-five years.
When the institution, under a reorganization of its constitution, entered upon a new life, it found Sir William an able and efficient friend. He aided largely in starting it on the career of usefulness in which it has made such splendid progress. It was due largely to his steady and unflinching support that the institution was able, during its earlier years, to overcome the obstacles that stood in its way, and now that it has reached a stage of progress of which its friends have reason to be proud, the Board cannot forget—and they gratefully acknowledge—that much of this success is due to the unwearied exertions and large-hearted munificence of our lamented colleague.
If at this moment we may see, rising on a magnificent site in the heart of our city, a building worthy of the position which the University has achieved, we owe it to the generous impulse which led Sir William to offer the aid without which the Governors would still have been restricted to a building and a site utterly unsuited for an educational institution like Dalhousie.
The fact that the last public act of our generous benefactor-one which he himself believed to be the last public act in which he was to take part—was the laying of the corner-stone of the new buildirg, connects the last days of our venerable colleague in a special manner with the institution which he had so loved and favored in the vigor of his manhood.
The liberal provision he made in his will for the numerous charities which form the pride and the glory of this city, shows the thorough catholicity of his benevolence, while the ample legacy he left to this institution-the crowning act of a long list of favors bestowed upon it, shows how deeply the university was inibedded in his affection.
We record with grateful emotions our estimate of the great services and generous benefaction of our lamented colleague.
DALHOUSIE COLLEGE was founded by the Earl of Dalhousie in 1821, "for the education of youth in the higher branches of science and literature."
The original endowment was derived from funds collected at the port of Castine in Maine, during its occupation in 1814 by Sir John C. Sherbrooke, then Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia. These funds the British Government authorized the Earl of Dalhousie, Sir John's successor, to expend “in defraying the expenses of any improvement which it might seem expedient to undertake in the Province”; and the Earl, believing that “a Seminary for the higher branches of education is much needed in Halifax—the seat of the Legislature-of the courts of justice-of the military and mercantile society," decided upon
founding a College or Academy on the same plan and principle of that at Edinburgh," open to all occupations and sects of religion, restricted to such branches only as are applicable to our present state, and having the power to expand with the growth and improvement of our society.'
The original Board of Governors consisted of the Governor-General of British North America, the Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia, the Bishop, the Chief Justice and President of Council, the Provincial Treasurer and the Speaker of the House of Assembly.
After unsuccessful efforts on the part of both the British Government and the Board of Governors to effect a union with King's College, the only other then existing in the Province, this College went into operation in 1838, under the Presidency of the Rev. Thomas McCulloch, D. D., and with a staff of three Professors.
By an' Act passed in 1841, University powers were conferred on the College, and the appointment of the Governors was vested in the Lieutenant-Governor and Council.
In 1843 President McCulloch died, and in 1845 the College was closed, the Governors considering it "advisable to allow the funds of the institution to accumulate."
In 1848 an Act was passed authorizing the Lieutenant-Governor and Council to appoint a new board of Governors "to take such steps for rendering the institution useful and efficient as to His Excellency may seem fit.” This Board, from 1849 to 1859, employed the funds of the University to support a High School.
In 1856 the Arts department of the Gorham College, Liverpool, N. S., was transferred to this College, “ with a view to the furtherance of the establishment of a Provincial University,” and an attempt was made to conduct the Institution as a University, in pursuance of the Act of 1841. This union, however, came to an end in 1857.
In 1863 the College was re-organized under the following Act:-
(Passed the 20th day of April, A. D., 1863.) WHEREAS, it is expedient to extend the basis on which the said College is established, and to alter the constitution thereof, so as the benefits that may be fairly expected from its invested capital and its
central position may, if possible, be realized, and the design of its original founders, as nearly as may be, carried out,
Be it enacted by the Governor, Council, and Assembly as foliou's :
1. The Board of Governors now appointed, consisting of the Honorable William Young, the Honorable Joseph Howe, Charles Tupper, S. Leonard Shannon, John W. Ritchie, and James F. Avery, Esquires, shall be a body politic and corporate, by the name and style of the Governors of Dalhousie College, at Halifax, and shall have and exercise all usual powers and authorities as such, and have the title, control and disposition of the building on the Parade, at Halifax, and of the property and funds belonging to the said College, and held for the use thereof by the present Governors ; and all vacancies at the Board shall be filled up on recommendation of the remaining members thereof by the Governor-in-Council ; and any of the Governors shall be removable by the Governor-in-Council, at the instance of the Board of Governors.
2. Whenever any body of Christians, of any religious persuasion whatsoever, shall satisfy the Board that they are in a position to endow and support one or more chairs or professorships in the said College, for
any branch of literature or science, approved of by the Board, such body in making such endowment, to the extent of twelve hundred dollars a year, shall have a right, from time to time, for every chair endowed, to nominate a Governor to take his seat at the Board, with the approval of the Board of Governors and of the Governor-in-Council, and shall also have a right, from time to time, to nominate a Professor for such chair, subject to the approval of the Board of Governors ; and in the event of the death, removal, or resignation of any person nominated under this section, the body nominating shall have power to supply the vacancy thus created.
3. The same right of nominating a Professor from time to time shall belong to any individual or number of individuals, who shall endow to the same extent and support a chair or professorship, and to the nominee of any testator by whose will a chair or professorship may
be so endowed.
4. The Governors shall have power to appoint and to determine the duties and salaries of the President, Professors, Lecturers, Tutors, and other officers of the College, and from time to time to make statutes and bye-laws for the regulation and management thereof, and shall assemble together as often as they shall think fit, and upon such notice as to them shall seem meet, for the execution of the trust hereby reposed in them.
5. The said College shall be deemed and taken to be a University, with all the usual and necessary privileges of such institutions ; and the students shall have liberty and faculty of taking the degrees of bachelor, master, and doctor, in the several arts and faculties at the appointed times; and shall have liberty within themselves of performing all scholastic exercises for the conferring of such degrees, and in such inanner as shall be directed by the statutes and bye-laws.
6. No religious tests or subscriptions shall be required of the professors, scholars, graduates, students, or officers of the College.
7. The internal regulation of the said College shall be committed to the Senatus Academicus, formed by the respective chairs or professorships thereof, subject in all cases to the approval of the Governors.
8. The Legislature shall have power, from time to time, to modify and control the powers conferred by this Act.
9. The Acts heretofore passed in relation to Dalhousie College are hereby repealed, except the Act passed in the fourth year of his late Majesty King George the Fourth,
entitled, “ An Act authorizing the lending of a sum of money to the Governors of Dalhousie College, and for securing the repayment thereof."
This Act was afterwards amended by the following Acts :An Act to Amend the Act for the Regulation and Support of Dalhousie College,
(Passed the 6th day of May, A. D., 1875). Be it enacted by the Governor, Council, and Assembly, as follows :
1. The present Board of Governors, consisting of nine persons, shall be increased to a number not exceeding fifteen ; and the Board shall be filled up by new nominations made on the same principle as set forth in the first section of the Act hereby amended ; and any of the Governors shall be removable, as heretofore, by the Governor-inCouncil.
2. The Governors shall have power to affiliate to Dalhousie College any other colleges desirous of such affiliation, or any schools in arts, in theology, in law, or in medicine, and to make statutes for such affiliations, and for the regulation and management thereof, on the same principles as obtain in other Universities, and to vary and amend such statutes from time to time. Provided always, that such statutes of affiliation, before they go into effect, shall be submitted to and receive the sanction of the Governor-in-Council.
3. So much of chapter 24 of the Acts of 1863, entitled, “ An Act for the Regulation and Support of Dalhousie College,” or of any other Act, as is inconsistent with this Act, is repealed.
An Act to Provide for the Organization of a Law Faculty in connection
with Dalhousie College, and for other purposes.
(Passed the 14th day of April, A.D., 1881.) Be it enacted by the Governor, Council, and Assembly, as follows :
1. The Governors of Dalhousie College, at Halifax, shall, in addition to the powers conferred on them by section 2 of chapter 27 of the Acts of 1875, entitled, “An Act to Amend the Act for the Regulation and Support of Dalhousie College," have power to organize a Faculty of Law in connection with such College ; and to appoint professors or lecturers in law, and out of the revenues of the College to provide for the maintenance and support of such Faculty, and to make rules for the regulation and management of such Faculty, and for the granting of degrees in law on the same principles as obtain in other universities, and to vary and amend such rules from time to time.
2. Section 3 of chapter 24 of the Acts of 1863, entitled, “ An Act for the regulation and support of Dalhousie College,” is amended by adding the words “and governor” after the word “professor” in the said section, and any individual who has hitherto endowed a chair or chairs in the College shall have a right to nominate a governor for each chair endowed, in the same way as if section 3 aforesaid had been originally passed as now amended.
3. Section 1 of the said chapter 27 of the Acts of 1875, is amended by adding the words “provided, however, that in the event of any body of Christians, individual, or number of individuals, endowing and supporting one or more chairs or professorships in the said College, as provided by sections 2 and 3 of the Act hereby amended, and of such body of christians or individuals nominating a professor or governor
in that year,
by virtue thereof, the number of Governors may be increased beyond fifteen, but such increase shall be limited to the number of such chairs or professorships as may after the passing of this Act be founded by virtue of the said said sections 2 and 3."
In pursuance of the Act of 1863, the Presbyterian Church of the Lower Provinces closed their College, and agreed to support two chairs in this University; the Synod of the Maritime Provinces in connection with the Church of Scotland founded one chair ; and the College opened
under the Principalship of Rev. James Ross, D.D., and with an Arts Faculty of six Professors.
In 1868 a Faculty of Medicine was organized, which in 1875 developed into the Halifax Medical College. In 1885 the Faculty was re-organized and the Halifax Medical College affiliated.
In 1883 a Faculty of Law was added.
In 1879, GEO. MUNRO, Esq., of New York, a native of this Province, placed in the hands of the Governors the funds necessary for the endowment of a Professorship of Physics. In 1881, he established a Professorship of History and Political Économy. In 1882, he founded a chair of English Language and Literature. In 1883, he added to the staff of the College a Professor of Constitutional and International Law, and Tutors in Classics and in Mathematics. In 1884, he founded a Professorship of Metaphysics. Since 1880, he has provided the University with Exhibitions and Bursaries, to the amount of $65,700, which, according to his own desire, have been so offered for competition as to stimulate to greater activity and efficiency the High Schools and Academies of Nova Scotia and the neighboring Provinces.
The Governors desire to place on permanent record their high sense of Mr. Munro's enlightened public spirit, and their gratitude to him for the munificent manner in which he has come to their help in the work of building up an unsectarian University in Nova Scotia.
To connect the donor's name for all time with the benefits thus conferred both on the University and on his native country, the chairs which he has founded shall be called the GEORGE MUNRO CHAIRS OF PHYSICS, of HISTORY AND POLITICAL ECONOMY, of ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE, of CONSTITUTIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL LAW, and of METAPHYSICS respectively.
In 1883, ALEXANDER MCLEOD, Esq., of Halifax, bequeathed to the University the residue of his estate. The following is an extract from his will :
“ All the residue of my Estate I give and bequeath to the Governors of Dalhousie College or University in the City of Halifax in Trust, that the same shall be invested and form a fund to be called the McLeod University Fund, and the interest and income of which shall be applied to the endowment of three or more professorial chairs in said College as they may deem proper ; but this bequest is made upon these conditions, namely, that if at any time the said College or University should cease to exist, or be closed for two years, or be made a sectarian college, then and in any such case, the said Fund and all accumulations thereof shall go to the said Synod of the Maritime Provinces of the Presbyterian Church in Canada, to be used for the purposes of higher education in connection with said Synod, and it is further stipulated that no part of this Fund shall ever be used, either by said Governors of Dalhousie College or by the said Synod, as a collateral security under any circumstances whatever.”
According to the provisions of the will the MCLEOD CHAIRS of CLASSICS, CHEMISTRY and MODERN LANGUAGES were founded.