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wrong at the hands of the Pretoria Government? It is needless to refer to the position of aliens in the Transvaal who are not British subjects. The case stands thus. British subjects in the Transvaal are denied all rights of citizenship; they are insulted, plundered, and even murdered by their oppressors; the Courts of Justice have been deprived of independence by the Executive and Legislature, so that they have neither safety nor redress. Their humble petitions have been openly flouted. Law-abiding petitioners to the number of 38,000 were in 1894 contumeliously treated as rebels. In short, the wellknown words of “Rule Britannia’ are a mockery in the Transvaal, for there Britons are slaves to all intents and purposes. They may be robbed, beaten, imprisoned or murdered; their women may be grossly insulted; their houses may be broken into at any hour of the day or night by a ruffianly police force who are a terror to the peaceable and worse than useless against criminals; and if the unfortunate British householder remonstrates, he may be shot dead in his own room. The wretched Englishman in the Transvaal has no civil rights, no protection from the law courts; in his case the verdicts of a Boer jury are a mere farce; he is unarmed and helpless—an object of derision to his enemies. The money wrung from him has been expended mainly in fortresses, artillery, arms, ammunition, and mercenaries to overawe him and keep him permanently in subjection. Lastly, in his despair, he has appealed to his Queen. What answer is he to receive 2 Is he to be told that England can do nothing for him, and that she has cast him off utterly 2 If such be England's answer it is not only the English in South Africa, but the English in every colony in the Empire, that will want to know what is the use of professing allegiance to an effete State so honeycombed by intrigues and so split up by party differences at home as to be powerless to protect her sons abroad. This it is that the enemies of England long to see.” After all, what is there unfair or unreasonable in the demands formulated and advocated by Sir Alfred Milner ? If those demands err at all it is on the side of moderation. In my opinion, and in the opinion of many who think with me, they do not go far enough even with regard to the franchise, and I should have added the reestablishment of the independence of the High Court as a condition sime quá nom. In any case those demands, as they stand, must be deemed and taken to be the irreducible minimum below which Her Majesty's Government cannot now go without dishonour. What was the condition of the Transvaal before the Uitlanders came in 2 Is it or is it not true that the Boers left to themselves could never have developed the mineral wealth which alone saved their State from bankruptcy P The Pretoria Government first invited the Uitlanders to come and settle in the Transvaal in order to develop the country under laws

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A MONTHLY REVIEW

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CONTENTS OF VOL. XLVI

NARE WE To Lose South AFRICA 2 By Sir Sidney Shippard - -

School, CHILDREN As WAGE-EARNERs. By Sir John Gorst . - -

THE INTERNATIONAL CouncIL of Wom BN IN Congress. By the Countess
of Aberdeen

DANTE's Ghosts. By D. R. Fearon . - - - -

WHILE WAITING IN A FRIEND's Room. By Sir Algernon West .

THE TEETH of THE Schoolboy. By Edwin Collins -

THE OUTLook AT OTTAwa. By J. G. Snead Coa: . - - -

THE ENGLISH MAsquE. By Professor Edward Dowden . - -

Is THERE REALLY A ‘CRIsis’ IN THE CHURCH P By the Hon. Sir Charles Roe

LoRD ELLENBoRough. By Sir Spencer Walpole - - -

OLD-Age PENsions IN FRANCE. By Arthur F. Wood - -

PARLIAMENTARY GoverNMENT IN JAPAN. By H. N. G. Bushby . -

A SUPREME MoMENT (a Play in one Act). By Mrs. W. K. Clifford -

THE ExcEssive ARMIEs of Russia. By Sir Lintorn Simmons .

THE LIMITATIons of NAVAL Force. By Sir George Sydenham Clarke

A Woman's CRITICISM of THE Women's Congress. By Miss Frances H.

Low - - - - - - - -

WHAT CHURCH HAs “ContinuITY'? By Dr. St. George Mivart . -
THE RECENT FUss About THE IRISH LANGUAGE. By Professor Mahaffy.
ThE Connection of ENGLAND with NEwFoundLAND. By Sir William
Des Voeuz - - - - - - -
LoRD ELLENBoRough. (A Reply.) By Lord Colchester - -
DID BYRon WRITE “WERNER'? By the Hon. Frederick Leveson Gower.
THE MARLBoRough GEMs. By Charles Newton-Robinson . -
WHY ARE our BRAINs DETERIoRATING P. By Colonel H. Elsdale. -
LIFE on THE NILE South of FAsHoda. By Arthur D. Milne
“THE HUMoURs of TER-NA-Nog.' By Mrs. Orman Co -
THE “DECAMERoN’ AND ITs VILLAs. By W. J. Stillman . - -
MADAME NECKER. By the Hon. Marcia C. Maxwell - - -

- THE EvoluTION of THE PARLIAMENTARY OATH. By Michael MacDonagh

THE CAsus BELLI IN South AFRICA. By Edmund Robertson . -

ARE WE To Losh South AFRICAP (A Rejoinder.) By Sir Sidney

Shippard - - - - - -

THE IMPERIAL FUNCTION of TRADE. By Henry Birchenough - -
RIFLE-shoot.ING As A NATIONAL Sport. By W. A. Baillie-Grohman .
THE FUTURE of THE GREAT ARMIEs. By Sidney Low . - -
A VISIT to THE CRAIG BRook SALMoN HATCHERY. By Moreton Frewen
AN INDIAN PLAguk Story. By Cornelia Sorabji . - - -
THE FATHER of LETTERs. By Herbert Paul - - - -
Rowton Houses. (From a Resident.) By W. A. Sommerville . -
A Woman's CRITICISM of THE Wom EN's CoNGREss. (A Reply.) By

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