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LIVES OF EMINENT MAGICIAN-S.

GEORGE PSALMANAZAR.

At the

age of fixteen, when he was

in Germany, he fell upon the wild From his own Memoirs.

project of passing for a Formosan. He

recollected that he had heard the JeMR. Plalmanazar was, undoubted suits speak much of China and Japan, ly, a Frencliman born: he had his edu. and was rah enough to think that cation partly in a Free.school, taught what he wanted of a right knowledge, by two Franciscan monks, and after. he might make up by, the help of a wards, in a College of Jesuits, in an “pregnant invention, which here, it must archiepiscopal city, the name of which, be confeffed, found ample scope to as also those of his birth-place, and work in. of his parents, remain yet inviolable He fet himself to forin a new chasecrets. Upon leaving the College, racter and language, á grammar, a di. he was recommended as tutor to a vision of the year into twenty months, young gentleman; but foon fell into a new religion, and what not! His a mican, rambling kind of life, that alphabet was written from right to left, produced in him plenty of disappointe like the Oriental tongues ; and he inu. ments and misfortunes, The firit red himself to write it with great reapretence he took up with was, that of diness. He now thought himself being a fufferer for religion, and pro. fufficiently prepared to pais for a Japa. cured a certificate that he was of Irish nesc converted to christianity: healtered extract, had left the country for the sake his Avignon certificate as artfully as he of the Roman Catholic religion, and could, rcasiumed his old pilgrim's hawas going on a pilgrimage to Rome. bit, and began his tour, though with a Not being in a condition to purchase heavy heart, to the Low Countries; a pilgrim's garb, in a chapel, dedicated under the notion of a Japanese convertto a miraculous saint, he observed that cd by some Jesuit inissionaries, and fueh a one had been set up as a monu- brought to Avignon to be instructed ment of gratitude to. somo wandering by them,

by thein, as well as to avoid the dreadpilgrim, and he contrived to take both ful punishments indicted on converts jtalf and cloak away at noon day. by the Emperor of Japan ;, he travel

“ Being thus accoutered,” laus he, led several hundred leagues with an

and furnished with a proper pass, appearance, however, so dismal and I began, at all proper places, to beg shabby, as to exceed even the very any way ir, fluent Latin; accolting on common beggars. ly clergynen, or persons of figure, At Liege he listed into the Dutch by whom I could be understood, and service, and was carried by his officer found them molily so generous and to Aix-la-Chapelle. He afterwards credulous, that I might easily have entered into the Elector of Cologne's saved money, and put myself into a service; but being still ambitious as much better dress, before I had gone ever to pass for a Japanese, he now a score or two of miles; but so pow. chose to profess himself an unconverterful was my vanity and extravagance, ed or heathenish one, rather than what that as soon as į liad got, what I he had hitherto pretended to be, a thought, a sufficient viaticum, I begged convert to christianity. The laft gar. no more; but viewed every thing rison he came to was Şluys, where worth fccing, and then retired to fome Brigadier Lauder, a Scotch Colonel, inn, where I spent my money as freely introduced him to the chaplain, with as I had obtained it."

whom he was admitted to have a con

ference,

Impositions of Psalmanazar.

489 ference, and which, at length, ended church catechism into the Formosan in our chaplain's fervent zeal to make language; it was received by the Bishop a convert of him, by way of recom of London with candour, the author mending, as it afterwards turned out, rewarded with generosity, and his cahimself to the then Bishop of London, techism laid up among the most cu. whose piety could not fail of reward- rious manuscripts. It was examined. ing so worthy an action. By this time by the learned, they found it regular Pfalmanazar growing tired of the fol- and grammatical, and gave

it as their dier's life, listened to the chaplain's opinion, that it was a real language, proposal of taking him over to En- and no counterfeit. After such suc. gland, and he was, accordingly, with cess, our author was soon prevailed up. great haste, baptised. A letter of in on to write the well-knolvn History of vitation from the Bishop of London Formosa, which foon after appearad, arriving, they set out for Rotterdam. The first edition had not been long Psalmanazar was in general much ca. published before a second was called ressed there; but some there were, for. In the interim he was sent by that put such shrewd questions to him, the good Bishop of Oxford to pursue as carried the air of not giving all that such itudies as he was most inclined to, credit which he could have wished: whilst his opposers and“ advocates in This thaw him upon a whimsical ex. London were disputing about the mepedient, by way of removing all obfta. rits and demerits of his book. The cles, viz. that of living upon raw flesh, learned at Oxford were not less divi. roots, and herbs; and he foon habitu- ded in their opinions of our author. ated hiinfelf, he tells us, to this new A convenient apartment was, howand strange food, without receiving the ever, affigned him in one of the col. leaft prejudice to his health; taking leges; he had all the advantages of care to add a'good deal of pepper and learning the university could afford fpices by way of concocter.

him, and a learned tutor to afist him. At his arrival in London he was in. Upon his return to London, he contitroduced to our good Bishop, was re- nued for about ten years to indulge a ceived with great humanity, and soon course of idleness and extravagance. found a large circle of friends among Some absurdities, however, observed the well-disposed, both of clergy and in his History of Formosa, in the end laity. “ But, says he, I had a much effe&tually discredited the whole relagreater number of opposers to combat tion, and saved him the trouble, and with, who, though they judged right- his friends the mortification, of an open ly of me in the main, were far from confeffion of his guilt. He seemed, being candid in theiraccount of the dil. through a long course of life, to abhorthe covery they pretended to make to my imposture, yet contented himself with disadvantage; particularly Doctors owning it to his most intiinate friends. Halley, Mead, and Woodward. The Mr. Plalmanazar's learning and too visible eagerness of these gentle- ingenuity, during the remainder of his men to expose me at any rate for a life, did not fail to procure him a comcheat, served only to make others fortable subsistence from his pen : he think the better of me, and even was concerned in compiling and wri. look upon me as a kind of confessor: ting works of credit, and lived exemespecially as those gentlemen were plarily for many years. His death thought to be no great admirers of re. happened in 1763. In his last will velation, to which my patrons thought and teltament, dated Jan. 1. 1762, he I had given so ample a testimony." declares that he had long since dis.

Before he had been three months in claimed, even publickly, all but the London, he was cried up for a prodigy. shame and guilt of his vile imposition ; He was presently set to trantiate the and orders his body to be buried,

wherever

to

3 C 2

490

Benefits of a Country Conjuror. wherever he happens to dic, in the day. the generality as a good fort of man. time, and in the lowest and cheapest He was charitable to the poor. Lata manner.

terly he was in affluent circumstances, “ It is my earnest request,” says he, and kept his carriage, when his fee " that my body be not incloied in any was in all cases a bit of gold, without kind of cofin, but only decentiy laid which he never gave his opinion of in what is commonly called a shell of stolen property; and it was singular, the lowest value, and without lid, or that whenever he gave a favourable another covering which may hinder the swer, it was generally found true; natural earth from covering it all probably from the fear which operated yound."

on the mind of the thief, who, in a country place, knowing the verdict of

the wise nian, and conscious of his DICK SPOT, THE CONJUROR.

guilt, is impelled by fear to restore

the property. If this be true, may it His name was Richard Morris; he . not be asked, whether a county conju. passed most of his life in a very inno

ror is not of more service than a coun. cent inanner, and lately died at Olwef- tý gaol and a gallows? For initance, uy in Shropshire, in the 85th year of a gentleman near Shrewsbur; in one his age. In his profession of a Seer, night loit all his bed and table linen: he was thought by country people

Morris was then in the town of S. to excel mo't other attrologers.

He was fee'd, and heard with a grave, He was a inan of no education ; but and sixed attention the short history. endowed with strong natural abilities,

“ Sir, there is a person you fuspect; with which he read mankind to some but say nothing. Go home, and take purpose. His person was taļl and malcu. no concern about your loss; you will lar, with much exprelion in his inar

have it all again safe. I cannot tell ked countenance. He had a dark spot you how, or when; but you will lose on’the side of his face, from whence nothing." In about fourteen days the his nick-name took its rise. He was

whole, in a bundle, was found at day. in good credit, and well spoken of by light under his garden-wall.

APPARITIONS, DRE A MS, &c.

magnetic fluids during the affection, and TRUE AND SURPRISING ACCOUNT in the sleepimmediatcly precedingit,we OF A NATURAL SLEIP-WALKER. had recourse to these agents : but, that

the boy might receive no hurtful im. (Continued from page 460.) prellions, employed them very sparing

ly at first HIS dreams are, for the most part, An application of a small magneti. of an unpleasant or melancholy nature: zed har under the nose, uniformly in. he fancies he is teased or perfecuted, creased the muscular motions of his often wçeps bitterly, and complains body and limbs, and occasioned a shạ. of pains, which he iniagines really king of the head, as if something exist, The least excess at supper gives fretted him. The same effects fola deeper tinge of melancholy to his lowed, when we approached the bar drams.

to his

parts

of the body. As it seemed of importance to af. When it was applied to the pit of the certain the effects of the electric and itomach, he felt a painful senfation,

which

eyes or other

A wonderful Sleep-walker.

491 which he expressed by saying, “I the manner in which they receive imknow not what they would do with pressions from foreign objects, and the me, but methinks they would pierce use he makes of them. me through the body.”

Iron, brass, and silver, applied to the More powerful magnets produced nofirils, made no impreffion. A bit more marked effects. A loadttone, of cedar caused uneasiness; as did the which carries eighteen ounces, held fingers, either from their sinell or pernear the soles of the feet, when the spiration. patient lay in bed, caused him to start ilt Fact. In one of his paroxisms, up, and increased the muscular spasms. they gave him a slice of a loaf, and a Another, which carries five pounds, little wormwand wine. He diftin. at the distance of a foot, fo redoubled guished the latter by the smell, and his starting and uneafiness, that he in- laid, “ This is not our table-wine." siited they had put him to the rack ; There are instances of sleep-walkers the same magnet acted at three feet. exercising the sense of taste in great

A small Leyden phial, lightly elec. perfection. țrified, and a stick of sealing wax, pro

2nd Fact. When he remained in a duced similar but weaker effects. ftate of languid apathy, we presented

As these experiments were repeated him with a little wine. He drank it feveral times, and on different parts off readily; but the irritation gave of the body, we cannot question the much vivacity to his conversation, his action of magnetism and electricity.

motions and his actions, and writhed It is needless to mention, that the his face into involuntary contorsions. above experiments were made without 3rd Fact, When we stood in his the patient hating received any pre-way as he walked along, wrapped up vious hint about our intentions; and in some dream, he pasied on betwixt even at times when his mind was bu two of us, without appearing any how fied with objects of a very different offended, or even without being connature. Those performed with the scious, it seemed, of the presence of loadstone were repeated when he was any obstacle. awake, but made no sensible impres 4th Fact. We can testify that he fion.

drefled himself in a room perfectly If magnetized without his know. dark. His cloaths lay on a great taledge, even by his bed-fellow, provi- ble; and when we jumbled them with ded no contact took place, he gave no other wearing apparel, he immediately evidence of being particularly or fen. discovered the trick, and complained fibly affected. But when they told grievously that his companions made him he was to be magnetized, he was sport of him. At last, by the help of much alarmed, and escaped into ano a feeble ray, we saw him dress with ther room, nor could be prevailed on to great precision. come out, till assured that they would 5th Fact. Unless much absorbed not meidle with him. It is proper to

in some contemplation, he seldom fails mark, that, when awake, he dreads to perceive when one teases him, pulls magnetism very much, from the idea his hair, or pinches him in the gentleit that it would hurt him were he to fub- manner. He aims a blow at the ofmit to it.

fender, as he thinks, and often chases The most interesting, but at the same him through the room, without intertime, the nicelt part of our enquiry, fering with chairs, tables, &c. or withconfilts in the molt scrupulous exami

out being stopped or diverted by those nation of facts, and a strict attention who throw themselves in his way. to every the most tộivial circumstance, But the tormentor whom he thus pure, which can throw any light upon the lụes, is the mere creature of his fancy. Itate of his fenfes during sleep-walking,

To be continueda

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into the country:

the sword, and thrust it through his UNCOMMON DISCOVERY OF MURDER. body. Down he dropped; and the

wife, fifter, and apothecary, in order The following anecdote of the discovery of a led upon him till he was quite dead.

to make sure work, all of them trampmurder, is published by a gentleman, who found it among fome papers of a counsellor They huddled up this horrid affair; of the Middie Temple, a relation, whose and it was given out that he was gone library came lately into his hands.

Some time after, a relation of the IN the year 1668, a young gentle- murdered came to see him, and was man of the Weft-Country came to told that he was gone into the country. London, and soon after, as ill luck He then asked for the wife: Mrs. would have it, he wedded a wife of Myltyftre told him, she was very much Wapping, the youngest daughter of out of forts-what with the grief for Mrs. Aliceald. In the space of fifteen her husband's absence, and the melanmonths, the providence of God sent choly accident of the house being late. the husband a daughter, which was ly burnt; “ But,” says she, “I do left under the care of the grandmo- what I can to comfort her-I intend ther, the husband and his wife retiring to give my brother 2 or 3000l. to enato their house in the country.

ble him to rebuild his house. The By the time the daughter came to relation applauded her kindness, and the age of fix years, the grandmother departed. died, and the daughter was taken home. Some time passed away, no appear. After a ftay of three years, Mrs. Myl. ance, no tidings of Mr. Stobbine, for týftre, a widow, Mrs. Aliccald's eldest that was his name. Messengers were daughter, having greatly increased her sent to enquire after him—not the means, forlook the canaille, and low least intelligence could be procured inhabitants of Wapping, came into a concerning him-he had never come polite part of the town, took a house into the West. The wife pretended among people of quality, and fet up to go distracted, and was sent to a vil. for a woman of fashion.' Thither, in lage a few miles out of town, where the year 1679, did she invite her sister, the Captain had a little box for his her daughter, and the husband, to come convenience. There they took their and pass the winter. This Mrs. Myl- fwing uninterrupted. tyftre had a hutband's brother, who, Some time after the daughter was under the cloak of a captain, covered sent to school; but she had not been a notorious gamester: The had also a there long, before the remembrance of relation that was an apothecary. It what she had been a witness of awoke happened that there all dined together her conscience in most horrible frights at Mrs. Myltystre's on a certain day, and dreams. Says the young lady -the birth-day of the daughter; and that was her bedfellow, “ What is the after dinner, retiring into the parlour, reason that you ftart and scream so? and pafling the time in common chit. « There is a spirit in the room! There chat, the little daughter took upasword 'is Mr. Stobbine's spirit! See how that was in the room, and pointing it dreadful it looks !” In the morning to the husband, cryed, “ Stick him! the young lady acquainted the school. stick him! Itick him!"

" What' mistress with the accident of the prefays the husband," would you flick 'ceding night. She sent for a clergyyour

father?” The child replied, man to talk with the young miss, to «c You are not my father-Cap'ain whom the discovered the whole affair: Myltyfre is my father." Upon which it was communicated to a diligent jul. the husband gave her a good box on tice of the peace in the neighbourthe car. Upon that the Captain drew hood, who dispatched proper warrants,

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