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Pedestrian Exercises. of the octave, according to the propor- for music; and his experiment, on found tion which the radius and diameter of a with a most curious monochord of his circle have respectively to the circum- own improvement, are reported to have ference. He had, in his youth, been been not less accurate than those he was the leader of a distinguished band of engaged in for the mensuration of church-fingers ; had a very delicate ear time.

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from Alderfgate on the 20th of May FROM ANCIENT TO THE PRESENT 1606, and performed his journey each TIME.

day before it was dark. The days

at that time of the year are about 16 URIOSITY is a prevailing foi. hours long, so that he must have rode



the person who is capable of perform- axteen hours each day. ing any wonderful exploit, seldom fails The second instance we have of to.excite the attention of the admiring this kind, is that of Mr. Cooper maltitude. The inhabitants of this Thornhill, master of the Bell inn at kingdom have for some years pait been Stilton in Huntingdonshire, who, in endeavouring to raise this pallion by the year 1745, sode between London the swiftnels of their horses, and and Stilton three times within twelve wbile some have lavished away their hours, the whole length of which fortunes in pursuit of this pleasure, journey being two hundred and twenochers have more prudently employed ty-two miles, he rode eighteen miles these useful animals, and rendered their and a half an hour, for twelve hours speed of general service, by using them together. in business where dispatch is neceffary. These are certainly very extraordi. Hence it has become an universal nary performances; nor are the levepractice to have recourse to them in ral ones here extracted from history matters of haste and expedition, and less remarkable, as pedestrian expedi. men have therefore had few opportu. tions. nities of thewing their alertnels. In Among the ancients, the following England, indeed, from the goodness of are the most fingular. the roads, the opportunities of shifting Philippides, who was sent by the horses, and their extraordinary speed Athenians to implore the aflittance of för single ftages, swiftness in man is the Spartans in the Perfian war, in the of less consequence to us than it was space of two days ran 170 Roman to our ancestors, who kept in their sere miles, vice men of prodigious fileerness, Euchides was sent from Athens, to termed running footmen, and used in get some of the holy fire from Dela all inessages and affairs of dispatch. phos ; he went and returned the same

Of the swiftness of horses, we have day, which is 125 Roman miles, the two following very remarkable Henry V. king of England, was so instances, the first of which is recorde (wift in running, that he, with two ed to have been done about a cene of his lords, without bow or other tury and a half ago.

engine, would take a wild buck or doe It is mentioned in Drayton's his. in a large park. tory of York, that one John Leyton, There were a fort of footmen, cal. groom to king James the First, rode led the Piechi, who attended upon between London and York in one day the Turkish emperors, and were of for fix days together. He set out calonally dispatched with orders and







Account of great Walkers. expreffes. They ran fo admirably tempted to keep pace with him, but swift, that with a little pole-ax, and a in vain. Ac York, he delivered a 'phiai cf iweet waters in their hands, letter to Mr. Clarke, a watchmaker, they have gone from Conftantinople and then went to the Golden Anchor, to Adrianople in a day and a night, where he took a little refreshment, and which is about 160 Roman miles, then went to bed for an hour and a

And among the moderns, we have half; after, which, at half past five, these two particularly mentioned. he set out on his return, having pre

On the 4:h of January, 1759, viously disguised himlelf, to avoid beGeo. Guest of Birmingham, who had ing incommoded by the crowd that Jaid a wager that he walked icoo miles waited to lee hin:. Ac ten o'clock in 28 days, set out on his journey, that night he reached Ferry-bridge, 22 and finished it with great eate, It On Thursday morning at five, he feemed as if he had lain by for beis, fet off from Ferry, and goi io Granfor in the two last days he had 106 than about 12 at night.

65 miles to wałk; but walked them with On Friday he set out from Granso little fatigue to himself, that, totham about fix in the morning, and thew his agility, he came the last fix got to the Cock at Eaton ty eleven 'miles within the hour, though he had at night.

54 fuil fix hours to do it in.

On Saturday morning, at four, be Also in July 1765, a young woman began his last day's journey, and, at went from Blencego to within two or half an hour palt fix in the evening three miles of Newcalile, in one day, he arrived at Hicks's Hall.

50 being 72 miles.

NUMBER But these feats, however extraordi


394 nary they may appear in themseives,

It is imagined there were not less are by no means to be compared to than 3000 persons on foot, on horsethe very surprising performance of back, and in carriages, who came Mr. Friter Powell, who went on foot wiik Mr. Powell from Highgate, acfrom London to York, and back again, companied with French horns, and in fix dayss for a wager of 100 guio attended by near an hundred links.-

This triumphal entry would have had The particulars of this journey, as a very pleasing effect, had it been proauthenticated by Mr. Powell, are as perly conducted; but that curiosity follow :

which is so natural on these occafions, On Monday, Nov. 29, 1773, he together with the eagerness of his set out from Hicks's Hall about 20 friends to' congratulate him on his arri. minutes paft 12 in the morning, and val, made it one entire scene of congot to Stamford about nine o'clock in fusion. the evening of that day.

The fingularity of this exploit will 'NUMBER OF MILES

be thought ftill greater, when we cor

88 sider that Mr. Powell set out in a On Tuesday he set out from Stam- very indifferent state of health, being ford about five in the motning, and compelled, from a pain in his fide, 'reached Doncaster by 12 åt' night. 72 to wear a strengthening plaiites all the

On Wednesday morning he left way; his appetite, inoreover, was no Doncaster about five o'clock, and ar-way in his favour, for he mostly drank "rived at York at 'two in the after. water or small beer, and the refreshnoon.


ment he most admired was tea and The last 17 miles of this stage he toait...The condition of his

wager went in less than two hours, and for was, that he should begin his jour. the last three miles several persons at. ney come Monday in November, or





DAY. .

Dr. Cook on Apparitions.

65 forfeit his deposit; he therefore im. again (27 miles) in seven hours; and prudently preferred the fatigue of it, some time ago, having occasion to go chocgh at the hazard of his life, to to York with some leases, he walked save chis deposit of only 20).

the whole journey, and returned to Mr. Powell was born at Horesforth London in little more than fix days. near Leeds in the county of York; Within these few weeks, he fet off he is now in the gift year of his age, on a walk from Canterbury to Lonand is clerk to an attorney in New don and back, to be accomplished in Inn. He is about 5 feet 8 inches four and twenty hours. A gentlehigh, his body rather flim, but his man accompanied him on horseback. legs and thighs are stout, and well cal. Powell undertook the expedition culated for such a journey. He has solely for the honour of it; that he performed feveral expeditions with might, as he himself expressed it, die great swiftness, particularly from Lon- master of the reputation which his don to Maidenhead bridge and back former exertions have obtained him.









a whimsical vifionary, or what not, but

I know I am far from it, being nei. FOREWARNERS OF EVENTS ASSER. ther superstitious, enthusiastic, nor ti

morous; and I am certain too, I am not COOK,

LEIGH, deceived by others ; we all having had SEPTEMBER 18, 1765.

many and various impressions from inEVER since I was three and twenty visible agents, and I myself by no fewer years

of age, I have had an invisible than three of my senses, and those so of. being, or beings, attend me at times' ten repeated, that they became quite both at home and abroad, that has, by easy and familiar, without any terror some gentle token or other, given me

of amazement. I take the hint at once, warning and notice that I should short- and wait for the certain and infallible ly certainly lose a particular friend, or issue. I have spoke to them often, but a patient. They began and continued never received any answer, and think I from our marriage till the decease of have courage enough to stand a private my frit wife, in May 1728, and her conference. infant daughter, who lived with me Sometimes we have had their hints but seven months, and but six weeks af- frequent and close together ; at other ter her mother, when they were very fre- times but seldom, and at a great distance quent and troublesome about my house, of time. But this I have observed, as was well known, and noticed by ma- that rarely any patient, or friend that I ny of our friends and neighbours. Af- respected, or that valued me, departs ter that they came seldom, but so gen- hence, but I have some kind of sentle, civil, and familiar, that I chose ra. fible notice, or warning of it; but yet fő ther to have them about my house than discreet and mild, as never to flutter, or not, and would not, if I was to sell it, frightenme. This notice, which is part with the same without some extra- either by seeing, feeling, or hearing, is ordinary consideration upon that very not fixed to any certain distance of time account; and I really hope they will ne- previous to their deaths, but I have had ver leave me as long as I live; though it a week, a month, and more, before my spouse wishes otherwise, to whom their decease, and once only three days. they are not so agrecable.

At first, in 1728, I kept a book of I may be reckoned by several to be account, where I entered every notice VOL. I.


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or any

or warning, with the particular circum- foolish fears so generally attending fuch stances attending, and the event that odd stories. As no created space is absucceeded such notices, but they were folutely void of all being, why should then fo frequent and numerous, that I our grofs atmosphere be without fuch grew quite weary in writing them down, inhabitants as are most suitable to such so left off that method, refolving to take an element, and may be, as it were, the them for the future just as they came. lowest step of the spiritual scale, and The very

lait hint I had was on Satur- the first gradation of a superior order. day night, the 6th of July 1765, in my All histories of this fort, both divine chamber, about eleven o'clock, as I was and prophane, by ancients, and by mowalking to my bed, being from home derns also, cannot be without some founattending a patient, I was that morning dation ; and the learned Whiiton and sent-far to, and which I lost on the 20th Le Clerc both say, the opinion of specday of the same month. For the first tres is neither unrcasorable nor unphifive days I saw no danger, yet I doubted lofophical, but may very well exist in the event, but when I have more than the n turc of thine s. one patient dangerously ill at a time, What is more wonderful still, besides the issue only determines the case, and my seeing these aerial shapes, in such vethough I lay no ftress upon such notices, hicles, or something like them, which so as to affect my practice, yet I fear the once I did in my own house at noon day, worst, and though the use of means is directed thereto by the barking of my then to no purpose, yet it renders me the little dog at the fame, who faw it first, more diligent, for conícience fake. I heard one of them, I say it again,

To relate the particular circumstances pronounce very audibly and articulately of the several notices intimated on this, but most emphatically and pathetically,

other occasions, would be entirely in my chamber, just as I had put out ufelels, as only affording matter of mirth my candle, and was lain down in my to the light and unthinking, and those bed, these words: “ I am gone !" who know nothing of the matter. But My second coufin, a visitor, died on this I again folemnly declare, that I Monday morning following, the fourth have many times, even above a hundred day after, who was seemingly well till I believe, been made sensible of the exis- two days before her decease. My spouse tence of a different kind of beings from was fast alleep by me, so missed being us, subtile and volatile inhabitants, as I witness of that notice; though she of take it, of the air, who fee and know ten is, and some of my sons too, and our worldly' affairs here below, and have many others, a concern for us and our welfare. Twice But some will say, cui bono, of what only have I seen spectres, but heard and use is all this ? Suppole we could resolve felt them times innumerable.

the question ? what then? Can we, Angels they cannot be. Those high poor, dull, finite beings of a day, preand glorious beings, being too grand and tend to account for all phenomena about noble for such low offices, and are much us? Nav, can we exactly account for better employed above. Devils they any? Yet I will humbly offer my are not, as owing no good service at all thoughts about it, and tell to what good to the lapsed race of mankind, and de- use you may apply them, and then their parted souls have no more business heie, intimation may rot be altogether in vain. but are gone to their place.

Look, as I do, upon all such uncomThat there are. innumerable inferior mon impressions from invisible powers, spiritual beings in cur atmosphere was as a sensible proof, and manifeft dethe opinion of the ancients, of Milton monstration, of another and future state and the moderns; and I think they solve of existence alter this, and that the preall difficulties attending this abftrufe fent is the firit and lowest of all we sucfubject at once, and may remove the ce lively pass thrcugh.-Betake your





Original Correspondence. kelf earnestly to prayer for the perion that no person should ever again try; this mesicnger is waiting for, to con- “ for,” added be,“ a boy that rode post voy part of the way into the other from Philadelphia to North Carolina, world, and be you yourself upon your once itopped here ; the house was full, watch, that you also may be ready to but being very much fatigued, he refollow (as we all very shortly muit) quested to Icep in the haunted house ! those

many that have already gone be- (for so it was then called the frequent fore us, to be either happy or otherwile, noises I had been disturbed with, having according as we have demeaned our- determined me to quit it) at the famo felves here below; and let fuch secret time ridiculing apparitions. impressions, items, and hints, be no lon- I confented, and inade himn a bed on ger matter of laughter, but of ferious the ground, where after having drank meditation, ever adoring the great and his glass of toddy, he fell falt aleep. Almighty God in all his wonderful He had not been in bed any length of works, that are various and infinite, to time, when he was awoke by a very whom be all glory for ever.

handsome young woman, who, with much perleverance, endeavoured to pull the frects from him: the post-boy, concluding ilat she had some intentions,

more ainorous than ghostly, desired the I HAVE with much pleasure read would defitt, as he was too fatigued to your first Nuinber.

gratify them : at this remark, she seemIn the future recitals of dreams, fil- ed irefully incensed; her eyes sparkled pernatural appearances, &c. I hope fire ; her features trembled, (for this, your friends who intend to communi- faid my landlord, was the boy's hiftory) cate such informations, will molt seru- the clenched her hand, and struck me on pulously adhere to truth : the field will the face. I remained insensible for prove fufficiently extensive, although' some time, and found, on the recovery confined by the pales of reracity.


senses, that I had lost the use of I have had dreams that have been my right side, was deaf, and almost demolt minutely realized : yet I am con

prived of fight." vinced that events of this description Mr. Editor, I saw this lad myself ; never inappen, but they may

be account- to me he related the story, as I have ed for, without the alli liance of super- related it to you. natural agency. Allow me to relate a Qu.-Might not his fatigue, with fory which 'I heard from the parties, excessive peripiration--going into damp when in America.

sheets, produce his malady? Might not I stopped one evening, (when tra- the imprellion of the haunted house be velling through the provinces) at an the caule of his dream ? house situated between Lancaster and Philadelphia. Most of the houses in America, although not ablolutely inns, receive pasiengers ; of this fort was the present house. I was surprised to find the owner of it, prefer this dwelling, to Mr. John Bourne, for his skill, care, one inmediately opposite, which was and honelty, was made by his neighwell built with brick, but uninhabited. bour, John Mallet, E.q. of Enmore, the The house he lived in, although com- chief of his trustees for his son John modious, was built with logs, i. e.

large Mallet, fath to Elizabeth, Countess bodies of trees, the interstices filled up Dowager of Rochester, and the rest of with clay. The reason, he assured me, his children in minority. He had the was, that the house had been haunted ! reputation of a worthy good man, and that he believed it still was haunted, buz was commonly taken notice of for an





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