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An Example of Auguru.

153

THE AUGUR. No IV.

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So far as a man is spiritual, so far It is an old saying, or remark, that he is an Augur. Every thing he fees, for a wolf to cross your path withouś does, speaks, is applied to knowiedge: attacking you, is a good omen; but for he knows from experience and for a hare io cross and go away is bad. found philosophy, that every thing vi An author juilly observes, that the fible has ar invidible part or corelative; reason of these seems to be this it is that is, is governed by some principle: happy to escape a foe, but unfortunate and he further knows, that this prin to let a benefit escape: and these are ciple will manisest itself in a more ex prototypes, first received figurations tensive

a future cime. or earliest inanifestations *, of this or Hence the apostolic cantion, that " for that principle having root in your life, every idle word a man fall speak, he and gradually proceeding to repullulamult give an account;” because this tion, effbreience, and fruit. word is not without iis cause and its But circum ances, either of the ob. consequence--it is a link in the chain ject or person, or of circumjacent of life, of his life too, who speaks it things, will materially affect the omen. it is a seed fown; and the soil, which To initance-- if the person have more receives the seed muit fuftain the tree. hares than he want, it may be a wise

Every man mall bear his own bur rejection of superluities, or a merely den. Be not deceived: God is not indifferent diurnal occurrence. If he be mocked; for whatíoever a man forverh, on the other hand, an unqualified peathat shali he also reap.”-Gal. vi. 5,7. fint, very fond of hares, this pregnant So allo Solomon--" For God” (and if and beloved wife longing for one, his his philosophical charseter, ile crder fick child demanding a delicacy, living of existence and female once, be confi- under a tenacicus landlord, watched by dered, the position is a truilm) “ íhall a brutal gaine-keeper, and the hare bring every work into judgment” (or lave bien feeding for nights on his regulation) " with every secret thing, uncovered caubages and scanty turnips, whether good or evil."--Eccics. lait and he be webolden from killing it, verle.

having said within his reach, simply N. B. I have condescended to a by ihe fear of a gaol -- the omen thus philosophical idea, to meet the wilden complicated freaks, as truly as a therof the day; but fcripture very pro mometer hews the degree of heatperly concludes, that if the ordering that the Englife peasant is the dispirited principle of being had no more than Alive of a wretched, puny, cyrant; the physical life, it is not very likely that coward of rapacious wealth-the filent the animalcula ORDERED would have victim of unjult legislation a higher class, and therefore is fuper- trary in equity io that which declared fitious enough to speak of God as the multitudes, " that they were ORDERER- the Fountain even of of ince value than mány spárrov:s,” moral life, and therefore, in all proba- and boldly challenging to proof that, bility, poliefing as linge a portion of whici went forth in a fery law," it, and as much intellect, as he be and said to Moses, “ if the oppressed stowed upon Mr. Gibbon.

cry cver fo liile unto me, I will. But, to exeinplify what I incan by bear.looking through a 'circu nitance to the principles, which lié concealed under A perlon hajtuated to mind, will it; this being the pure and genuine probably have perceived ihe principle in a

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154

Singular Mechanical Animals..

But those who are foolish in their without force, in learning without academies, do well to be wicked in common sense, in laws without justice, their houses, tyrants in their legisla- in charity without humanity, and in tion, and contemptible to the nations religion without christianity. around. It is well to shine in arms This is an exemple of Augury.

DÆDALUS, OR MECHANICAL MOTION.

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(Continued from Page 89.] A CITIZEN of London hav. eating, drinking, and imitating the ing improved the Chyropedial Machine voice of the natural one. And what of the ancients, we ihall proceed with is ftill more surprising, the food it the notice of some of the most curious swallowed was evacuated in a digested mechanical inventions of the fort, com ftate ; not that it was really in a state mencing with the history of automa- of natural excrement, but only confitons of modern date.

derably altered from what it was when These are self-moving machines, firit swallowed; and this digestion was constructed by mechanical art upon performed on the principles of solution, principles to overcome the laws of not of trituration. The wings, viscera, gravity by a contrived innate exertion, and bones, of this artificial duck, were produced by springs and weights, le- also formed fo as very strongly to revers, pullies, and wheels, fo adapted semble those of a living one. Even in to each other as to move a considerable the actions of eating and drinking, this time, according to the design of the resemblance was preserved; the artiartificer, imitating animal action and ficial duck swallowed with avidity and functions. Ard according to this vastly quick motions of the head and description, clocks, watches, and ail throat ; and likewise muddled the wa. machines of that kind, are ter with his bill, exactly like a natural mata. In a former paper on this subject we

M. Le Droz, of La Chaux de Fonds, shewed the antiquity of self-moving in the county of Neuf Chatel, hath machinery, having mentioned Archytas also exccuted some very curious pieces of Tarentum, who made a wooden of mechanism, which well deferve to pigeon that could fly, 400 years before be ranked with those already inention: Christ. In our time we have seen as ed. One was a clock, which was precurious things executed by the mecha- sented to his Spanish majeity; and nics of the day; nor will this appear had, among other curiosities, a Meep, at all incredible, when we consider the which imitated the bleating of a natuflute-player made by Mr. Vaucanfon, ral one; and a dog watching a basket and the chess-player" by Mr. Kempell. of fruit : when any one attempted to Dr. Hook is allo said to have made the purloin the fruit, he gnashed his teeth, model of a flying chariot, capable of and barked; and if it was actually supporting itself in the air. But Mr. taken away, he never ceased barking Vaucanson, above mentioned, hath dif- till it was restored. Besides this, he tinguished himself ftill more eminently made a variety of human figures, which That gentleman, encouraged by the exhibited motions truly furprising; favourable reception of his flute-player, but all inferior to Mr. Kempell's chessmade a duck, which was capable of player, which may juftly be looked

upon

one.

History of Alchemy.

155 upon as the greateft master-piece in writing figure, which performed any mechanics that ever appeared. line of writing with a pen, though

Mechanism of this kind has been of upon the plan of the pentagraph, canlate years exhibited in London and the not be adduced here, because it could country; we have been entertained by not act without the assistance of a con, a speaking figure, which rendered res- cealed person who was the first mover. ponses to any question put by the vi- In our next Paper we shall consider the sitor ; but, as this was performed by nature and utility of the ærostatic exconfederacy more than mechanical periinent. principle, we must pass it by. The

ALCHEMY.

HISTORY OF THE ART.

THIS is a branch of Chemistry, times it is done by dexterously dropwhich has for its principal objects the ping in a piece of gold concealed betransmutation of metals into gold ; the tween the fingers, sometimos by cast. panacea, or universal remedy; an ing in a little of the dust of gold or alkalist, or universal diffolving men- filver disguised under the appearance struum, an universal ferment, and salt, of some elixir, or other indifferent and other changes cqually important matter; sometimes a crucible has been and difficult. Kircher, who was an introduced which had a double bot. adept in all the artifices of the Spagy- tom, and gold put between the two; rifts, has severely exposed the practices sometimes the rod used to stir it has and juggling arts of alchemical impof- been hollow, and filled with the dust ture, but we think he has gone too far of the metal defired; at other times, in his ridicule, for the alchemists are gold that has been mixed with the certainly, with all their errors, the fa. charcoal, the ashes of the furnace, and thers of useful chemistry, for most of the like. Mr. Harris very properly the principal inventions have been distinguishes Alchemy from Chemistry, brought about by their aid and at when he denominates the foriner to be tempts to resolve metals and discover

ars fine arte, and the Italians have a the Philosopher's Stone. Notwith- proverb, non ti fidiare al Alchimista ftanding we have had very respectable povero o medico amalato. The ruin witnesses to Mr. Price's experiment, which has often attended this delusion we itill may entertain a doubt, whether has occasioned several States to make he ever went through the process him- severe laws against pretences to Alself in forming the first matter. Father chemy. The Romans, much too igo Kircher above mentioned, who was norant, banished all such as professed decp in the mystery of the hermetical it, as Vigerius reports, and the sacred science, took much pains to ascertain canons likewise directed the thunder of the certainty thereof. An alchemist, their censure agains it. Cæsar, Dio: he says, puts into a crucible the matter clesian, and Jaitinian, directed all which is to be converted into gold, this books which treated of this subject to he sets on the fire, blows it, itirs it be burnt. Rymer furnishes us with with rods; and, after divers operations a licence for practising Alchemy, with gold is found at the bottom of the cru- ' all kinds of metals and minerals, grantcible, instead of the matter first ed to one Richard Carter, in 1476 ; this there are a thousand ways of effect vide Rymer's Fædera, vol. xii. Sucing, without any transmutation. Some cessive times have, however, cnacted

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156

Art of Writing secret Letters.

severe laws against Alchemy and mul- fome anecdotes of ancient and modern tiplying of metals, as much to as profeflors; but thus much we have againit ccining itself.

premiled of the history of this art, at In a future Number we fall give the carneit request of a correspondthe nature and process of the art, with ert,

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TO MAKE STEEL OF IRON.

make it warm, and pour it all over

the blade, this will take off the blue TAKE small iron bars of the finest colour; then wet your oil-colour with sort, powdered willow or beech-coals, fresh water, and it will come off eafithe shavings of horn, and the foot of a ly, and the letters drawn therewith baker's chimney; stratify tliese in an remain blue. carthen pan, made for that purpose, with a cover to it. Firít male a laver of the mixture, about an inch thick ; TO MAKE GLASS then a laver of iron bars, and then again the mixture, and so proceed till PUT into the melting pot a little the pan is full, Note, the top must of asienick that has been fixed with be of the mixture; then put the cover ricre, this will make the glass mellow upon it, lute it, and put it in a wind- and easy to ilux. fu: nace for twenty-four hours, and give it a reverberatory fire.

AN ARTIFICIAL WATER FOR WRI.

MELT EASILY.

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A POWDER

FOR

POLISHING

SOFT

STONES.

TAKE vitriol, finely powdered,

put a litile thereof into a new ink-horn, TAKE iron scales, mix ihem with pour clean water on ji, and after it has vinegar and falt, and let them itand stood a little, write therewith, either thus intuled, for three or four days, on velium or paper, and the writing the longe, the better ; then grind the cannot be feen any other way, than by ini: ture very fine, dry it, and put it drawing the letter through a water, in är erthen pot well luted ; sive it which is thus prepared : take a pint of a good fire and it will be fit for use. water, put into it one ounce of pow.

deied galls, temper it together, and strain it through a cloth; put the wa, ter into a dith that is wide chough, and draw your writing through it, and you

will read it as you do ether writings: TAKE the blade, hold it over a and to make the secret contents less liable el arcoal fire üill it is blue, then with to avoid fufpicion, you may write on oil colours wiite what letters you will the contrary side of the paper, or upon the blade, and let them dry; parchment, with black ink any matter when dry, take good itrong vinegar, of lets consequence.

TO MAKE BLUE LITTERSON SWORD

BLADES.

MEMENTO

The English Fortune-Teller.

157

MEMENTO TO THE LOVERS or FRENCH WINES,

Froin Die Watson's (the Pithop of Landaft) Chemical Efrays.

NEITHER ceruse, nor litharve, negar merchants, bought these four nor minjum hive any tatte, but ay wines, which were still rendered more of these tistance: being buitet in dil. four by the custom of pouring into each tilled vinegir, which has an acid taite, hogshead fix pints of vinegar before it will be diffolved in it; and the folu was sold, and afterwards by means of tion being crsitalized, will give one litharge, rendered them palatable, and of the sweetelt fubitinces in nature, fold them as genuine wires. Our called Saccharu'n Saturni, or Sugar of English vintners, there is reason to Lead. It is this property which lead fear, are not less icrupulous in the use has of acquiring a sweet taste by iolu of this poison than the French wine tion in an acid, that has rendered it so merchants ; for it not only corrects serviceable to thoie wi.e merchants, the acidity of lour wines, but it gives who, respecting their own profit more a richneis to meagre ones, and by this than the lives of their cuítomers, have property the teinptation to use it is not scrupled to aitempt recovering much encreased. wines which had turned four, by put The reader may soon furnish himting into them large quantities of ce self with the means of detecting lead ruse or litharge. I believe this adul- wherr diffolved in wine. Let him teration is puniihed with death in some boil together in a pint of water, an parts of Germany; and it is to be ounce of quick-jime, and half an ounce wished that it met with that punish- of flour of brinitone, and when the ment every where. In 1750, the liquor, which will be of a yellow cofarinera general in France being ait:n- lour, is cold, let him pour it into a ished at the great quantities du vin bottle, and corking it up, reserve it gaté which were brought into Paris, for use. A few drops of this liquor in order to be made into viegar, re- being let fall into a glass of wine or doubled their relearches to find out the cyder containing lead, will change the cause of the great increase in that ar whole into a colour more or less brown, ticle: for near 30,000 hogsheads had according to the quantity of lead been annually brought in for a few which it contains; if the wine be wholyears preceding the year 1759, where- ly free from lead, it will be rendered as the quantity annually lot in 40 years turbid by the liquor, but the colour before, did not exceed 1,200 hogheads. will be rather a dirty white, than a They discovered, that several wine blackish brown. merchants, assuming the name of vi

THE ENGLISH FORTUNE-TELLER.

No IV.

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IT may with great veracity be said, The soul of man being a spark of that Fortune telling was never carried inmortality, infused by its Almighty on upɔn such eaiy terins before, and Maker, still retains a relict of its ori. to which we may add (ive hope with ginal, and covets after knowledge modesty) in a more prołtable manner above all other things ; not confining to the curious inquirers after future its speculation to the earth, but aspires happiness.

towards heaven; and leaving the present,

wandeng

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