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Answers to Queries in No. 3. not prevent it from opening, because others, know many things of this kind, only part of the bottom opens, and -In order to make this trick appear furrounds the box, does not prevent it more surprising to those who suspect the from opening, because only part of the smuggling of the ring, you may do it bottom opens, and care is taken not to two ways ;- that is to say, when you give the ribbon a second turn round have employed the artifice we have the box, which by crossing the firit, pointed out,-you may cause a second might impede the introduction of the pistol to be charged by one of the comdove.

pany, which you firit take to pieces, to We shall not here describe the con shew that there is no means of smugstruction of such a box, first, because it ling the ring out of the barrel-in this would require many words to explain second pistol, you put a ring furnished the simple effects of a groove, and se- you by one of the company who is in condly, because there is no cabinet- confederacy, and has already supplied maker of any ingenuity who does not, your confederate with a similar one to of his own, or of the invention of put in the dove's bill in case of need.

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IN the darker ages of the world, The spiral twisting of those plants, there were but few writers ; and mentioned in the query, welt by south, when one of those writers had pro. (and which they never deviate from) mulged an opinion of almost any kind, I believe is a property implanted by the world in general was apt to be- the great Author of nature, which lieve it, without giving themselves the eludes our most inquisitive researchesį trouble to enquire into the truth or fal- but their inclination to find their way lacy thereof.

through holes, &c. I thus elucidate. Give me leave, Sir, to think, that The fun, the great fountain of light the question before us is of such a na and life, has a powerful attraction over ture, and that the lion is no inore the trees of the forest and the herbs of afraid at the fight of a cock, than he is the field ; this very property of the at the sight of a goose. But Pliny plants creeping through the chasms tells us (and all our moderns from him) and fissures of walls abundantly con, that he trembles at his very crowing. firms it, for by whatsoever incans

It brings to my mind a question put they are debarred of the solar rays, to a club of connoilleurs, i.e. “ What they endeavour to avoid chat difficulty, is the reason that a bowl of water is and to insinuate themselves into the no heavier, after a live fish is put into chcaring rays of his enlivening beams. it than it was before ?” This paradox Many flowers open their petals at gravelled the whole company, and fun-rile, and close them again at funthey were about to give for answer set; some follow the sun in his diur. " that they did not know," when one nal course throughout the day, and of the fages proposed making the expe- meet him again in the morning, as riment, and lo! the mass of water was the fun flower ; and when the sun is heavier than it was before by the withdrawn from our parallel, they whole iveight of the fish!

murually incline their heads towards I am inclined, fir, to think, that the south, and there fix. the fear of a lion at the sight of a cock, Light is impregnated with this would be a similar experiment, inherent property of attraction; as

many

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many self-evident truths might be water, will not distil without a very brought forward to demonstrate it, let strong fire. If the fire is raised too one fuffice; potatoes, strewed over a hastily in the distillation of vinegar, cellar, and there suffered to sprout, some of the oily parts will arise and notwithstanding the flap or opening render the product empyrumatic, is directly facing the north, will all approach in a direction to as to gain the light.

ANSWER TO QUERY V.

BY R. DAVENPORT AND T. H.

ANSWERED

BY

THE

SAME.

manner.

Ipecacuanha is an inodorous substance, QUERY III.

compounded of resinous and gummy

faline parts ; the first part being a t

strong irritating emetic, the gummy I account for the sensation of cold at faline being entirely free from that sun-rise and sun-set, in the following quality, and only mitigating the ope

First, when bodies depart ration of the resin. Now as the reout of a warmer air into a colder, finous part, which is the emetic, does they seem to experience a greater de not arise in diftillation, it does not gree of cold than there really is, I say give over any of its qualities : the Jeem, for it is not so in fact ; thie is the infusion of it, containing only about exact case with us at sun-set, by the half the relinous part, does not operate sun's withdrawing himself from us and so powerfully as when taken in subleaving us in a colder medium ; and stance. it is farther exemplified at every com H. Ti's answer, we beg leave to mencing of a froît

, for the cold at that append by way of note to this corretime being thirty-two, or freezing spondent's ingenious solution. point, seems to pinch as inuch as it does after a long continuance, at twen

** The emetic quality of ipeca

cuanha, and some other plants, are dety or twelve degrees below freezing.

In the morning, when the fun has stroyed by the heat neceffary for evapobeen absent the whole night, it really ration, consequently nothing of that is colder than at any other time in the quality is to be found in the distilled twenty-four hours, as the thermometers

The heat feems to annihilate the plainly indicate; and therefore no

emetic wonder we should perceive it colder

powers of the plant, as nothing then : especially if Sol's refulgent rays

of that nature is dispersed in fumes. dissipates the concretion, and give the air a genial warmth.

QUERIES,

UPON OCCULT QUALITIES.
QUERY

QUERY I.

* *

water,

ANSWER

TO

IV.

BY

DAVENPORT.

BY

E. I. w.

Vinegar, however fine and pure

AS it is a received opinion, the it

may appear, always contains a viscid propriety is requested, that Juno's oily faponaceous part, which is what favourite birds never copulate, but insubjects it to rope, and which in distil. trinsically differ propagatively from lation clogs and keeps down the lighter every other specie in the creation ? parts, and lets the heavier, which are more easily separable from it, arise. This oily' part itself, though much QUERY 11. BY THEODORIC. lighter than what diftils, requires a greater heat to bring it over ; for What is the difference between ab. olive oil thouch much lighter than folute and specific gravity ?

150

Great Bodily Strength.

ACCOUNT OF TOPHAM, THE STRONG MAN.

oak

his

WE learn from private accounts; twenty hundred weight, lifted an well attested, that Thomas Topham, a table fix feet long with his teeth, man who kept a public house at Iling- though half an hundred weight was ton, performed surprising feats of hung to the extremity; a piece of leastrengih: as breaking a broomstick, of ther was fixed to one end for his teeth the first magnitude, by itriking it a to hold, two of the feet itood

upon gainst his bare arm; lifting two hogf- knees, and he raised the end with the heads of water; heaving his horse over weight higher than that in his mouth the turnpike-gate ; carrying the beam - he took Mr. Chambers, vicar of of a house, as a soldier his firelock, &c. All Saints, who weighed 27 ftone, But, however Belief might stagger, she and raised him with one hand, his head foon recovered herself when this second being laid on one chair, and his feet ou Sampson appeared at Derby, as a per- another, four people, 14 stone each, fat former in public, at a shilling each. , upon his body, which he heaved at Upon application to Alderman Cooper, pleasure-he struck a round bar of iron, for leave to exhibit, the magistrate was one inch diameter, againit his naked furprised at the feats he proposed ; and, arm, and at one stroke bent it like a es his appearance was like that of other bow. Weakness and feeling seemed men, he requested him to strip, that fled together. he might examine whether he was Being a master of mufic, he entermade like them; but he was found to tained the company with Mad Tom. I be extremely muscular. What were heard him fing a lolo to the organ in hollows under the arms and hams of St. Werburgh's Church, then the only others, were filled up with ligaments one in Derby; but though he might in him.

perform with judgment, yet the voice, He appeared near five feet ten, more terrible than fiveet, scarcely turned of thirty, well-made, but no- seemed human. Though of a pacific thing fingular; he walked with a small temper, and with the appearance of a Iimp. He had formerly laid a wager, gentleman, yet he was liable to the inthe usual decider of disputes, that tkreesults of the rude. The hoster at the Horses could not draw him from a post, Virgin's Inn, where he resided, havwhich he should clasp with his feet; but ing given him disgust, he took one of the driver giving them a sudden lath, the kitchen-spits from the mantle-piece, turned thein alide, and the unexpected and bent it round his neck like a handjerk had broke his thigh.

kerchief; but as he did not chuse to The performances of this wonderful tuck the end in the hostler's bofom, the man, in whom were united the strength cumbrous ornament excited the laugh of twelve, were rolling up a pewter of the company, till he condeicended to difh of seven pounds, as a man rolls untye his iron cravat. Had he not up a iheet of paper. -Holding a pew. abounded with good-nature, the men ter quart at arm's length, and squeez- might have been in fear for the fafety ing the fides together like an egg-lhet, of their persons, and the women for lifting two hundred weight with his that of their pewter shelves, as he could little finger, and moving it gently over instantly roll up both. One blow with pis · head. The bodies he touched his fift would for ever have filenced feemed to have lost their powers of gra- those herces of the bear-garden, Johniration. He also broke a rope, fait- son and Mendoza. ened to the floor that would lukain

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TO PREVENT OR TAKE VERMIN

THAT COME TO DESTROY POUL
TRY OR CONEY WARRENS,

TO

DRAW CATS

FASCINATE THEM.

TAKE the skin off the forehead of a hyæni, a beast fo called, which may kin, the hair on, the breadth of the

YOU must take a piece of a wolf's be had at the furrier's shops, boil it in the urine of a young itone colt, and palm of your hand, or somewhat more, smoak it over the burnt hoof of a cow, prick a great many holes in it with a two or three times, till it is dry, and bedkin, in the three corners, but leave

the middle entire, scrape the middle fo carry it about you ; and so long as you do this, wherever you come in part on the fleshy fide, so that it may

then the night, the dogs will not only be be smooth enough to write on, filent, but run away from you as fait write these characters 2 3 4 7 5 as they can : for if once the scent is this done, write the

A A I got to their nollriis, they will lie and guardian tremble, from the great averfion they

name underneath them, viz. Azineros, have to it, and avoid the bearer of this then burn the wool of a fox's tail, composition, not being able to open at

with some featherfew, and the feed of

henbane, lay the powder on the chayou.

racters, that it may cover them pretty well, then fold the corners, and ftitch

them up close with the powder in TOGETHER, AND it, and this done, sprinkle it with

the juice of hyrop, and hang it up with

a couple of horse hairs drawn out of the IN the new moon, gather the herb middle of the tail of a live itone horse, Nepe, and dry it in the heat of the and hang it up

in

your hen-house, sun, when i; is temperately hot: ga

dove cot; or for a warren, on a pole, ther vervain in the hour , and only or a tree, as near as you can in the expofe it to the air while is under middle of the coney burrows, and the the carth. Hang these together in a

vermin will either fear to approach, net in a convenient place, and shen scenting it at a distance, or being come one of them bas seented it, he cry encieavouring to get at it, then you

near it, will continue fnuffing, and will soon call those about her that are within hearing, and they will rant may come and deitroy them with a and run about, leading and capering gun, crols-bow, or otherways, as you to get at the net, which meit be hung find most practicable : instead of a wolf's or placed so that they cannot cality skin, you may use a badger's, if the accomplish it; for they will certainly other cannot be had. tear it to pieces. Near Bristol there is a field that goes by the appcllation of the Field of Cats, irom a large number of these aniınals being drawn to MARCELLUS Donatus, Hift. Mem gether thcre by this contrivance. dic. Mirab. Lib. 6, relates that Alber

SPIDERS EATEN

WITHOUT INCON

VENIENCY.

152

Useful Hints. tus Magnus was very confident of hav- be, in the middle of the house of ing seen a young woman of Cologn, buildings. who, as long as she lived, had eaten The means used to allure them to spiders without the least accident. Dr. one place are various; one of those Simon Scholzius, the author of this moft easily and efficaciously practised observation, says that he knew a young is the trailing some piece of their most Scotchman, a student at Leyden, who favourite food, which should be of the frequently hunted for spiders in all the kind that has the strongest icent, such corners of the apartments, eat them as toasted cheese, or broiled red herup greedily, and assured him that no ring, from the holes or entrances to their thing could be more delicious food to recesies in every part of the house, him. This young man, however, en or contiguous buildings, whence it is joyed a pretty good state of health; intended to allure them. At the exhis face was only a little pale, and there tremities, and in different parts of the was usually fome swelling about his course of this trailed tract, small quaneyes.

: tities of meal, or any other kind of Borellus, Cent. III. Obf. 19, has their food, should be laid, tu bring observed that there is no danger in eat the greater number into the tracts, and ing spiders. There was a fool at Pa

to encourage them to pursue it to the dua that eat both spiders and scorpions centre place, where they are intended without finding the least inconveniency to be taken ; at that place, where thereby; and Offredus had seen at Or- time admits of it, a more plentiful rcleans a beggar, who besides spiders eat past is laid for them, and the trailing chie m vít loathsome infects, without any repeated for two or three nights. fentiile alteration in his health. Belides this trailing and way-baiting,

It is a noted empirical remedy, and some of the most expert of the ratfaid to be a never failing one for the catchers have a shorter, and perhaps ague, to make use of an electuary of more effectual method of bringing thein bruised spiders and honey.

together; which is, by calling them,

- by making such a kind of whistling Some Hints of the principal Meaus by which noise as resembles their own call; and

Rat-catchers are able, in three or four by this means, with the aflıstance of days time, or sometimes less, to clear a house, and even the out-buildings of the the way-baits, they call thein out of greatest part of the Rats fiequenting it.

their holes, and lead them to the re

pait prepared for them at the place deTHE first step taken is to allure the signed for taking them. But this I rațs all together to one proper place, apprehend much more difficult to be before they attempt to destroy them; practiled than the art of trailing; for for there is such an initinctive caution the learning the exact notes, or cries, in these animals, accompanied with a of any kind of beasts, or birds, so as to surprising fagacity in discovering any deceive them, is a peculiar talent, cause of danger, that, if any of them which I have feldom seen attained to be hurt or pursued, in an unusual in other cases; though I have known manner, the rest take the alarm, and some few persons who could call togebecome fo shy and wary, that they ther a great number of cats; and there elude all the devices and stratagems of is now one man in London, who can their pursuers for some time after. This bring nightingales, when they are place, where the rats are to be afiem- within hearing, about him, and even bled, should be some closet, or small allure them to perch on his hand, so as room, into which all the openings, to be taken. but one or two, may be secured ; and this place should be, as near as may

(To be concluded in our next.)

ACCOUNT

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