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√vach)], f., a voice (as sound, cf. verbum), the voice: nec vox nec verba sequuntur (articulate sound nor intelligible words). Less exactly, a voice (of other living things), a note, a tone, a sound, a cry, a song: septem voces (the seven tones of the scale). Also, words, language, speech, often rendered voice also in Eng.: vox excidit ore (these words, &c.); voce magister (in song); prodere voce sua (by his words); rumpit vocem (utter a voice, break silence); vocem volutant (roll their voices).-voce, abl., may often be absorbed in some other word, or rendered lips, or aloud, or by some similar device: compellat voce Menoeten (aloud); sic voce precatur (with these words); nostra voce (from my lips); qua voce (with what prayer); voce lacessit (with taunting words). Vulcanius (Vol-), -a, -um, [†Vulcano- (reduced) + ius], adj., of Vulcan, Vulcanian. Less exactly, of fire. Vulcanus (Vol-), -i, [?], m., Vulcan, the god of fire in its destructive and mechanical forms. He was fabled to have a forge beneath the Lipari islands, where he wrought the thunderbolts of Jupiter. — Fig., fire.

vulgātus, -a, -um, p.p. of vulgo. vulgō (volgō), [abl. of vulgus],

Xanthō, -ūs, [Gr. Eavow], f., one of the Nereids.

Xanthus, -i, [Gr. Eáveos], m., a common name of rivers: I. A river

Zacynthus, -1, [Gr. Záкvvoos], f.,

an island in the Ionian sea (now Zante). Zephyrus, -i, [Gr. Zépupos], m.,

adv., generally, commonly, everywhere.

vulgo (vol-), -āvī, -ātum, -āre, [tvulgo-], (of vulgus)], I. v. a., spread abroad, publish, make known, make common: omnia vulgata (trite themes). vulgus, -1, [ √vulg (cf. Sk.vargas, a crowd)+us],n. (sts. m.), the populace, the common mass, the crowd, the people (generally). — Also, of animals, the mass, the flock, the swarm. vulnero (vol-), -āvī, -ātum, -āre,

[tvulner- (of vulnus)], I. v. a., wound. Also fig., as in Eng. vulnificus (vol-), -a, -um, [stem of vulnus (as if vulnŏ-) -ficus (fac + us)], adj., wounding, destructive, cutting.

vulnus (vol-), -eris, [?], n., a wound(given or received), a stroke, a blow. Less exactly, a weapon (inflicting a wound). Also, of the mind, a wound, a blow, a pang, a pain.

vulpes (vol-), -is, [?], f., a fox. vulsus (vol-), -a, -um, p.p. of vello. vultur (vol-), -uris, [?], m., a vul


Vulturnus (Vol-), -i, [†vultur + nus], m., a river of Campania (Volturno).

vultus (vol-), -ūs, [√vol (of volo)+tus], m., an expression (of the face), the countenance, the aspect. Also, of things, appearance, look, aspect.



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of the Troad; 2. A stream in Epirus, named for the first; 3. A river in Lycia, a favorite haunt of Apollo.

Zephyrus (the West wind).-Less exactly, wind (from any quarter). zōna, -ae, [Gr. (wvn], f., a belt. Also, a zone (of the earth).


J. B. GREENOUGH, Professor of Latin in Harvard University,


GEORGE L. KITTREDGE, Professor of English in Harvard
University, formerly Professor of Latin in Phillips Exeter Academy.



12mo. Half morocco. lxv + 478 + 194 pages. Illustrated.
For introduction, $1.40.

THIS new edition of Cicero has been treated with special reference to the use of the orations as models of classic oratory. The Introduction is made to help in this study of applied logic and rhetoric. There is a full life of Cicero, describing his education and development as an orator, as well as his political career. There is a chapter connecting the style of the orations with ancient formal rhetoric. There is also a chapter on Roman oratory and the place of the orator in ancient civilization.

The text includes the following orations: The Manilian Law, four orations against Catiline, Archias, Milo, Marcellus, Ligarius, the fourteenth Philippic, and copious extracts from the Defence of Roscius and the Actio Secunda against Verres.

Almost everything admitting of graphic presentation has an illustration, and no little study has been expended in finding the most suitable pictures. Views of places, scenes of Roman life, and portraits have been specially sought. Many coins are shown. The illustrations are fully explained in the Index, with criticisms.

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JAMES B. GREENOUGH, Professor of Latin in Harvard University, B. L. D'OOGE, Professor of Latin and Greek in Michigan State Normal College, Ypsilanti, and M. GRANT DANIELL, recently Principal of Chauncy-Hall School, formerly Master in the Roxbury Latin School, Boston.

Seven books. 12mo. Half morocco. Fully illustrated. 1x + 452 pages.
With a special vocabulary of 162 pages.
For introduction, $1.25.

THIS new edition of Caesar's "Gallic War" keeps prominently in view the needs of the beginner, on the ground that a large majority of those who read Caesar take it up immediately after finishing their first lessons. It is believed that all this class of students' needs have been fully met in the present edition.

Professor Greenough has specially qualified himself for editing this edition by traveling and making recent investigations in France. Not only the notes, but the illustrations have profited greatly. A considerable number of the pictures in this edition are from photographs made especially for it. In other cases, pictures not previously seen in this country have been obtained. The museums have been visited and many new illustrations drawn from them. At the same time, all the standard and essential illustrations are used. It is believed that this part of the editing will be found of signal excellence and practical value.

Several reading courses are suggested, each one of which, while embracing an amount of text equal to the first four books, contains choice selections of narrative and adventure from the various books. It is believed that this feature will be especially acceptable to teachers who have found the monotony of Caesar irksome, but have seen no way to vary the course.

The text has been revised, many changes having been made, and the whole presents the commentaries in an ideal form for rapid and enjoyable reading. Quantities of long vowels are marked.

GINN & COMPANY, Publishers,


New York.

Chicago. Atlanta.


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