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pray. I knew grandpa could. If I'd known you FORMERLY, when the affluent lived all the year round could pray, I should have asked you to pray for me at their mansions in the country, the lady of the

when I have been a naughty boy." The father manor distributed to her poor neighbours, with her wept, but he could now tell his child who taught him own hands, once a week or oftener, a certain quan.

to come to the throne of grace, and now he can direct tity of bread, and she was called by them the Leff his beloved children to that Saviour whom he loves, duy, that is in the Saxon, the bread giver. These and with whom he hopes to dwell when his work on two words were in time corrupted, and the meaning earth is finished. is as little known as the practice which gave rise to it; yet it is from that hospitable custom that, to this day, the ladies of Great Britain alone serve meat at LEAVE YOUR “LITTLE SELF" AT HOME. their own table.

A CELEBRATED English preacher, now deceased, in a

charge which he delivered to a young minister at his ADMONITION TO WRITERS OF EPITAPHS. ordination, thus addressed him; “Let me remind

you, Sir, that, when you come to this place, and adThe following lines were written under the words

dress this people, you are not to bring your little self Domus Ultima,—The Last House-inscribed on the

with you. I repeat this again, Sir, that it may more duke of Richmond's tomb, at Chichester :

deeply impress your memory; I say that you are “ Did he, whose hand inscribed this wall,

never to bring your little self with you. No, Sir, Ne'er read, or not believe St. Paul?

when you stand in this sacred place, it is your duty Who says there is, where'er it stands, to hold up your great Master to your people, in his Another house, not made with hands.

character, in his offices, in his precepts, in his proOr must we gather from these words,

mises, and in his glory. This picture you are to That house is not a House of Lords ?" hold up to the view of your hearers, while you are

to stand behind it, and not let so much as your little


Of the late venerable Dr. Waugh, his biographer

records that, in his ministerial visitations, his nation-
ality was often strongly displayed, and this with

THE vigour which virtue gives the mind, and the most beneficial effect, both in sentiment and lan- weight which it adds to character ; the generous guage. When, without any adequate cause, any of

sentiments which it inspires; the ardour of diligence his hearers had failed to attend public ordinances so

which it quickens; the freedom which it procures regularly as he could have wished, and would plead

from pernicious and dishonourable avocations, are their distance from the chapel as an excuse, he

the foundations of all that is highly honourable or would exclaim, in the emphatic northern dialect, greatly successful among men. which he used on familiar occasions to employ“ What, you from Scotland! from Melrose, from Gala Water! from Selkirk! and it's a hard matter A considerable number of coins have lately been to walk a mile or two to serve your Maker one day discovered in a defile of Mount Taurus. They are in the week! How many miles did you walk at Sel- of the epoch of the crusades, which circumstance kirk?” “ Five." “ Five! and can ye no walk twa would imply that they were buried in that spot by here? Man! your father walked ten or twall (twelve) the French, in order to conceal them from the Saraout, and as many hame every Sunday i' the year ; and your mither too, aften. I've seen a hunder folk and mair, that aye walked six or seven, men, women, and bairns too; and at the sacraments folk walked fifteen, and some twenty miles. How far will you

REVIEW. walk the morn to mak half-a-crown? Fie! Fie !

The Heavens. By ROBERT MUDIF, Author of " A But ye'll be out wi' a' your household next Sabbath, Guide to the Observation of Nature," c. &c. I ken. O, my man, mind the bairns! If you love

12mo, cloth, pp. 276. London: Ward and Co. their souls, dinna let them get into the habit of biding awa fra the kirk. All the evils among young

MR. Mudie states in his preface, “ This work has folk in London arise from their not attending God's no pretensions whatever to be a system of technical house." Such remonstrances, it may easily be ima- astronomy.". It is, nevertheless, the production of a gined, were not often urged in vain.

scientific and cultivated mind; and while it gives a correct view of the “ heavens," which, as the inspired Psalmist proclaims, “ declare the glory of

God, and the firmament showeth his handy work ;" “WHY, PA-WHO LEARNT YOU TO

is written in an attractive style, embued with a PRAY ?"

spirit of truly scriptural piety: I know a little boy, between three and four years of Mr. Mudie's style and spirit may be judged by age, whose father experienced religion last winter. the following paragraph relating to Celestial InHe no sooner became a good man than he thought fluences." he ought to pray with his family. He took the All those mighty influences have also this ad. Bible in his hand, and after reading a few verses in vantage, that when once we know law according a very feeling manner, bowed down before God, and to which they act, we can calculate the succession offered a most fervent prayer. It was something for any length of time; and, while at ease in our new to all the family. But his little boy, who a year chamber at one point of the earth's surface, we can ago tenderly inquired, “Can't you pray, pa, grandpa say with certainty, what effect those celestial infludoes,” came, full of feeling, and said,

Why, pa,

ences are producing throughout its whole extent; who learnt you to pray, pa? I did'nt know you could and thus the heavens become, in the strictest sensé


of the word, the keys to the knowledge of universal nature,

“ The moral here is so obvious, so striking, and so instructive, that we need hardly pause to point it out; but as the material earth would be abandoned to an unbroken eternity of lifelessness, if it were deprived of the genial influence of the material sun,and even if that sun were to suspend its influence for one day or for one moment, the system of life and of beauty in the earth would be deranged and lost without recovery,--so, in the intellectual world, if He who set in the heavens a tabernacle for the sun,' were to abandon the human mind to itself, that abandonment would be mental or spiritual death of the most fearful description,-were He to hide his face but for a moment, man would be utterly lost; for man can be safe only in the free grace of his bountiful God." (P. 42).

Anecdotes. Admonitions. 18mo. cloth, pp. 244.

London : Religious Tract Society. This instructive volume seems to complete the entertaining series of collections of anecdotes, and it will be sufficient to say, that it is worthy of its predecessors. The whole series forms a valuable appendage to a Sunday-school or village-library.

The Art of Divine Contentment. By THOMAS

Watson, of St. Stephen's, Walbrook, London, A.D. 1653. 24mo. cloth, pp. 244. London : Reli

gious Tract Society. DR. ISAAC BARROW'S Sermons on Contentment have always been much admired, as adapted to produce that happy frame of mind in Christians. They are certainly valuable : but Watson's little work is mani. festly superior in plan and execution; and very far more excellent as an evangelical treatise. It de. serves to be the companion of every sick Christian,


“ Adam, where art thou ? monarch, where?

It is thy Maker calls;
What means that look of wild despair ?

What anguish now enthralls ?
Why, in the wood's embowering shade,

Dost thou attempt to hide,
From him whose hand thy kingdom made,

And all thy wants supplied ?
Go hide again, thou fallen one!

The crown has left thy brow;
Thy robe of purity is gone,

And thou art naked now.
Adam, where art thou ? monarch, where?

Assert thy high command;
Call forth the tiger from his lair,

To lick thy kingly hand;
Control the air, control the earth,

Control the foaming sea;
They own no more thy heavenly birth,

Or heaven-stamp'd royalty.
The brutes no longer will caress,

But share with thee thy reign;
For the sceptre of thy righteousness,

Thy hands have snapped in twain.
Adam, where art thou ? monarch, where?

Thou wondrous thing of clay;
Ah! let the earth-worm now declare,

Who claims thee as his prey. Thy mother, oh thou mighty one,

For thee re-opes her womb;
Thou to the narrow house art gone,

Thy kingdom is thy tomb.
The truth from Godhead's lips that came,

There in thy darkness learn:
Of dust was formed thy beauteous frame,

And shall to dust return.
Adam, where art thou ? where! ah where?

Behold him raised above,
An everlasting life to share,

In the bright world of love.
The hand he once 'gainst heaven could raise,

Another sceptre holds;
His brows where new-born glories blaze,

Another crown enfolds.
Another robe 's flung over him,

More fair than was his own; And with the fire-tongued seraphim,

He dwells before the throne. “ But whence could such a change proceed?

What power could raise him there?
So late by God's own voice decreed

Transgression's curse to bear.
Hark! hark! he tells—a harp well strung

His grateful arms embrace :
Salvation is his deathless song,

And grace, abounding grace ;
And sounds through all the upper sky

A strain with wonders rife,
That Life hath given itself to die,

To bring death back to life."

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May He who rules the boundless whole,
Instruct my mind, enlarge my soul,
And teach to shape the trackless course
O'er distant seas, through current's force.
In night's dark gloom and tempest's howl,
With steady courage arm my soul,
Not deaf to danger, but resign'd
Whate'er his will, in hope to find
A helper in that solemn hour,
When death o'er tars usurps


Should sudden squalls our bark assail,
And spring a mast, or split a sail,
May thy kind hand direct me still,
To act my part and do thy will !
If launch'd o'erboard in stormy day,
Thy goodness still to me display
As on the briny wave I float,
To gain some friendly spar or boat.

Should lab'ring pumps employ our care,
Far, far from me o keep despair !
But should thy wisdom so decree,
That we our bark no more should free,
As down with her I sink below,
A better world my spirit show.


London : Printed and Published by JAMES S. HODSON, at 22,

Poppin's Court, Fleet Street ; where all communications for the Editor (post paid) are to be addressed ; sold also by Simpkin, Mar. shall, and Co., and by all other Booksellers, Newsvenders, &c, in

the Kingdom. The trade may be supplied in London, by STEILL, Paternoster Row ;

BERGER, Holywell Street, Strand : in Manchester, by Ellerby : She field, Innocenti Newcastle upon Tyne, Finlay and Charlton.

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Christian pastors—the substitution of ceremonies

to attract the Jews and idolators, in the room of GIBBON, the historian, though an enemy to the the reading of the Scriptures, prayer, and preaching peculiar doctrines and the holy claims of Christia- the gospel-the creation of a hierarchy with various nity, has justly declared of the great Arabian im- ranks of the priesthood in Christianity and the postor, that "the faith which, under the name of consequent ambition, wealth, and worldliness of Islam, he preached to his family and nation, is com- ministers — rendered religion, under the name of pounded of an ETERNAL TRUTH, and a necessary Christian, abhorred by the people. The history fiction, THAT THERE IS ONLY ONE GOD, AND THAT and progress of that corruption need not here be MAHOMET IS THE APOSTLE OF GOD."

minutely detailed, as it has been done so fully in the Mahometanism could not have been introduced pages of the Christian's Penny Magazine, in the with success, even in Arabia, had it not been for the 6. YOUNG CHRISTIAN'S PROTESTANT MEMORIAL FOR deplorable and general corruption of Christianity. THE COMMEMORATION OF THE THIRD CENTENARY OP


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THE REFORMATION.”. But in confirmation of the those professing the Mahometan religion has been statements contained in that detail, we give the follow- calculate to amount to about 149,000,000.” ing paragraph from the celebrated treatise of Grotius, Mahometanism, however, is rapidly declining

ON THE TRUTH OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION." through the progress of knowledge, especially by

“ Instead of a preface to the sixth book, which is the diffusion of the Holy Scriptures, and by their designed against the Mahometans, it relates the blessed means, the true light of saving doctrines of judgments of God against the Christians, down to creation, redemption, and eternal salvation. the original of Mahometanism ; namely, how that Dr. Wilson, the present bishop of Calcutta, has sincere and unfeigned piety, which flourished amongst eloquently stated the cause of divine truth and the the Christians, who were most grievously afflicted progress of Christian knowledge by the Scriptures, and tormented, began by degrees to abate; after in a recent letter to the Rev. A. Brandram, one of Constantine and the following emperors had made the secretaries of the British and Foreign Bible the profession of the Christian religion not only Society; and as Mahometanism with its prospects safe, but honourable ; but having, as it were, thrust is referred to, an extract will be appropriate here. the world into the church, first, the Christian princes He says,-" The Bible is made for man, as much as waged war without measure, even when they might the eternal world of nature : it suits his moral conhave enjoyed peace. The bishops quarrelled with dition; it awakens and gratifies his attention; it each other most bitterly about the highest places ; comes down to his feelings and wants. The light of and, as of old, the preferring the tree of knowledge the sun is not more adapted to the eye of man, than to the tree of life, was the occasion of the greatest the Scriptures are adapted to his inward conscience evils; so the nice inquiries were esteemed more than and heart. The manner, also, in which truth is piety, and religion was made an art. The conse- conveyed in the inspired volume is universally suited quence of which was, that, after the example of for man- for childhood, for youth, for manhood, for them who built the tower of Babel, their rashly age. The matter and manner equally speak a divine affecting matters, produced different languages and original. But India is more especially at home in confusion among them; which the common people the Bible. It is an Oriental volume : its allusions, taking notice of, many times not knowing which way its images, its habits, its historical vestiges, its to turn themselves, cast all the blame upon the national customs, are in a large degree Asiatic: and sacred writings, and began to avoid them as if they can be most easily understood in the countries nearest were infected. And religion began every where to to those where it was first written. be placed, not in purity of mind but in rites, as if Accounts are now coming in from all quarters Judaism were brought back again ; and in those of a readiness to receive the sacred volume, which things, which contained in them more of bodily ex- crowds together masses of inquirers and of suppliercise, than improvement of the mind; and also in a cants at all the principal festivals and annual celeviolent adhering to the party they had chosen ; the brations, and scarcely allows the missionary to depart final event of which was, that there was every where without allaying their eagerness. a great many Christians in name, but very few in “ All this coincides with the decayed power of the reality. God did not overlook, these faults of his Hindoo and Mohammedan religions upon the minds people; but from the farthest corners of Scythia

But I retract the word religions:' the and Germany, poured vast armies, like a deluge, impostures palmed, under that sacred name, upon a upon the Christian world : and, when the great fallen world deserve not the elevation they thus slaughter made by these, did not suffice to reform

Neither Hindooism nor Mahometanism those which remained, by the just permission of merits the name of religion.' . The sort of metaGod, Mahomet planted in Arabia a new religion, physical compact between atheism and the grossest directly opposite to the Christian religion ; yet such and most polluting mythology of the first; and the as did in a good measure express in words, the life fierce corruption of the Jewish and Christian reveof a great portion of the (corrupt] Christians.” lations, which are the pretended foundation of the

Dr. Robinson, speaking of the extent to which second; these are not religions. The one is the there is a profession made of the religion of the faint vestige of original revelation, wandering about false prophet, states, “ Mahometanism exceeds for light, without a single holy principle to direct it; Christianity in extent of territory, and is little short and the other, the mere plunder of Christianity, of the latter in the number of its professors. The poured at the feet of a false prophet and advenMahometan religion is established in, or prevails turer." throughout, the Turkish dominions in Europe, Asia, These preliminary observations are intended as and Africa ; viz. Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Cana- introductory to a series of five papers, furnished by dia, Cyprus, Natolia, Syria, part of Armenia, Egypt, an intelligent correspondent on the subject of Maho. &c.; the Barbary States, viz. Morocco, Algiers, metanism ; and which will be given to our readers Tunis, Tripoli, Fez, &c.; África Interior, viz. Feze- in successive numbers of this Magazine, zan, Tombuctoo, Kassina, Bornou, Darfoor, Nubia, &c.; the eastern coast of Africa, and the island of Madagascar, viz. Adel, Zanguebar, Mozambique,

DOMESTIC WORSHIP IN SCOTLAND. Sofala, &c.; Arabia, the Persian States, viz. Persia, Korasan, and part of Armenia : the Russian States In the interesting life of the late Dr. Waugh it is reof Little Tartary, Astrakan, Kazan, Kirghis, Kazaks, lated, that it was the regular practice of the Scotch Kolhyvane, &c.; the Independent Tartars, viz. those husbandmen, in olden times, to assemble the whole of Turkestan, Bucharia, Balk, Karasm, the Usbecs, household, for family worship, in the hall or kitchen; &c.; Hindostan, the eastern islands of Malaya, in the morning before breakfast, and in the evening Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Celebes, Mindaneo, Luzon, before supper. The good man, of course, led their &c. It has likewise made many proselytes in various devotions, every one having the Bible in his hand. other countries, as in China, &c. The number of This was the stated course, even in seed time and

harvest; between five and six in the morning was the

time for prayer, in these busy seasons. Of the im. * See Part XLI. of this Magazine, for Oct. 1835; that pression made upon his young heart, by these domesMemorial has been published in an 18mo volume, price 1s. tic services, and by other congenial scenes of domestic

of men.


piety, Dr. Waugh wonld often talk, in his own family, laws that regulate the human mind. I am quite with tears in his eyes; and to the purifying and sure that the day on which the first open act of duty soul-ennobling influence of such scenes, not a little to God was performed, or the day on which the first of the simplicity, tenderness, and moral elevation of resolute determination to forsake sin was made, may his own character, may be justly traced.

be remembered in many cases ; but I should as readily believe that the appearance of the corn above

the ground, was an indication of the day upon which ON THE INEFFICACY OF MIRACLES TO

it began to germinate, as that the performance of PRODUCE A CHANGE OF HEART.

such an act of duty was the whole of the work of

conversion or the commencement of it. Nor is this No. II.-ON CHANGE OF HEART,

opinion in the least affected by the fact, that many

are arrested in open and avowed opposition to GodThe present moral and spiritual condition of man- for the personal assurances which I have received kind, when compared with the descriptions which

from such persons of the moral condition of their the Bible gives of the character that will ultimately hearts, have very much contributed to strengthen a be received into the kingdom of heaven, and also with the declaration of the Redeemer, that except a

now established proposition in my system of theo

logy, that “the kingdom of heaven is like a grain man be born again, he cannot see that glorious habi. of mustard seed, which a man took and sowed in the tation, is quite sufficient to awaken the most serious

ground, and it sprung up he knew not how." investigation as to the means by which those who

Having thus cleared away some of those obstacles are at present in the paths of sin, may be led into which might have impeded the reception of my those of piety and religion. My design will not require me to make any very extensive inquiries

future papers, I will add some illustrations of the into this important topic, as I have only to give such

effects of change of heart, which will be within the

experience of every true believer. a description of the meaning of the words, as will Î. As to God. The Christian takes an entirely keep us from misunderstanding the future remarks different view of the Deity to that which is enterthat are to be brought forward.

tained by men of the world ; and if I were disposed There are several phrases in the Scriptures which to adduce evidence in favour of the gradual nature are universally understood to apply to this change of of a change of heart, I should certainly find it in the heart, among which we may mention “new crea- fact, that the knowledge of God can be derived only tion," ,' “regeneration," " resurrection from the death

from experience and repeated illustrations of his of sin ;” and I am sure our readers will not suspect attributes, which must necessarily be a work of time me of an attempt to undervalue the greatness of the and observation. Thus the Christian desires to realteration which they express, if I request them to gard the hand of his Heavenly Father in every event bear in mind that the greater number of these of life. He now can appreciate the purity of the phrases were applicable to, and derived their most Divine character, and the immutable necessity which striking illustration from the incalculable, and to us compels God to be an inflexible and unchangeable inconceivable alteration which was effected, when the foe to sin of every kind and degree. He now can splendid but heartless ceremonies of Jews and Pa- feel that life is only well spent, when it is felt to be gans, were changed for the pure and simple worship spent in the immediate presence of God; and that of the Church of God. Yet it must ever be main- the operation of the Father of the universe can tained that the real and actual moral change, which never be traced too extensively or minutely. Once is effected in the case of every individual Christian he could and did spend his days and form his plans, in our day, is precisely as great as it was at first, without attaching any importance to the concurrence although the apparent alteration and effect of con- and approbation of God, but now he would tremble version, may be in no respect of so stupendous magnitude or striking solemnity.

to enter upon any undertaking which had not been

examined with reference to the will of the Deity, Conversion is the turning of the renewed heart and upon which his blessing had not been sought. towards God and duty. It is simply the giving of a Once it had been his diligent endeavour to exclude new direction to them. The mental and the bodily from his mind all reflections upon the coming termihabits are never, and can never be forcibly worked nation of human life, but now he can, to some extent, upon. But the feelings of the heart may direct the exclaim with the apostle, “ I die daily,” and share former to entirely new objects, and lead to a course in the elevated piety which led his Divine Redeemer of conduct that will in the end produce a change of to speak of death as “ departure to the Father.” In habits.

short, his opinions and his views respecting the To these observations I must add one more, the Deity are entirely changed, and it is to his shame importance of which as well as its truth, I am learn

and sorrow, if they are not changing for the better ing every day of my life. It is this-Conversion is with the experience of every year of his life. not a sudden change of the heart, but one which is 2. As to himself. He is now able to appreciate effected gradually and almost imperceptibly. I never his real character and his innumerable imperfections. yet knew a case of what I have before denominated The fatal system of comparing his conduct with that as conversion, in which investigation has not enabled of his fellow-men is now entirely abandoned, and me to trace the operation of causes and motives un. since he takes for his model the Divine and perfect known, it may be, to the individual himself, but Saviour, he cannot but be hourly convinced of his manifestly preparing him for the reception of the deficiencies and sins. He may, indeed, with the gospel. It may be true, indeed, (and here lies the sincerity which is ever attendant upon integrity and secret of the dispute on the subject) that God has virtue, feel that he is worthy of respect and affection not called the individual to any express act of deci. from his fellow-creatures, but he has learnt that the sion of the side of religion--but it is not less true estimate of the Deity is far more scrutinizing than that he has been carefully preparing him for that that of the world has any need to be, and whenever event. We hear men often declare that on such a his own conduct is the subject of his reflections, he day, and by such a sermon, they were brought to joins with David in exclaiming, “ who can tell how God, but I am not disposed to admit the truth of an oft he offendeth ?" There can be no doubt that a assertion so contrary to the known operation of the just estimate of ourselves lies at the foundation of all

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