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less, much of the knowledge of the Scriptures may much more than you can possibly do, about that be acquired even by a child; and this is happily blessed book; but it was written by many holy men, found in the case of many a Sunday-scholar, accord- in different ages, under the inspiration of God, and ing to the grand design of our Sabbath-schools, relating to so many various things, even in times yet which is not only to teach the young to read, but future, and concerning the kingdom of Christ on "to make them wise unto salvation through faith earth and his everlasting glory in heaven, all of in Christ Jesus."

which it will be profitable for us to know, that no Bible Class exercises cannot be too much simpli- man perfectly understands all that is contained in plified; and the present work is designed as an the Bible. You can recollect many of the things elementary manual of instruction on the subject of taught us in the Scriptures. scriptural knowledge. Such a compendium has been Şcholar. O, yes: I know that the Bible speaks acknowledged to be wanted, to put into the hands of about a great many things, and about very many the young;

and several experienced instructors have persons. repeatedly applied to the writer of this for such a Teacher. Mention to me now what you are able directory, or “First Steps in Bible Classes.” Though to recollect; and I will assist you in calling others there exist already some excellent little works on to your mind. biblical subjects, yet, with a view to meet the wishes Scholar. I cannot think immediately of all that of some devoted teachers, the present attempt has I have read : but I remember that the Bible tells us been made, especially for the purpose of preparing the how the heavens and the earth were created; how minds of the young to enter, with more advantage, Adam and Eve, the first man and woman were made; the Bible Classes of their respected pastors. This abont wicked Cain killing his good brother, Abel ; little manual includes answers to many questions, about the flood, when all the people in the world which the author has had proposed to him from time were drowned, except Noah and his sons, Shem, to time, by his own children, by his pupils in Sab- Ham, and Japheth, with their wives ; about the bath-schools, and by more advanced Bible Classes ; children of Israel; and about the life and crucifixion and from these circumstances, in the course of thirty of our Saviour Jesus Christ. years' experience, originated the present series of Teacher. Those and many other things in the conversations.

Bible ought to be carefully remembered by you :

but I suppose you recollect who were the famous CHAPTER II.-History of the Bible.

patriarchs ? Teacher. My dear scholar, you remember young Scholar. O, yes : Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, Timothy's praise by the apostle Paul on account of and his twelve sons were patriarchs. his acquaintance with the Bible. Let me hear you Teacher. They were : but what other celebrated repeat it.

patriarchs do you remember by name? Scholar, “ And that from a child thou hast known Scholar. I am not sure that I remember any the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make thee others, unless Adam, and Noah, and Job were pawise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ triarchs. Were these patriarchs, teacher ? Jesus" (2 Tim, iii. 15).

Teacher. Certainly those were patriarchs. You Teacher. Repeat the last two verses in the chapter. know, I believe, the proper meaning of that title. Scholar. “ All scripture is given by inspiration of Scholar. I believe it means a father of a family : God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for but then I suppose you are a patriarch; are you not, correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the teacher ? man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished Teacher. A patriarch is indeed a father of a unto all good works” (ver. 16, 17).

fumily: but though, as you know, I have half as Teacher. Remember then from the testimony of many children as the patriarch Jacob had sons, the these three verses, the origin and the design of the title would not be properly applied to me, as I am Holy Scriptures as contained in the Bible.

not yet fifty years old : this title is appropriately Scholar. I will endeavour to do so: but I wish given to a very aged father of a large family, and you would inform me all about the Bible.

in an especial manner it is given to those aged heads Teacher. I rejoice to hear you express that wish; of families mentioned in the book of Genesis. though I cannot

engage to satisfy you in this parti- Scholar. I have often wondered at the great age cular : because the Bible contains the revealed will of the patriarchs mentioned in the Bible; some of of God to mankind, and varied instruction on so them lived to be almost a thousand years old ! many different things, that it is the most learned Teacher. They did in the early ages of the world : book in the world.

how long did Adam live ? Scholar. But I know a good deal about it myself: Scholar. Adam lived nine hundred and thirty for I have read many parts of the Bible, which you years! gave to me as a reward in the Sunday-school; and my Teacher. Noah, you will find, was born 126 years * Manners and Customs of the Jews,” and several after the death of Adam: and you can tell me the other books that I have had from our school library, age of Noah when he died.

T'eacher. I fear that you think too highly of your Scholar. Noah died when he was nine hundred present attainments in the knowledge of the Scrip- and fifty years old. tures. I know that you have read the Bible, and Teacher. You will find that Noah's age added to several other good books, with much attention; and 126, and the years of Adam's life, will make 2006 the beautiful engravings with which some of them years ; Abraham was born two years after the death are adorned, have afforded you much instruction. It of Noah, so that the world was 2008 years old from is evident also that you have gained considerable ad- the creation at the birth of Abraham. vantage from your reading, by your desiring of me Scholar. I did not think that any person could to tell you all about the Bible,

tell how old the world was at the birth of Abraham! Scholar. I should indeed, teacher, like to know Teacher. Probably you did not think on the suball about the Bible ; and I suppose that you know allject; but you may easily reckon it yourself when about it, and every thing that is written in every you are a little better acquainted with arithmetic. I part,

believe you can tell how old the world was at the Teacher. Certainly I may be supposed to know birth of Christ.

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Scholar. O, yes; it was four thousand and four | you would do me the favour to give a general view years : for I have noticed this at the top of the first of this division of the globe as regards the several page in my grandfather's large Bible.

forms of Christianity. I have reason to believe that Teacher. And how many years since the birth of this would be esteemed a favour by many readers of Christ?

the Christian's Penny Magazine, besides your Scholar. I remember that by what we call, The

INQUIRER. year of our Lord;" and it is now one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six.

“ Inquirer" and many of his friends seem to be

unnecessarily alarmed at the apprehended growth of T'eacher. You are right; and how long did the

popery in England. There can be no doubt but the apostle John live after the birth of Christ ? Scholar. About one hundred years ; for it says in

profession of the Roman Catholic religion has, within the corner of the page in my grandfather's Bible, and, at the present time, there are about 550 places

the last fifty years, greatly increased in England; that it was the year ninety-six when John wrote the

of worship of that denomination in the United Kingbook of the Revelation.

dom. But there are about 11,000 places of worship Teacher. Then of how many years do the Scrip. belonging to the church of England, besides about tures relate the history, from the creation of the

8000 belonging to the several denominations of Proworld till the writing of the book of the Revelation ?

testant Dissenters. These do not include upwards of Scholar. Reckoning what were before the birth

1000 places of worship of the Presbyterian church of Christ, and ninety-six years after, there must have been four thousand and one hundred years

of Scotland, and about 900 belonging to other Pro

testant denominations in that country. from the creation to the writing of the Revelation.

This will give the relative proportions of places of Teacher. Who was the earliest writer of the

worship in Great Britain as follows:Scriptures ?

Protestant Church of England

11,000 Scholar. Moses : for Genesis is called the “ first

Dissenters

8000 book of Moses ;” and you have told me that Genesis

Presbyterian Church of Scotland 1000 was the earliest written book of the Bible.

Dissenters

900 Teacher. Can you tell me how many years the

100—10,000 death of Moses was before the coming of Christ?

Episcopalians, nearly Scholar. I think I have heard you say, one thou

21,000 sand four hundred and fifty-one years ; and that he Roman Catholic places of worship in wrote the book of Genesis perhaps fifty years before

England, Wales, and Scotland.

600 his death, in the land of Midian. Teacher. And who wrote the last book of the

Total 21,600 Old Testament ? Scholar. Malachi the prophet.

Probably this numerical statement will not perTeacher. How long was it that Malachi lived fectly satisfy our “ Inquirer” without some remark before the coming of our Saviour ?

on the increase of Roman Catholics in England. It Scholar. About four hundred years, as I have

may, therefore, be observed, in relation to their real heard you say to our Bible Class.

increase, which is evident, that it arises from one or Teacher. And who wrote the last book in the

other of the following causes :New Testament ?

1. The natural increase of the population, of course Scholar. The apostle John wrote the book of the

those who are Roman Catholics as well as ProtesRevelation, the last of the disciples of our Saviour.

tants, Teacher. John certainly lived to be the last sur

2. The emigration of Catholics from Ireland to vivor of the apostles of Christ : but he was not the

England. last of his disciples. I hope that you, my dear boy,

3. The removal of civil disabilities from Roman are a disciple of Christ, as well as your namesake Catholics, through which they appear more evidently the apostle John, learning more fully to understand as a part of the community, and manifest zeal for the doctrine of Christ, and loving his blessed service; the prevalence of their religious opinions and proand that you, and I, and all in our Sabbath-school,

fessions. shall meet the Saviour and his apostles in heaven,

4. The active diligence of their priests, who, beeternally to praise and glorify God, the Father, Son, ing all unmarried, consequently having no family and Holy Spirit.

incumbrances, supposing them sincere, are devoted Scholar. I hope so too, teacher; but I want you

to their duties in an exemplary manner, to tell me more about the Bible.

While, however, it is admitted that Roman CathoTeacher. That I will gladly do at another oppor

lics increase in England, and as they themselves protunity; and, in the meantime, I hope you will atten

fess their religious faith is unchangeable, nothing is tively reflect on what I have already told you about

more manifest than the fact, that every intelligent the Holy Scriptures.

Roman Catholic repudiates and abhors the intolerant, persecuting principles and practices which are exhibited on the page of even English history.

Popery, as a religious system, we abhor, as disCHRISTIAN SURVEY OF EUROPE. honouring to our Lord and Saviour, and as delusive

to the souls of men. MR. EDITOR.-Popery, I fear, is increasing in Eng- Intolerance and persecution were, however, not land; and many entertain painful apprehensions of confined to the Papists : nor are they limited at the its regaining a dominant influence in our favoured present day to that class of professed Christians, country. Now, although I cannot entertain the either in the British isles or the continent of Europe. notion of some whom I esteem, on the subject of But perfect religious freedom advances in our favoured Romanism, I am not satisfied that Protestantism is times, just in the degree that the Holy Scriptures making those advances in Europe that I could wish : alone are made the sole and exclusive rule of judgbut I am not sufficiently acquainted with the state of ment and authority in faith in all matters of Christiareligion in the different nations, to form a correct nity. opinion in relation to Europe. I wish, therefore, Popery, with every other form of antichristianity,

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must, according to the revealed purpose of God, be

Brought forward 192,260,000 ultimately annihilated: but this will be brought about Naples and Sicily

7,450,000 by means of the active zeal of Christians; the Lord Tuscany and other Italian States 2,300,000 Jehovah pouring forth his Holy Spirit' upon the Spain

14,000,000 minds of men in the use of those divinely appointed Portugal

3,500,000 means of knowledge and religion. The manifest Ottoman Empire

10,000,000 duty of every true Christian is, first, to “ live by Greece

550,000 faith” upon the word and promise of God, that he may enjoy daily “ fellowship with the Father and

Grand total 230,060,000 his Son Jesus Christ," and secondly, as Providence shall afford him opportunities, labour to diffuse the Of these, there are under the domi. light of divine truth according to the Holy Scrip

nion of tures.

Roman Catholic States

76,500,000 Correctly to pourtray Europe as to its religious Protestant States

56,000,000 condition, is no easy task imposed upon us by our France

33,000,000 correspondent “ Inquirer.” All that can be done is

89,000,000 to give a general view of the states and kingdoms Greek and Russian

54,500,000 according to their profession; and this can be done Mohammedan

10,000,000 but imperfectly ; because in many states, Protestants and Catholics, and in a few, those of the Greek

230,000,000 church, are intermingled. However, the following, from the pen of Josiah Conder, Esq., is probably the Thus, although the members of Protestant churches most correct analysis that has yet been given to the

do not amount to half the number of those belonging public, in so short a compass, of the population and to the Romish church, the European population religious statistics of Europe.

under Protestant and Non-Catholic governments, The nations of Europe comprise ten distinct now that France is alienated from the papacy, is races, of which the most ancient are the least nume

nearly double that of the Roman Catholic states, rous. Taking the aggregate population at 200,000,000,Taking the total population subject to Protestant M. Malte Brun calculates, that the nations speaking and Roman Catholic powers, inclusive of the colothe Greek, the Albanian, the Turkish, and the Finnic nies, the balance is still more strikingly in favour of languages, in the eastern part, and the Basque, the the former. The Protestant empires throughout the Erse, and the Cymric, in the western, do not exceed world include nearly 200,000,000, exclusive of France 27,000,000; while the three great races, distinguished and Russia, which contain 95,000,000; while the by the names of Slavonian, Teutonic (including the Roman Catholic empires do not comprise quite Scandinavian nations,) and the Italian or Romano- 140,000,000. Total under nominally Christian goCeltic, comprise a population of more than 173,000,000.vernments, 435,000,000. Distributed according to their religious creeds, the “On a view of the map, Russia will be seen to same geographer estimates the numbers of the several

occupy more than half the surface of Europe, but communions as follows:

with not quite a fourth part of the aggregate popu. Greek Church

50,000,000

lation, the inhabitants being not more than about Latin Church

98,000,000

345. to the square marine league. In Norway and Protestant

44,000,000

Sweden, they are 103; in France, 1900; in EngJews

3,000,000

land, 2700. The agricultural class is supposed to Moslem

5,000,000

comprehend about two-thirds of the population, and Pagan.

500,000

the military, in the service of the respective govern

ments, is one-hundredth part, or about 2,000,000. 200,500,000

Great Britain, which ranks as the fourth power of

Europe as to population, and the seventh or eighth The actual population of Europe, however, is con- as to extent of territory, exclusive of her colonies in siderably above this estimate, and, as politically dis- other parts, ranks as the first in revenue. France is tributed, may be stated as follows:

the second in revenue, the fourth in extent, and in Great Britain,

population about equal to Austria, which ranks as British Isles 24,400,000

the third in extent, and the fourth in revenue. In Hanover 1,600,000

point of extent of territory, Sweden and Norway Ionian Isles 200,000

united, rank next to Russia, though otherwise among Malta, Gibraltar, &c. 135,000

the smaller

and Turkey ranks next to France.

powers; 26,335,000

Spain is the sixth in extent, and, though in revenue France

33,000,000

inferior, has a population above that of Prussia. Austria

33,000,000

The time is probably not very distant, when she will Prussia

13,000,000 Russia (in Europe)

resume her proper rank among the great powers of 54,000,000

Europe."
Total of five great powers 159,335,000
Sweden and Norway .

4,000,000 Denmark

2,000,000 Holland

HINTS, MAXIMS, &c. MATERIALS FOR Belgium

6,125,000

MEDITATION. Bavaria

4,000,000 Other German States

8,200,000

(Continued from p. 279.) Swiss Confederation

2,000,000 41. Religion, transforms the tiger-spirit into a Sardinia.

4,000,000 lamb-like disposition; what change has it wrought States of the Church :

2,600,000 in you?

42. If we are too lazy to rise early to afford ourCarried forward 192,260,000 selves opportunity to pray and read when God and

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conscience calls, it may be, that ere long we shall be forced to rise when labour compels.

43. “ Promotion cometh not from the east nor from the west, but of God only who setteth up one, and putteth down another.”

44. “ Be sure your sin will find you out" (Numb. xxxii. 23), yea, “ evil shall hunt the wicked man to overthrow him” (Psa, cxl. 11), and thinkest thou to escape ?

45. It is the greatest presumption to suppose that we shall be saved, merely from a self-confidence that we were chosen of God in Christ from before the foundation of the world; but it is our greatest consolation and happiness to know that Christ gave himself a ransom for all, and that when he " overcame the sharpness of death, he opened the kingdom of heaven to all believers."

46. Though we cannot always pray with fervour when we would, yet we always should when we can; thus we secure beforehand, a blessing in time of need,

47. Our being with the rich man in hell or with Lazarus in heaven, may depend upon our being soon or late at church. “ The early bird gets the early worm." In vain do the maimed and the halt step into the waters after they have ceased to be troubled. Let us think not to obtain a blessing if we are indif. ferent to seek it earnestly at the time appointed, and in the way of the divine appointment. Cambridge.

L. C.

The truth divine they heard : their hearts were

prick'd Conscious guilt their spirits penetrated : They broke the momentary silence: tears, Copious, and groans, express'd their bitter grief. At length, in general burst, the thousands cried“ Ye holy men of God !-O brethren speak" For pardon—tell us quickly, what to do!"

Warr'd with the fire of God's free love to man, Benev'lence pure inspir'd th' aposles' breasts, And Peter promply answer'd thus—“Repent. “ In the name of Jesus Christ let every one “Of you be now baptiz'd, for sins' remission, “ And you shall have the Holy Spirit givin. “ The promise is to you-to your

children, To those in regions far and near, to whom “ The Lord our God shall send his gracious call."

With many other words appropriate, Did Peter testify of Jesus Christ, As God's anointed Son, the only true Messiah, promis'd to our race, by all The prophets' ministry, in every age. With exhortations too, pathetic, warm, As men deserving God's eternal wrath, He charg'd them, and not in vain, “ Save your

selves, “ From this untoward faithless generation.”

Pow'r and grace divine gave efficacy
To his words of truth, which many gladly
Receiv'd, and were baptiz'd. THREE THOUSAND

SOULS!
A glorious harvest gain'd from holy seed,
By virtue of this first missionary
Sermon, were added to the church and sav'd.

Proofs decisive of their genuine faith
They gave abundant: for they continued
Stedfast in doctrine with the apostles,
In holy fellowship with them in prayers,
And breaking bread, commemorating Christ,
As he commanded, broken in his death,
For their redemption and eternal life.

The numerous converts watch'd their teachers:
Observ'd their holy lives; and saw the signs
And wonders frequent wrought at the command
Of the apostles; proofs that God was nigh,
To justify their claims, as messengers
To men, inspir'd instructors of the

world. Grace renew'd the minds of the believers : Pure benevolence fill'd their glowing hearts : They liv'd together ; with all things common, Their property they sold for general good, Granting a share to every brother's need. Their simple food they ate with singleness Of heart, and pious gladness; and daily From house to house, the bread of fellowship They brake, in mem'ry of their dying Lord. Constantly they visit the temple, as God ordain'd the seasons of public pray'r, Praising God, and having favour with all The wond'ring people. Their numbers increasid Daily with large additions : not of those Who merely chang'd a useless creed or form, But “such as should eternally be sav'd.”

REVIEW. The Buptists in America ; u Narrative of the De. putation from the Baptist Union in England, to the Baptist Churches of the United States of America and Canada. By the Rev. F. A. Cox, D.D. and LL.D.; and the Rev. JAMES Hoby. Second Edition, revised and enlarged, with twelve

Engravings. London: Thomas Ward and Co. We are truly rejoiced to see this very valuable work in a second edition. We again recommend this important volume to our readers, as it cannot fail to be perused with deep interest by Christians of all deno. minations, though it more particularly relates to that section of the church to which the respected deputation are an honour.

THE SPIRIT OF CHRISTIAN MISSIONS.

Canto I.

Continued from page 280. “Men and brethren, still let me freely speak :You know the patriarch David is both “ Dead and buried; and now his sepulchre Is honour'd this day by all our nation:

By the prophetic spirit influenc'd, “ Before of the resurrection of Christ “ He spake, that hell did not detain his soul, “ Nor did his sacred flesh behold corruption. “ This Jesus, God hath rais'd again, of which “ All we stand witnesses. By God's right hand “ Exalted, he received the Holy Ghost, “ The promise of the Father's sovereign grace ; “ And shed it forth on us, as you now see “ And hear. Dissolv'd in dust, David is not

Ascended into the heavens. Therefore, “ Let all the house of Israel know that God Hath constituted Jesus, that self-same

Jesus, whom you have crucified in shame, " How fearful to his foes !-both Lord and Christ."

End of Canto I.

London : Printed by JAMES S. HODSON, at bis residence, No.

15, Cross Street, Hatton Garden, and Published by him at 112, Fleet Street ; where all communications for the Editor (post paid) are to be addressed ; sold also by Simpkin, Marsball, and Co., and by all other Booksellers, Newsvenders, &c. in the King

dom. The trade may be supplied in London, by STBILL,Paternoster Row ;

BERGER, Holywell Street, Strand ; in Manchester, by Ellerby i Sheffield, Innocent ; Newcastle-upon. Tyne, Finlay and Charlton Liverpool, Arnold.

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HISTORICAL NOTICES OF BERLIN.

Frederickstadt. Berlin Proper owes its origin to a

a colony of Netherlanders, who built this city in GERMANY, and that part of it especially compre- 1152, under the reign of Albert the Bear, of the hended within the Prussian dominions, has many family of Anhalt, which possessed Brandenburg for claims upon the regard of all denominations of even 170 years before the present dynasty. The other British Christians. Divine Providence, in that part towns were added after successive periods. In 1645, of the continent of Europe, brought to pass a series Berlin contained only 1236 houses; in 1747, about of events, in the raising up of the magnanimous 5513; in 1779, about 6437; in 1798, about 6950. In Luther and his gifted associates—to lay open to the 1774, it contained 104,874 inhabitants; of whom people the Holy Scriptures in a translation of the 5518 were French, 1162 Bohemians, and 3950 Jews; whole Bible-to receive and instruct the persecuted and the garrison, reckoning their attendants, 29,540 fathers of the church of Christ in England and Scot- souls, which may be added to the number of its inland—and to afford counsel to those great men who habitants. So rapidly has the population increased laboured in establishing the doctrines of the Refor- since that period, that in 1798, it contained, exclumation in both divisions of the United Kingdom. sive of the garrison, according to Hoeck, 142,099

Germany is highly distinguished for its scholars, inhabitants ; and from an average taken upon the critics, and theologians; and many, both in Great two preceding years, the number of inhabitants was Britain and America, are looking to that country for increasing at the ratio of 3726 yearly. In 1803, the some of the most useful labourers in evangelizing population was 153,123, exclusive of the garrison ; the heathen world. Such have already been fur- with a proportionate increase of houses. The prenished to the Church Missionary Society and the sent population of Berlin is estimated at about 225,000 London Missionary, from several universities and besides the garrison of 30,000. The whole city, intheological seminaries in Prussia, especially Halle, cluding its five divisions mentioned above, is twelve Berlin, and the Missionary Institution at Bremen. miles in circumference, being four miles and a half

Berlin is the capital of the Prussian dominions, in length, and three in breadth : but within this inand without comparison, the most elegant and beau- closure are many gardens and even fields. On the tiful of all its cities. Berlin is situated on the river south it is defended by a wall, on the north only by Spree, which is here divided into three branches, palisades; and it has fifteen gates. The streets are and communicates with the rivers Havel, Oder, and large, straight, clean, and well paved. There are Elbe, by canals, as well as with the German ocean several large and handsome squares, with pleasant and the Baltic, which greatly facilitate commercial walks; and it is surrounded with beautiful gardens, intercourse. This city is composed of five towns, which produce excellent fruit. The bulk of the víz, Berlin Proper, Coin, Werder, Dorothystadt, and population is industrious and active, and a great VOL. V,

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