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in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth.' enough that they should be kept out of mischief * For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whore-only, for that end might equally be attained by lockmongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whoso-ing them up in a room. ever loveth and maketh a lie.'"

I well know from early recollections the irksomeness of sitting for two hours in such a state of constraint; and it is utterly impossible to keep the atten

tion of children on the stretch to the whole of a PRACTICAL ERRORS IN SUNDAY

church service and discourse. Then in what can SCHOOLS.

they be benefited by it? To say it is pleasing in the PERHAPS all the suggestions in the following paper sight of God, is to say that he delights more in time may not be worthy of adoption; yet there is a large uselessly employed, than usefully. I once asked a portion of good sense, and many wise hints which superintendent of a Sunday-school, why he did not deserve the serious consideration of all superinten- add writing to the things taught to which he redents of our Sabbath-schools.

EDITOR. plied, that he considered it profaning the Sabbath. Mr. Editor,-Having been engaged as a Sunday. certainly necessary for the poorest person, be con

But why may not the teaching of writing, which is school Teacher for several years, and feeling a great | sidered as one of those cases authorized by our interest in the success and purposes of that laudable

Saviour, as illustrated by the parable of the ass being Institution, although but an humble instrument in

pulled out of the pit? What right have we to conits furtherance, I think it my duty to make a few ob

clude that it is more pleasing in the eyes of God to servations, either for refutation or confirmation, as

employ four hours of the Sabbath uselessly than usethe case may be.

fully? Though I cannot conscientiously. yield to any one If this is allowed to have place in your Magazine, in zeal for the bettering the condition of the poor I should be happy to communicate some parts of my children, yet am I willing to grant, that error of experience as a teacher, and to suggest such improvejudgment may be the lot of the most zealons and

ments in the teaching of Sunday-schools, as they confident. That error, however, (if such it be), can

appear to me so well capable of; for when so much of not be obviated, unless expressed, and neither can

industry, and of ability, is ready in all parts of the prejudices be removed without candid discussion. I hardly think I need apologise for my present tion, we ought not to neglect any opportunity by

country to be bestowed upon so excellent an institupurpose ; for maturity of years (being twenty-two), five years experience and earnest reflection, certainly utmost possible degree.

which its usefulness is likely to be increased to the give me some claim to be heard.

A SUNDAY-SCHOOL TEACHER. The excellencies and very great utility of Sundayschools, I need not here dilate upon; but as the time allotted for the exercise of its usefulness is but one day in the seven, my assertion, that the most careful

HINTS, MAXIMS, &c. MATERIALS FOR economising of that precious time is of the utmost

MEDITATION. importance, next to the nature of the subjects taught, needs no argument.

1. Few there be who either love or fear God, that It has ever appeared to me that a large portion of profess that they do both. the allotted time is lost, or even injuriously employed, 2. You say you love church, how often do you go and that wrong means are taken to attain the desired there? and what set times have you for private deends; for we should remember that the mind of a votion ? I knew a little boy seven

or eight years old, child'is infantile as well as the body, and to antici. who made a constant practice of retiring to secret pate the powers of the mind by endeavouring to teach prayer after school. what it cannot comprehend, is merely to create false 3. As nothing is easier than to get into a sinful impressions and confound the understanding. We habit, so nothing is harder than to get out of it. are in too great a hurry to make them pious, and Can you fly? then you who are accustomed to do experience has convinced me, that the end we desire evil may do good (Jer. xiii. 23), and can only be is often defeated by the very means we take to secure saved but as a “ brand plucked from the burning.". it. In order to make them pious we tire out their 4. As the note of the unseen bird denotes its patience at a church. How often has my heart bled, names so doth the prevailing conversation of man to see in churches and chapels a number of children the invisible spirit that is in him, good or bad. seated on stools with some person over them with a 5. Didst thou ever deny thyself one single gratifistick, which the young urchins are doomed to feel, cation because thou fearest God, purely for Christ's if they do not sit with the required degree of still- sake, or even because it was sinful to do it? Do not ness. When my turn of superintendence came round, pass over this question without answering it, for if I allowed as many to go to sleep as were inclined, as the love of God be not in you, you are none of his. the best means of maintaining quietness.

6. There is temptation peculiar to every situation It seems to me a great degree of cruelty to keep a of life. number of children in a state of painful constraint 7. Perhaps half the evils of life might be traced to for so long a time, and which is for all that they Sabbath breaking. can understand of what passes-completely thrown 8. Whatever we love most, we think of most. Is away. Endeavouring to make the impropriety of it God uppermost in your thoughts ? say at night when appear to the superintendent, was about as much you lie down, how often you have thought of him use as to think of emptying the sea with a spoon, through the day. for he generally settled it with his conscience by 9. Are you glad or are you sorry when what may saying, that " it keeps them out of mischief if it be termed a necessary cause prevents your attending does no other good.” But what a deal of time is the church of God for his worship? lost; for whilst they are compelled to sit within 10. If you wish to insure the hatred of all, tittle hearing of what they cannot understand, they might tattle all you see and hear. be improving under a lecture suited to their years and Cambridge.

L. C. capacities, or in a variety of ways. But it is not

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Drs. Cox and Hoby were deputed by the “ Bap

tist Union in England,” in 1835, and the report of The late Rev. Mr. Kinsman began to be seriously

their observations in that important mission, is conimpressed with a concern for the salvation of his

tained in the volume before us. The work is worthy soul about the seventeenth year of his age: and

of the united pens of its authors: its details are in. these serious impressions made him think of inte

structive, its information is valuable, and they canresting his relations in inquiries concerning this

not be attentively read without inducing the most grand and important object. Their great indifference even to the form of godliness, frequently caused profitable reflections. The volume, as its title

imyoung Kinsman to cry to God in'secret, that Christ ports, relates to the Baptists in America," and

little else is contained in it: but it is written in a might be formed in their hearts. Being, however,

catholic spirit; and though it is denominational, it is unable to suppress his feelings any longer, one even

not sectarian, but Christian. By its statistical tables, ing he exclaimed, with an affectionate emotion, as

the Baptists appear to be the largest body of reli they were retiring to their chambers, “What! shall we go to bed without prayer ? How do we know but gious professors in the whole United States of Ame

rica, some of us may wake in hell before morning!" This

It is only just to our readers to remark, that a unexpected address so wrought upon his parents: comprehensive idea of religion in America cannot that, seized with conscious shame, they gazed at

be obtained from this volume : for this purpose it each other with silence and astonishment. In the mean time the young man fell upon his knees, and Matheson, now published, in a second edition, at

will be necessary to read the work of Drs. Reed and prayed with that readiness and fervor, that they were struck with amazement. Shortly after, by his

only half-a-guinea.

It would also be unjust to the public not to refer to religious exercises, he became instrumental, in the

slavery in America." This horrid system occahands of God, in the conversion of his father, his

sions a vast load of guilt to rest upon the Christian mother, and three sisters.

ministers of all denominations. They, above all men, instead of supporting it ought to denounce it

, and take every possible step for its extinction. In REVIEW

relation to this subject, Dr. Cox has been severely The Baptists in America; A Narrative of the De.

censured since his return to England, putation from the Baptist Union in England 10 the United States and Canada. By the Rev. F. A. Cox, D.D. LL.D., and the Rev. J. Hoby, D.D.

EXPOSTULATION. 12mo. cloth, pp. x.-516. London: Ward and

To man, reproving Nature said, Co.

“ I formed thee soft and mild, “ ENGLAND and the United States of America," are And laid thee on thy cradle-bed related-to each other in many respects far more

A tender, tearful child; intimately than any other country, not excepting

Thy feeble wail, thy lisping word, even the “ sister isle” of Ireland. Language, liberty,

The soul of kind affection stirred literature, religion, and blood, constitute America,

To guard thy helpless state; though now an independent empire, nearly allied to By fragrant flower and tuneful

grove, Great Britain, as to the mother country; resembling I taught my dialect of love, in manners, thoughts, and free institutions, much

How art thou turned to hate." more those of the parent state, than are to be found Meek Pity spake-"I lured thy heart generally in the united island.

From every cruel deed, America, therefore, must possess many attractions To take the trampled insect's part, to Britons, more especially to British Christians;

The famished sparrow feed, and, considering the unparalleled progress of reli- How dost thou scorn my plaintive prayer! gious profession in that vast country, and the gigan

And like the lion from his lair tic efforts which professing Christians in America

The savage combat wage; have made towards evangelizing the heathen world, Thy brother of the clay destroy, and the universal support which education meets And with a fierce, demoniac joy with in connexion with the most magnificent under

Seek the red battle's rage." takings for the improvement of their several states,

Religion came with dewy eye, no country upon earth can be so deeply interesting

And mournful was her tone: as those vast regions, once colonies of Great Britain. " Deputations to America" from several of the

I taught thee of that glorious sky denominations of Christians in Englar.d, were not

Where discord is unknown, only to be expected, especially when it was reported

I bade thee sow the seeds of peace, that God, in his sovereign mercy, had poured forth

And share those joys that never cease,

Which no rude sorrows mar; his Holy Spirit in an extraordinary, manner upon the churches of that country, by which a correspond.

And hast thou all my love forgot, ing revival and increase of religion had been pro

My sacred precepts heeded not, duced among the people. Correspondence between

But bartered heaven for war 9"

MRS. L, H. SIGOURNEY. the Christian pastors of both countries became increased, beneficial, and most delightful; and hence “ delegates" were sent from both countries, to communicate and learn according to their mutual expe.

London : Printed by JAMES S. HODSON, at bis residence, No.

1, Cross Street, Hatton Garden, and Published by him ar 112, rience and wisdom.

Fleet Street ; where all communications for the Editor (post Drs. Reed and Mattheson were deputed by the paid) are to be addressed ; Auld also by Simpkin, Marshall, and Congregational Union of England and Wales,” in

Co., and by all other Booksellers, Newsvenders, &c. in the Bingo 1834, and their report, in a narrative of their tour, in The trade may be supplied in London, by STRIEL,Paternoster Row two volumes, has been read by many with great asto

BERGER, Holywell Street, Strand in Manchester, by Ellerhy :

She feld, Innocent ; Nereantle upon Tyne, Finlay and Charlton; nishment, delight, and instruction,

Liverpool, Arnl.

ion, .

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ILLUSTRATIONS OF SCRIPTURE NATURAL like a vicious horse, and yet obstinate as the mule, it HISTORY.-No. IV.

is generally believed that if this animal was accus

tomed to obedience from his earliest years, he would THE QUAGGA AND Wild Ass.

become as tractable as the horse and ass. QUAGGA, or QUACHA, and OPEAGHA, are names given Some naturalists have conceived that the “wild to a singular species of the Equus, or horse, by the ass" so frequently mentioned in Scripture, and formodern Hottentots.

merly well known in the east, at least resembled the This beautiful animal was, till lately, confounded quagga or zebra ; as it was a much handsomer and with the zebra, which it nearly resembles. It is more dignified animal than the common ass. The now, however, acknowledged to be a distinct species, wild ass is called N75, para, by the Hebrews, and though closely allied to it. It is marked with fewer ovaypos, or onager, by the Greeks. That the wild and larger bands, which are of a browner colour ass was known and valued for its spirit, appears from than the zebra, and are chiefly disposed on the fore a passage in Herodotus (Pol. 86), where that writer parts of the animal, while the hind parts are rather says, “ The Indian horse were well armed like their spotted than striped. Its nature is much more mild foot : but beside led horses, they had chariots of war, and docile than the zebra. It inhabits the same drawn by horses and wild asses." The reference parts of Africa, the eastern and southern provinces, of these animals to the troops of India, deserves attenalthough never found in the same herd, or associat- tion; as it is intended to describe, not our Hindostan, ing with them. The quagga, like the zebra, is less but a province at the head of the river Indus, in the than the horse, and larger than the ass; and although mountains of Persia. Oppian describes the wild ass it has often been compared to those two animals, handsome, large, vigorous, of stately gait, and and called the “wild horse," and the “striped ass," his coat of a silvery colour, having a black band it is a copy of neither, but might rather be called along the spine of his back ; and on his flanks patches their model. The southern part of Africa is their as white as snow.” Mr. Morier says, true climate, their native country, and where the chase to two wild asses, which had so much the Dutch have made every exertion to tame them, with- speed of our horses, that when they had got at some out being able greatly to succeed. Their mouths are distance, they stood still and looked behind at us, very hard, and their ears very sensible. Restive, snorting their noses in the air, as if in contempt of VOL. v.


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“ We gave the upper

our endeavours to catch them."-Second Journey in she could very well support the heaviest man. NotPersia.

withstanding her state of exhaustion, she carried her Sir Robert Ker Porter, in his “Travels in Persia," head higher than the ass, her ears well elevated, has given a description of this animal : the mode of and showed a vivacity in all her motions. The hunting the onager is, as it was in the time of colour of the hair on the greater part of the body, Xenophon, by means of several horses relieving and the end of the nose, is silvery white; each other, till the onager is completely tired. The part of the head, the sides of the neck, and the body, colour of Sir Robert's figure is a bright bay; which are flaxen, or pale Isabella colour. The mane is may suggest a derivation of the name atun, as the deep brown; it commences between the ears, and asses are called as possessed by Abraham, Gen. xii. reaches the shoulders ; its hair is soft, woolly, three 16; by Balaam, Num. xxii. 23; and judges of Israel or four inches long, like the mane of a filly. The in the time of Deborah, Judg. v. 12. It is by no coat in general, especially in winter, is more silky means credible, however, that female asses only and softer than that of horses, and resembles that of should be collected in such great numbers, should a camel. The Arabs, no less than the Tartars, esteem be so often referred to, as we find them in Scripture, the flesh of the onager ; and the Arab writers, who and should imply wealth and dignity in their owners, permit the eating of flesh, make the same difference without any reference whatever to the males of the between this ass and the domestic ass, as the Hebrews same race.

did, whose law did not permit the coupling of the Professor Gonelin, however, has laid us under obli- onager with the she-ass, as being of different kinds." gations for more correct information on this point, This description of the wild ass will illustrate by bringing a female and a colt from Tarberg to St. many passages of Scripture. Job xi. 12; xxxix, 5. Petersburgh. The female which had been caught when very young, though of small stature, and probably stinted in growth by its captivity, and by want of suitable food, travelled from Astracan to Moscow, FREQUENCY OF SHIPWRECKS AND CHRIS. (1400 werstes, or 928 English miles) with the ordi- TIAN SYMPATHY WITH SAILORS, nary posts, without any other repose than that of a few nights; she also travelled from Moscow to

MR. EDITOR.-I have just obtained the Nautical Petersburgh (730 werstes) and did not seem to have

Magazine, bound, for 1835; and, in an article on the suffered by the journey ; though she died in the

Frequency of Shipwreck," I find the following autumn following, apparently from the effect of a

statements, which will interest many of your readers marshy soil, and the cold humidity of so northern a

who may have no immediate connexion with seaclimate. She had nothing of the dulness and stupi

men, and, perhaps, lead them to sympathize with dity of the common ass.

that important class of our country's labourers. My “I remarked," says the professor, “ that she often

object will, in a great degree, be answered, if it lead passed two days without drinking, especially in moist

any of your opulent subscribers to pray for and aid weather, or when very heavy dews fell. She also

the successes of the British and Foreign Sailors' Society.

PHILO-MARINUS. preferred brackish water to fresh; and never drank of what was troubled. She loved bread sprinkled “ The mercantile navy of Great Britain, including with salt, and sometimes would eat a handful of salt. that of the plantations, consists at present of about I was told, that when at Derbent, she always ran to 24,500 vessels, manned by about 160,000 seamen. drink of the Caspian sea, though fresh water was The total burden of the registered vessels is about nearer to her. She always selected plants impreg. 2,650,000 tons; and valuing them, rigging and stores nated with saline particles, or those of bitter juices. included, at a rough average of 101. per ton, the enI was informed that the Persians, when taming the tire aggregate value of our mercantile shipping will young onagers, fed them with rice, barley, straw, be no less than 26,500,000.” After making various and bread. Our animal was extremely familiar, and observations upon the causes of shipwrecks, the followed persons who took care of her freely, and

“Of the 800 shipwrecks that occurred with a kind of attachment. The smell of bread in 1833, we have been well assured that not more strongly attracted her; but if any attempt was made than 200, or at most 250, can be fairly ascribed to to lead her against her will, she showed all the ob- natural causes. The remaining 550 or 600 shipstinacy of the ass : neither would she suffer herself wrecks are wholly owing to the ignorance, incapato be approached behind, and if touched by a stick, city, and carelessness of the masters." or by the hand on her hinder parts, she would kick,

The following are copied from Lloyd's lists of and this action was accompanied by a slight grum

Feb. 19 and 23:-bling, as expressive of complaint. The male onager, Scarbro', Feb. 17th.-Last night it blew tremenwhich was bought at the same time as the female, dously from W.S.W. to W.N.W. The Janet and but which died in the voyage from Derbent to Astra- Agnes, Clerk, from London to Alloa, was totally can, was larger and less docile. His length from the wrecked near this port this morning. Crew saved. nape of the neck to the origin of the tail was five The life-boat, in attempting to reach the vessel, upfeet; his height in front, four feet four inches; be. set, and ten out of fourteen of the crew were drowned. hind, four feet seven inches; his head two feet in A sloop has foundered with all the crew behind the length; his ears one foot; his tail, including the tuft outermost pier. at the end, two feet three inches. He was more

Feb. 18th.-The John, of Port Gordon, Read, is robust than the female ; and had a bar or streak on shore on Cayton Sands, a complete wreck. Crew crossing at his shoulders, as well as at that streak drowned. which runs along the back, which is common to 20th.—A boat marked outside Tally Ho', and inasses, Some Tartars have assured me that they side John Irvin, came on shore near Filey, and a have seen their cross-bar double in some males. gaft white, thirty-two feet long, and a boom green, Our onager was higher on her legs than the common thirty-eight feet, with sails and rigging, have been ass ; her legs also were more slender than those of picked up near Speeton. the ass; and she resembled a young filly; she could Hasbro, 18th Feb.-A schooner was off the southalso scratch her neck and head easily with her hind ern end of this station this afternoon with a signal of foot. She was weak on her fore legs, but behind distress. No assistance could be rendered.

writer says,

Ramsgate, 18th Feb.-The Nancy, Shipley, from sence of his glory with exceeding joy, To the only London to Shields, was driven upon the Kentish wise God our Saviour, be glory and majesty, domiKnock this morning; she soon came off, but filling nion and power, both now and ever. Amen" (Jude with water, and the rudder being unshipped, the 24, 25). crew took to the boat, were picked up by the Arrow (steamer), and landed here. The vessel has since drifted on shore near Kingsgate, and gone to pieces. A loaded schooner brought up near the inner part of

A CAUTION TO CHRISTIANS. the North Sand Head yesterday afternoon in a dan- WHEREAS a tall, well made person, of genteel mien, gerous situation. She was not seen this morning, smooth tongue, and fine address, who can converse and fears are entertained for her safety.

freely about any thing, or every thing of the world, Cromer, 18th Feb.—The Trent of South Shields, its religion, sciences, politics, &c. and generally keeps came on shore this morning during a severe gale. the most polite company, but very frequently insi. Crew drowned.

nuates himself also into the company and converse Blakeney, 18th Feb.-A large brig, apparently of Christians: he appears very engaging, and many water-logged, went down off here this morning. All professors are quite captivated with his presence ; on board lost.

yet he never leaves them, but he is sure to rob them; Palling, 19th Feb.-A brigantine of about ninety and though they find that after he has withdrawn tons, apparently loaded, with rudder gone, and water- himself from them, they have suffered loss, yet so logged, a signal of distress flying, was seen yesterday bewitched are many, ás to admit him again and making for the beach. She struck the outer bank again into their company. Now in order that he and went to pieces. The crew drowned. Part of a log-book, marked Priscilla, of London, has been

may be known and guarded against, you will observe,

that his complexion and conversation are such as are washed on shore.

very pleasing to the flesh only, but contrary to the Dundee, 19th Feb. - The Jean and Mary, sailed spirit of a Christian, and his name (which he is very from Port William, 2nd inst., and is supposed to have

loth to own, and desirous to conceal) is Vain Conbeen wrecked next day off the Banks of Liverpool VERSATION—“ Look to yourselves" (John ii. 8). during a gale, the bodies of several of the crew hav. ing been washed on shore.

Greenwich, 19th Feb.-The Isabella, of Sunderland, from Shields to Lowestoffe, was struck by a

INFLUENCE OF A CONVERTED CHRISTIAN sea 17th inst, off Cromer, which washed away the

SAILOR. master and crew, except one man, who was saved from the wreck by the Toms, Taylor, of Hull. MR. EDITOR.-I know not whether many of your

Aberdeen, 19th. Feb.—The Duchess of Gordon, of readers are greatly interested in maritime affairs : Port Gordon, Geddes, has sustained much damage but whether or not they cannot fail to be edified by in the harbour of Findochty. A sloop and a schooner a perusal of the following, which I have taken from are reported to have come on shore, bottom upwards, a religious newspaper sent to me from America; between Banff and Portsoy, and all hands lost. would that all were such in Great Britain ! Liverpool, 10th Feb. The Liverpool, of Mary.

Philo-MARINUS. port, from Limerick to Glasgow, was wrecked to the westward of Portrush 17th inst. Crew drowned.

It was a lovely night. All on board could say from the very heart, The heavens declare the glory of God, and the firmament showeth his handy work."

All sails were set, and we were moving swiftly, as SCRIPTURE LIGHT ON IMPORTANT in a thing of life, on our way to Boston. George SUBJECTS.

was on duty at the bows. I felt deep interest in

him. I had heard his voice in prayer, and seen a (Continued from p. 214.)

Bible in his hand. Indeed, his whole manner was Immortality.

unlike that of any of his fellows on board the ship.

As he was standing at his post on the watch, I went “ The dead shall be raised incorruptible" (1 Cor. up to him rather abruptly, and said, “ George, are xv. 52).

you not a Christian ?" * His countenance brightened “ There shall be no more death” (Rev. xxi. 4).

in the light of the moon, as he looked me in the “ So when this corruptible shall have put on in- face, and I saw at once that I had touched a subject corruption and this mortal shall have put on immor

near his heart. A pious soul loves to speak of the tality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that

goodness of God. With much emotion he replied, is written • death is swallowed up in victory' “I trust that I am ; I think I can testify to the (1 Cor. xv. 54).

goodness of God in the gift of his Son for my soul."

There was so much humility in his manner, and “ LET US HEAR THE CONCLUSION OF THE WHOLE

such an evidence of grace in his soul in what he MATTER" (Eccles. xii. 13).

said, that I longed to know more of him. I asked “ Repent and be baptized every one of you in the him to tell me something of his history, when he name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins; and gave me this narrative :ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost" (Acts I have always been a sailor. My father was a ö. 38).

sailor before me. My mother was a pious woman “ And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And and whenever I went on shore to see her, she used let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that to say a great many things to me about my soul. I is athirst, Come. And whosoever will, let him take paid 'no attention to them, but lived as though I had the water of life, freely” (Rev. xxii. 17).

no soul. I was a fool, as I said in my heart, there “ How shall we escape, if we neglect so great is no God.' Boldly did I profane the name of Him salvation" (Heb. ii. 3).

who says, “The Lord will not hold him guiltless “Now unto him that is able to keep you from that taketh his name in vain.' My frame trembles falling, and to present you faultless before the pre- when I look back upon those days of sin and daring.

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