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he has made a due impression on his audience, and able than at Paris. According to statements given, exhausted himself by the violence of his bawling and it amounts annually to 150,000 oxen, 50,000 calves, gesticulation, he checks his maledictions and threat- 700,000 sheep, and 250,000 lambs. It is observable, enings, and draws forth a paltry image of "wood,” | that the consumption of meat in Paris has not augwhich he assures them has been rubbed against a mented in proportion to the increase of its populapiece of the true cross, and that as it can communition, which may be judged of by the following figures. cate the virtue it has thus received to any other In 1760, there were in Paris 3,787 marriages, 17,991 image, so can such image impart its virtue in turn to births, 18,531 deaths, and 5,031 four.dlings. In 1834 the possessor of it, and
effectually purify him! This there were 8,094 marriages, 19,119 births, 23,015 comfortable doctrine of religious magnetism is quite deaths, and 9,987 foundlings.Galignani's Messento the taste of the lazzarain, who, if they have any ger. cash in their pockets, forth with become the purchaser of his miraculous ware. Yet woe to the preacher, should he encounter any one of those he has thus armed with holiness in a spot convenient FRENCH SUGAR, ILLUSTRATING THE for robbery! since his penitent would not hesitate to
BOUNTY OF PROVIDENCE, make him refund, aye, and more than refund, and that,
Many have feared that the increasing consumptoo, without employing other exhortation than that
tion of sugar through the amazing increase of popuof his hands. Doubtless, the lazzarain considers his
lation would be likely to occasion its excessive dearghostly adviser to be a great knave, only protected by a spell, while the preacher comforts himself with
ness, and that the supply would fail by the eman. the idea that his impostures and juggling are kept in
cipated negroes refusing to work. The negroes will, countenance by the example of San Jenaro. Really
however, work for wages; and there are other what is called here religion, seems to be little more
sources of sugar besides the cane, as the following
will show: Of the 200,000,000lbs. of sugar consumed than a most barefaced system for stultifying, brutal. izing, and demoralizing the people.
by France annually, beet-root already supplies To this it may be added, that on the sabbath day,
80,000,000lbs., whereas, in 1828, beet-root supplied
not more than 16,000,000 lbs. when puppet shows and every species of buffoonery is played off, with a Babel uproar of tongues, the clergy openly countenance these mountebanks, for I saw many “religious” priests strolling about, who THE CONVERSION OF THE LATE REV. relished the “fun” as much as their neighbours. It
J. BERRIDGE, A. M. is quite sickening to witness such loathsome depravity and profaneness, to behold a whole people, One day as he was returning from school, a comand a people professing christianity, thus giving panion and playmate requested him to read a chapthemselves up to all manner of ungodliness and ter to him out of the Bible. He complied with the gross indulgence, and exercise on this blessed day request. The other frequently solicited him to remore daring acts of rebellion against the majesty of turn, and exercise himself in a similar way, insoheaven. - Rae Wilson's Route through France and much that his numerous invitations became disagreeItaly.
able to young B., and he would gladly have declined these friendly visits; but, having obtained the repu
tation of being a pious child, he was afraid to risk it SUPPLIES OF PROVISION IN THE FRENCH
by a refusal. On his return from a fair he hesitated CAPITAL.
to pass the door of his juvenile neighbour, lest he
should be again requested to go in and read. His Mr. Editor.–The following article will supply neighbour was in waiting; and when he approached, some very important materials for profitable reflec- renewed his invitation, but, making an addition to tion, partly on the bounty of the divine hand- his former request, asked if they should pray togepartly on the difference between Paris and London- ther. In this delightful exercise he perceived his and especially on the state of the domestic relations heart was not right with God, or the trifling amusein Paris. Deplorably corrupt as the metropolis of ments of a fair would not have been preferred to the Great Britain is in many respects, it is, I trust, very inexhaustible pleasures of devotion. Such was the far from being so far sunk in licentiousness, as that of happy effect of this interview, that soon after he the “Great Nation" across the channel, and I do adopted a similar practice with his schoolfellows. humbly and fervently hope that the operation of our When about fourteen years old, God was pleased to Christian Instruction Societies, District Visiting convince him of the exceeding sinfulness of sin, that Societies, and especially our City Mission, will be he was a sinner, and that he must be born again. crowned with the divine blessing in checking the About this time he left school, and returned to his progress of irreligion and immorality in our vast me- father, with an intention to apply himself to business. tropolis.
A tailor, who was occasionally employed in the The consumption of oxen in Paris during 1834 family, being a man of strict sobriety, and struck was 68,408, of cows 15,290, of calves 60,237, and of with the uncommon appearances of piety in one sheep 306,227. A curious observer on these sub- so young, conversed with him on serious subjects, jects has ascertained the annual consumption of the whenever he had an opportunity. As these conabove articles of food for the seventeen years from ferences seldom occurred, young B. was induced to 1760 to 1777, and calculated that the average was cultivate a more intimate acquaintance with the 66,784 oxen, 20,977 cows, and 107,945 calves, and tailor, by frequent visits for serious conversation. 332,920 sheep. The number of oxen killed in 1834 His relations, however, not being well affected to was greater than in the above average, but this was the cause of God, were somewhat inclined to disnot the case with respect to the cows, calves, and courage these religious visits, and told him that as sheep. In fact, there was an increase of 1,624 oxen, his inclination led him, at every interval, to visit while there was a decrease of 5,687 cows, 47,708 the tailor, he should be bound to him as an appren. calves, and 26,694 sheep. The consumption of tice. This threat had not the effect they wished; butcher's meat in London is much more consider- for so prevalent was his bias to reading, prayer, and
serious conversation, that he more frequently re- gularly the duty on the same," &c., the Accountantpeated his visits. Finding their scheme unsuccess- General for household plate sent Mr. Wesley a copy of ful, and imagining that his religious habits and the order with a letter, stating that hitherto he had exercises would unfit him for business, they deter- neglected to make entry of his plate, and demanding mined, reluctantly, to send him to the university. that he should do it immediately. Mr. Wesley reWith this determination he readily concurred; and, plied as follows: after previous preparation, was entered of Clare “Sir,- I have two silver tea-spoons at London, and Hall, in the nineteenth year of his age. Soon after two at Bristol. This is all the plate I have at prethis a neighbour asked his father what was become sent, and I shall not buy any more while so many of his son, when he jocosely replied, “ He is gone to around me want bread. I am, Sir, your most humbe a light to lighten the Gentiles :" and his testi- ble servant,
JOHN WESLEY." mony, however jocose, was true.
AN INFIDEL REPROVED. ILLUSTRATION OF ECCLES. xi. 1.
MEN of infidel principles are sometimes as ignorant, “ Cast thy bread upon the waters, for thou shalt find it as they are impertinent. One of this sort was after many days."
making himself merry in a large company, at the THE EVENTUAL IMPORTANCE OF A LEGACY LEFT MORE
expense of the Scriptures, and told his companions THAN ONE HUNDRED YEARS SINCE.
that he could prove the prophet of the Christians
mistaken, even upon the most common subjects. What is called the Mico Charity, arises from a sum After awakening the curiosity of the company, he of money bequeathed by a liberal person in London thus gratified it:-“ Christ says that old bottles are more than a century since. Its annual proceeds not so strong as new; and therefore if new wine is were to be applied to the redemption of Christian put into old bottles it will break them. Now does slaves in Barbary. Slavery in that form has ceased not every body know that old glass is just as strong to exist for a very considerable time, the fund accu- as new; for who ever heard that glass was weaker mulated and arose in amount to upwards of 100,0001. for being old ?”. A minister of the Gospel in comIn consequence it was necessary to give it another pany, who had been made the butt of his wit, gently channel. And a scheme has the sanction of the reproved the ignorance and folly of this witling, bý Court of Chancery for devoting the proceeds of the asking him if he understood Greek?* “ Greek, sir, fund to the establishment of schools in the British no, sir; but what has Greek to do with it? A bottle Colonies where slavery has been so recently abo- is a bottle, whether it is in Greek or English, every lished. The Rev. J. M. Trew, formerly rector of body knows that an old bottle is just as good and as St. Thomas in the East, in Jamaica, with teachers strong as a new one.” “Not quite, sir," replied the selected by him, has proceeded to Jamaica, to act other, “if they are made of leather or skins, as those there as the agent of the trustees. The first object bottles were, of which Christ speaks, as the Greek is the formation in that island of a school for the name imports, and indeed it is so in many countries instruction of persons to be teachers, and great even unto this day, that people use skins instead of efforts will be made to render this an effective central vessels to contain wine." On which side of the institution. The Holy Scriptures are to be the basis company the laugh turned, is not very difficult to of education, and the system pursued will be that of conceive. the British and Foreign School Society.
The Rev. Mr. Trew, in writing to a friend on the subject of the abolition of slavery says, (Kingston, Dec. 31, 1835)— It is quite impos
BEREAN CLASSES IN SUNDAY sible for me to convey to you an idea of the improve
SCHOOLS. ment which I witness in the altered circumstances of this people, since I was here scarcely eight years
SUNDAY-SCHOOLS are deservedly called “ Nurseries ago. The first pleasing change which attracted my
to the Churches of Christ;" and that they have been attention was the breaking down of caste ; for in the
the most fruitful in training youth of both sexes to same pew I have seen persons of every grade, and
supply the places of those who have been ripened on at the same sacramental table persons of all colours.
earth for the general assembly of heaven, has been You, my dear sir, and those who were associated
most amply proved wherever these humble seminawith you have reason to bless God to the end of
ries have been established, especially in Great Britain your existence; for had I a thousand hearts to feel,
and America. Something, however, it is presumed, and a thousand pens to indite, it were impossible to
might be done systematically to increase the amount convey an idea of the mighty benefits, which, under
of good thus effected; and as I have been informed, God, you have been the instruments of effecting for
that in the Sunday-school of Dr. Fletcher, at Stepthis poor people."
ney, London, there has been established a Berean (Gal, vi. 10). “ As we have therefore opportu
Class,” consisting of the senior scholars, with most nity, let us do good unto all men, especially unto
delightful effects, I should be glad to learn by means them who are of the household of faith.”
of the «
Christian's Penny Magazine,” what is the plan of that class, that I may see if it can be introduced in the school with which I am connected.
Your giving this a place in your useful periodical THE REV. J. WESLEY AND HIS SILVER will greatly oblige many besides your constant PLATE.
A COUNTRY SUNDAY-SCHOOL TEACHER, An order having been made by the House of Lords, " that the commissioners of excise do write to all persons whom they have reason to suspect to have plate; as also to those who have not paid re- * Matt. ix. 17, Greek, askos, a skin-bottle,
the facts and reasonings which Howard had furThe Life of Thomas Eddy; comprising an Exten
nished, he added others, truly his own, and set about
to influence his fellow-citizens to make practical sive Correspondence with many of the Most Dis
efforts to test the correctness of his views, and the tinguished Philosophers and Philanthropists of soundness of his principles; and such was his suc. this and other Countries. By SAMUEL L. KNAPP. First Printed in New York, in the Year 1834, lation of the HOWARD OF AMERICA.'"
cess, that he, by general consent, received the appel8vo, cloth, pp. 264. London: E. Fry & Son.
Memoirs of such a man cannot but be interesting AMERICA, on many accounts, must be deeply interest- and permanently useful ; and every reader will be ing to the Christian inhabitants of Great Britain ; astonished at the activity, devotedness, influence, that great portion of it using the English language, and success of Mr. Eddy, in improving the criminal being the descendants of those servants of God, who, code of the state of New York, in establishing a new in the days of oppressive intolerance in the reign of system of Prison Discipline, Hospitals, Schools, Charles I., emigrated to escape persecution, and Deaf and Dumb Asylums, the American Bible Sofounded this mighty republic. America possesses ciety, intercourse with the Indians, means for the not only the language, principles, and religion, of Amelioration of the condition of Slaves, and for the persecuted Puritans, but every institution which the Abolition of Slavery. Mr. Eddy's philanthropy, improves, adorns, and blesses Britain, is adopted by like Howard's, was the fruit of his Scriptural Chris. her sons for the welfare of her own people and the tianity; he was an orthodox member of the Society benefit of the world.
of Friends ; but his spirit was most catholic, as his Individuals of high character and Christian prin- piety was sincere and fruitful in good works. This ciples are found in America, as in England, whose valuable Memoir is one of the most excellent and chief business it is to do good; and among that useful publications which have been imported from heaven-born class must be enrolled the worthy name America, and its publishers have, by its republicaof Thomas Eddy, whose interesting Memoirs are tion, conferred a favour upon England. here presented to the public from the pen of Colonel Knapp, who has thus honoured his worthy friend and done justice to America. Referring to the noble class of patriots and philan
PETER WEEPING. thropists to which the subject of this memoir belonged, Colonel Knapp thus glances at the mother O strong in purpose-frail in power, country.
Where now the pledge so lately given ? “ About the middle of the last century, a philan- Coward to creatures of an hour, thropist arose in England, who gave a new direction Bold to the challenged bolts of heaven. to the alms of individuals, to the sympathy of communities, and to the charity of nations. This philan- Shall that fierce eye e'er pour the stream thropist was JOHN Howard. He was a man of Of heart-wrung tears before its God? strict habits, of daring courage, both natural and
Thus did the rock in Horeb seem, moral. He began, as it was then considered, a One moment ere it felt the rod. crusade of charity. He examined the state of all the prisons in England and Wales, and then ex
But Jesus turns; mysterious drops tended his researches through the continent. He
Before that kindly glance flow fast; made known his discoveries to the grand inquest of
So melt the snows from mountain tops, the British nation, the House of Commons. This
When the dark wintry hour is past. august body heard the relation with surprise, and What might it be that glance could paint ? set about turning the information they had gained,
Did one deep touching impress blend to alleviating miseries, which, until then, were con
The more than sage—the more than saintsidered legendary tales or incurable evils. Howard
The more than sympathizing friend ? was still indefatigable in his new pathway of glory, and at last fell a martyr to his zeal in the cause, on Was it, that lightning thought retrac'd the banks of the Euxine. His exertions, however,
Some hallowed hour beneath the moon ? were so bold and novel, as to excite general atten- Or walk, or converse high, that grac'd tion, and to give a new impulse to the charitable The temple's column'd shade at noon ? dispositions of the human mind. He was, indeed, born for the universe, and the effects of his exertions
Say, did that face to memory's eye, are pervading the whole of Christendom.
With gleams of Tabor's glory shine ? “America has been so intimately connected with
Or did the dews of agony England in science and letters, that all that has been Still rest upon that brow divine? done in that country was soon known in this, and
I know not:-but I know a will has generally been imitated, when found to be good.
That, Lord ! mighi frail as Peter's be! The privations and sufferings of a new people taught
A heart that had denied thee still, them to be kind to one another, and gave them the
E'en now-without a look from Thee! habits as well as the spirit of benevolence. It might, of course, have been expected by the patriot and philosopher, that Howard would have a school in America. This school has been established, “One of the most distinguished disciples of this
London: Printed by JAMES S. HONSON, at his residence, No.
15, Cross Street, Hatton Garden, and Published by him at 112, university of charity, was Thomas Eddy, a merchant
Fleet Street ; where all communications for the Editor (post of the city of New York. He was born about the paid) are to be addressed : sold also by Simpkin, Marshall, and
Co., and by all other Booksellers, Newsvenders, &c. in the King. period that Howard began to mark out his course of action. Eddy not only made this great philanthro- The trade may be supplied in London, by STBIL L,Paternoster Row pist his pattern, but he carried his reasonings farther
BERGER, Holywell Street, Strand : in Manchester, by Ellerbe;
Sheffield, Innocent ; Nerocastle upon Tyne, Finlay and Charlton; than Howard had an opportunity to do. Seizing Liverpool, Arnold.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF REV. JOHN
bliss, arises from the remembrance of its former NEWTON.
excellent and useful minister.
Experimental religion has found few advocates IMPROVEMENTS in the British metropolis have, during who have more beautifully or more successfully the last ten years, been carried forward to an extent illustrated its holy and happy nature, than the Rev. that is truly astonishing; and whether the com- John Newton; and his portion of the “ Olney merce, appearance, or health of the city of London Hymns," -his letters intitled “ Cardiphonia, or the is considered in those alterations, they cannot but Utterance of the Heart" -and his “ Discourses on be contemplated with solid satisfaction by the mer- the Oratorio of Messiah,” will carry down his name chant, the physician, or the Christian philanthro- in the church of God to posterity, so long as the pist.
English language is sanctified by Christianity. St. Mary Woolnoth church, celebrated as being, Mr. Newton's knowledge of the Gospel was acfor twenty-seven years, the house of God in which the quired in an eminent degree by experience, in a Gospel was so faithfully and successfully preached series of circumstances, the history of which will by the Rev. John Newton, is now most conspicuous. most remarkably illustrate the providential dealings It is situated near the Bank of England, and the of God with his people. Mansion-house of the lord-mayor ; and at the en- Mr. Newton was born in London, July 24, 1725; trance of the fine new street which leads to the his parents, though not wealthy, were respectable. Monument and to London-bridge. But though the His father was for many years commander of a ship situation is admirable, and the edifice an elegant trading to the Mediterranean; his mother was a structure, its principal interest with many, especially superior person, of eminent and exemplary piety, those who are fast hastening to the world of eternal a member
of a dissenting church under the pastoral VOL, Y.
care of the late Rev. Dr. Jennings. She took great mand of a ship in the same trade, Newton went a pains with her son to bring him up in the nurture voyage with him in the capacity of mate. Having and admonition of the Lord; and his infant mind taken in their cargo of human beings on the slavewas stored with many valuable pieces and portions coast, they sailed with them to Antigua in the West of Scripture. When only four years of age he could Indies, and thence to Charles Town in South Carorepeat the Assembly's Catechism with the proofs, lina. all Dr. Watts's smaller catechisms, and his Children's Mr. Newton now returned home and married the Hymns. His temper and disposition seemed to be object of his affections, Feb. 1, 1750; for whose what could be desired by so excellent a parent; but sake he had submitted to many hardships with a to his unspeakable loss, she departed to her eternal degree of courageous patience still, however, he rest, July 11, 1732, before he had completed the continued in this murderous trade ; and being apseventh year of his age.
pointed to the command of a slave-ship, belonging Young Newton's loss was the greater as his father to some merchants of Liverpool, he sailed from that was at sea; but returning, he married the next year port in the following August. He performed a a lady from Essex, by which this hopeful boy was successful voyage and returned to England at the thrown into a new connexion, in which his religious close of 1751. In July, 1752, Mr. Newton set sail impressions, derived from his mother's excellent in- again for the African coast in a new ship; and havstructions, were almost erased from his mind, and, ing effected his purpose, sailed for St. Christopher's. like his young associates, he became profane in his In August, 1753, he returned to Liverpool; but made habits. He was now about eight years of age, when another voyage in the same trade, and returned in he was sent for two years to a boarding school at August, 1754. His conscience now became truly Stratford, in Essex; but his master's severity and awakened; he reflected on the iniquity of his past injudicious treatment, almost destroyed his love of life, and abandoned it, devoting much time to the books, and he forgot the first rudiments of arith- study of the Word of God. metic.
Mr. Newton, in 1755, obtained the situation of Young Newton left school at the age of eleven tide surveyor of the port of Liverpool; and he now years, and went five voyages with his father to the turned his attention to the profession of a clergyman Mediterranean, in the last of which he was left at in the established church, and made an unsuccessful Alicant in Spain. During this period his state of application to obtain episcopal ordination from the mind was various : for though he had fallen into ill archbishop of York, a friend having complimented habits and was accustomed to profane swearing, his him with a title to a curacy. Disappointed, howconviction of sin and the piercings of conscience ever, in his hopes, he prosecuted a course of study, often forced him to prayer; he was, therefore, by and exercised himself in expounding the Scriptures turns profane and religious, from about the age of to the poor at Liverpool, as opportunity offered twelve to twenty. In 1742, his father left the sea, among the Dissenters, until 1764, having an offer but he made one voyage before the mast to Venice, made him of the curacy of Olney, in Bucks, he reand the evil example of his companions seemed to newed his application for ordination, and, on the effect his complete apostacy from God.
29th of April, obtained it from the hands of Dr. Having returned from Venice, young Newton was Green, bishop of Lincoln, at the palace of Buckden. impressed on board the Harwich man-of-war, and During a residence of fifteen years at that place, enrolled as midshipman ; and now his principles he formed and improved an intimate friendship with seemed altogether ruined. In December, 1744, the the poet Cowper, whence originated the well known Harwich was in the Downs bound for the East and admired “OLNEY Hymns,” their joint producIndies, and in the beginning of 1745, they sailed tion. from Spithead : but Newton deserted from the ship Mr. Newton, in 1779, removed to London, having -was brought back-and degraded from his office been presented, by the late John Thornton, Esq., to the rank of a contmon sailor. During the voyage with the rectory of the united parishes of St. Mary he was tempted to the commission of the greatest Woolnoth, and St. Mary Woolchurch Haw, Lombardcrimes, but he was mercifully restrained by the good street. Here a new and wide field of usefulness hand of God, by whom he had been designed for opened before him, which he continued to fill for service in the church of Christ. While the ship lay about twenty-seven years, until December 21, 1807, at Madeira, the captain was prevailed on to allow when he departed to his rest at the advanced age of him to enter on board a Guinea slave-ship bound for eighty-five. Mr. Newton's ministry appears to have Sierra Leone. Having arrived on the slave-coast, been a great blessing to many in London, and to Newton sinned with a high hand, and tempted have been a principal means of the revival of reli. others to the commission of every vice; but in this gion in the British metropolis. Mr. Newton was a abominable traffic he experienced the greatest hard- Calvinist in doctrine, and his works have been read ships, being himself reduced to bondage in Africa; with the greatest delight by Christians of all denoand during an illness, being called to receive his minations, both in England and America. scanty allowance from the hand of his black mistress, through weakness he dropped the plate, lost his food, and became the sport of the African lady. Newton, in 1747, received intelligence of the death
“LOST CHILDREN IN MANCHESTER." of a person who had left him a considerable estate : he was released from his bondage and embarked for Christian benevolence and zeal must have ample England. The voyage was dangerous and the ship room for their operation in Manchester, as is manifest was near being wrecked; but while the vessel was from the evidence afforded in the following stateexpected every hour to founder, his mind was power- ment of facts relating to lost children in that great fully influenced to consider his course of iniquity, town. It seems the nature of the employment and implore forgiveness of God. Providence favoured of their parents in the cotton manufacturies, occathe mariners, and while their last provisions were sions this lamentable state of things : but could it actually being cooked, they made land, April 8, and not be remedied? or at least lessened, by the operaanchored in Lough Swilly in Ireland. The mate of tion of Christian instruction societies, district visitthis vessel being soon after appointed to the coming societies, or infant schools? Would that this