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In the debate on Lord Bury's motion last year, a lamentable ignorance was exhibited by some leading members of Parliament, both as to the facts of the case, the treaty rights involved, and the deep importance of the question to Great Britain as bearing on her naval interests. One thing may be confidently affirmed, that the more the matter is sifted, the stronger will be found the case of Great Britain, both as to the facts of intrusion and usurpation alleged, and as to the just interpretation of the treaties involved.

The only escape from the consequences of the weak and ignorant concessions made in the interim will be, to take stand on tie principles laid down by Lord Palmcrston in 1838, departure from •which by subsequent minutes has been the cause of the greater part of this mischief and danger.

I had intended making some remarks on the treaties bearing on this subject from that of Utrecht; but this letter has already extended itself to too great a length. I am, sir, your obedient servant,

A Colonist.

A Passage in A Tour Through the whole Island of Great Britain, attributed to Daniel De Foe, satisfactorily answers, I think, the Query put by Mr. Uotten in your lost number:—

"Wo see nothing remarkable here but Gad'sHill, ft noted place for robbing of seamen, after, they have received their pay at Chatham. Here it was that a famous robbery was committed in or about the year 1676, which deserves to be mentioned. It was about four o'clock in the morning, when a gentleman was robbed by one Kicks on a bay marc, just on the declivity of the hill, on the west side. Nicks came away to Gravcsend, and, as ho said, was stopped by the difficulty of getting the boat near an hour, which was a great discouragement to him; but he made the best uso of it, as a kind of 'bate to his horse; from thence he rode cross the country of Essex to ChclmEford. Here he stopped about half an hour to refresh his horse, and gave him some balls; from thence to Brnintrce, Bocking, Wcthcrsfield; then over the Downs to Cambridge; and from thence, keeping still the cross roads, he went by Fenny Stanton, to Godmanchcster and Huntingdon, where lie and his mare 'bated about an hour; and as he said himself, he slept about half an hour; then holding on the North Road and not keeping at full gallop most of the way, he cnmo to York the same afternoon; put off his boots and riding-cloths, and went dressed, as if he had been an inhabitant of the place, to the Bowling Green, where among other gentlemen was the lord mayor of the city. He singled out his lordship, studied to do something particular, that the mayor might remember him by; and then takes occasion to ask his lordship what o'clock it was, who, pulling out his watch, told him the hour, which was a quarter before or a quarter after eight at night.

"Upon a prosecution for this robbery, the whole merit of the caso turned upon this single point; the person robbed swore to the man, to the place, and to the time in which the fact was

committed; bnt Nicks, proving by the lord mayor that ho was as far off as Yorkshire on that day, the jury acquitted him on a bare supposition that it was impossible the man could be at two places so remote on one and the same day."

"Just on the declivity of the hill on the west side" must be not many yards from Gad's Hill Place, the property of Charles Dickens. —Notes and Queries. W. H. W.

"Bock Of Ages."—Before attempting to decide whether the priority is duo to Toplady's hymn, or to its Latin counterpart forwarded by your Rev. correspondent, one would wish to know whether the latter hns ever appeared in print, and, if so, when and where. It is worthy of observation, however, that the first stanza of the hymn, as will bo evident on comparison, very closely corresponds with a passage in Daniel Brevint s learned and pious tractate entitled The Christian Sacrament and Sacrifice:—

"Rock of ages, cleft for me,
Let mo hide myself in thce!
Let the water and the blood,
From thy riven side which flow'd,
Be of sin the double cure,
Cleanse mo from its guilt and pow'r 1"

Surely, when Toplady wrote these well-known lines', he must have bad before linn Brevint's devout and solemn aspiration:—

"O Rock of Israel, Rock of Salvation, Rock struck and cleft for me, let those two streams of blood and water, which pnco gushed out of thy side . . . bring down with them salvation and holiness into my soul!" (Ed. 1679, p. 17.) A copy of this old edition, which is tho third, will bo found in Dr. Williams' library, RcdcrobS Street. —Notes and Queries. Thomas Bors.

From The Athenaeum.

Life of Edmond Malone, Editor of Shaktpeare, with Selections from his Manuscript Anecdotes. By Sir James Prior. Smith, Elder, & Co.

Caw me, caw thee! Stick to your order. A book about every man of letters. Write it, yea or nay, needful or needless, says Sir James Prior: "It forms a debt of honor, if not of gratitude, which literary men are bound to bestow upon each other." We hope Sir James is not in earnest. Why should every antiquary, every commentator, have a big book laid upon his ashes P We forget kings. We forget generals, admirals, secretaries of state; we forget fox-hunters, six-bottle men, champions of the prize-ring; •why should we not be allowed, without imputations on our honor or on our gratitude, to give up to the eternal silences contentious editors of Shaksp_eare and undistinguished fellows of the Society of Antiquaries? Our life is but a dream and a forgetting. What constitutes the debt of honor? Who is bound to repay it? Is it to be simply a case of caw me, caw thee? Docs the biographer of Goldsmith write a life of Malone in order to create in the next generation the necessity for a biographer of Prior? Think of the consequences to the public, should the dogma ever be received in practice, that a book ought to be written upon every man who has written, or who has even edited, a book! Conceive the pleasant amplitude of volumes,—also conceive the jovial anecdotes, the sparkling wit, the kindly humor, the inconceivable generosity and tenderness to bo stored away in type for future use, in a series of two or three hundred Lives of Shakspeare's editors and commentators, from Hemmings down to Mr. Collier and Mr. Dyce! How much we may lose by not collecting and preserving the retort courteous —the quip modest—the blast and counterblast of all these worthies—our own coliynns and the columns of our contemporaries are in this month of March bearing only too abundant witness!

Sir James Prior's principle would beat even the famous Society for Mutual Worship. The club in which every man calls his neighbor a wit, a poet, an artist, a general, a man of the world,—on the very easy and pleasant condition of being allowed his choice of the epithet to be applied by others to himself,— is a private affair, only distressing, or amusiiysf, as the humor goes, to the accidental friend and guest of the club. But Sir James Prior's principle of bestowing a book on every dead antiquary who may have written himself down an ass, has a far wider and more menacing scope. We think Sir James has not considered the consequences of his

dogma. Where would the paper come from? Think of the demand for rags! Every gentleman now writes. If every mummy is to be swathed in paper, new Manchesters must arise to produce the tissues. If any thing could atone for the enunciation of this dangerous dogma, it would be the manner in which Sir James has achieved his own peculiar task of gratitude. lie has contrived to make what might appear a superfluous work, a pleasant and indeed an amusing book.

The life of Edmond Malone appears at first thought scarcely worth the cost of 470 pages of type. Edmond Malone, editor of Shakspeare,—born 1741, died 1812,—his biography might be thrown into the head-line of a tombstone. But besides editing Shakspeare and buying old plays and poems, Malone, with the industry of a scribe and the information of a man of letters, made notes of stories and conversations heard by him during many years. These notes of stories and conversations have a higher value than the personal facts of Malone's life. For about ten years, he jotted down the good things which flowed round good men's feasts somewhat constantly; afterwards, less regularly, though still occasionally; and the mass of gossip thus gathered up by him is now given for the first time in a full and continuous stream as he set it down. It forms a very large appendix to Sir James' Life.

From this heap of gossip on men and books we shall borrow somewhat largely. Many of the facts set down by Malone as the news of his day—the sly, secret history of his times—are now the common property of the world. Much that is told of Pope, of Burke, of Johnson, has been gathered in from other quarters by the tribe of biographers. Yet a good deal remains with a certain freshness and character upon it. Even those passages, of which the substance is already to be found in Mr. Croker's "Boswell," or in Mr. Carruthers* " Pope," have often an interest of their own, either as proving the general soundness of Malone's information, or for some slight incidental touch of manner, which adds, if not a fact, a sort of per-: fume, to the tale.

As the subjects of Malone's table-talk have often little or no connection with each other, we shall not trouble the reader much about the order in which the paragraphs appear. His convenience may be best consulted by pur throwing the chit-chat and anecdotes into a few simple groups, just as they seem to illustrate the particular person on the scene.

We begin with a few words about Lord Mansfield :—

"Lord Mansfield told Mr. \V. Gerrard Hamilton this winter (1782), that what ho most regrctted to have lost by the burning of his house (at the time of the riots, set on foot about three years ago by that wicked canting hypocrite, Lord Georgo Gordon) was a speech tlint he had made on the question how far the privilege of Parliament extended; that it contained all the eloquence and all the law he was master of; that it was fairly written out; and that ho had no other copy. Mr. Daincs Barrington informed mo that tho book here alluded to contained • /•//./ speeches made in the House of Lords; all fairly written for tho press, and now irreparably lost. When Lord Mansfield (then Mr. Murray) was examined before the Privy Council, about the year 1747, for drinking the Pretender's health on his knees (which he certainly did), it was urged against him, among other things, to show how strong a well-wisher he was to the cause of the exiled family, that, when he was employed as eplicitorgcneral against the rebels who were tried in 1746, Be had never used that term, but always called them unfortunate gentlemen. When he came to his defence he said the fact was true; and he should only say that' he pitied that man's loyalty who thought that epithets could add to tho "guilt of treason !'—nn admirable instance of a dexterous and subtle evasion.

"Lord Mansfield told Mr. Hamilton that what Dr. Johnson says of Pope, that ' he was a dull companion,' is not true. 'He was very lively and entertaining when at his case; and in a small company very communicative.'"

On this last assertion of the great jurist Malone has a characteristic comment:—

"Lord Mansfield's account is different from every other, and I believe not true. He is not to be trusted on this head; for he must then have been greatly flattered by being in Pope's company. Besides, his own conversation was never very brilliant, and he was always very fond of bail jokes and dull stories, so that his taste and judgment on this subject may be suspected."

Further on, we have another story of Mansfield, served up with Malone-sauce:—

"When Sir. J. Reynolds, Mr. Garrick, Mr. Burke, and others went to Lord Manslicld's house to bail Barctti, his lordship, without paying much attention to the business, immediately and abruptly began with some very flimsy and boyish observations on tho contested passage in Othello, 'Put out tho light,' etc. This was by way of showing off to Garrick; whoso opinion of him, however, was not much raised by this impotent and untimely endeavor to shine on a subject with which he was little acquainted. Sir J. Reynolds, who had never seen him bcfi>ro (who told mo tho story), was grievously disappointed in finding this great lawyer so little at the same time."

Among sayings and stories connected with Pope we give the following :—

"Pope, talking once to Lord Mansfield about posthumous fame, said that the surest method of securing it would be to leave a sum of money to be laid out in an entertainment to bo given

once every year to the first form of Westminster School forever; and that the testator would by this means ensure cnlogiums and Latin verses to the end of the world.''

Again:—

"Pope had an original picture of Bishop Attcrbury painted by Kncller. Of this picture he used to make Worsdale tho painter make copies for three or four guineas; and whenever he wished to pay a particular compliment to one of liis friends, hi gave him an original picture of Attcrbury. Of these originals, Worsdalo had painted live or six.—(From Mr. Walpolc.)"

Again:—

"Soon after Pope's acquaintance with Warburton commenced, and the latter had published some of his heavy commentaries on that poet, his friend Lord Marchmont told him that he was convinced he was one of the vainest men living. 'How so f' snys Pope. 'Because, you little rogue,' replied Lord Marchmont, 'it is manifest from your close connection with your new commentator you want to show posterity what an excellent poet you are, and what a quantity of dulncss you can carry down on your back without sinking under the load."'

Elsewhere we read (note the characteristic query of Malone):—

"Mr. Hamilton once observed to Bishop Warburton that ho thought Pope was n cold man, notwithstanding all his talk about friendship and philosophy. 'No,' said the bishop, 'yon are entirely mistaken; ho had as tender a heart as any man that ever lived.' (Query.— Is the bishop a fair and impartial witness on this point?)"

From the description of Sir Joshua, we have a pencilling of Pope's personal appearance, more minute and curious than the passage in Northcote, on this very scene, would lead us to expect:—

"Sir Joshua Reynolds once saw Pope. It was about the year 1740, at an auction of books or pictures. He remembers that there was a lane formed to let him pass freely through tho assemblage, and he proceeded along bowing to those who were on each side. Ho was, according to Sir Joshua's account, about four feet six high; very humpbacked and deformed; he wore a black cout; and according to the fashion of that time had on a little sword. Sir Joshua adds, that he had a large and very fine eye, and a long, handsome nose; his mouth had those peculiar marks which always are found in tho mouths of crooked persons; and tho muscles which run across the cheek were Eo strongly marked as to appear like small cords."

About Chatham, we read:—

"The late Lord Chatham (when Mr. Pitt) on some occasion made a very long and able speech in the Privy Council, relative to some naval matter. Every one present was struck by the force of his eloquence. Lord Anson, who was no orator, being then at the head of the admiralty, and differing entirely in opinion from Mr. Pitt, got np, and only said these words,—' My lords, j Sir. Secretory is very eloquent, and has stated his own opinion very plausibly. I am no orator, and all I shall say is, that ho knows nothing at all of what ho has "been talking about.' This short reply, together with tho confidence the counpil had in Lord Auson's professional skill, had such an effect on every one present, that they immediately determined against Mr. Pitt's proposition.

"A few weeks before Lord Chatham died, Lord Camden paid him a visit. Lord Chatham's son, the present celebrated W. Pitt, left the room on Lord Gnmden's coming in. 'You see that young man (said tho old lord); what I now say, be assured, is not tho fond partiality of a parent, bat grounded on a very accurate examination. Rely upon it, that young man will be more distinguished in this country than ever his father was.' His prophecy is in part accomplished. At the ago of twenty-four ho was chancellor of tho exchequer; and before he had attained his twenty-fifth year, had been offered, and refused, tho place of first minister."

About Charles Townshend, of whose brilliant power of repartee we have heard Bo much, but of whose spoken sarcasms we possess so few, there is here a little story:—

"When tho late Mr. Harris of Salisbury made his first speech in the House of Commons, Charles Townshend asked, with an affected surprise, who ho was? Ho had never seen him. 'Ah! you must, at least, have heard of him. That's tho celebrated Mr. Harris of Salisbury, who has written a very ingenious book on grammar, and another on virtue.' 'What the Devil then brings him here? I am sure he will neither find the one nor tho other in the House of Commons.'"

Malone kindly adds:

"Mr. Townshcnd knew Mr. Harris well enough; but it was a common practice with him, as with other wits, to lay traps for saying good things."

Here is a dismal bit of contemporary gossip on Sterne:—

"The celebrated writer, Sterne, after being long the idol of this town, died in a mean lodging, without it single friend who felt interest in his fate except Beckct, his bookseller, who was the only person that attended lii* interment. He was buried in n graveyard near Tyburn, bolonging to tho parish of Marylcbonc, and tho corpse being marked by some o'f tho resurrection men (as they are called), was taken up soon afterward, and carried to an anatomy professor if Cambridge. A gentleman who was present

1 the dissection, told mo he recognized Sterne's

ct the moment ho saw the body."

jn_ Bolingbroke, we read :—

friena Burke told me a few days ago, that the Prior's' Lyttleton informed him that Lord every deiP never wrote down any of his works, himself dd'icm to a secretary. This may acmore menac" «ndless tautology. In company, has not cons.

according to Lord Lyttleton, ho was very eloquent, speaking with great fluency and authorty on every subject, and generally in the form >f harangue, rather than colloquial table-talk. I lii company all looked np to him, and very "cw dared to interrupt or contradict him.—Dec., 1787."

Of Garrick :—

"Mr. Garrick always took caro to leave company with a good impression in his favor. After he had told some good story, or defeated an antagonist by wit or raillery,"ho often disap.'.iiiio I people who hoped that he would continue to entertain them and receive tho praise and admiration they were ready enough to give. But he was so artificial that ho could break away in the midst of the highest festivity, merely in, order to secure the impression ho had made. "On , this part of his character it was well said by Coleman, that he never came into company without laying a plot for an escape out of it. The part of 'The Clandestine Marriage' which he wrote was Lord Ogilby and Mrs. Heidelberg, as Cautherly who was in his houso at tho time, told Mr. Kemblc. Cauthcrly was employed to transcribe the parts for tho use of the theatre. In 'The Jealous Wife ' he assisted by writing the character of Major Oakley. In that plov, as written originally, tho whole of the farce of1' The Musical Lady' was introduced; but Garrick persuaded Coleman to leave it out."

Garrick is no great favorite with Malone. The point of the story is generally turned against the comedian s breast. Here is a tale of a dull day, passed under Garrick's hostship at Hampton—a talc told to Malone, it should be seen, by Sir Joshua Reynolds, one of the heroes of iheftte :—

"It happens sometimes to celebrated wits, by too great on effort to render a day from which much was expected quite abortive. Not long before Garrick's death ho invited Charles Fox, Mr. Burke, Mr. Gibbon, Mr. Sheridan, Sir Joshua Reynolds, Mr. Bcauclerc, and some others to dine at Hampton. Soon after dinner he began to rend a copy of verses, written by himself on some of the most celebrated men of tho lime, including two or three of those who were present. They were not very well satisfied with their characters, and still less when describ' ing Lord Thurlow, who was not present, he introduced the words 'superior parts.' Mr. Burke, speaking of his own character, said afterwards to Sir Joshua Reynolds, that he was almost ready to have spat in his face. Garrick, finding the company uncommonly grave, in consequence of his unlucky verses, before they had drnnk half a dozen glasses of wine proposed to adjourn to his lawn, where they would find some amusement. When there, tho whole amusement consisted in an old man and a young one running backwards and forwards between two baskets filled with stones, and whoever emptied his basket first was to bo the victor. Garrick expected that his guests would have been interested, and have betted on the runners; but between illhumor with his verses and being dragged from table the instant dinner had been finished, no interest whatever was expressed in what, from the anticipations of their host, so much had been expected. All was cold and spiritless— one of the most vapid days they had ever spent. If Garrick Imd not laid" these plots for merriment, but let conversation take its common coarse, all would have gone well. Such men as I have mentioned could not have passed a dull day.—{From Sir Joshua Reynolds.)"

Here is a delightful scrap for those who believe—if there be any persons who still believe—in the authenticity of Grammont's "Memoirs:"—

"Mr. Drumgoold, who has resided long at St. Gcrmains, told Mr. Burke that old Grammont, whose 'Memoirs' are so entertaining, was a very cross, unpleasant old fellow. Count Hamilton, who really wrote the book, invented several of the anecdotes tolil in it, and mixed them with such facts as he could pick up from the old man, who was pleased to hear these tales when put into a handsome dress."

Gibbon's absence of mind when deeply engaged in his studies is one of the best known facts about the great historian. Malone gives us an odd illustration of this peculiarity :—

"Mr. Gibbon, the historian, is so exceedingly indolent that he never even pares his nails. His servant, while Gibbon is reading, takes up one of his hands, and when he has performed the operation lays it down, and then manages the other—his patient in the mean while scarcely knowing what is going on, and quietly pursuing his studies. The picture of him, painted by Sir J. Reynolds, and the prints mado from it, arc as like the original as it is possible to be. When he was introduced to n blind French lady, the servant happening to stretch out her mistress' hand to lay hold of the historian's check, she thought, up'on feeling its rounded contour, that some trick was being played upon her with the titling part of a child, and exclaimed,' Fi done I' Mr. Gibbon is very replete with anecdotes, and tells them with great happiness and fluency."

Malone adds, on the subject of contemporary testimony:—

"It would be very satisfactory if contemporaries would hand down to posterity their opinion concerning the likenesses of portraits of celebrated men of their time. It is for that I have introduced Mr. G.'s portrait above. Sir 3. Reynolds is in general as happy in his likenesses as ho is masterly in the execution of his pictures. His portraits of Dr. Johnson, of Mr. Boswcll, Lord Thurlow, Lord Mansfield, Lord Loughborough, Lord Camdcn, Mr. Fox, Mr. Windham, Mr. Garrick, Mr. Burke, Charles Townshcnd, Dr. Burncy, Baretti, Foote, Goldsmith, Mr. W. Mason, Mr. Andrew Stuart, and Mr. Pott are all extremely like. Concerning all these I speak according to the best of my judgment from personal knowledge. I do not think the portraits of Dr. and Thomas Worton arc like."

Something droll is noted about Gainsborough :—

'Soon after Gainsborough settled in London, Sir J. Reynolds thought himself bound in civility to pay him a visit. Gainsborough took not the least notice of him for several years, but at length called and solicited him to sit for his picture. -Sir Joshua sat once; hut being soon afterwards affected by a slight paralytic stroke, ho was obliged to go to Bath. On his return to town perfectly restored to health, he sent Gainsborough word that ho was returned; to which Gainsborough only replied, that he was glad to hear he was well; and never after desired him to sit, or called upon him, or luid any other intercourse with him till he was dying, when he sent and thanked him for the very handsome manner in which he had always spoken of him; a circumstance which the president lins thought worth recording in his fourteenth discourse. Gainsborough was so enamored of his art that he had many of the pictures he was then working upon brought to his bedside to show them to Reynolds, and flattered himself that he should live to finish them. (From Sir. J. Reynolds.)— Ho was a very dissolute, capricious man, inordinately fond of women, and not very delicate in his sentiments of honor. Ho was first put forward in the world, I think, by a Mr. Fonnercaux, who lent him £300. Gainsborough, having a vote for an election in which his benefactor had some concern, voted against him. His conscience, however, remonstrating against such conduct, he kept himself in a state of intoxication from the time he set out to vote till his return to town, that ho might not relent of his ingratitude. (From Mr. Wiudham.")

From stories and gossip on Wilkes we extract some paragraphs:—

"The celebrated Mr. Wilkes, about the time when his North Briton began to bo much noticed, probably when the first fifteen or twenty numbers had appeared, dined one day with Mr. Rigby, and after dinner honestly confessed that ho was a ruined man, not worth a shilling ; that his principal object in writing was to procure himself some place, and that he should be particularly pleased with one that should remove him from the clamor and importunity of his creditors. Ho mentioned the office of governor of Canada, and requested Mr. Rigby's good offices with the Duke of Bedford, so as to prevail on ill,'.! nobleman to apply to Lord Bute for that place. Mr. Rigby said, the duke had not much intercourse with Lord Bute; neither could it be supposed thai hi, lordship would purchase Mr. AVilkcs1 silence by giving him a good employment. Besides, ho could have no security that the same hostile attacks would not be still made against him by Mr. Wilkes' coadjutors, Lloyd and Churchill, after ho had left England. Wilkcs solemnly assured him there need not bo the least apprehension of that; for that ho would make Churchill his chaplain, and Lloyd his secretary, and take them both with him to Canada. The duke, at Higby's request, mado the application. Lord Bute would not listen to it, and even treated the affair with contempt. When

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