Qualitative Nursing Research: A Contemporary Dialogue

Front Cover
Janice M. Morse
SAGE Publications, Nov 1, 1990 - Social Science - 344 pages
An American Journal of Nursing 1991 Book of the Year Debates about counting and coding data, ethical issues of interviewing, improving the use of self, examining one′s own culture--these are but a few of the troublesome issues nursing researchers face on a daily basis. Written for nursing researchers and graduate students, Qualitative Nursing Research addresses many of the problematic issues described above. Leading qualitative methodologists with backgrounds in phenomenology, grounded theory, and ethnography contribute specific chapters on their favorite sticky issues--which in turn form the basis for the informative dialogues at the beginning of each chapter. These stimulating dialogues reflect the active disagreements and different solutions presented, thus accurately indicating the state of the science in nursing today. In addition, contributors also examine the importance of funding, institutional review, and peer reviews. Qualitative Nursing Research is a vital resource for all nursing researchers and their advanced students. "The book is a valuable contribution grounded in the current state of qualitative research. There are some answers, solutions, suggestions offered for teaching, for conducting or not conducting research in your own culture, for getting a proposal funded, for interviewing, for choosing a sample, for combining different methods in the same study, among others. The chapters are practical, reality-based; offering concrete examples to illustrate issues discussed. . . . There are insightful critiques of research throughout the book--identifying strengths, weaknesses, or inaccurate use of methods." --Phenomenology and the Human Sciences "The book′s mix of contributors is one of its major strengths. The authors represent a cross section of major qualitative researchers. The perspectives represented include ethnography, phenomenology, and grounded theory. Collectively, they provide a vibrant and vital discussion of qualitative research in the 1990s. . . . The writing style is clear and readable. The editor has maintained the flavor of the original authors and blended the work into a consistent whole." --Rehabilitation Nursing Research "There are only a few substantial revisions to the first edition, but they are useful and important. . . .In her chapter ′Issues of Reliability and Validity′, Pamela Brink adds two very helpful sections in which she compares how the concepts of reliability and validity are treated differently in other qualitative research texts. Kathleen Knafl and Bonnie Breitmayer enhance their concluding discussion of triangulation and a solid bibliography on grant writing is added by Toni Tripp-Reimer and Marlene Zichi Cohen to their chapter ′Funding Strategies for Qualitative Research′. Moving through the book the reader will find the chapters to be . . . of high quality. . . Vangie Bergum′s ′Being a Phenomenological Researcher′, shine in their clarity and resonance. There is much that is useful here. . . practical pointers are offered in the various chapters, such as schedules for research projects, tips for interviewing and access, suggestions for getting qualitative research through institutional review boards, and how to teach qualitative research methods. Thought-provoking issues are raised, such as Brink′s notion that nursing practice as a process demands longitudinal research. Morse′s aim, to address some of the gaps in the qualitative text books, is well met. Graduate students and experienced researchers alike will find the book useful. It is one that a researcher can, in the spirit of dialogue, repeatedly return to in order to explore the questions which arise in the reading. Engaging in dialogue is made easier by the book′s format. . . . Each chapter is preceded by excerpts of dialogue from the discussion [Chicago symposium, 1987]. Some of the most interesting points are raised in these excerpts. The establishment of strong qualitative research programs by the book′s contributors . . . is noteworthy. . . . Qualitative Nursing Research: A Contemporary Dialogue makes an important contribution to the developing body of knowledge in the exploration of meaning in experience in health and illness and in nursing." --International Journal of Nursing Studies "[This book] represents an important addition to the former dearth of texts on qualitative research methods for nurses who wish to pursue ethnographic, grounded theory, and phenomenological approaches. Not only does this book make clear the distinct nature of each of these traditions, but it also wrestles with the contentious issues of sampling, to count or not to count during analysis, reliability and validity, and triangulation in qualitative research." --Palliative Medicine "I have found the book to be one of the best available on issues surrounding qualitative nursing research. . . . The strengths of Dr. Morse′s book are clear articulation of the issues on a wide range of topics pertinent to qualitative research, description of possible solutions, and recognition that other points of view are valid. . . . An additional unique feature is the short ′dialogues′ between chapters. These dialogues provide the reader with an opportunity to trace the thought processes of the contributors as they struggle with the issues. The dialogues raise to consciousness those often unrecognized problems with which qualitative nurse researchers must deal in order to develop the methodology for nursing." --Joan E. Haase, Ph.D., R.N., The University of Arizona "A whole range of methodological, conceptual and technical complexities are exposed and examined. All kinds of questions which I have pondered over are raised here. . . . This is a book which makes a scholarly and significant contribution to an important debate. It should be compulsory reading for all those who claim to be doing supervising or teaching qualitative research." --Nursing Standard "This book is timely because of the tremendous debate going on about the American health care system and how it may be improved. Now, more than ever, nurses have an opportunity to prove to people in decision-making roles that ′Nursing′ can contribute more to the solution of the problems than has been allowed in the past." --Health Values From the first edition: "This book is a compilation of richly textured, intelligent, well documented, and personally informed papers on issues facing qualitative nurse researchers today. . . . The discussions are refreshingly direct, uncompromised, and spirited in tone, perhaps because, initially, the target audience was made up of peers engaged in qualitative research." --Nursing Research "[Provides] salient writings of leading qualitative nursing researchers from the United States and Canada. . . . The book provides a much needed exchange of the ideas related to ′sticky issues′ in qualitative research and promotes concepts that can be used by qualitative researchers and reviewers." --Gerontological Nursing
 

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Contents

Preface
9
Preface to the Revised Edition
11
Dialogue Is Qualitative Research an End in Itself or the Beginning of a Process?
13
A FreeForAll?
14
Dialogue On Bracketing
23
Chapter 2 The Phenomenological Perspective
25
Dialogue On Developing Theory Inductively
39
Generating Nursing Knowledge
40
Chapter 10 Issues of Reliability and Validity
164
Dialogue On Interviewing
187
Concerns and Challenges
188
Dialogue On the Relationship Between the Researcher and the Subject
202
Chapter 12 Conducting Qualitative Studies with Children and Adolescents
203
Dialogue On Triangulation
224
Issues of Conceptual Clarity and Purpose
226
Dialogue The Granting Game
240

Dialogue On Ethics and Validity
54
Chapter 4 Being a Phenomenological Researcher
55
Dialogue On Fieldwork in Your Own Setting
72
Chapter 5 The Use of Self in Ethnographic Research
73
Dialogue On Nursing Phenomena
90
Chapter 6 Doing Fieldwork in Your Own Culture
91
Dialogue On the Evolving Nature of Qualitative Methods in Nursing
105
Chapter 7 Qualitative Clinical Nursing Research When a Community is the Client
106
Dialogue On Terminology
126
Chapter 8 Strategies for Sampling
127
Dialogue On Replicability
146
Chapter 9 Are Counting and Coding A Cappella Appropriate in Qualitative Research?
147
Dialogue On Issues about Reliability and Validity
163
Chapter 14 Funding Strategies for Qualitative Research
243
Dialogue On Muddling Methods
257
A Task of No Small Consequence
258
Dialogue On the Team Approach
272
A Collaborative Model for Practice and Research
273
Dialogue On Teaching Qualitative Methods
300
Perennial Problems and Possible Solutions
301
Dialogue The Last Word
322
Author Index
323
Subject Index
328
About the Authors
337
Copyright

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About the author (1990)

Janice M. Morse, PhD (Nurs), PhD (Anthro), FAAN is a professor and Presidential Endowed Chair at the University of Utah College of Nursing, and Professor Emeritus, University of Alberta, Canada., from 1991-1996, she also held a position as professor at The Pennsylvania State University. From 1997-2007, she was the founding Director and Scientific Director of the International Institute for Qualitative Methodology, University of Alberta, founding editor for the International Journal of Qualitative Methods, and Editor of the Qual Press monograph series. She remains the founding editor for Qualitative Health Research, (now in Volume 2, Sage1), is currently editor for the monograph series Developing Qualitative Inquiry, and The Essentials of Qualitative Inquiry (Left Coast Press). Her research programs are in the areas of suffering and comforting, preventing patient falls, and developing qualitative methods. In 2011, she was awarded the Lifetime Achievement in Qualitative Inquiry from the International Center for Qualitative Inquiry, was an inaugural inductee into the Sigma Theta Tau International Nurse Researcher Hall of Fame (2010), the 5th recipient of the Episteme Award (also Sigma Theta Tau). She received awarded honorary doctorates from the University of Newcastle (Australia) and Athabasca University (Canada). She is the author of 460 articles and chapters and 19 books on qualitative research methods, suffering, comforting and patient falls.

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