Writing as a Learning Tool: Integrating Theory and Practice

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Päivi Tynjälä, Paivi Tynjala, Lucia Mason, K. Lonka
Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 30, 2001 - Education - 218 pages
In a brief summary, the debate concerning the nature of writing processes is about whether the essential characteristic of expertise in writing is a matter of mastering problem-solving strategies. In this respect, the role of social and interactive factors, such as writers' familiarity with the particular genre in which they are writing and their relationship with the discourse community in which they are participating, have been pointed out (e.g. Nystrand, 1989). According to the socio-interactive approach, which refers to Vygotsky's theory, the composition process is a dialogue between the writer and the reader made possible by socially shared knowledge. The meaning of a text is a social construct that is negotiated between the reader and the writer through the medium of the text. The importance of motivational aspects has also been highlighted by two main lines of research, studies of the relationship between writing and self-efficacy (e.g. Pajares & Johnson, 1994, 1996) and studies of the role of interest in the production of expository texts (e.g. Albin, Benton & Khramtsova, 1996; Benton, Corkill, Sharp, Downey, Khramtsova, 1995; Hidi & McLaren, 1990, 1991). Self-efficacy, in this context individuals' beliefs about their ability to produce certain types of texts, have been found to be predictive of writing skills, strategy use and writing performance.
 

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Contents

PROLOGUE
1
AN INTRODUCTION
7
One Theory Two Rationales
23
WRITING LEARNING AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF EXPERTISE IN HIGHER EDUCATION
37
The Case of Writing in High School English and Social Studies
57
WRITING TO LEARN WRITING TO TRANSFER
83
SEQUENTIAL WRITING TASKS INFLUENCE ON SCIENCE LEARNING
105
NOTE TAKING AND ESSAY WRITING
131
INTEGRATING WRITING LEARNING AND ASSESSMENT
145
NEW TECHNOLOGY WRITING AND LEARNING
161
REFERENCES
183
NAME INDEX
205
SUBJECT INDEX
213
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
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