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Attend to business, study well In each department to excel; Be ever ready to obey 'Thy master's wishes night or day ; If justly blam'd for some omission, Use no denial, make concession ; Thy faults to screen raise no debate, Or foolishly prevaricate. One lie found out, howe'er the case, Begets distrust, and brings disgrace. For with each man of worth and sense, The truth will prove the best defence. And when the Sabbath-day comes rond, Be at some place of worship found, A pious and devout attendant, Or Methodist or Independent, Or at the Church, if there be found A preacher orthodox and sound, Who clearly points and leads the way To realms of nerer-ending day. In thy deportment be discreet, Nor form acquaintance in the street ; Nay, ne'er for pleasure wander there, Though thou have leisure time to spare; Be that spent with a book or friend, "Twill more to thine improvement tend. Thus let me earnestly beseech Thee to keep from temptation's reach When vice walks forth without disguise, And each alluring effort tries To lead th' unwary youth astray, And win him o'er from virtue's way. Or where false pleasures all pursue, Nor seen the serious thinking few, And follow folly's mad career, Nor beed the consequences drear. And though when in her gorgeous howers, They seemn compos'd of fragrant towers, And every flower that comes in view Appears possessid of beauty too, Yet pull the fairest, and anon Its odour and its beauty's gone. Or wisdom's paths real roses grow, Though fainter seem their scent and show. Pluck them, nor dread the worldling's scorn, Behind them lurks no hidden thorn. 'The longer kept, the more perfume;

And their's is an eternal bloom. Nottingham.

M. A. C.

The pining rill, the shady rale

Their several sweets uniting,
Will each unfold a rapturous tale,

To joy and love exciting.
In youth's gay morn the cloudless mind

Knows not of care and sorrow ;
The joys to-day has left behind

Are sought again to-morrow!
Oh liglitly speeds old 'Time away,

Swift Hy ihe laughing hours,
When skies with sunny beams are pay,

And paths are strew'd with dowers.
But, ah! these scenes, so fair to view,

Are nought but rainbow painting ;
Soon from the skies shall every bue

Fade, like the rainbow sainting.
The spring-time hopes of man are seared

Iu autumn's chilly boldness;
The summer gems, so softly reared,

Are nipp'd in winter's coldness.
Yet there's a land where nought can change,

Where storm nor cloud e'er lowers, In endless days where spirits range,

Through meads and roseate bowers.
There are no fading Jowers and sweets,

There is no chill of even,
But peace pervades the golden streets,
That bappy land is— HEAVEN.


EARTHLY JOYS UNCERTAIN. I twix'D me a wreath of the rosiest flowers The morning could boast in the cool shady bowers, Wben the dew-drop was clear in the brocket's blue

eye, And the bright leaves were wooing the summer

winds' sigh. I sought them again at the close of the day, In the morn where I left them, all shining and gay, But I found that the violet bad droop'd its fair head, That the bloom of the rose and the lily was fled. Yet sweet as the breath of their fiourishing hours, A perfume was wasted around from the flowers, Though each gem of the garden was wither'd and

dead, Yet e'en from their dry leaves a fragrance was shed. And, methought, it was thus to the desnlate heart, That virtue a fragrance and balm can impart; Life's sunniest hours, tho' laughing and gay, Must be ended--but virtue can never decay.

Norwich, July, 1831. W.P. SPARKS,

WHERE is the glorious Summer gone!

Why hath it pass'd away,
With many a sweet and thrilling tone,

That came but yesterday?
I hear not now the wild bird's song,

Ringing through wood and dell;
But the wind sweeps mournfully along,

Like summer's sad farewell.
Nor lingers there one flowret bright,

To meet my anxious view-
The streams have lost their golden light,

The sky its sapphire bue.
And green leaves which have proudly swung

On many a forest bough,
Unto the inoaning winds are fung,

But sear'd and witber'd now.
Ost as I chas'd the butterfly

Prom dow'r to fow'r away,
I thought such blossoms could not die,

Nor Summer feel decay.
But the violet in its lone repose

Hath lost its od'rous breath;
The lily and the queenly rose

Have felt the touch of death!
Alas! that such a glorious time

Should erer pass away;
Will the green fields renew their prime?

Oh! when ? sweet mother, say.
The summer will return, sair child!

And earth again will bloom; The violet in the woodlands wild

Shall yield its rich perfume ! All beautiful and glorious things

Shall spring again to birth, (Bright as thine own imaginings)

With tones of and mirth.
But the gay summer of the heart,

We may recall in vain ;
When that blest season doth depart

It ne'er returns again !
And friendships, of thy childhood's hours,

Will quickly pass away ;
E'en as the with’ring summer flow'rs,

As false--as frail as they!

ALL ON EARTH IS TRANSIENT. How pure and lovely smiles the day

To eyes that know no weeping! How gladsome beams the summer ray,

To hearts in pleasure sleeping !
To such at morn, the leafy trees

Their balmy dew's distilling :-
To such at eve, the murmuring breeze

The air with odourstilling ;-

pp. 493.

Then set not thy affections here

however, and other kindred topics, we must On things that fade and die ; But rest thy hopes on heaven, for there

refer the reader to the volume, contenting Is immortality.

ourselves with a few extracts from his vinSo in thy wintry age's day,

dication of the sentiments he had previously Thongh other friends may flee,

advanced in favour of the liberty of the press. God will, as life ebbs fast away, Be all in all to thee!

On this very interesting subject his views Join Dıx.

are enlarged, and his language is both

nervous and perspicuous. To this liberty, Review.- The Entire Works of the Rev. he, however, assigns specific limits. His Robert Hall

, A. M. with a brief Memoir sentiments, therefore, cannot be construed of his Life and a critical Estimate of his into an approval of theories which would Character and Writings. Published under

either unhinge civil government, or countethe Superintendence of Olinthus Gre

nance blasphemy against God. In his reply gory, L. L. D. F. R. A. S.

to the reviewer of his pamphlet in the

Vol. III. Tracts Political and Miscellaneous. 8vo.

Christian Guardian, Mr. Hall observes as Holdsworth and Ball. Lon

follows: don. 1831.

To plead for the liberty of divulging speculative

opinions, is one thing; and to assert the right of The appearance of the third volume before uttering blasphemy, is another. For, blasphemy, the second, though somewhat irregular and

wbich is the speaking contumeliously of God, is not

a speculative error ; it is an overt act; a crime out of order, can be of little consequence to which no state should tolerate."-p. 191. the reader, as the whole six volumes are " It may not be improper in this place to notice

a curious argument which the Reviewer adduces, expected to be finished before the end of

in support of his darling tenet of passive obedience the present year; and it is highly probable and non-resistance, from the prevailing and inhethat those who purchase any one part, will

rent depravity of human nature. He reminds us

that mankind'are represented in the scriptures as be so far gratified and pleased with its con alike depraved and unruly,' and from these pretents, as to have this celebrated author's mises attempts to enforce that interpretation of

scripture which would annihilate the liberties of works complete.

mankind, and reduce them, without restriction or The subjects which this third volume reservation, to a passive submission to their political contains are both numerous and diversified, rescued the sentiments of the inspired writers from and, from the superiority of talent displayed such a detestable imputation, by shewing that their in each department, the belief is induced, that

design is merely to inculcate the general duty of

obedience to overnment, as the ordinance of God, had Mr. H. been called in early life to the while they leave the just bounds of authority, and senate or the bar, he would have shone in

the limits of obedience, to the regulation and adeither constellation as a star of the first they are perfectly adequate.

justment of reason and experience; a task to which magnitude. These, however, were not the "But how does the depravity of human nature elements in which he either chose, or was

evince the necessity of passive obedience and non

resistance, unless it is contended that the ruling destined to shine. The vigour of his mighty part of mankind are not depraved ? That mankind intellect wanted a hemisphere in which to

are naturally depraved and unruly, affords a good

argument for the existence of government itself ; range ; his philanthropy desired one in but since they are alike depraved and unrulywhich he could be most beneficial to his since governors partake of the same corruption as fellow-creatures; while his piety fixed on

the people, aggravated too often by the possession

of power, which inflames the passions and corrupts religion as being altogether congenial with the heart; to allege the depravity of human nature his talents and the dictates of his heart. To

as a reason for submission to arbitrary power,

involves the absurdity of supposing, that the cure be an honoured instrument in the hands of

of one degree of wickedness is to be obtained by God, in teaching the souls of men the way

affording unlimited license to a greater. Retrace

the annals of all times and nations, and you will of salvation, animated him with more exalted

find in the triumph of despotism, the triumph of motives than either personal fame or worldly wickedness : you will also find that men bave been aggrandizement could possibly inspire. On

virtuous, noble, and disinterested, just in proportion

as they have been free," &c.- p. 193. this ground he took his stand, and in the “There is a description of men who are accus. cause of his Redeemer he has gathered im- tomed, systematically to yield up their underperishable laurels.

standing to others, who, in their view, 'ought to be

judges: it is needless to add, that the present From the numerous topics which fall writer (a writer in the Christian Guardian) is under the author's discussion in this volume,

evidently of this servum pecus, this tame and pas

sive herd; and that his knowledge of the subject is it would be difficult to make any selection just what might be expected from one who thinks that should be accompanied with reasons for by proxy: These men, forgetting, or affecting to a decided preference.

forget, that the exercise of power, in whatever

hands it is placed, will infallibly degenerate into His “Apology for the freedom of the tyranny, unless it is carefully watched, make it

their whole business to screen its abuses, to suppress,” “On the right of public discussion,"

press inquiry, to stifle complaint, and inculcate on Reform in parliament,” and “On theories the people, as their duty, a quiet and implicit suband the rights of man,” all hold out an

mission to the direction of those who, to speak in

the rocabulary of slaves, ought to be judges.' invitation to be transcribed. For these, These are the men by whom the constitution is

endangered ;-these are the maxims by which free dism. The present life, therefore, constates are enslaved. If that freedom which is the

tracted within moderate limits, by the exbirthright of Britons is destined to go down to succeeding generations, it must result from the clusion of extraneous matter, has been preprevalence of an opposite spirit--a lofty enthusi. pared with more special reference to general asm, an ardent attachment to liberty, and an in. cessant jealousy of the tendency of power to

readers.” enlarge its pretensions and extend its encroach Keeping this modest profession contiments,” &c.--p. 196.

nually in view, the author has been emiIt was not the lot of Mr. Hall to witness nently successful. He has imbodied within the almost universal prevalence of the sen a narrow compass all that is essential to the timents which he has here expressed. In life which he delineates, without digressing his time they were advanced at the hazard into the regions of polemical speculations, of his reputation. The day-star had, how- and has omitted nothing that can be deemed ever, risen on his mind, and he followed necessary to the development of the great its light, without any regard to personal principles by which Mr. Wesley was guided, consequences. Since death has closed his and the unwearied perseverance which diseyes, the sun of political freedom has tinguished his probationary career. mounted above the horizon, and we have Unlike Dr. Southey, who resolved all lived to enjoy the beamings of its meridian Mr. Wesley's actions into enthusiasm and splendour.

ambition, Mr. Watson has traced them to From the other miscellaneous articles, a higher source, and found this eminent amounting to nearly forty, which compose servant of the Most High uniformly acthis volume, our limits will not allow us to tuated by love to God and love to man. take any extracts. Throughout the whole, His first impulses and movements are narthe same elegance of expression, the same rated with much plainness and simplicity. keenness of investigation, and the same His travels, perils, persecutions, and success masculine power of reasoning, is every where in preaching, are recorded without exagapparent. " Taken in the aggregate, each geration. The doctrines which he taught will appear a master-piece of its kind, which are stated without any latent concealment; can hardly fail to gratify the reader, and and in the formation of his societies, we quicken his appetite for the volumes which behold the leadings of Providence superare yet to appear.

intending the measures which he adopted.

It has been said of the celebrated Richard REVIEW.– The Life of the Rev. John in miniature." A similar remark may with

Baxter, that “such men are not to be drawn Wesley, A.M., Founder of the Metho- equal propriety be applied to Mr. Wesley; dist Societies. By Richard Watson. and in this light he was surveyed by Dr.

12mo. pp. 387. Mason, London, 1831. Whitehead, who thought two well-crowded Tue memoirs of this very extraordinary octavos not too voluminous to communiman have been so long before the world, cate his history to the world. We are not and in such a variety of forms, that every aware that any of its readers, or any of important source of information respecting Mr. Wesley's admirers, have thought such him, bas long since been exhausted. Nu a vehicle too splendid, or in any way dismerous topics, indeed, on which other bio- playing ostentation. To many insects of graphers have touched, are here placed in the day, over whose names the billows new combinations, and associated with of time are destined to close for ever, a motives which some preceding writers magnificent vehicle is of the utmost imhave not had either the ability to discover, portance; but the character of John Wesley, or the integrity to avow; and hence, many To embalmed in its own perfume," will yield features in his character and movements a fragrance in every form which his bioassume an attitude of originality; but in grapher may adopt. Its buoyant properevery sketch the leading facts are nearly the ties will secure its immortality, and place it same; and that reader who now expects a beyond the influence of folio, quarto, octalife of Mr. Wesley composed of new mate. yo, or duodecimo delineation. rials will be rewarded with disappointment. The more voluminous biographies of Mr.

This view of the subject is indirectly Wesley were never intended to be superavowed by Mr. Watson, in a short preface seded by this volume. To those who have to the present volume. He tells us, that the former, the present will communicate “the most approved accounts of Mr. Wesley little that is new; but it will throw into the have been carried out to a length which hands of thousands, a condensed account obstructs their circulation, by the inter of one of the most remarkable ministers of mixture of details comparatively uninterest- the gospel that has ever lived since the ing beyond the immediate circle of Metho- days of the apostles; and supply them

with the essence of the larger volumes, On traversing the interior, one of its which the expense of purchasing had placed mountains presents to the eye of the astonbeyond their reach.

ished visitant, the most terrible volcano We apprehend that this work was un that has hitherto been discovered on any dertaken at the particular request of the portion of the globe. Of this appalling Methodist Conference; from which circum- spectacle, an ample description, extracted stance it is fairly to be inferred, that it has from a former edition of this work, may be obtained the sanction of this great organ of found in column 376, of the eighth vol. the sect--to whom it will be a text-book, of the Imperial Magazine for 1826, and from which there can be no appeal. We also an engraving in col. 105 of the followcannot but think that this work has been ing year. On this account we must at confided to very able hands. Mr. Watson present confine our observations to a soliwas well acquainted with the task he en. tary paragraph, which, though short, will gaged to undertake, and had constant access communicate some idea of this awful bed to every species of information that the of liquid fire. subject would allow. Of these favourable After walking some distance over the sunken circumstances he has availed himself, and plain, which in several places sounded hollow

ander our feet, we at length came to the edge of produced a book, moderate both in size

the great crater, where a spectacle sublime, and and price, that is creditable to his talents, even appalling, presented itself before usfaithful to the character of Mr. Wesley, and

• We stopped and trembled.' honourable to the connexion of which he

Astonishment and awe for some moments ren

dered us mute, and, like statues, we stood tixed to was the founder.

the spot, with our eyes riveted on the abyss be

low. Immediately before us yawned an immense Review.— Polynesian Researches, by Wil- length from north-east to south-west, nearly o

gulf, in the form of a crescent, about two miles in lium Ellis, Vol. III. pp. 407. Fisher mile wide, and apparently eight bundred seet and Co., London, 1831.

deep. The bottom was covered with lava, and

the south-west and northern parts of it were one The exalted character which we gave, in

vast food of burning matter, in a state of terrific

ebullition, rolling to and fro its fiery surge,' our former numbers, of the two preceding and Aaming billows. conical islanıls, of volumes, is amply supported by the in

varied form and size, containing as many craters, trinsic merit of this which is now before us.

rose either round the edge, or from the surface

of the burning lake. Twenty-two constantly The extensive circulation with which the emitted columns of gray smoke, or pyramids of

brilliant flame: and several of these at the same “ Polynesian Researches” have been hon

time vomited forth, from their united mouths, oured, furnishes a convincing evidence, streams of lava, which rolled in blazing torrents that a numerous class of readers are deeply

down their black indented sides, into the boiling

mass below."-p. 237. interested in the narrations, events, and incidents which the author details.

The inhabitants of these insulated reFrom his long residence in these distant gions are scarcely less remarkable in their islands, Mr. Ellis was favoured with


manners and modes of acting, than the tunities of prosecuting his researches, which preceding natural, or almost preternatural, rarely fall to the lot of any individual. singularity of the island is astonishing. These he seized, and improved with the Among their varied amusements, the foi. most unremitting industry and perseverance; lowing custom cannot fail to arrest the atand, with talents every way adequate to the

tention of the reader. task, he has produced a work which gives

“There are, perhaps, no people more

tomed to the water than the islanders of the Pa. more solid and genuine information re.

cific; they seem almost a race of amphibious specting the inhabitants and productions of beings. familiar with the sea from their birth, the South Sea Islands, than can be found

they lose all dread of it, and seem nearly

as much

at home in the water as on dry land. There are in the accumulated volumes of all the few children who are not taken into the sea by writers who have preceded him.

their mothers the second or third day after their birth, and many who can swim as soon as they can walk. The heat of the climate is, no doubt,

one source of the gratification they find in this Review.Polynesian Reseurches, (Sand- scarcely possible (to pass along the shore where

amusement, which is so universal, that it is wich Islands, Vol. IV. pp. 471. Fisher, there are many habitations near, and not see a & Co. London. 1831.

number of children playing in the sea. Here they

remain for hours together, and yet I never knew The island of Hawaii (the Owhyhee of

of but one child being drowned during the number

resided in the islands. They have Captain Cook) will ever be memorable in

a variety of games, and gambol as fearlessly in the annals of our country, as the place in

the water as the children of a school do in their which that celebrated circumnavigator was

play-ground. Sometimes they erect a stage eight

or ien feet high on the edge of some deep place, murdered by savages; and in many other and lay a pole in an oblique direction over the

edge of it, perbaps twenty feet above the water ; respects we discover phenomena which

along this they pursue each other to the uttermost render it truly remarkable.

end, when they juinp into the sea. Throwing


of years


themselves from the lower yards, or bowsprit, of another, they do not bid so fair to reap the & ship, is also a favourite sport, but the most general and frequent game is swimming in the

harvest, as to destroy the field. surf. The higher the sea and the larger the Of the Winter's Wreath for 1832, it will waves, in their opinion the better the sport. On

be no contemptible encomium to observe, these occasions they use a board, which they call papa naru, (wave sliding-board,) generally that it is in every respect worthy of its pretive or six feet long, and rather more than a foot decessors. The pictorial ornaments are of wide ; sometimes flat, but more frequently slightly

the usual number. The subjects are both convex on both sides. It is usually made of the wood of the erythrina, stained quite black, and diversified and appropriate, and the enpreserved with great care. Aster using, it is placed in the sun till perfectly dry, when it is

gravings are exquisitely finished. rubbed

with cocoa-nut oil, frequently The literary articles exhibit a due proporwrapped in cloth, and suspended in some part of tion of prose and verse. All the subjects are their dwelling house. Sometimes they choose a place where the deep water reaches to the beach, strictly moral, and many of the compositions bat generally prefer a part where the

rocks are display talents of a superior order. To ten or twenty feet under water, and extend to a distance from the shore, as the surf breaks more

every one, the name or designation of its violently over them. When playing in these

author is attached, and in the catalogue, places, each individual takes his board, and consisting of seventy, many will be found, pushing it before him, swims perhaps a quarter of a mile, or more, out to sea. They do not attempt

whom both fame and public opinion have, to go over the billows which roll towards the long since, crowned with the wreath of poshore, but watch their approach, and dive under water, allowing the billow to pass over their

pularity. heads. Wben they reach the outside of the Without attempting to institute an inquiry rocks, where the waves first break, they adjust into the comparative merits of these pertheir faces, and watch the approach of the largest formances, we beg to introduce, from the billow: they then poise themselves on its highest pen of Mr. Thomas Roscoe, as a fair speciedge, and, paddling as it were with their bands and feet, ride on the crest of the wave, in the

men of the whole, and a masterly delineation midst of the spray and foam, till within a yard or of character, two of the rocks or the shore ; and when the ob. servers would expect to see them dashed to pieces,

" The Young Minister and the Bride, by a Sera. they steer with great address between the rocks,

genarian. or slide off their board in a moment, grasp it by “Near this little hamlet, at the foot of the hills the middle, and dive under water, while the wave stretching westward, lay the ample domains of the rolls on, and breaks among the rocks with a roaring wealthy Lord L-; forming part of those fertile noise, the effects of which is greatly heightened by and cultivated districts, which betoken the near the shouts and laughter of the natives in the abundance of the rich loamy soil of the northern water. Those who are expert frequently change graziers. Its present possessor had returned their position on the board, sometimes sitting and within the last year, from the Continent, to reside soinetimes standing erect in the midst of the foam. at the seat of bis forefathers, and find employment The greatest address is necessary in order to keep for the well-lined coffers of his immediate prede. ou the edge of the wave: for if they get too for

The new Lord, we were informed, was ward, they are sure to be overturned ; and if they now on the eve of forming an union with one of the fall back, they are buried beneath the succeeding fairest girls in the county, the daughter of his billow."--p. 369.

father's old friend, tbe late member for K-, a The preceding extracts will render all

gentleman who, by bis imprudence, bad left, at his

death, a large family involved in considerable difffurther observations on this volume unne culties and embarrassment. The late Lord L cessary. The description given of the vol

however, bad not only materially assisted them,

but bad even consented that the family union, long cano, and the plate which represents it, before projected between

his friend's daughter and together with a vignette in which the na

his own son, should still take place. This, too, was tives are seen sporting on the waves, are

an object in which the mother of Margaret Dillon

(already betrotbed to the scion of L-House, worth more than six shillings, the price of before his departure for foreign lands) was more the whole volume.

particularly interested, having several younger children almost wholly unprovided for. Circum. stances, therefore, seemed to render it imperative

on the eldest to fulfil her mother's wisbes ; and Review.—The Winter's Wreath for 1832.

only by some strange perversity of fate, was such

an alliance likely to prove an unhappy one. 12mo. pp. 385. Whittaker. London. "The lovely Margaret was then in her seventeenth

year, while her intended lord was nearly as many It is curious to see a winter's wreath com summers older, and by no means of that preposposed of autumnal flowers, and to have a

sessing character and exterior, nor of that lofty

reputation and rare report, calculated to win nosegay gathered in October, which is in

"golden opinjons" from all manner of women. The tended to regale the senses at Christmas. marriage, however, was to have taken place on his One great danger attendant upon this pre- feeling, and had been delayed only in consequence maturity of appearance is, that the exquisite of the sudden demise of his Lordship's father. His aroma of its fragrance will be expended too

return, we were told, had been marked by no ex.

pression of joy on the part of his tenantry or soon, and that the period of expectation will retaivers ; nor, what was more to be regretted, on find " its roses faded and its lilies soiled." the part of the intended bride herself, who was, on These observations will apply to all the

the other hand, said to be a favourite with all

classes of her acquaintance. Annuals. Each publisher wishes to be be If the new Lord, however, bad failed to make forehand with his neighbour; but in the

himself liked, this did not seem to be the case with

a young clergyman in the vicinity, of the name of mercantile race which they run with one Maurice Dunn, whose noble look, and high, yet


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