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When thou tookest upon thee the Old “ You are the container of the incom. Man, thou didst not fear the severest suffer- prehensible; the root of the world's first, ings of the Cross.

best, and most beautiful flower; the mother When thou hadst overcome the sharp- of Him who made all things; the nurse of ness of death, thou didst stand in the se Him who provides nourishment for the pulchre, and, like one living, look towards whole universe; the bosom of Him who the Kingdom of Heaven.

enfolds all being within his breast; the Thou sittest on the Throne of Lucifer, in unspotted robe of Him who is clothed with the glory of the Father.

light as with a garment; you are the sallyWe believe that thưu shalt come to judg- port through which God penetrated into ment with the Cross of the Judge.

the world ; you are the pavilion of the Holy We therefore pray thee, help thy ser Ghost; and you are the furnace into which vants, whom thou hast gathered together the Almighty hath particularly darted the with the precious blood of thy wounds. most fervent sunbeams of his dearest love

Make them to be numbered with the and affection. Şaints in glory everlasting.

“All hail! fruitful earth, alone proper Save thine Order of the Minors, and and only prepared to bring forth the breadbless thine inheritance.

corn by which we are all sustained and Govern them and lift them up for ever. nourished; happy leaven, which hath given Day by day we magnify thee.

relish to Adam's whole race, and seasoned And we praise thy name, because thou the paste whereof the true life-giving and hast obtained for us an Indulgence which soul-saving bread was composed; ark of sball endure for ever.

honour, in which God himself was pleased Ask our Lord, that he will vouchsafe to to repose, and where very glory itself be. keep us this day without sin.

came sanctified; golden pitcher, containing Ó Father, have mercy upon us, have him who provides sweet manna from heamercy upon us.

ven, and produces honey from the rock, to Let thy mercy lighten upon us as our satisfy the appetites of bis hungry people ; trust is in thee.

you are the admirable house of God's O Father, in thee have I trusted, obtain of humiliation, through whose door he dethe Lord that I may never be confounded.” scended to dwell among us; the living

book, wherein the Father's Eternal Word

was written by the pen of the Holy Ghost. The above blasphemous Parody is nearly You are pleasing and comely as Jerusalem, equalled by the following nonsensical rhap and the aromatical odours issuing from sody, addressed to the great goddess of the your garments outvie all the delights of Romish Church, the Virgin Mary.

Mount Lebanus ; you are the sacred Pix “ You, O Mother of God, are the spiri of celestial perfumes, whose sweet exhalatual Paradise of the second Adam; the deli tions shall never be exhausted; you are the cate cabinet of that divine marriage which holy oil, the unextinguishable lamp, the unwas made betwixt the two natures; the great fading flower, the divinely-woven purple, hall, wherein was celebrated the world's the royal vestment, the imperial diadem, general reconciliation ; you are the nuptial the throne of the Divinity, the gate of Parabed of the eternal Word; the bright cloud dise, the Queen of the universe, the cabinet carrying him who hath the cherubim for of life, the fountain ever flowing with celeshis chariot ; the fleece of wool filled with tial illustrations. the sweet dew of heaven, whereof was made “ All hail! the divine lantern, encomthat admirable robe of our royal Shepherd, passing that crystal lamp whose light outin which he vouchsafed to look after his shines the sun in its mid-day splendour; lost sheep; you are the maid and the

the spiritual sea, whence the world's richest mother, the humble virgin and the high pearl was extracted; the radiant sphere, heaven, both together; you are the sacred enclosing Him within your sacred folds, bridge whereby God himself descended to whom the heavens cannot contain within the earth; you are that piece of cloth their vast circumference; the celestial throne whereof was composed the glorious gar. of God, more glistening than that of the ment of hypostatical union, where the worker glorious cherubim, the pure temple, taberwas the Holy Ghost, the band the virtue of nacle, and seat of the Divinity. the Most High, the wool the old spoils “ You are the well-fenced orchard, of Adam, the woof your own immaculate fruitful border, the fair and delicate garden Alesh, and the shuttle God's incomparable of sweet flowers, embalming the earth and goodness, which freely gave us the ineffable air with their odoriferous fragrance, yet shut person of the Word incarnate,

up and secured from any enemy's entrance

A POSTROPHE TO THE VIRGIN MARY.

the

and irruption; you are the holy fountain, Excitement, consequent upon the agitasealed with the signet of the most sacred tions of conflicting opinions in polities, has Trinity, from whence the happy waters of brought to our own doors huge perturbalife inflow upon the whole universe ; you tions; and amidst these islands of peace, are the happy city of God, whereof such through which the sword has not been perglorious things are everywhere sung and mitted to pass during the present age, we spoken."

have beheld the evolutions of war, and also The author from whom the above is its conflagrations. A contest upon the taken says, “ The volume from whence these question, who shall, and who shall not, elect Flores Catholicæ are extracted has more representatives to the great council of the pious finger-unction upon it than any British nation, exhausts the eloquence of other in my library. Great is Diana of senators and people. Every man, every the Ephesians !”

where, is expected to enrol himself under The title of the work is, “ Jesus, Maria, the banners of a Reform in the mode of Joseph, or the Devout Pilgrim of the Ever- election, while thousands neither compreBlessed Virgin Mary, in his Holy Exercises, hend its meaning nor appreciate its merits : Affections, and Elevations, upon the sacred hence, when the one party drives, the other Mysteries of Jesus, Maria, Joseph.” Am- lags; and the impetuosity of the former, sterdam, 1657.

forms a contrast or balance, in action, to the apathy of the latter—incessantly urging,

without achieving the purpose intended, the EUROPE, IN THE AUTUMN OF 1831.

parties neutralize each other. By this exThe great northern hive, in high commotion citement, peace is banished from the dowith a portentous swarm, is once more is- mestic circle, and angry feelings induced suing its barbarous array in hosts, to over-run throughout society. In general, instead of the empire. Although long held back by a that genial fellow-feeling which pervaded handful of heroes, over Poland they again every grade, men form associations of opsway as conquerors. Blood has flowed to position, each, in their party, against the blood—the invaders and the invaded, in the other, and wage wars of words, and even protracted struggle, now victorious and now deeds, in every quarter, until the safety of defeated, alike have bled : but although the the community is menaced, and the finer invaders suffered in the extreme, the swarms feelings of brotherhood trampled under foot. of the north replenished, ever and anon, Angry contention is the opposite of brotherly their ranks, replacing the dying and the communion; and where the one reigns, the dead, and crowning the victors with new other is no more. The command of Jeconquests. To Europe this may be deemed hovah to Israel, while dispersed through the the beginning of sorrows.

nations, is—“Seek the peace of the city If ever nation displayed union of purpose, whither I have caused you to be carried heroism of character, patience of suffering, away captives, and pray unto the Lord for and the valour of men, the Poles are that it; for in the peace thereof shall ye have nation. Yet Europe beheld this band of peace." This is a command to the Israel heroes, which never at any one period, per- of God in all ages, and amidst all nationshaps, exceeded fifty thousand effective men,

“For here have we no continuing city, but grappling with the northern giant, at frig we seek one to come-a city which hath ful odds, with profound apathy; and, while foundations, whose builder and maker is they melted, in the heat of action, into ruin, God." never lifted up a hand or a voice to save France has survived another crisis. The them!

disastrous news from Poland served as a As we observed in gone-by seasons, one pretence of severe blame to the existing go. of the paws of the great polar bear has ad- vernment, because no succour from France vanced towards the throne of the Eastern had prevented the ruin of their cause. PubEmpire ; during the past and during the lic feeling, sensitively alive to the Polish present year, the other paw has advanced cause, was wrought upon by that strong and towards the throne of the Western Empire. ferocious party which yet pervades France, Constantinople, ere while, trembled to her and is ever ready to burst out and overwhelm foundations; and yet a little while, and the existing order of things, to the highest Rome may tremble in her turn.

pitch ; but the cool and determined conduct The vacillations of Belgium and Holland, of government over-awed the multitude, like the ocean's billows after a storm, roll and peace continued. The continuance of and foam ; yet hope remains buoyant on order is favourable to the cause of true relithe surface, portraying an ultimatum of gion, and its progresses; in the mean time, peace.

the intidel Si. Simonists, mad with disap

pointment at home, meditate conquests in The present is the age of excitement; at other nations.

home we feel it, from abroad we hear its Revolutionary warfare exerts every effort voice, around us it deals alarms, and no to the effusion of blood in and near Switzer- institution is safe from its overwhelming land. That country, which, for ages, has force. The word of the Lord to Daniel furnished mercenary troops to almost every was, “There shall be a time of trouble, such European nation, in order to overawe or as never was since there was a nation, even combat its own citizens, or fight with any to that same time; and at that tiine thy nation, whether friend or foe, for pay, and, people shall be delivered, every one that alas, frequently to fight with and shed the shall be found written in the book.” Whoblood of each other, has been, and is, a prey ever, therefore, may quake, the saints of the to civil commotions. A retributive justice Most High ought to rejoice; for theirs is seems to say, “This is the people who have deliverance, Jew and Gentile—the Israel of sold themselves to shed blood; and they God-every one that shall be found written have blood to drink, for they are worthy.” in the book. To Him should their prayers

The two papal Peninsulas continue firm ascend continually, as from Him every good in their allegiance to their head ; and what- and perfect gift descends; and in Him, and ever note escapes their frontiers, however in Him alone, should be all their confidence; modified in its progress, may be traced to for vain is the help of man. In proportion the groans and tossings of misery and as disunion and distraction pervade the despair within. And Italy, in its interme. enemies of true religion, so, in proportion, diate domains, partakes with its neighbours. does the security of the saints of the Most When, 0 thou God of light and love, when High increase; and we may, with increased shall this darkness be penetrated, and thy confidence, proceed to the examination of light illume these nations, and melt them the question contained in our last essay. into love and peace in thee?

“The secular arm of the Pope was broken The peninsula of Greece has witnessed a in 1806, by the extinction of the holy Roman crisis in her islands. Her navy, purchased Empire, as has been already stated, and the by a heavy loan, and kept up at a great ex- question is, Where is now the potentate, pense, perished in the conflict. Greece, throughout all Christendom, who dares pubhowever, continues an independent state ; licly to burn the saints of the Most High!" and a national assembly is convoked, in In order to solve this problem, we comorder to heal the wounds these commotions mence with Great Britain. On examination have made, and regenerate the government. here, we find a total absence of principle,

Constantinople has suffered, beneath ex and a total absence of every such practice tensive and successive conflagrations, losses as tends to burn men because of a difference in life and property, alarming in the extreme. in their religious creeds, both in the church Whether to the habitual neglect and misrule and in the state. Individuals, no doubt, of this Turkish community, or to barbarous exist in these nations, whose intolerant creed incendiaries, too prevalent even in more and persecuting spirit would gladly hail the civilized nations, these fires are to be attri- possession of power to smite heretics, and buted, has not been accurately ascertained. revive the flames of the dark ages; but arIt is true, the Grand Turk has executed dently as they long for this day of power, sundry persons as incendiaries ; but barba- not a single horde of these exists in Great rous executions, under such governments, Britain, which, at this moment, dares pubdo not always prove the fact of guilt. licly to burn the saints of the Most High.

The revolutionary spirit of Poland per Gliding across the ocean to France, we vades the neighbouring states, in the Aus- behold a potent nation, whose cities and trian dominions; and into its very capital, whose villages have flowed with the blood of Vienna, the Russian cholera morbus has the saints, and whiclı, in recompense of its penetrated. The miasma of this morbid iniquity, has received, at the hand of the affection regards neither wind nor tide, but Lord, “ blood to drink, for they were found inakes head against all impediments: Thou, worthy ;' and sore and long was their torO Lord, alone canst stay its hand--to thee ment for their crimes. But the disposition we lift up our hands, O appear and save us! has ceased in that fine country, and with the

If amidst the German states tranquillity disposition the practice. The state will not ; is for the moment, it is because no momen and not a horde exists in that nation, which tary excitements pervade the mass of the dares to burn the saints of the Most High. people; they are quieted rather than quiet, France is coming out of Babylon, just in and, couchant, await the alarm to spring up, time to escape her closing sins and her final and execute the purposes of confederated plagues. Great Britain hails brotherhood

with this rising nation; and gladly would 21 SERIES, NO. 11.-VOL. I.

155.-VOL. XIII.

men.

3 u

we fan the fire of tolerance therein, into a the enemy, in triumph, converted the fruitAame of missionary love towards all nations. ful field into a field of blood.

Belgium next presents itself : and what The power of Imperial Austria lords it of Belgium ? Cruel persecutions long de over Hungary, Bohemia, and even Italy. luged this land with the blood of the saints : It is true, sundry Dukes, the Pope, and the cry of it went up to heaven; vengeance the kings of Naples and Sardinia, also rule descended ; and of the bloody cup no nation in Italy : but over these the imperial rod is drank more largely. She is spared. 0 shaken on all occasions; while they crouch may this sparing mercy lead her on to peni- beneath the menaced chastisement, and intence and peace!

variably obey. Passing on in rotation, we observe Hol Spain and Portugal maintain independent land, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Prussia, sovereignty. But Austria, Italy, the papal Saxony, Hanover, with many other German states in Germany, with Spain and Portugal, states, and a portion of the Swiss Cantons, are yet, as heretofore, vassals of the Pope. who, on the first voice from heaven, saying, Not, indeed, to outward appearance, as “Come out of her, my people, that ye be amidst the dark ages, when he domineered not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive over princes, and dethroned them at his will. not of her plagues,” came out of Babylon; No, this rampant sovereignty was slain at endured all that her raging power could and the Reformation, and the Pope himself has did inflict upon them, for their alleged con bowed, and does bow, as a temporal prince, tumacy, and espoused the cause of the before several of these vassal powers, and saints ; themselves suffering, rather than particularly before Austria. Yet these are persecuting others. Not one of these states all the vassals of the Pope ; for hosts of at this day manifests a wish to resume its Cardinals, Bishops, Priests, and dignitaries rank in the destroying array of the Baby- endless, his ministers, swarming amidst lonish harlot; and not a spear is raised by their courts and throughout their dominions, them to pierce the vitals of the church of council and sway these sovereigns, overawe God, in the burning of his saints.

their princes and ministers, thrust themselves Poland, beneath the domination of Rome, into office, and manage all affairs of a public suffered to a degree almost incredible character, and thus reign, without the name, Gregory the Seventh, during his Papacy, the lords of all. thundered out the most dreadful anathemas Here are powers which possess the will; against Boleslaus, king of Poland, released but dare any one of these powers publicly his subjects from their allegiance, deprived burn the saints of the Most High? We him of his titles, and laid the whole king- answer, No! dom under an interdict. Gnesna, the papal “A million swords straight from their scabbards archbishop, enforced this terrible sentence, Wouli terrors fash, portentous in their front; excited rebellions upon rebellions, drove Boleslaus from his dominions, persecuted Of this they are aware, and therefore, while him from place to place, and pursued him the desire burns, the action sleeps, yet sleeps even to death. Nor was this all; his son, the tiger's sleep, watching for the moment Mieczislaus, was not suffered to reign in his when it may spring up, and securely devour stead, and the whole kingdom of Poland the prey. became one scene of confusion and misery. The woman, Rev. xii. 14, enlarged ber Gold at last bought a pardon to the nation, borders and strengthened her stakes, amidst and the most abject submissions were ex the wilderness, at the Reformation ; and at acted.

that glorious epoch the power of the sword Instead of being in a condition, if she had passed to her princes. The Protestant the will, to persecute, Poland at this mo princes established their liberty in spite of ment is lamentably persecuted; not, indeed, all the rage of Rome, by their swords, in because of her religious, but because of her the hands of Him who giveth the kingdoms political opinions. Held in bondage by a of the earth to whomsoever He will : and foreign arm, she wished to be free; but this liberty was confirmed to them by the while freedom is denied for the moment, Diet of Augsburg. But the woman came her cause is with the Most High, who, in out of the wilderness at the termination of due time, will plead with her adversaries, the twelve hundred and sixty days, and the and decide in truth.

kings of the earth are become nursingIn Spain, Italy, Bohemia, Hungary, &c., fathers, and their queens nursing-mothers, the seeds of the Reformation were early to her children, who are princes in all the sown, and fruit arose ; but, ere ripeness earth; and before the potence given to her crowned it for the harvest, the sickle was foster-fathers, fell the secular arm of her thrust in; it was prematurely cut down, and audacious persecutor, in eighteen hundred

forth

And blood to blood would flow."

and six ; and in their hands the sword con- liancy. She may be discerned by the early tinues, even at this day. Yet this is but the observer, in the constellation of the Virgin ; sword of man, and it is frail.

and on the mornings of the 22d and 238 Alas, for the divisions of the church! may be observed near 9 Virginis. Mars is Alas, for the divisions of her sons ! and alas, still near the Sun, and it will consequently for the divisions of her foster-fathers! These be difficult to obtain a view of him : he have consigned her to bondage, while free rises a short time before that luminary. dom was her own. Had she, with her The noble planet Jupiter is in quadrature fathers and her sons, been invariably, “one with the Sun on the 6th, at 15 minutes past and indivisible,” from the era of the Refor- 12 at night. There are three emersions of mation until now, what could have made his first Satellite visible this month : on the her subject to bondage ? But, if thus much 14th, at 59 minutes 8 seconds past 6 in the may be said of the past, much more may it evening ; on the 21st, at 54 minutes 54 be asserted of the present. Were her foster- seconds past 8 in the evening; and on the fathers one, and, instead of being leagued 30th, at 19 minutes 34 seconds past 5 in with Babylonish potentates, were they firmly the evening : an emersion of the second on leagued together, what a front would they the 24th, at 21 minutes 49 seconds past 7 present to the persecutors ! Lives there in the evening : also an immersion and power in the enemies of the Lord, front 10 emersion of the third ; the immersion takes front, to meet its array ? But this temporal place on the 3d, at 51 minutes 56 seconds power of the church is frittered away; and past 5 in the evening; and the emersion while her sons wage endless controversies, at 24 minutes 3 seconds past 9 the same each with each, instead of silencing the evening : there is likewise an emersion of enemy, her foster-fathers form alliances and the fourth, at 28 minutes 2 seconds past 7 wage wars, frequently, which tend to the in the evening of the 2d. destruction of their coadjutors, and the esta Saturn is a conspicuous object in the blishment of their persecutors.

From on

eastern hemisphere during the mornings; he high is the power of the church-she rests is still situated in Leo. The Georgian is in God alone.

in quadrature with the Sun on the 3d, at 30 WM. COLDWELL. minutes past 7 in the evening : he is still King Square, October 15, 1831. seen in the Goat.

POETRY.

CELESTIAL PHENOMENA. NOV. 1831. The Sun enters Sagittarius on the 22d at 35 minutes past 12 at night; his semi-diameter on the 1st is 16 minutes 9 seconds and 3 tenths; and on the 25th, 16 minutes 14 seconds and 4 tenths.

The Moon is new on the 4th, at 38 minutes past 1 in the afternoon; enters her first quarter on the 12th, at 45 minutes past 6 in the evening ; she is full on the 19th, at 57 minutes past 6 in the evening; and enters her last quarter on the 26th, at 28 minutes past 10 in the morning. On the 8th, at 32 minutes 7 seconds past 5 in the evening, she is in conjunction with 2 M Sagittarii, which is attended with an occultation ; also on the 25th, at 25 minutes 56 seconds past 11 at night, she is in conjunction with Regulus, which is likewise attended with an occultation : on the morning of the 27th she passes over the planet Saturn; the conjuuction taking place about six o'clock.

Mercury passes the Sun at his superior conjunction on the 13th, at 10 in the morning, when he is eclipsed by that luminary. The beautiful planet Venus is now begining to gild our mornings with her bril.

ADVICE TO A YOUNG FRIEND.
DEAR youth, remember that thou art
From thy lov'd kindred far apart,
And that no fond parental eye
Looks o'er thy doings to descry
Or wise or foolish, then decide
For that to praise, or this to chide.
Yes! thou hast left thy rural cot,
Thy friends, thy playmates, and what not,
To sojourn 'mid the town's parade,
And learn the mysteries of trade.
No wonder if thou ruminate
Upon the change, for it is great ;
Yet be not fretful or repine,
Peace and contentment may be thinc,
And those now strangers soon may be
Kind and affectionate to thee.
Some useful hints then let me state,
To help tbee how to regulate
Thy conduct, that thou may'st obtain
The love of tbose 'twere wise to gain.
Thy temper govern with great care,
And patiently resolve to bear
Reproof, for that in friendly mood
May ultimately do thee good.
Age and experience can espy
Things that escape the youngster's eye;
Devoid of practice or foresight,
Tbou inay'st do wrong, and think 'tis right.
To thy new master and his spouse,
And all the inmates of the house,
Pay that regard and def'rence due,
And shew that thou art grateful too
For favours proffer'd or couferr'd ;
And never let it be averred,
That e'er thy tongue can aught impart,
Without the sanction of the heart.

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