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“ Episcopacy bids much fairer to have resulted from it. Rules, facts, and calcubeen the original form of church govern- lations, enter into its composition. Drunkment than Independency,” though he ad- ards may sneer at the attempt that has mits that it must have been very different been made to check the progress of intemfrom what now exists. Divine authority perance, but the good that has been effected he attaches to no form of church govern no one who reads this report can dare to ment; but in an amiable spirit contends, deny. that much amendment and reformation is 8. A Descriptive and Historical Acwanting in all.

count of the Liverpool and Manchester 4. Memoir of the Rev. Basil Woodd, Railway, from its first projection to the M. A., by the Rev. S. C. Wilks, M. A., present time, by Joseph Kirwan, Civil (Hatchard, London,) is not only a deserved 'Engineer, (Simpkin, London,) is an intribute of respect to a pious and indefati- teresting pamphlet, but time will enhance gable minister of the established church, its value ; for when the giant shall bave but an amiable delineation of what every gained maturity and strength to travel minister of the gospel ought to be. Mr. throughout the land, the history of its infancy Woodd was a man ready at every good and of its cradle will be of incalculable work, and in Drayton Beauchamp, of which worth. The particulars respecting these early he was rector, and at Bentinck chapel, of periods Mr. Kirkwan has traced with much which for many years he was minister, his precision; and his pamphlet is not less name and services will long be held in amusing than instructive. grateful remembrance.

9. Free Thoughts on the Means of 5. The Mysterious Travellers, emble- Reviving and Promoting the Spiritual Inmatically represented through the Diverse terests of the Church of England, by Mazes of this Mortal Scene, (Stephens, a Layman, (Nisbet, London,) may perhaps London,) is an entertaining and instructive be called severe thoughts, but, with equal composition, imbodying the vices and the propriety, be called true thoughts. The virtues, the passions and the appetites, following paragraph will shew the founwhich hold conflict in the human bosom, dation of the author's complaint. “ The in an allegorical representation. Thus a deserted church, the lifeless service, the youth pursues a fascinating female, over short moral sermon, the languishing institakes her, is wounded with a dart, and she tutions, the decay of piety, the revival of disappears. The following explanation is suppressed sports, the triumph of vanity quite in character : “He quickened his and wickedness, all shew that the candlepace, and soon attained the summit of the stick is removed out of its place ; the glory hill, when she again vanished. His horse is departed, and they have indeed a nomithen threw him, and he rolled down the other nal pastor, but, in reality, they are as sheep side of the hill. I turned to my guide, and having no shepherd to feed them with the cried, unfortunate youth, what has bread of life.”—p. 31. become of him ?' My guide answered, 10. The actual State of the Question “The horse upon which this youth was between our Colonial Slave Proprietors, mounted is Extravagance; the person he and the Parliament and Abolitionists, pursued is Worldly Pleasure; the dart she (Smith and Elder, London,) is a pamphlet threw at him is Disappointment; the name which advocates the cause the slaveof the hill is Vanity, and the other side of holders, as may easily be gathered from its it is called Loss, which leads to the town title. The author has not the impudence of Poverty.”. The above is a fair specimen. to plead for the perpetuity of slavery, but It abounds in imagery, well sustained, and he demands for the slave-holder a compenappropriate. It is a little book which de- sation from government. For the labour and corates important truth in allegorical robes suffering of the slave, no compensation, howwhich every reader must understand. ever, is even thought needful. This contempt

6. Thoughts on the Duty of Christians ible partiality looks very much like colonial at the Present Crisis, (Hamilton, London,) justice. Perhaps no act of parliament can are comprised in a few words. “The either be called into existence, or repealed, Christian's duty,” the author tells us, “is without operating to the pecuniary disad, prayer; his privilege is subjection; and vantage of some individuals or other; and his business is peace."

if no change were to take place in our legal 7. First Annual Report of the Glas- enactments, until no one should find ocgow and West of Scotland Temperance casion to complain, they must become Society, (Depository, Glasgow,) evinces immutable, and live for ever. the continued extension of this benevolent 11. The Temperance Society Record, institution, and the great benefit that has for Jan., Feb., March, and April, 1831,

(Simpkin and Marshall, London,) develops, The number of articles exceeds eighty, some in monthly numbers, price fourpence each, of which are lively, and others deeply pathe fatal effects of intemperance, and the thetic; but, in most instances, the language formation and progress of temperance soci- is so familiar, and the rhyme so easy, as to eties, not only in this country, but in various command the attention, if not the admiraparts of the world. No one can conceive, tion, of every reader. This is an excellent without looking into these numbers, the book for all who love narrative, and think frightful mass of misery which they unfold, that moral sentiment is an embellishment to nor the complicated vices to which intem: the ase. perance leads. The reformation which has

16. American Annals of Education and been effected in various places where these Instruction, and Journal of Literary Insocieties have been established, is truly stitutions, (Rich, London,) is the comastonishing. In many families their bene mencement of a third series of numbers, on ficial effects silence even the retailers of gin. the important subject of education. What We are happy to find that these institutions the preceding ones contain, we know not, are rapidly extending, and wish them all but this, now before us, gives an earnest that imaginable success.

the American Annals will be a work of great 12. Observations on the probable Causes utility. This number is not confined to educaof Rabies, or Madness, in the Dog, and tion in America. Germany and Switzerland other domestic Animuls, by Henry William fall within its embrace ; while inventions and Dewhurst, Esq., Surgeon, &c., 8c., 8c., improvements, in all the means for facilitat. (Alexander, London,) is a small pamphlet, ing instruction, are noticed without any rethe purport of which is, to shew that this gard to name or country. awful malady sometimes occurs sponta 17. Letters and Dialogues between neously—that it may be confounded with Theron, Paulinus, and Aspasio, on the inflammatory disease--and may arise from Nature of Love to God, Faith in Christ, a non-gratification of the animal passions. and Assurance of Salvation, by Joseph BelIt is addressed to medical men, and on its lamy, D. D., (Hamilton, London,) is a merits they are most competent to decide. small volume, of American origin. It was

13. An authentic Account of the Last first published about half a century since. Illness and Death of the late Rev. R. Hall, The author was well known, and highly by J. M. Chandler, (Wightman, London,) esteemed, and his works are still in circuladevelops, with much clearness, the cause tion. The design of this work is, to purge of that excruciating pain which Mr. Hall Calvinism from some of its more forbidding suffered during many years. Calculi, ten in features, and to set it forth in a more innumber, were found in the right kidney. offensive dress. It contains many wholeOne large one weighed 220 grains; all the some truths, and much that smells strongly others, except one, appear to have been of the Geneva school. armed with spikes, which, in the engraving, 18. A Treatise on the Importance and have a formidable aspect.

Utility of Classical Hearning, by Joseph 14. Anti-Slavery Reporter, Nos. 80-81, Burton, (Whittaker, London, places this is a periodical always found in the way of subject in an advantageous light. The duty. No. 80 gives a faithful account of origin, progress, and improvement of lanthe general meeting of the Anti-Slavery So- guage, occupy the earlier chapters, and the ciety, in May last, and an address to the subsequent ones are devoted to the benefits people of England and Ireland, adopted at which classical learning confers. To other the above meeting. No. 81 is filled with writers the author acknowledges himself recent acts of atrocity committed on slaves, indebted for much of his materials, so that, in barbarous wantonness; some of which in arrangement and concentration, lies his rival the conduct even of Parson Bridges, of claim to originality. In this department, infamous memory. This number also states all who read his book must allow that he the late revolt in Antigua, the cause of which has not laboured in vain. is simply this—The pious planters had forbidden Sunday markets, but had forgotten

GLEANINGS. to give the poor slaves another day in its

Sunday School Jubilee.-Great anticipations have stead !!! 15. Selections from the Poems of Wm.

of Robert Raikes. Esq., the great founder of Sunday, Wordsworth, Esq. (Moxon, London,) are Schools. An article, however, signed " Monitor, intended chiefly for schools and young per

having been inserted in the Evangelical Magazine,

tending to misrepresent the purpose of the jubilee, sons. The compositions of this poet are

supporters, has called forth a reply from the Comwell known, and the selections appear to mittee of the Union, in which they satisfactorily vinhave been made with taste and judgment. sinuation.

dicate their intention, and repel the usmerited in

been entertained respecting this festival, about to be celebrated in London, on the 14th instant, in honour

and to render questionable the motives of its chief

Melancholy Disaster.-On the morning of Wednes. day, the 17th ult. the Rothsay Castle steamer left Liverpool for Beaumaris, Menai Bridge, Bangor, and Carnarvon, with about one hundred passengers, besides her crew, About midnight she was completely lost, on what is called Dutchman's bank, Puflip Island, and, it is feared, that upwards of one hundred persons have found a watery grave. Much blame has been attached to the captain, who is among the drowned

Bible Society.-We learn, from a circular just handed to us, that ninety five auxiliary societies bave expressed their wish that no innovation be made on the original constitution of the parent society, Five only have recommeuded, that the subject be reconsidered.

Wesleyan Methodist Conference. The business of the (88th) Conference commenced at Bristol, on Wed. nesday, July 27, at six o'clock. After filling up the vacancies in the hundred preachers who constitute the legal Conference, as recognized by Mr. Wesley's Deed of Declaration, executed and enrolled in Chancery in 1781, the preachers proceeded to elect their President, Secretary, and subordinate ofhcers. On examining the votes, it was found, that besides several small pombers for other preachers, there were, for the Rev. Jacob Stanley 24, Rev. Jonathan Ed. mondson, 44, Rev. Richard Treffry (of Leeds,) 30, Rev. George Marsden), 57. Mr. Marsden was accordingly declared to be the President, and it is the second time he has been called to that honourable post; having presided at the Manchester conference in 1891, The Rev. Robert Newton was re-elected Secretary, by a great majority; and the Rev. John Anderson, of Leeds, and the Rev. John Hannah, were chosen suh-secretaries. The entire number of preachers present at the conference was about 310, who came from all parts of England, sereral from Wales and Scotland, and three from Ireland. The usual inquiries having been proposed and answered, it was found that 50 young men had been recom. mended by their respective district meetings, which number, with 17 remaining on last year's reserve, make a total of 67 now at the disposal of the conference. Of these, 96 are offered for the foreign missions. On account of the depressed state of most of the funds of the connexion, it is supposed that very few additional preachers will be called out this year for the home work. In the course of the last year, 22 preachers have died, víz.--In Great Britain, the 12 following: John Porter, William Entwisle, James Bridgnell. Thomas Harrison, Joseph Agar. John Morris, William Williams, Sarnuel kellett, John Jenkins, Lewis Jones, John Stamp, William Todd. la Ireland, three, viz.-James Sunith, James Sunart, Robert Strong. In the foreign stations, seven have died, viz.-Richard Marshall, James Penman, Wm, Pichotl, Robert Snelgrove, William Saxton, Robert Snowdall, James Vowles. There were not many cases of delinquency brought this year before the conference; and only one of so serious a nature as to require expulsion. In the foreign missions there has been an increase of 1,477. besides a considerable number lately joined in the South Sea Islands. There appear to be increasing prospects of usefulness in France ; in consequence of which, the Missionary Comunittee intend to coromence a subscription to. wards the erection of a Methodist chapel in Paris.

Nero Methodist Conference.-The Rev. William Salt, of Nottingham, has been chosen Presidunt, and Mr. Benjamin Jackson, jun. of Leeds, Secretary, to the thirty-fifth annual conference of the Methodist New Connexion, which sat at Hull. The attendance of preachers and representatives from the difierent circuits was very numerous.

Great Tom of Lincoln in Ruins.-This bell exists no longer. On Wednesday, Angust 9, 1831, while some workmer were driving a wedge in progress of tracing a flaw, a large piece of the rim, or skirt, broke off, weighing six hundred weight, and about eight feet long; the total weight broken off the bell, is about nioe hundred pounds. Tom, when entire, weighed about 9894lbs.- Boston paper.

Mushrooms.-To ascertain whether what appear to be mushrooms are so or not, a little salt should be sprinkled on the inner or spongy part. If, in a short time afterwards, they turn yellow, they are a very poisonous kind of fungus: but if black, they are to be looked upon as genuine mushrooms. They should never be eaten without this test, since the best judges may occasionally be deceived.

Ink.-The following is a valuable receipt for mak. ing good ink. Take eight ounces of Aleppo galls (in coarse powder,) four ounces of logwood (in chips ;) four onnces of snlphate of iron; three ounces of gumarabic (in powder ;) one ounce of sulphate of copper, and an ounce of sugarcandy. Boil the galls and logwood together in twelve pounds of water for one hour, or till half the liquid has evaporated. Strain

the decoction through a hair sieve or linen cloth, and then add the other ingredients. Sur the mixture till the whole is dissolved, more especially the gum; after which, leave it to subside twenty-four hours, Then decant the iuk, and preserve it in bottles of glass, or stoneware, well corked.-Dr. Graham's Chy. mical Catechism.

Moral Character of the Friends - It is said that Judge Mellen, in his cbarge to the grand jury, at the opening of the present term of the court at Portland Maine, stated, that in a practice of forty-five years, in which he had been intimately acquainted with the proceedings of the judicial courts in that part of the country, he had never known but one instance in which a member of the Society of Friends was arraigned at the bar as a crimioal.- Alerandria (N. A.) Planir.

How to check Contagion. The churchwardens of Manchester have taken steps to clean and whitewash the dwellings of those who receive parochial relief, so as to prevent sickness, and check it where it may already have been introduced. The whitewash is composed in the following manner:-Let Olbs. of the powder (chloride of lime) be made into a paste with water, and all the lumps well broken, then add 21bs. of slaked Buxtop lime, or whitening, in a paste, with the lumps well broken. The whole may then be converted into a proper state to lay on the walls with water.

University Students.- By the last Oxford Calendar, it appears ihat the total number in that University is 5,258, and in Cambridge 5,332 ;. being a majority of 74 members. The increase in the latter University, since last year, is 69.

The Sea Serpent again.--This monster made his first appearance this season at Boothbay, on Sunday last. He was seen again on Tuesday by two gentlemen, at a distance of about sixty feet, and, afterwards, by ten or twelve citizens of Boothbay, as he passed and repassed several times, about one hundred and fifty feet distant from them. He is described by the editor of the Wiscasset Journal, who was on the spot, as from one hundred and tifty to two hundred feet in length, of a brown colour on the back, and a yellow-brown on the belly. lle moved with an undulating motion, like that of a leech or blood sucker, which gave his back the appearance of the bumps described by those who have previously seen bim.- New York paper.

Vapvieon's Hair.-At the sale of Mr. Pearson's effects. Jay 4, 1831, in Nottingham, among a number of curious and antique articles, which sold for pery high prices, a lock of Napoleon Bonaparte's hair fetched the sum of serenteen shillings.

Trenty Dissuasions from Despondency.-1st. If you are distressed in mind,“ live," serenity and joy may yet dawn upon your soul. ed. If you have been happy and cheerful, “ live," and diffuse that happi ness to others. 3d. If misfortunes assail you by the faults of others, " live," you have nothing wherewith to blame yourself. 4ih. If misfortunes have arisen from your own misconduct,“ live," and be wiser in future. 5th. If you are indigent and helpless," live, the face of things, like the renewing seasons, may yet happily chauge. 6th. If you are rich and prosperons, "live," and enjoy what you possees. 7th. If another hath injured you, "live," the crime will bring its own punishment. 8th. If you have injured another, live," and recompense good for evil. Oth. If your character be injustly attacked," live,” that you may see the aspersion disprored. 10th. If the reproaches be well founded, " live," and deserve them not for the future. 11th. If you are eminent and applauded, "live," and deserve the honours you bave acquired. 12th. If your success is not equal to your merit, live," in the happy consciouspess of having deserved it. 13th. If your success is beyond your merit,“ live," in thoughtfulness and humility. 111. If you have been negligent and useless in society, " live," and make ameuds. 15th. If you have been active and industrious, "live," and communicate your improvements to others, 16b. If you have spitefnl enemies," live," and disappoint their male. volence. 17th. If you have kind and faithful friends, "live,

to protect them. 18th, 19th. If you have been wise and virtuous, “live," for the benefit of mankind. 20th. If you hope for immortality,“ live," and prepare to enjoy it.-These dispanions are ascribed to the pen of a popular and amiable poet.

Indian Chronology.-The Hindoos reckon the dura: tion of the world by four joques, or distinct ages. The first is said to have lasted thirty-two muillions of years. They hold that the life of man was in that age ex. tended to one hundred thousand years, and that his stature was twenty one cubits.

Old Nick. Satan seems to have acquired this appellation from the Scandinavian Nepture, styled in ihe Edda, " Vickur,'' and by Rudbekius, " Neckor." A particular kind of watt sprites are also called, by Olaus Wormius, " Wasser Nichs."

It ap:

Ancient Pike.-In the year 1497, a pike was caught in standing water, al lleilbronn, on the Neckar, which had a copper ring round its head ; the ring bore the following inscription in Greek :-"I am the tirst fish that was launched into this pond, aud was thrown in by Frederic the Second, Emperor of the Romans, on the 5th of October, 1930,' peared, therefore, that the pike was two hundred and sixty-seven years old when thus caught; it weighed three hundred and tifty pounds; and an exact representation of it exists to this day against one of the gates of Heilbronn.

Slate Market. The busiest scone at Kano is the slave market, composed of two long ranges of sheds, one for males and another for females. These poor creatures are seated in rows, decked out for exhi. bition ; the buyer scrutinizes them as nicely as a purchaser with us does a horse, inspecting the tongue, teeth, eyes, and limbs, making them cough, and perform various movements, to ascertain if there be any thing unsound; and in case of a blemish appearing, or even without assigning a reason, he may return them within three days. As soon as the slaves are sold, the exposer gets back their finery, to be employed in ornamenting others. Most of the captives purchased at kano are conveyed across the Desert, during which their masters endearour to keep up their spirits by an assurance that, on passing its boundary, they will be set free, and dressed in red, which they account the gayest of colours. Supplies, however, often fail in this dreary journey ; a want felt tirst by the slaves, many of whom perish with hunger and fatigue. Mr. Clappertou heard the doleful tale of a mother, who had seen her child dashed to the ground, while she herself was com. pelled by the Insh to drag on an exhausted frame. Yel, when at all tolerably treated, they are very say, an observation generally made in regard to slaves; but this gaiety, arising ovly from the absence of thought, probably conceals much secret wretched. Dess.- Edinburgh Cabinet Library, No. II.

Curious Method of Splitting Rocks.-In the granite quarries near Seringapalam, the most enormous blocks are separated froin the solid rock by the following neat and simple process. The workman having found a portion of the rock butliciently extensive, and situated near the edge of the part already quarried, lays bare the upper surface, and marks on it a line in the direction of the intended separation, along which a groove is cut with a chisel about a couple of inches in depth, Above this groore a narrow line of fire is then kindled, and maintained till the rock below is thoroughly heated ; immediately on which, a line of men and women, each provided with a pot full of cold water, suddenly sweep off the ashes, and pour the water into the heated groove, when the rock at once splits with a clean fracture. Square blocks, of six feet in the side, and upwards of eighty feet in length, are some. times detached by this method. Such a block would weigh nearly 500,000 pounds.- Herschel's Discourse on Satural Philosophy, in Dr. Lardner's Cyclopadia, Vol. XIV. p. 17.

Earl Stanh pe's Calculating Machinery.- The smallest machine, which is interded for the first two rules of addition and substraction, is not larger than an octavo volume, and, by means of dial-plates and small indices, moveable with a steel pin, the operations are performed with undeviatiug accuracy. The second, and by far the most curious instrument, is about half the size of a common table writing desk. By this, problems in multiplication and division, of almost any extent, are solved, without the possibility of a mistake, by the simple revolution of a small winch. The multiplier and the multiplicand in one instance, and the divisor and dividend in the other, are first properly arranged; then, by turning the winch, the product or quotient is found. What always appears singular and surprising to spectators is, that, in working sums in division, &c. if the operator be inattentive to his business, and thereby at. tempts to turn the handle a single revolution more than he ought, he is instantly admonished of his miscake by the sudden springing up of a small ivory ball.- New Monthly Magazine.

A Singular Anecdote,-At a Dissenting Chapel in the West of England, the preacher, on ascending the pulpit, stated that many years had elapsed since he was last within its walls. Upon that evening three ill disposed young men entered with their pockets filled with stones, for the purpose of assaulting the minister, but he was allowed to conclude his discourse without interruption. " Now, mark me, my friends," said the preacher; " of these three young men, one of them was lately executed for forgery; the second now lies under sentence of death for murder; the other (continued the minister, with great emotion)--the third, through the infinite goodness of God, is even now about to address you-listen to him !"-New North Briton.

English Wars.-Of 197 years, terminating 1815, England spent 65 ic war and 62 in peace. The war of 1088, after lasting nine years, and raising our ex. penditure in that period 20 millions, was ended by The treaty of Ryswick, 1097. Then came the war of the Spanish succession, which began in 1705, concluded in 1713, aud absorbed 605 millions of our money. Next was the Spanish war of 1739, settled, for all at Aix-la Chapelle, in 1718, after costing us 54 millions. Then came the seven years

War of 1750, which terminated with the treaty of Paris, in 1703, in the course of which we spent 119 millions. The next was the American war of 1775, which lasted eight years ; our national expenditure at this time was 186 millions. The Freuch Revolutionary war begun in 1793, lasted nine years, and exhibited an expenditure of 104 millions!' The war against Buo. Daparte began in 1803, and ended in 1815. During those twelve years we spent 1150 Inillions! 711 of which were raised by taxes, and 388 by loans. In the Revolutionary war we borrowed 201 millions ; in the American 100 millions ; in the seven years' war, 60 millions; in the Spanish war of 1739, 20 millions ; in the war of the Spanish succession, 320 millions in the war of 1668, 20 millions.-Total borrowed in in the seven wars, during 65 years, about 831 millions. In the same time we raised by taxes 116 Inillions ; thus forming a total expenditure of 2003 millions!!

An Old Acquaintance.-Lord Chief Justice Holt, when a young man, was very dissipated, and belonged to a club of wild fellows, most of whom took to an infamous course of life. When his Lordship was engaged at the Old Bailey, a man was convicted of a highway robbery, whom the judge remembered to have been one of his old companions. Mored by curiosity, Holt, thinking the fellow did not know him, asked, what had become of one of his old a so. ciates. The culprit, making a low bow, and fetching a deep sigh, replied. “Ah, my Lord, they are all hanged, but your Lordship and I."

Litigation in Denmark. -The king of Denmark, 10 prevent unnecessary litigation, has established a court of equity, or arbitration, the members of which are paid 'hy Government, and no expense is incurred by the parties appealing to its decision. No suit can be instituted in any court without a certificate, to state that the parties have ineffectually attempted to settle it hy arbitration. If we had such a court and such a law in this country what a vast mass of litigation would be prevented, and what an amputation would there Speedily be of the limbs of the law!

Important to Drunkards.--Those mis called Gentlemen, who are in the babit of putting." an enemy into their mouths to steal a way their brains," or, in cormon parlance, of making beasts of themselves, are re. spectfully informed that they may be accommodated in our establishments with a tread-mill, as well as comfortable stables, clean straw, and a good pump, from which they will be compelled to quaff bumpers until they have learnt that rational enjoyment does not, by any means, consist in losing one's reason. 'Three. boitle men will be allowed to dip their own pails into the well.. - Midsummer Medley.

Viess of the Human Mind, an Allegory.-That which annoyed and interested him the most, was to see the different passions of the human mind, each inhabiting a separate cell of the brain, and each personified and enlarged io his distempered eye, until it assumed the human size and forin. Love sat at the entrance of his grotto, painting every thing that he gazed upon in the brightest and most flattering colours, although when Jealousy, who occupied the next recess, turned his green eyes towards him, they cast such a hideous hue upon his drawing, that he shook his wings, and more than once threatened to fly to the opposite cell, whence Hatred looked out with a scowling and malignant visage. Rage stood at the door of his dwelling, raving like a maniac, and striking at random with his weapon, which fortunately did lille injury, since, by his basty and injudicious management of it, he had blinded himself at the outset, Revenge looked among the gloomy caverns, gnawing his own heart, and looking wistfully at Despair, who was lifting a bowl of poison to her lips, although Pity, with tears and supplications, implored her to desist, and Hope, pointing to the finger of Happiness in a distant cell, endeavoured to dazzle the eyes of the sufferer by continually turning towards ber the bright side of a reflecting glass. Fear ran and hid herself at the appalling sight: Joy threw down his goblet, and ceased his jocund roundelay; and all seemed to be affected by the spectacle, except Religion, who, on her knees apart, with eyes fixed on heaven, and thoughts outpoured in prayer, appeared, in her communion with the skies, io find a solace for every touch of wo.- Horace Smith,

Lord Thurlow and Lavater.---Lavater, on being shown a picture of Lord Thurlow, examined it for a moment, and said, “ Whether this man be on earth or in hell, I know not; but wherever he is, be is a tyrant, and will rule if he can."- Dr. Lardner's Cabinet Library, Life and Reign of George IV.

Playhouses in London.-The prices of admission in Queeu Elizabeth's time varied from two-pence, the charge for the gallery, to one shilling, for the lords' room, which corresponded with the present stageboxes. These prices continued until the time of James I. After the Restoration, the admission varied from sixpence to half-a-crown. In 1660, there were six places of dramatic entertainment; one at Blackfri. ars, the King's company, as they were called ; one on the Bank-side, the Globe; two 10 Drury Lane, the Fortune and the Cockpit; one in Salisbury Court; and one, the Bull, in St. John-street. The players at the Cockpit seemed to have wished at that time to raise their fares; and there is a curious letter extant, from Herbert, master of the Revels, to Mr. Michael Moham, the manager, reprimanding him for the attempt.

Estraordinary Property of Shadows.-An eminent liv. ing geomeler had proved by calculations, founded ou strict optical principles, that in the centre of the shadow of a small circular place of metal, exposed in a dark room to a beam of light emanating from a very small brilliant point, there ought to be no darkoess-in fact, no shado:o at that place, but, on the contrary, a degree of illumination precisely as bright as if the metal plate were away. Strange and even impossible as this conclusion may seem, it has been put to the trial, and found perfectly correct.- Herschels Discourse on Natural Philosophy, in Dr. Lardner's Cyclopædia Vol. XIV.

Literary Notices.

Just Published. Part VII. of Baines's History of Lancashire, is embellished with a Portrait of Francis Egerton, Duke of Bridgewater, and a View of Halton Hall, Rear Lancashire.

Part XXXIX. of the National Portrait Gallery : Baron Bexley ; General Abercromby; and William Gifford, Esq. are its attractions.

Part IV. of Watkins's Life and Times of England's Patriot King.

Welm and Amelia, and other Poems. By James Taylor, of Royton.

Modern Infidelity considered, &c. By the late Robert Hall, A. M. With a memoir.

A Sermon on the Death of the late Rev. Robert Hall. By John Birt.

A Catechism for Children. By the Rev. Rowland Hill, A.M.

Calmet's Dictionary, in Parts. By the late Mr. Charles Taylor.

Halifax, a Poetical Sketch, and the Battle of Hastings. By T. Crossley. A Key to Reading, &c. By John Smith.

A Leiter addressed to the Author of “Remarks upon the Present State of the Dissenting Interest, &c." By Investigator.

Two Letters, with a Postscript, to the Rev. E. Henderson, D.D. Highbury College, on Baptisın. By George Newbury.

The Church Establishment founded in Error. By a Layman.

A Series of Lessons in Prose and Verse. By T. M. M'Culloch, A M.

The Voice of Humanity, No. V. Vol. II.
The Harmonicon, Nos. 43 44

A Guide to the Orchard and Kitchen Garden. By John Linley.

The Instructive Reader. By Ingram Cobbin, A. M.

A Selection of Exercises on the Pronunciation of the French Language. By W. H. Spiller,

Essays tending to prove Animal Restoration. By Samuel Thompson.

A Help to Professing Christians in judging their Growth in Grace. By the Rev. John Barr.

Instructions for Children. By the Rev. Rowland Hill, A, M.

The Teacher's Manual. By W.F. Lloyd.

An Appeal to the Clergy on the State of Religion, &c. in London.

London Pageants; Accounts of 55 Processions, &c. ip the City.

A Discourse on the Death of the Rev.John Clowes, M. A. By the Rev. S. Noble.

Divines of the Church of England, Nos. XIV.XV. Jeremy Taylor. Volg. II and III.

Sermons by the Rev. Griffith Jones. Translated from the Welsh, by the Rev. J, Owen. Vol. I.

A Vision of Hell, a Poem.

<< Remember me,' a Token of Christian Affection. Original pieces in prose and verse.

Scripture Prints. with Explanations in Dialogues. By Mrs. Sherwood. Memoir

of the Rev. S. Kilpin, late of Exeter. The Incarnation of the Eternal Word. By the Rev. Marcus Dods, Belford.

Writings of Edward VI. William Hugh, Catherine Parr, Aune Askew, Lady Jane Grey, &c.

The Saint's Everlasting Rest, By R. Baxter. Outlines of Fifty Serinons. By a Minister of the Gospel in London.

United Efforts. A Collection of Poems, by a Brother and Sister.

Family Classical Library, No. XX. Thucydides.

The American National Preacher, from Living Mi. nisters, in 4 vols. Edited by A. Dickenson, A. M. New York The Three Sisters, or Memoirs of Mary, Jane, and Eliza Seckerson. By their Father.

Ilymns for Children. By the Rev. W. Fletcher, Cambridge,

The family Memorial ; a Father's Tribute to the Meinory of his Three Children. By S, Morell,

Prize Letters to Students in Colleges and Seminaries of Learning. By the Rev. B. Dickinson, A.M.

The Book of Private Devotion ; a Series of Prayers and Meditations. An Introductory Essay, chiefly from the writings of Mrs. Hannah More.

Daily Communings, Spiritual and Devotional, on Select Portions of the Psalms. By Bishop Horde.

Smith's Royal Tablet, for Pencil Writing.

A Complete Edition of the Vocal Music of C. W. Banister. Edited by H. J. Banister.

Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopædia, Vol. XX. Poland. Vol. XXI. Eminent British Statesmen.

Lardner's Cabinet Library, No. 5. George IV. Vol. II, Nos. 6, 7. The House of Bourbon, Vols. I. II.

Sunday Library, Vol. IV. An Essay on the Connexion between our Notions of Moral Good and Evil, and of the Freedom of the Di. vide and Human Wills. By R. Blakey. The Daily Monitor. By the Rev. J. Allen.

The Topography and Antiquities of Rome. By the Rev. R. Burgess. 2 vols. 8vo. with Plates.

The Greek Testament, with English Notes. By the Rev. S. T. Bloomfield, D.D. . Vols. 8vo.

Tables and other Pieces, in Verse. By Mary Maria Colling; with some account of the Author, in Letters to R. Southey, Esq. By Mrs. Bray, author of the Talba," &c. 1 vol. with a Portrait,

'The History and Prospects of the Church. By J. Bennet, D.D. in 1 vol. 12mo.

Three Hundred Hymns on Select Texts of Scripture, adapted to public worship. By J. Srpall.

Bible Letters for Children. By Lucy Barton, With Introductory Poems. By Bernard Barton.

Part I. of Rollin's Ancient History, to be completed in 21 Monthly Parts.

A Map shewing the situation of every Roman Catholic Chapel throughout England, Scotland, and Wales, also the stations of the Reformation Society.

Preparing for the Press. The Sixth Vol, of the Amulet for 1832, is anpounced for publication early in November. Among its illustrations will be found engravings from four of Sir Thomas Lawrence's most celebrated paintings. It will also contain prints from Pickersgill, from Haydon's, from a painting by George Hayter, from a picture of “ Corinde," with landscapes by Stanfield and David Roberts, &c. &c.

" The Juvenile Forget Me Not" for 1839, the fifth volume of that publication, edited by Mrs. S.C. Hall, is anoounced to appear in October.

A new monthly publication, entitled “The Magnet," embracing original articles, in every depart. ment of literature and science, by gentlemen of known and eminent talent.

In 1 vol. 8vo. Rough Sketches of the Life of an Old Soldier, during a Service in the West Indies, at the Siege of Copenhagen, in the Peninsula, and the South of France, in the Netherlands, &c. By LieutCol. J. Leach, C. B. late of the Rifle Brigade.

A Conspectus of Butterflies and Moths, with descriptions of all the species found in Britain, amount. ing to nearly 2,000; their English and scientific pames, &c. &c. By J. Rennie, A.M. Professor of Natural History, King's College, London.

Mr. Rennie has also in a state of forwardness, a translation of Le Vaillant's magnificent works, the Birds of Africa, the Birds of Paradise, and the Parrots, uniform with his edition of Montagu's Ornithological Dictionary.

Erratum.--No.8, p. 376, add to the last line "fitting for the safety of the imperial honour.”

LONDON : PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY H. FISHER, SON, AND CO.

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