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God alone can teach his children

By his Spirit how to pray; Knows our wants, and gives the knowledge

What to ask, and what to say. Why should men then manufacture

Books of prayer, to get them sold ? Sad delusion-strive to barter

Christ's prerogative for gold. Where's the book, or school, or college,

That can teach a man to pray? Words they give, from worldly knowledge ;

" Learn of Christ, he is the way.” Why ask money from the people,

For these barren books of prayer? Paper, ink, and words are in ibem,

But, alas ! Christ is not there. Those who seek shall surely find him,

Not in books, he reigns within ; Formal prayers can never reach him,

Neither can he dwell with sin, Words are free as they are common,

Some in them have 'wondrous skill; Saving “Lord" will never save thein;

Those he loves who do his will. Words may please the lofty fancy,

Music charm the listening ear, Pompous sounds may please the giddy;

But is Christ the Saviour there? Christ's the way, the path to heaven,

Life is ours, if him we know : Those who can pray, he has taught them ;

Those who can't, to him should go.
When a child wants food and raiment,

Why not ask his parent dear?
Ask in faith, tlien, God's our father ;

He's at hand, and he will hear.
Praver is an easy, simple duty,

"Tis the language of the soul; Grace demanis it ; grace receives it ;

Grace must reign above the whole. God requires not graceful postures,

Neither words arranged with form; Such a fancy presupposes,

That by words we God can charm. God alone must be exalted ;

Every earthly thought must fall; Such the prayer and praise triumphant,

Then does God reign over all, Every heart should be a temple;

God should dwell our souls within ; Every day sbould be a sabbath,

Every hour redeem'd from sin; Every place, a place of worship;

Every tinie, a time of prayer : Every sigh should rise to heaven;

Every wish should anchor there.
Heart-felt sighs and heaven-born wishes,

Or the poor uplifted eye,
All are prayers inat God will answer ;

They ascend his throne on high.
Spirit of prayer ! be thou the portion

Of all those who wait in time; Help us, shield us, lead us, guide us,

Thine the praise, the glory thine.

But if, MARIA, life and years

of lengthened date be thine;
May wisdom, such as charms and cheers,

In thee with lustre shine.
Beauty must fade and youth decay,

Both sink into the tomb,-
But virtue's charms fade rot away,

They live, and ever blooin.
No better prayer my heart can pray-

Nor less than this it shall :--
That such adorning ever may

Clothe thee and thine, sweet girl.

« Τη θλίψει υπομένοντες.-St. Paul.
Talk ye of patience, resignation, faith,
Firm courage, Christian fortitude, and hope ?
"Tis well to talk ; but, better still to shew
The power of these ; when all are needful found :
'Tis in the trying hour their strength is seen ;
Not in the seasons prosperous and gay, [hearts
When smooth the path you tread; and all your
Can wish is held in full enjoyment sweet ;
Yourself, a lovely wife, and children dear ;
All healthy, free from want or wo; and bright
The animating prospects you behold;
(What trial here?) thus circumstanced, now
You may have patience. Wanting still the proof!
Let providential circumstances frown ;
Or sickness wither that delightful bloom
So lately seen on lovely children gay;
Let fell disease attack your bosom friend,
Or agonizing pain your person seize ;
Let death devour the lives of those yon love;
And lay them prostrate in the silent tomb :
Let health, beloved friends, and wealth depart,
And leave is all alone : the seasons these,
When patience may be seen in men of prayer.
Not bardibood, insensibility,
Or sullen apathy-the stoic's pride:
No place have these within the patient soul.
A sensibility of pain acute,
Is quite essential to the perfect work
Of patience. There she triumphs ; while she gives
Support, superior to atlliction's power.
A patient man may wcep, for “ Jesus wept;"
And“ groan'd in spirit;" heaving deep the sigh,
Which cloth d his enemies with guilty shame.
While smarting under his chastising hand,
Of whose parental kindness we have proof.
To feel no sorrow,--careless then to be,-
Is like the senseless, sullen, stubborn boy,
Who, while his father smites, rebels the more.
A disposition so besotted, sure
Is far from Christian patience. We define
This soul-supporting grace to be,-a calm
Submission to the will of God, in want, -
A suffering keen afflictive pain, in faith, -
Resigning all we have to him, who rules
In wisdom intimite-whose goodness makes
Afflictions serve bis purposes of grace,


ON PRAYER. The following verses were written, on seeing a family prayer-book, which contained these words in the margin-" This book is intended to assist those who have not yet acquired the happy art of addressing themselves to God in scriptural and appropriate language;" by a poor man, Killy. leagh, County Down, Ireland. Blagdon, April 2, 1831. EDMUND DYER, While prayer is deem'd an art so happ ,

By a few whom others rule,
Jesus, teach me its importance,

In thy self-denying school.
Prayer is the sweetest, noblest duty,

Highest privilege of man :
God's exalted-man abased-

Prayer unites their natures one.

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Review. The Entire Works of the Rev. master-pieces of the author's splendid

Robert Hall, 1. M. with a 'Brief Me- talents, and unrivalled mental energies. moir of his Life, and a Critical Esti. Throughout all his discourses, charges, and mate of his Character and Writings. circular letters, the vigorous working of the Published under the Superintendence of

same powerful intellect is perceptible; but Olinthus Gregory, LL. D. F. R. A. S.

in those we have named, the expansion of 8c. Vol. I. Sermons, Charges, und his mind, the accuracy of his discrimina. Circular Letters, 8vo. pp. 524. Holds- tions, and the acuteness of his reasonings, worth and Ball. London, 1831.

shine forth in one continued blaze of unsul

lied lustre. That Robert Hall was one of the brightest We well remember when“ Modern Infiluminaries of his age, no person acquainted delity, considered with respect to its Influwith his character, talents, and writings, ence on Society,” first made its appearance, can for a moment doubt. To the body of that a very powerful sensation was excited Christians with whom he more immediately among various classes of readers. The associated, he was a distinguished honour; friends of infidelity stood aghast, on beto the christian name, he was a splendid holding their dagon tumbled from his ornament; and to the church at large, he throne; while its foes rejoiced with no mohas imparted a lustre which the lapse of derate share of exultation, at the triumphs centuries will not be able to tarnish.

which this production had achieved. During Mr. Hall's life, his publications The following brief extracts can hardly were not numerous; but the intrinsic ex- fail to place this masterly performance in. cellence of those which he could be induced an auspicious light. to lay before the world, caused among his

“The sceptical, or irreligious system, subverts friends a sincere regret that they were not the whole foundation of morals. It may be as. more diversified and more extended. No sumed as a maxim, tbat no person can be required, solicitations could, however, induce him to

to act contrary to his greatest good, or liis

highest interest, comprehensively viewed in redepart from bis constitutional modesty, and lation to the whole duration of his being. It is at his death a general opinion prevailed, often our duty to forego our own interest par

tially, to sacrifice a smaller pleasure for the sake that the emanations of his richly stored and of a greater, to incur a present evil in pursuit of gigantic mind would cease for ever 10 a distant good of more consequence. In a word,

to arbitrate among interfering claims of incli. illuminate the hemisphere from which be nation, is the moral arithmetic of human life. had taken a final departure.

But to risk the happiness of the whole duration We find, however, from a prospectus

of our being in any case whatever, were it pos.

sible, would be foolish ; because the sacrifice prefixed to this volume, that, from ma- must, by the nature of it, be so great as to prenuscripts which he has left, letters written clude the possibility of compensation. to his friends, and discourses which have

As the present world, on sceptical principles,

is the only place of recompense, whenever the been taken down from his lips, together practice of virtue fails to proinise the greatest with a memoir of his life, and a critical

sum of present good, cases which often occur in

reality, and much oftener in appearance, every estimate of his character and writings, six motive to virtuous conduct is superseded'; a deoctavo volumes may be expected. These

riation from rectitude becomes a part of wisdom;

and should the path of virtue, in addition to this, are announced to appear in the following

be obstructed by disgrace, torment, or death, to order, Vol. I. Sermons, Charges, and Cir- persevere would be madness and folly, and a cular Letters. II. Tracts on Terms of Com

violation of the first an most essential law of

nature. Virtue, on these principles, being in num. munion, and John's Baptism. III. Tracts berless instances at war with self-preservation, chiefly political. IV. Reviews and mis- never can, or ought, to become a fixed habit of

the mind. cellaneous pieces. V. Sermons from the “'The system of infidelity is not only incapable author's own manuscripts, with a selection of arming virtue for great and trying occasions, from his letters. VI. Sermons from notes

bat leaves it unsupported in the most ordinary

in rain will its advocates appeal taken while they were preached : with to a moral sense, to benevolence and sympathy; memoirs of the life of the author, and

for it is undeniable that these impulses may be a review of his writings.

In vain will they expatiate on the

An accurate tranquillity and pleasure attendant on a virtuous portrait of Mr. Hall is also promised to course : for though you may remind the offender,

that in disregarding them he has violated his na: accompany one of these volumes.

ture, and that a conduct consistent with thein is Among the discourses which this first productive of much internal satisfaction ; yet if volume contains, are included Mr. Hall's

he reply, that his taste is of a different sort, that celebrated sermon on

there are other gratifications which he values “ the Influence of

more, and that every man must choose his own Modern Infidelity;"

« Reflections

pleasures, the argument is at an end. War;" and a discourse on “the Death of

“Rewards and punishments, assigned by infi.

nite power, afford a palpable and pressing motive her Royal Highness the Princess Char- which can never be neglected, without renouncing lotte." We select these by name from

the character of a rational creature: but tastes

and relishes are not to be prescribed. others which are less generally known, as " A motive in which the reason of man shall must, on this principle, be deemed a most inade. of the instability and insecurity attached to quate substitute for that of a personage of the every thing here below, to the unexpected highest order. We would consider the requisitinos death of the Princess, which at that mo




acquiesce, enforcing the practice of virtue at all rived: but, alas! the event anticipated with such times and seasons, enters into the very essence eagerness will form the most melancboly part of of moral obligation. Moderu iptidelity supplies our history."-p. 337. no such motive: it is therefore essentially and infallibly a system of enervation, turpitude, These prefatory observations are calcu. and vice.

lated to awaken more than ordinary ex"This chasm in the construction of morals can only be supplied by the tirın belief of a rewarding

pectations. Nor are they awakened in and avenging Deity, who binds dity and happi- vain. Throughout the subsequent parts of ness, though they may seein distant, in an indis. the discourse they are fully gratified. The soluble chain ; without wbieh, whatever assumes the name of virtue, is not a principle, but a feel. dignity of the preacher's language, and the ing; not a determinate rule, but a fuctuating elevation of bis thoughts, keep pace with expedient, varying with the tastey of individuals, and changing with the sceves of life.-8. 22.

the solemnity of the occasion ; incessantly

chaining the attention of his hearers, and In a strain corresponding with that of allowing them no time to diminish the the preceding passages, the author pro

grandeur of his subject, by wandering ceeds to the end of his discourse. In ar- into the doubtful regions of speculative gument he never languishes, in fanguage anticipation. he never becomes inelegant. Throughout The last discourse which this volume nearly eighty pages, he pursues infidelity in contains, has an immediate reference to the all its windings, paradoxes, and retreats, vicarious sacrifice of Christ, in which the assailing its principles in various forms, innocent is considered as a substitute for exposing the specious sophisms by which the guilty. This doctrine has long been a it imposes on mankind, and demonstrating stumbling-block to the wise of this world, its utter insufficiency to erect the standard and the source of a favourite objection with of virtue, or to teach its votaries the nature infidelity. The following will show the and extent of moral obligation. A perusal strength and manner in which Mr. Hall of this admirable composition will fully jus. argues on this very momentous subject. tify these laudatory observations.

" That the voluntary substitution of an innocent From Mr. Hall's discourse on the Death person in the stead of the guilty, may be capable of the Princess Charlotte, it was our in

of answering the ends of justice, nothing seems

more necessary, than that the substitute should tention to have taken several quotations ; be of equal consideration, at least, to the party in but other claims admonish us that we must whose behalf be interposes. The interests sacri.

ficed by the suffering party, should not be of less be content with his pathetic introduction to cost and value than those which are secured by that melancholy event. Having eloquently such a procedure. adverted to the false confidence which

“ But the aggregate value of those interests

must be supposed to be in some proportion to the worldly greatness and exalted station are rank and dignity of the party to wbich they be. calculated to inspire, he appeals, for a proof long. As a sacritice to justice, the life of a peasant

of justice eluded, rather than satisbed, by such a

cominutation. It is on this ground, that St. Paul ment had drawn forth a nation's tears. declares it to be impossible for the blood of bulls

and of goals to take away sins; the intrinsie “Let them turn their eyes then for a moment, meanness of the brute creation being such, that a to this illustrious Princess ; who, while she lived, victim taken from thence conld be of no considera. concentred in herself whatever distinguishes the tion in the eyes of offended justice. They were higber orders of society, and may now be con- qualitied to exhibit, as he reminds us, a remem. sidered as addressing them from the tomb.

brance of sin every year, but are utterly unequal “ Born to inberit the most illustrious monarchy to the expiation of its guilt. In this view, the in the world, and united to the object of her redemption of the human race seemed to be hope. choice, whose virtues amply justified her pre- less ; aud their escape from merited destruction, on ference, she enjoyed (what is not always the pris any principles conneeted with law and justice, vilege of rank) the highest connubial felicity, and absolutely impossible. For where could an ade. had the prospect of combining all the tranquil quate substitute be found? Where, among the enjoyments of private life with the splendour of descendants of Adain, partakers of flesh and a royal statiou. Placed on the summit of society, blood, could one be selected, of such pre-eminent to her every eye was turned, in hier every hope diguity and worth, that his oblation of himself was centred, and nothing was wanting to complete should be deemed a fit and proper equivalent to the her felicity, except perpetuity. To a grandeur whole race of man? to say nothing of the impos. of mind suited to her royal birth and lofty desti, sibility of finding there a spotless victim (and no nation, she joined an exquisite taste for the other could be accepted.) Who is tbere that ever beauties of nature, and the charms of retirement ; possessed that prodigious superiority in all the wbere, far from the gaze of the multitude, and qualities which aggrandize their possessor, toerery the frivolous agitations of fashionable life, she other member of the buman family, which shall employed her hours in visiting, with her distin. entitle him to be the representative, either in artion guished consort, the cottages of the poor, in im. or in suffering, of the wbole buman race? In order proviog her virtues, in perfecting her reason, and to be capable of becoming a victim, he must be acquiring the knowledge best adapted to qualify invested with a frail and mortal nature; but the her for the possession of power and the cares of possession of such a nature reduces him to that empire. One thing only was wanting to render equality with his brethren, that joint participation our satisfaction complete, in the prospect of the of meanness and intirmity, which totally disqualifies accession of such a princess : it was, tbat sbe him for becoming a substitute. Here a dilemma might become the living mother of children.

presents itsell, from which there seeins no possi. " The long.wished for moment at length ar. bility of escape. If a man is left to encouuter the

as a substitute.

judicial effects of his sentence, his ruin is sealed though it may seem to furnish the publisher and inevitable. If he is redeemed by a substitute, that substitute must possess contradictory attri- with an opportunity of proceeding with the butes, a combination of qualities not to be found work, or of discontinuing it, as circumstances within the compass of human nature. He must be frail and mortal, or he cannot die a sacrifice; he

may dictate, without subjecting him to the must possess ineffable dignity, or he cannot merit charge of having violated his word or broken

his faith with the public. Perhaps, eighteen "Such were the apparently insurmountable difficulties wbich obstructed the salvation of man

out of every twenty of all who wish to purby any methods worthy of the divine character; chase such a work as this, would first desire such the darkness and perplexity which involved his prospects, that it is more than probable the

to know its probable extent, the times when highest created intelligence would not have been the parts and volumes may be expected to equal to the solution of the question, How shall

appear, and the aggregate amount of exman be just with God!

“ The mystery hid from ages and generations, pense. Unless these points can be satisthe mystery of Christ crucited dis pels the ob- factorily ascertained, prudence will dictate scurity, and presents, in the person of the Redeemer, all the qualifications which human con.

to persons of limited incomes, not to comception can embody, as contributing to the perfect mence an undertaking which it may be character of a substitute. By his participation of doubtful if they will ever be able to comand possesses within himself the materials of a plete. No purchaser would ever wish to sacritice. By its personal union with the eternal throw himself upon the mercy of either Word, the sufferings sustained in a nature thus assumed, acquired an infinite value, so as to be

author or bookseller; and such a surrender justly deemed more than equivalent to the penalty no one has any reasonable right to expect. originally denounced.

Ecclesiastical history is an extensive field, " His assumption of the human nature, made his oblation of himself possible ; his possession of the

to which scarcely any boundaries can be divine rendered it efficient : and thus, weakness assigned ; and he who enters this fertile enand mortal creature, and the exemption from closure, will soon discover himself to be these ; the attributes of time, and those of eternity; surrounded by materials that are almost inthe elements of being the most opposite, and de

exhaustible. The business, therefore, of duced from opposite world-sequally combined to give efficacy to bis character as the Redeemer,

him who would turn his time and opporand validity to his sacriúce. They constitute a tunity in this prolific region to good acperson who has no counterpart in heaven or on earth, who may be most justly denominated

count, is, to examine with care the various Wonderful, composed of parts and features which subjects which court his attention, and, by (however they may subsist elsewhere in a state of comparing them with others, to make such separation) the combination and union nothing short of intinite wisdom could have conceived, or

selections from the general mass, as may infinite power effected. The mysterious constitu. appear most congenial with the unyielding tion of the person of Christ, the stupendous link which unites God and man, and heaven and earth;

character of historical truth. that mystic ladder, on which the angels of God Guided by this principle, Mr. Jones has ascended and descended, whose foot is on a level with the dust, and whose summit penetrates the

prosecuted his inquiries with unremitting inmost recesses of an unapproachable splendour, diligence, and, returning from the thickets will be, we have reason to believe, through eternity, in which “ weeds and flowers promiscuous the object of profound contemplation and adoring shoot,” with the fruits of his researches, the wonder."-p. 510.

public are invited in this volume to enjoy These extracts cannot fail to place this the repast. To any large proportion of volume in a light, at once gratifying to the original matter, he makes no pretensions. reader, and highly creditable to the author's Nor is this to be expected : the ground has talents and piety. As the first link in the been too frequently trodden, to admit of series, it will raise the barometer of expec- novelty in the leading historical facts. It is tation, and impose upon the editor the only in arrangement and combination, in arduous task of indefatigable industry and elucidation of occurrences, and in delineaunremitting care, to prevent disappoint- tion of character, that any thing new appears. ment from defeating the hopes he has thus In these we behold the author to consideraalready excited.

ble advantage. To the manner in which

he recals departed ages to our recollection, Review.— Ecclesiastical History, in a

he has imparted a degree of vividness,

which renders his lectures as entertaining, Course of Lectures, delivered at Foun

as the facts recorded in them are intrinsider's Hall, London. By William Jones, M.A. Vol. I. 8vo. pp. 556.


cally interesting.

To the works of preceding writers, Mr. worth, London, 1831.

Jones has had recourse ; at times embody. To what number these lectures will be ex. ing in his own language the sentiments tended, and to how many volumes the which they have delivered, and occasionally whole when completed will amount, the enriching his own pages with ample quota. author has not informed us. This we cona tions from theirs. In the adoption of this ceive to be a piece of bad policy, even method, he has not, however, renounced


his own independence, for he rarely fails to embroiled. The court reformers were susanimadvert with freedom even on our most pected by the Puritans of too near an apcelebrated historians, whenever he conceives proximation to the church of Rome; while their statements to be erroneous; nor does the Puritans, on the contrary, were charged he neglect to rectify their mistakes, when with faction, fanaticism, and disobedience they appear to ascribe given effects to im- to the constituted authority of the state, and proper and inadequate causes.

of being influenced by a restless spirit, Throughout all his lectures, Mr. Jones calculated to disturb the public peace. defends Christianity against the insidious at- These mutual recriminations were expressed tacks of Gibbon, and others of the same in no very conciliating terms. Animosity, school ; and in a variety of events, which acrimony, and invective, were enlisted unthese writers attribute to secondary causes, der the banners of both parties, each of he discovers the finger of God, and the ac- whom impugned the motives of the other, complishment of prophecy. The history of and delighted in giving features of frightful the early pagan persecutions is detailed with distortion to their characters. Of this much vigour; and the credibility of the wicked propensity, we quote the following sacred writers he has rendered particularly instance, which, from a popular writer, in a interesting. The character of the ancient work recently published, entitled, “Com. droids is delineated with a powerful hand; mentaries on the Life and Reign of Charles and the testimony of Josephus and of many the First,” Mr. Vaughan has inserted in his others, to whom we are indebted for records preface :of early facts, is given with great perspi. " According to one of our popular writers, and in cuity.

this he is merely the echo of a host, the Puritaos

were a compound of barbarism, intolerance, and madOf the church of Rome, Mr. Jones traces ness, and animated by a relentless maliguity against

every thing great, and good, and beautiful. They the origin and degeneracy with much fide

did infinite mischief, and always from a pure love of lity; and the facts which he adduces in sup

doing it : a little good they also did ; but it was ever

with an intention to do evil. Their weakness was port of the latter, stand unparalleled in the marvellous, and the filtest subject in the world for

ridicule, Lad it not been allied to wickedness sull dreadful catalogue of ecclesiastical enormi

more remarkable, and deserving far other means of ties. These brutal excesses he has placed in their proper light; and no further evi- Statements like the preceding no person dence can be wanting, to prove, that a com- can cordially believe; and when historical bination of such wretches, by what name detail suffers itself to be thus distorted by soever distinguished, cannot be the church prejudice, all confidence in the fidelity of of Christ. On this, and on many other its representations is at once destroyed. To topics, he has done ample justice to his know the real character of the parties who subject; and, on the whole, produced a figured on the great theatre of our country volume that may be perused with advantage during these troublesome and agitated times, by almost every class of readers.

all will allow to be highly desirable, and,

so far as Mr. Vaughan has accomplished REVIEW. - Memorials of the Stuart

this arduous task, he has a right to claim Dynasty ; including the Constitutional the gratitude of the present generation, and and Ecclesiastical History of England,

of posterity. from the Decease of Elizabeth to the

Alluding to the quotation given above, Abdication of James II. By Robert Mr. Vaughan thus states the character of Vaughan. 2 Vols. 8vo. pp. 523, 550.

his own volumes :Holdsworth and Ball, London. 1831. To the class of readers, who can derive pleasure

from fictions of this description, when substituted in

the place of history, the present work will be in no THERE is no period in English history more

way acceptable. eventful to the cause of religion than that prise the writer to learn, that there are nltras on the which these volames embrace. It was an

other side, to whom the opinions sometimes expressed

in these sheets will not be quite satisfactory. Ile has age of turbulence, animosity, and disquie

not cared to become a caterer for the morbid passions

of any party. His object has been to induce a just tude in the state, and of fierce controversy

times, and to promote that enlightened attachment to and instability in the church. It was an the principles of freedom, hy wbich those men were age in which Popery and the Reformation generally animated. contended for the throne of supremacy,

veneration of man a natural consequence of devoted and in which we perceive the scale pre

ness to his Maker."-Preface, p. v. ponderating alternately in favour of each, To the impartiality by which Mr. as the views of the reigning monarch ex- Vaughan thus professes to be guided, he tended their infuence over his supple cour- seems faithfully to have adhered in the tiers and submissive subjects.

prosecution of bis inquiries. In the PuriNor was it with Popery and Reforma. tans, and other sects, he has found much tion alone that the nation was exclusively to commend, and many things to censure.

At the same time it will not sur.

estimate of the sentinents of derout men in foriner

That view of religion is detective and false which does not make the love and the

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