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A VISIT TO THE COTTAGE AND GRAVE OF
ISLE OF WIGHT.
robust, healthy, and long-lived. Glue and long-lived. Brewers are, as a body, far from size boilers, exposed to the most noxious healthy. Under a robust and often florid stench, are fresh-looking and robust. Tal- appearance, they conceal chronic diseases low chandlers, also exposed to offensive of the abdomen, particularly a congested animal odour, attain considerable age. state of the venous system. When these Tanners, remarkably strong, and exempt men are accidentally hurt or wounded, they from consumption. Corn-millers, breathing are more liable than other individuals to an atmosphere loaded with four, are pale severe and dangerous effects. Cooks and and sickly: very rarely attain old age. confectioners are subjected to considerable Malsters cannot live long, and must leave heat. Our common cooks are more un. the trade in middle life. Tea-men suffer healthy than housemaids. Their digestive from the dust, especially of green teas; but organs are frequently disordered : they are this injury is not permanent. Coffee-roasters subject to headach, and their tempers renbecome asthmatic, and subject to headach dered irritable. Glass-workers are healthy; and indigestion. Puper-makers, when aged, glass-blowers often die suddenly. cannot endure the effect of the dust from cutting the rags. The author suggests the use of machinery in this process. In the wet, and wear and tear of the mills, they
THE DAIRYMAN'S DAUGHTER, ARRETON, are not seriously affected, but live long. Masons are short-lived, dying generally before forty. They inhale particles of sand
“An earthly paradise of sweets, and dust, lift heavy weights, and are too Where moving Wordsworth might with flowers often intemperate.
prema Where od'rous woodbine o'er each cottage meets ; turely. Machine-makers seem to suffer Where waken'd feelings with the scene attune." only from the dust they inhale, and the consequent bronchial irritation. The filers The sweetly simple and pathetic narrative (iron) are almost all unhealthy men, and of “The Dairyman's Daughter,” like the remarkably short-lived. Founders (in brass) “ Pilgrim's Progress" of John Bunyan, will suffer from the inhalation of the volatilized be read and remembered as long as morality metal. In the founding of yellow brass, in and an English cottage are identifiable. Its particular, the evolution of oxide of zinc is delightful ebullitions of pious rapture, its very great. They seldom reach forty years. exquisite paintings of land and ocean scenery, Copper-smiths are considerably affected by and its enviable portraiture of the heaventhe small scales which rise from the imper- aspiring rustic, of whose life and death it is fectly volatilized metal, and by the fumes the subject, have rendered its humble pages of the spelter,' or solder of brass. The immortal. Translated into the language of men are generally unhealthy, suffering from many a clime, it has gone forth to the world disorders similar to those of the brass an ever-during record of the moral grandeur founders. Tin-plate-workers are subjecied which may be said to generally distinguish to fumes from muriate of ammonia and the unsophisticated peasantry of our privisulphureous exhalations from the coke which leged land. It is a little tome, from which they burn. These exhalations, however, philosophy might learn something; it is a appear to be annoying rather than injurious, garland from which poetry might cull some as the men are tolerable healthy, and live flowers wherewith to adorn her; and it is a to a considerable age. Tinners also are mirror, in which the self-sufficient pietist subject only to temporary inconvenience might perceive the pride and deceit of his from the fumes of the soldering. Plumbers own heart. are exposed to the volatilized oxide of lead, The Isle of Wight, celebrated no less for which rises during the process of casting. its picturesque and varied scenery, than for They are sickly in appearance, and short the healing and salubrious properties of its lived. House-painters are unbealthy, and atmosphere, was the birth-place, residence, do not generally attain full age. Chemists and scene of death and burial, of Elizabeth and druggists, in laboratories, are sickly Wallbridge, the Dairyman's Daughter ; and and consumptive. Potters, affected through it was while on a rambling visit to the island, the pores of the skin, become paralytic, that I formed the resolution of visiting her and are remarkably subject to constipation. cottage and grave; influenced as well by Hatters, grocers, bakers, and chimney the reverential regard I cherished for her sweepers (a droll association) also suffer narrative, as by the fact, that the venerable through the skin; but, though the irritation author, the Rev. Legh Richmond, expired occasions diseases, they are not, except in about two months after I landed on the the last class, fatal. Dyers are healthy and island.
Up with the sun, I set out, after an early many another had been similarly impressed breakfast, on my way to Arreton. The by it. Oh! in what temple of man's dedelightful morn had overspread the land vice has religion such overpowering eloscape with its summer light, and, shooting quence of appeal, as when its precepts are through forest and brake, had awaked the presented to us in the boundless temple of grateful birds, whose united songs rever all but immortal nature! Her sovereign berated through the cultured valley. Leav- beauty, her silent rhetoric, do they not coning Newport behind me, I climbed St. firm the facts of man's fall, his body's deGeorge's Down, and, while pausing at the cay, and his soul's immortality ? summit for breath, could not avoid being Passing through Arreton, I took the road sublimely impressed by the gleaming scene which led me to another, though trifling, around me. On a commanding eminence, eminence, which, after traversing for a mile mouldered the terrible towers of Carisbrooke or two, brought me to a point from which, Castle, the beams of the careering sun glancing around, another enchanting view flouting its solemn decay, and gilding its presented itself. Amongst its most proivyd battlements and rich gateway with minent objects were, the barren and lofty noon-day lustre.
height of St. Catherine's, the umbrageous Below its site, the village of Carisbrooke, and relieving acclivities of Bonchurch and with its grotesquely Norman church, and Ventnor, and the spacious bay of Sandown. the gable-end of the ruined priory, formed a “ The sun-lit sea beyond the valley gleam'd, pictorial group, which invited the skill of And 'neath the eagle's cliff supinely lay ; the artist to transfer it to the canvass. The
The argent sky with mimic arrows teem'd,
Which shot iheir semblance to the peerless bay." whole landscape presented a fascinating medley of farms, hamlets, and villas, inter
Immediately around me were corn-fields spersed here and there by brooklets, and
and meadows, their hedges overrun by wild intersected by woodlands.' Northward, the lilies, hollyhocks, and the delicate harebell
. river Medina displayed its silvery waters,
At my feet ran a "plashy brook,” fed by stretching as far as Newport, and dividing, crystal springs, its course bedecked by snowy to that point, the foremost part of the island; lilies, which bowed their meek bells unto its surface studded by gliding boats and the placid surface, recalling to memory the barges, and its banks adorned with superb exquisite image of quiet beauty in one of mansions embosomed in clustering groves
Coleridge's poemsWhippingham church, the castles of John “As water-lilies ripple a slow stream." Nash, Esq., and Lord Henry Seymour, the Another quarter of a mile, and I came to former, backed by fine plantations, and the the cottage of " Elizabeth Wallbridge, the latter seated on a height contiguous to the Dairyman's Daughter.” It stands about wave-washed beach. Around the defined the breadth of a narrow field from the road, edges of the island, at intervals uninter- and a dwelling more humble in appearance rupted by hills, blue glimpses of the ocean cannot possibly be conceived." It is a attracted the eye, and passing ships crossed building of but one floor, with a low roof, the openings made by the different bays its windows darkened by shrubs. The fancy constituting a scene of blended sublimity of Legh Richmond has thrown around it and beauty, not to be equalled in any other poetical interest, for, abstractedly viewed, it part of England.
is of comparatively no importance. The I descended St. George's Down, and best engraved view of it, paltry as it is, is the came in sight of Arreton, the burial-place of little wood-cut vignette in the title-page of Elizabeth Wallbridge, which lay at my feet, the “ Dairyman's Daughter," published by a romantic, straggling village, possessing a the Tract Society. peculiarly antique church. I was some I entered, suns ceremonie, this unprewhat struck, while pacing the downward tending mansion, and encountered the bromeadows adjacent to Arreton, with ther of Elizabeth, now a man advanced in incription written with chalk, on a stone years. He is a person of slight information, protruding from a wild and brambly sand- simple and unintelligent. I in vain strove
to excite him to converse on the subject of " Remember!
his sister's feelings, her unrecorded converThose eyes that read, though starry bright, Will shortly close in death's long night :
sations, and views in the article of death : Those lips that cheerly move, they inust
he answered evasively, evidently not through Be blended with inglorious dust!"
wishing to avoid discussing the theme beIt had been traced by the hand of some cause of feeling too deeply upon it; but moralist of the woods, some peripatetic sen from an apparent distrust of his conversatimentalist or other; and its salutary injunc- tional powers. He pointed out to me the tion was not lost upon me. Doubtless chair in, and the window by, which she
used to sit, in the former of which I seated sconced mansion of the rector, detracts not myself—and here I may remark, that were from the sensation. However, though wealth it not frivolous to carp at such slight mis- has refused her magic aid in the adornment nomers, I might arraign the narrative of the of the bricks and mortar of Arreton, naturę transcendently pious author, for some slight has amply supplied the deficiency; and the mistakes committed in the graphic sketching exuberance of roses, lilies, hollyhocks, woodof the Dairyman's dwelling.
bines, and Virginian creepers, which adorn Speaking of the chairs reminds me of the flower-beds, and run up the walls, such mistakes, as he describes them to be of each little residence, and the falling of oak, whereas they are of the coarsest elm, springs which dash down the chalky hillocks, or wulnut. The walls of the principal room shew that creation has charms to soften the were decorated with pictures and plaster harshest features of repulsive penury. busts, which were any thing but creditable The gate of the church-yard was opened to the fine arts. The cottage album, pre to me by a couple of blushing urchins, sented by the Rev. Legh Richmond, or whose suppliant voices and extended hands some one of his family, was brought me for betokened the frequency of such visits as perusal. It contained nothing beyond a mine. Guided by their direction, I wound mere registration names and dates, with round the ivy-enveloped chancel of the here and there a quotation from Watts or Norman church, on the north side of which Wesley. I subscribed my name to the is the grave of Elizabeth Wallbridge, the unassuming record, in doing which I felt Dairyman's Daughter. It is headed by an sincerely impressed with the necessity of unadorned tablet, the inscription on which following in her steps. If we wish a happy was furnished by the Rev. L. Richmond, eternity to succeed a short and precarious and which is remarkably pathetic and aptime, to “such complexion must we come. propriate--no common qualities, when we My exquisite recollections of the story of consider the unproductiveness of the beaten Elizabeth Wallbridge had been treasured path of epitaph writing. The date of her up from the days of even my infantine death is May 30th, 1801, her age 31. admiration. Forbidden the rambler's en
But the words of Richmond form not the joyment of a holiday, assigned to others of sole epitaph of the Dairyman's Daughter. my own age, I used to look forward to The stone is literally covered with inscripsuch season with the same feeling of plea- tions in pencil-the effusions of visitors from surable anticipation with which a gour- all parts of England : a fact which has mand contemplates a seast-the viands, my aforetime so irritated the Rev. books. Pre-eminently prized above the rest lead to the expunging of the fragile tracings was the simple volume containing the of black-lead pencil with a wet cloth; the “ Dairyman's Daughter,” and its natural aforesaid potent and zealous personage portraitures, and impressive diction, formed avowing his detestation of “ scribbling the links which bound the memory of those Methodists, and rhyming ranters.” hours to that in which I walked the identical It was verging towards evening : the scene. Imagination easily supplied the dew had wetted the consecrated turf; the annihilated adjuncts of the stilly spot—the sky was veiling its azure beauty in transwhite-haired old man, with broken voice parent clouds; the heathy and yellow hills and tottering step; the devout pastor minis- skirting the north side of the burying-ground tering to the dying penitent; the audible cast a sombre and thought-inspiring shade
amen' of the kneeling soldier, in the sacred over the graves of the “rude forefathers” of silence of the death-room, and the touching Arreton; the nightingale was singing her sobs of irrepressible anguish from the ago- exquisite and broken catches in the remote nized mother-all were vividly present to
wood; and the flickering swallows were the eye and ear of my mind.
retiring to their nests beneath the cottage After some desultory conversation, I
It was an hour and a scene to be shook hands with the brother of the Dairy- coveted; and, touched by its influence, I man's Daughter, and retraced my steps to knelt down, and with my pencil traced the Arreton, to enjoy the melancholy luxury of humble modicum of verse, which, before moralizing over her last rest."
leaving the tomb of the Dairyman's Daughter, The village itself presents nothing re
I felt constrained to add to the numberless markably attractive, if we except its beau- offerings to the moral muse, which already tifully secluded and scenic situation. A were recorded on her burial-stone :cold chill of consciousness that you are If earthly griefs bave caused my feet to roam gazing on the retreats of poverty and unre
In search of Peace, to woo hier wille vain sighis,
Thy meek example points me out a home--quited labour, is felt on beholding its A path that leads to pardon and the skies. cottages, and a glance at the snugly en London, May 2, 1831.
G. Y. H.
CORALLINE FORMATIONS NEAR THE PEARL
sented by the more bold and romantic
scenery of the higher lands. These islands To the southward of the Marquesas, innu- have received different names : by some merable clusters and single islands, of a they have been called the Labyrinth, by totally different structure and appearance others the Pearl Islands, on account of the from the larger islands, cover the bosom of pearls obtained among them. The natives the ocean, and render navigation exceeds of Tahiti designate the islands and their ingly dangerous. They are low narrow inhabitants Paumotus, but by navigators islands, of coralline formation, and though they are usually denominated the Dan. among them some few, as Gambier's Islands, gerous Archipelago.— Ellis's Polynesian are hilly, the greater number do not rise Researches, vol. III. p. 304. more than three feet above the level of highwater. The names of Crescent, Harp, Chain, Bow, &c., which some of them have
PITCAIRN'S ISLAND. received from their appearance, have been Near the south-eastern extremity of the supposed to indicate their shape. Those Dangerous Archipelago, mentioned in the already known seem to be increasing in preceding article, is situated an island, size, while others are constantly approaching about seven miles in circumference, having the surface of the water. Sometimes they a bold rocky shore, with high land in the rise like a a perpendicular wall, from the interior, hilly and verdant. It is supposed depths of the ocean to the level of its sur to be La Incarnation of Quiros, but appears face; at other times reefs or groves of to have been discovered by Carteret in coral, of varied and beautiful form and 1767, and by him called after the name colour, extend, in the form of successive of the gentleman by whom it was first seen. terraces below the water, to a considerable At that time it was uninhabited, and, being distance around.
destitute of any harbour, and dangerous to Here islands may be seen in every stage approach even by boats, attracted but little of their progress; some presenting little attention, though it has since excited more than a point or summit of a branching very general interest in England. It is coralline pyramid, at a depth scarcely dis- situated, according to Sir. T. Staines, in 25° cernible through the transparent waters ; S. Lat. and 130° 25' W. Long. When the others spreading like submarine gardens or murderous quarrels between the mutineers shrubberies, beneath the surface; or pre of the Bounty and the natives of Tubuai senting here and there a little bank of broken obliged the former, in 1789 and 1790, to coral and sand, over which the rolling leave that island, they proceeded to Tahiti. wave occasionally breaks : while a number Those who wished to remain there left the rise, like long curved or circular banks of ship, and the others stood out to sea in sand, broken coral, and shells, two or three search of some unfrequented and uninfeet above the water, clothed with grass, habited spot of the ocean, that might afford or adorned with cocoa-nut and palm-trees. them subsistence and concealment. ProThey generally form a curved line, some ceeding in an easterly direction, they reached times bent like a horseshoe ; the bank of Pitcairn's Island, and could scarcely have soil or rock is seldom more than half a desired a place more suited to their purmile or a mile across, yet it is often clothed pose. Here they run the Bounty on shore, with the richest verdure. Within this en
removed the pigs, goats, and fowls to the closure is a space, sometimes of great extent. land, and, having taken everything on
In the island of Hao, the Bow Island of shore that they supposed would be useful, Captain Cook, it is said, ships may sail set fire to the vessel. The party consisted many miles after entering the lagoon. The of twenty-seven persons, viz. ten Englishnarrow strip of coral and sand enclosing men, six Tahitians, and eleven women, the basin is sixty or seventy miles in length, or, according to another account, of nine although exceedingly narrow. Their lagoons Englishmen and twelve women. In a shelare either studded with smaller reefs, or tered and sequestered part of the island form a bay of great depth. The stillness they erected iheir dwellings, deposited in of the surface of the bright blue water, the earth the seeds and young plants which within the lagoon, the border of white coral they had brought from Tahiti
, and comand sand by which it is surrounded, the menced the cultivation of the yam, and dark foliage of the lofty trees by which it other roots, for their subsistence. New is sheltered, often reflected from the surface troubles awaited them. The wife of Chrisof the water, impart to the interior of the tian, the leader of the mutineers, died; and low islands an aspect of singular beauty and solitude, such as is but seldom pre
Narrative of the Briton's Voyage.
he is said to have seized by force, the wife but regular, convenient, and of unequalled of one of the Tahitians. Revenge or jea- cleanliness." After a very affecting interlousy prompted the Tahitian to take the view with John Adams, (who appeared life of Christian, who was shot while at about sixty years of age,) and with his work in his garden, about two years after rising community, who with tears and enhis arrival. The English and the Tahitians treaties begged them not to take their father seemed bent on each other's destruction. from them, the captains returned to their Six Englishmen were killed, and Adams, ships, and sent to these interesting people now the only survivor of the crew, wounded: such useful articles as they could spare. every Tahitian man was put to death. The There were forty-eight persons on the island history of the mutineers is truly tragical
.. at this time. This small island is fertile, The children of these unhappy men have though water is not abundant. As soon as been trained up with the most indefatigable their circumstances became known, a liberal care and attention to morals and religion supply of agricultural implements, and tools, by John Adams, who, with his interesting were sent from Calcutta. Bibles and prayerfamily around him, remained undisco. books were also forwarded by the Directors vered and unvisited for nearly twenty of the London Missionary Society. They years; when Captain Mayhew Folger, in were gladly received by Adams, and gratethe American ship Topaz, of Boston, touched fully acknowledged. at their island ; and, after maintaining a Since that time the number of inhabitants friendly intercourse with them for two days, has considerably increased, and, at the prosecuted his voyage.
present time, amounts to about eighty, inNo further information respecting them cluding the seamen who have left their transpired until 1814, when Captain Sir vessels, married females of the island, and T. Staines, in his majesty's ship Briton, on have taken up their residence on shore. his passage from the Marquesas to Val. Apprehensive of the inadequacy of the pro. paraizo, unexpectedly came in sight of the ductions of the island to supply their wants, island. Canoes were soon perceived coming especially in fuel and water, they intimated, off from the shore; and it is not easy to four or five years ago, their wish to be taken conceive the astonishment of the commander to another country, and it appeared proand his officers, when those on board hailed bable that they might remove to the Society them in the English language. The surprise Islands, or some extensive and fertile, but of the young men in the canoe, who were uninhabited, island in the Pacific : this the sons of the mutineers, when they came desire has, however, ceased, and, since the on board an English man-of-war, was death of Adams, they have expressed their scarcely less than that of their visitors. The wishes to remain. I have been near their frankness with which they replied to the island more than once, and regret that I interrogatories of the captain, evinced the had not an opportunity of visiting them. unsophisticated manner in which they had The captain of the ship in which I returned been brought up; and their account of to England had been on shore twice; and their belief in the most important doctrines, his accounts, with those of others whom and practice of the great duties of religion, I have met with in the Pacific, were such reflected the highest honour on their vener as could not fail to excite a deep concern able instructor. When they sat down to for their welfare.— Ellis's Polynesian Rebreakfast, without any hypocritical or formal searches, vol. III. p. 322. show of devotion, but with a simplicity and earnestness that alone astonished and reproved those around them, they knelt
FALL OF THE BROUGHTON SUSPENSION down, and implored“ permission to par,
BRIDGE, NEAR MANCHESTER. take in peace of what was set before them;" and at the close of their repast, “ resuming (From the Philosophical Magazine, for May, 1831.) the same attitude, offered a fervent prayer We have been favoured by an esteemed of thanksgiving for the indulgence they had correspondent at Manchester, with some received."
extracts from the Manchester Chronicle and The captains of the Briton and Tagus Manchester Guardian newspapers, of April went on shore, and were met on the brow 16th, respecting the giving way of a suspenof the hill by Adams's daughter, who, after sion bridge over the river Irwell, at Broughthe first emotions of surprise had subsided, ton, about two miles from Manchester. Our led them to the “ beautiful little village, correspondent informs us, that the editors of formed on an oblong square, with trees of both papers have been at great pains to invarious kinds irregularly interspersed. The vestigate the circumstances. Both give the houses," Sir T. Staines adds, were small, same account, substantially, of the accident 20. SERIES.-NO, 8.