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former expectations. They saw him ap

Develops all that makes our being great, proach with Oxford in his hand, the map

And links a human tu immortal state?"-p. 11. of which, both in ancient and modern From thus awarding to intellect the claims times, he has spread before them; but not of superiority over the splendours of empire, finding it to abound with those transcendent the author conducts us to Oxford, the scene sublimities and beauties which corresponded of his poem, where intellect was nobly culwith their romantic imaginations, and tivated in former years, by men who emwhich perhaps no human mind can yield, bellish his pages with their names. The the meed of praise has been but sparingly same causes, with equal application, still awarded to the merits of his muse.

produce the same effects; and if, in the In his survey of Oxford, Mr. Montgo- present age, universities are deficient in mery notices its origin, history, appearance, producing their due proportion of intellecvicissitudes, improvements, and incidents, tual greatness, it argues a defect in appliand calls our attention to the great, thé cation, or a laxity somewhere, that cannot mighty, the learned, and singular indi- be surveyed without regret. viduals whom it has produced. Of their

We have heard it hinted, that, by the times and characters he has furnished an publication of this poem, Mr. Montgomery epitomized outline, and interspersed the has given great offence to some Oxonians, whole with reflections suggested by the and on one occasion a foolish attempt was evanescence of earthly greatness, and the made to defame it with burlesque. There revolutions which the progress of time

can be little doubt that in the various coleffects. If these reflections are not profound, leges of Oxford great diversity of character, they are always judicious; they spring from appears. Some of these, whose morals will the occasions to which they refer, and never

not bear the light, on beholding the following tire the reader by their tedious prolixity.

pictures, may suspect that the poet is perIn the opening of this poem, Mr. Mont- sonal, and feel displeased at the faithfulness gomery proposes this question :

of his mirror. He weaves his robes, and

leaves those to put them on, who think that “What makes the glory of a mighty land, Her people famous, and her histry giand?

they are adapted to their stature, their shape, Is it, that earth has felt her vast control,

and their deformity. Far as the wind can sweep, or ocean roll: That ships and merchandise her ports bedeck,

" But who can languish through a hideous hour, And maries thunder at her awful beck!

When heart is dead, and only wine hath power ? That grandeur walks each street, arrays each dome,

That brainless meeting of congenial fools, And in her temples hails a second Rome?

Whose highest wisdom is to bate the schools, Though power and greatness, those almighty two,

Discuss a tandem, or describe a race, That move the world, and teach what man cau do,

And d--the proctor with a solemn face, In every age has thus some empire blest,

Swear nonsense wit, and intellect a sin, And Alp-like reared their thrones above the rest;

Loll o'er the wine, and asininely grin! Yet what remains of all that once hath been?

Hard is the doom, when awkward chance decoys The billows welter where the ports were seen !

A moment's homage to their brutal joys. The wild-grass quivers o'er their mangled piles,

What fogs of duluess fill the heated room, And winter moans along tbe arcbless aisles;

Bedimmd with smoke, and poisoned with perfume ; Where once they tlourished, ruins grimly tell,

Where now and then some rattling soul awakes, And shade the air with melancholy spell;

In oaths of thunder, till the chamber shakes! While from their wreck a tide of feeling rolls,

Then midnight comes, intoxicating maid ; In awful wisdom through reflective souls !"--p.10.

What heroes snore, beneath the table laid ;

But still reserved, to upright posture true, Having thus assigned to power and great

Beliold ! how stately are the sterling few :

Soon o'er their sodden nature wine prevails, ness the honours which they have a right Decanters triumph, and the drunkard fails : to claim, and found that “the paths of As weary tapers at some wondrous rout, glory lead but to the grave," the question

Their strength departed, winkingly go out.

Each spirit flickers till its light is o'er, is again renewed in reference to mind. And all is darkness that was drunk before."-p. 62. " What then alone omnipotently reigns,

The shocking scene which follows is enWhen empires grovel on deserted plains, In sun-like grandeur to outdare the night,

veloped in shades of a still deeper chaThat time engenders o'er their vanished might? racter than the preceding, and, from its "Tis mind, an immortality below

being too dark to be applicable to any That gild the past, and bids the future glow; "Tis mind, heroic, pure, devoted mind,

members of the university in modern days, To God appealing for corrupt mankind,

the Oxonians may resent it as a libel on Reflecting back the image that he gave, Ei sillegal), or earth became a slave i

their reputation. We shall rejoice to find " Exalting thought I when ages are no more, that the imputation is unjust, and gladly Like sunken billows on a far-off shore, A second life in lofty prose or song,

learn that history and imagination, without Their glories have, to light the world along !

the aid of fact, have dictated the foul asperAnd ever thus may spirit be refined ;

sion to the poet's pen.
For what is godhead but consummate mind?
Or heaven, but one surpassing realm of thonglit, “ From careless boybood to uncultured man,
With each perfection of his wisdom fraught? Indulged to act ere principle began :
Not what we bave, but what our natures feel, With just enough of spirii for exress,
By truth unfolded for sublimest zeal,

And heart which nothing sase a vice can bless,20. SERIES.-NO. 7.

2 u

151.--VOL. XIII.

In Oxford see the reprobate appear !

Review.— Edinburgh Cabinet Library. Big with the promise of a mad career. With cash and consequence to lead the way,

Egypt. Vol. III. 12mo. pp. 480. SimpA fool by night, and more than fop by day?

kin and Marshal. London. 1831. What happy vileness doth his lot reveal, How folly burns with imitativc zeal, Whene'er the shadows of his greatness falls, WHATEVER may be the condition of this In festive chamber or collegiate hall!

country at present, all historians agree, that Romantic lot ! to vegetate secure From all that inight to mental paths allure :

it was the cradle of the arts, and the birthTo wake each morning with no deeper thought, place of science. These facts are attested Than that which yesterday's excess hath brought; by the authority both of sacred and profane Then, winged by impulse, as the day proceeds, To follow where cox comic fashion leads.

writers; and the ruins of departed grandeur, Hark! Woodstock rattles with eternal wheels, still frowning in solitary desolation, as well And bounds are ever barking at his heels. The chapel voted a terrific bore ;

as the venerable monuments of human inThe Dons' head-pieces for the college door! genuity, power, and perseverance, which The lecture scouted, the degree reviled, And Alma Mater, all save alma styled !

defy the wasting hand of time, and the Thus on, till night advance, whose reign divine, corrosions of the elements, still survive, to Is chastely dedicate to cards and wine,

give their attestations. Where modest themes amusive tongues excite, And faces redden with the soul's delight;

Into the history of Egypt, both ancient A Roman banquet ! with Athenian flowers

and modern, this third volume of the Edinof festive wit, io charm the graceful hours. “Alas! that truth must fing a doleful shade

burgh Cabinet Library fully enters. The On the bright portrait which her hand batb made. whole scene of its infancy, advancement, Few years bave fled, and what doth now remain

maturity, zenith, prosperity, decline, and of him the baughty, who but smiled disdain On all that virtue in her meekness dared,

present condition, appears to be spread in Ambition hoped, or principle declared ? His friends are dead'; his fortune sunk away,

ample panorama before the author; and In midnight hells, where midnight demons play;

from its rich and inexhaustible mines of A withered skeleton of sin and shame,

historical wealth, he has selected all that is With nought but in fainy to track his name; valuable and important, epitomized in a The wreck of fortune, with despairing sighs, Fades from the world, and like a felon dies. manner that preserves its interest, without

p. 132. encumbering his pages with irrelevant Of Mr. Montgomery's descriptive powers, matter. the passages we have given will enable It is universally admitted, that the Pyraevery reader to judge. Many others that mids of Egypt are either the oldest, or are superior in poetical merit

, might be among the oldest, monuments in the world; easily selected. His character of Johnson it is, therefore, natural to conceive that they is finely drawn; and the reflections to which should have engrossed the attention of every his name, and the chambers of his residence, traveller, and have found their way into give birth, are placed before us in much numerous works which treat of human inplaintive beauty. The walk to Blenheim genuity and art. Of these, the accounts contains many exquisite touches; and before us are full of thrilling interest, and throughout the whole, the poet's retrospect- the sources whence the materials have been ive gaze on departed ages, can hardly fail derived, leave no room for any suspicion to awaken admiration.

to be entertained as to their authenticity. Were we to examine this poem with an Respecting these venerable works of eye to its defects, many blemishes might distant ages, the labours of Belzoni, and his be discovered ; but the task would be invi- descriptions of the discoveries which he dious, when they are so much counter- made, will never be forgotten. In this balanced by more obvious excellences. volume all his achievements are concenAs a whole, Oxford will not outshine some trated; but the detail is too voluminous to of Mr. Montgomery's other productions, be transcribed, we therefore beg leave to but, after all fair deductions have been made, introduce another subject, which is less its redeeming qualities will leave a surplus generally known. to prove that it is not unworthy of his poeti

“ The Labyrinth is also mentioned by Herodotus cal reputation, to which a monument has

as one of the greatest wonders of Egypt, and the already been erected on the hills of Par most surprising effort of human ingenuity and nassus; and although his name has been perseverance. Il exceeds, I can truly assert, all

that has been said of it ; and whoever takes the legibly inscribed on a tablet in the temple of trouble to examine them will find all the works of Fame.

Greece much inferior to this, both in regard to

workmansbip and expense. The temples of Eplie. This poem is embellished with twelve

sus and Samos may justly claim adiniration, and superb engravings, taken from the scenes the Pyramids may individually be compared to and objects which he describes. Of these

many of the magnificent structures erected by the

Greeks ; but even these are inferior to the Laby. the designs are elegant and appropriate, rinth. It is composed of twelve courts, all of which and the execution does honour to the artists,

are covered ; their entrances are opposite to each

other, six to the north, and six to the south ; one and to the work which they adorn.

wall encloses the whole. The apartments are of

two kinds ; there are fifteen hundred above the

ing of the Nile, the soil which its waters surface of the ground, and as many beneath, in all three thousand. Of the former, I can speak from

deposit, the elevation which is slowly but my own knowledge and observation ; of the latter, regularly taking place in the surface of the only from the knowledge I received. The persons

ground, and on the probable results which who had the charge of the subterraneous apart. ments would not suffer me to see them, alleging time may be expected to produce. It is that in these were preserred the sacred crocodiles, stated on the authority of Dr. Shaw, that, and the bodies of the kings who constructed the Labyrinth. Of these, therefore, I presume not to

“Since the time of Herodotus, Egypt has gained speak; but the upper apartments I myself ex. new soil to the depth of two hundred and thirty amined, and I pronounce them to be among the inches. And if we look back from the reign of Kreatest triumphs of human industry and art.

Mæris to the time of the deluge, and reckon that The almost infinite number of winding passages interval by the same proportion, we shall find that throngh the different courts, excited my warmest the whole perpendicular accession of the soil from admiration. From spacious balls I passed through the deluge to A. D. 1721, must be 500 inches, that smaller chambers, and from them again to large is, the land has gained forty-one feet eight inches magniticent courts, almost without end. The ceil. of soil in 4072 years. Thus, in process of time, the ings and walls are all of marble, the latter richly whole country may be raised to such a height, adorned with the finest sculpture; and around

that the river will not be able to overflow its each court are pillars of the same material, the banks; and Egypt, consequently, from being the whitest and most polished that I ever saw. At the most fertile, will, for want of the annual inun. point where the Labyrinth terminates, stands a dation, become one of the most barren parts of pyramid one hundred and sixty cubits high, laring the universe."--p. 39. large tigures of animals engraved on the outside, and an entrance to the interior by a subterraneous

Proceeding upon the principle advanced path."-p. 110.

in the preceding passage, some of the French In the principal facts respecting this philosophers have attempted to ascertain

the age of many statues and monuments, famous Labyrinth, thus stated by Herodotus, he is corroborated by Strabo, who observes, their bases. From data so uncertain, nothing,

from the quantity of soil accumulated round that it was impossible to enter any one of however, can with any degree of accuracy the palaces, or to leave it, without a guide. be inferred. Such calculations, therefore, Pliny also refers to this famous Labyrinth, may be rather placed among the amusein a manner which plainly evinces that, even in his time, its fame, if not its work- ranked with the discoveries of science.

ments of philosophical speculation, than manship, still continued to command public

The last chapter is devoted to the natural attention. It is, however, melancholy to history of the country. This comprises its add, that at present no vestige of it is known geology, and the numerous varieties of its so exist; and historians and travellers have vegetable and animal tribes.

Many of not agreed as to the spot on which it these are particularly remarkable, especially stood.

the monsters which inhabit its rivers, some Egypt having been from time imme- of its birds, its corals, and its gums. morial the grand depository of all that was

With this very instructive and entertaining rendered venerable by age and genius, a

volume we can now proceed no further. considerable portion of this volume is filled What we have said may be sufficient to with descriptions, memorials, and eluci- place it in a favourable light, yet the whole dations, of its numerous and very won

must be examined by every one who wishes derful productions. The ruins of ancient

to become acquainted with the value of its grandeur every where appear, and in each

contents. page some hoary monument, some bieroglyphic, some ancient sculpture, rescued from gathering desolation, calls the atten.

Review.- Family Classical Library. Vol.

XVII. Horace. Vol. 1. translated tion, and arrests the eye. Among these the surviving remnants of scientific knowledge

by Philip Francis. D.D. 12mo. pp. 316. in ancient Egypt are not passed over in

Valpy. London. 1831. silence. Many memorials that have tri- The writings of Horace are familiar to every umphed over the corrosions of time, still classical student, and this edition of his exist, to prove, that in astronomy the at works is calculated to create classical minds tainments of the Egyptians were very in many, to whom the term is almost unconsiderable.

known. The versatility of talent, and strong Of the present inhabitants, their manners, mental powers, displayed by the Roman employment, genius, modes of life, and poet, have gained him the admiration of all general character, this volume gives a suc the ages which have intervened from his cinct account. Each particular is replete day to the present; and the strength of with life and vigour, and every page pre- genius that is diffused throughout his works, sents something that is interesting, if not cannot fail to keep them alive, amidst all astonishing.

the revolutions to which literature may be The second chapter contains some very liable. curious calculations respecting the overflow In the masterly translation of Philip

Francis, the spirit of the original is nobly tionary power with much success ; and, preserved. It has stood the test of nearly a proceeding in the same manner with others, century, and will bear the test of many cen his epitome of English literature will form turies more. Of the numerous translators a valuable series of standard works, which, of particular odes and satires, it is scarcely in their uncondensed forms, have always possible to give any enumeration. Many of been inaccessible to readers with limited ihese, by some of our most celebrated poets, means of purchasing books. are promised by Mr. Valpy, and their speedy appearance will increase the grati- Review.— The Sunday Library. Vol. 111. fication which this volume affords.

By the Rev. T. F. Dibdin, 12mo. One reason why the satires of Horace bave sustained scarcely any injury from the

pp. 332. Longman, London, 1831. lapse of time, is, that his subjects being On the two preceding volumes of this rather characteristic than personal, were

work, we have given our opinion without applicable to human nature, under similar any disguise. They contain innumerable circumstances, in all ages of the world. We excellences, and inculcate the discharge of have only to change a name, and Horace is duties that are indispensable. We have born anew.

not found any thing, in either volume, that

we could have wished the author had Review.- Epitome of English Literature.

omitted ; yet, in all, we perceive a defiEdited under the superintendence of ciency, which, in the further progress of the A, J. Valpy, M.A. 'Vol. I. Paley's work, we hope will be supplied. Moral Philosophy. 12mo. pp. 318.

In an advertisement prefixed to this Valpy. London. 1831.

volume, we are informed, that the whole

series will probably not extend beyond No one who is acquainted with the writings six volumes; and that the remaining disof Paley, will want any recommendation of

courses appertain more particularly to them. They stand in the foremost rank of practical points of Christianity. We shall English literature, and will be viewed as a

be glad to find that they embrace experitext book, in cases of doubtful and difficult

ence as well as practice, since the union of decision. It cannot, however, be denied, both is necessary to give completion to the that some few of his propositions are of an christian character. equivocal character, such as his procedure in war, and the boundless range which he gives to his notions of expediency. This Review.-Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopedia, latter may easily be brought to sap the

Vol. XVIII. History of England, foundation of moral principle, and, if fol

Vol. II. By Sir James Mackintosh, pp. lowed out through all its ramifications, may

380. Longman. London. 1831. be carried to an extent which the author To a work already known, and of which would shudder to behold.

the merits are duly appreciated, it is needIt is, however, only to a small portion of less to devote much time. Such is the what Paley has written, that the preceding case with Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopedia. remarks are applicable. His excellences of the whole series this is the eighteenth are gigantic and numerous, his blemishes volume, and the second of English history; are but few. His pages have passed the but in every department, whether of science, ordeal of criticism, and received the stamp narrative, or detail, the authors have acof immortality.

quitted themselves nobly, and “deserved This series, Mr. Valpy informs us, will well of their country.” be confined to the popular productions of This volume resumes the thread of hiswriters in prose; and Burnet, Clarendon, tory in 1422, and carries it on to 1558, Gibbon, Hume, Roberston, Bacon, Locke, thus embracing the most eventful periods Paley, Addison, Goldsmith, Johnson, Mil- that occur in the annals of our country, ton, and Swift, will be first selected. Of during the middle ages. these celebrated authors, the works will be condensed, so as to bring the greatest quantity of information within the smallest quantity of space. It will be an abridg 1. A Father's Tribute to the Memory of ment without a mutilation, an extract of a beloved Daughter, with Extracts from essence from the vehicle through which it is the Diary of Miss Elizabeth Turner, who diffused. In many portions of Paley's died April, 1830, aged 24, (Seeley, LonMoral Philosophy, which this volume con- don,) breathes the pious affection of a betains, Mr. Valpy has exercised this discre- reaved parent, over the memory of an ami


able and pious child, whose walk with God, nation is against the inhuman bondage, and even in the midst of severe bodily affliction, that its cry for justice must be respected, as furnishes another monument to the efficacy well as heard. of divine grace. The diary of this young 7. A Lecture on Knowledge, by Thomas lady is replete with hallowed feelings; and Swinburn Curr, (Crofts, London,) is sensinearly every page evinces the happiness and ble and well writien. In the introductory spiritual advantage of living in close com pages, the author has taken a comprehenmunion with God. This volume is worthy sive survey of intellectual acquirements; he a place in the library of every pious person. thence proceeds to mark the different de

2. The Test of Truth, (Seeley, Lon- grees of happiness which knowledge in its don,) appears without the author's name, several branches is capable of producing ; but not without good and substantial rea and philosophizes with commendable aculesons in favour of divine truth. The former ness on the operation of opinion, and the part is argumentative, and addressed to effect of system. This pamphlet is worthy sceptics and infidels. It contains rational of an attentive perusal. observations, well worthy their attention, 8. The Voice of Humanity, No. IV., and recommends a line of conduct, which (Nisbet, London,) is a periodical, published no sincere inquirer after truth can refuse to quarterly, recommending humanity towards adopt. The second part is intended to de the animal tribes, and stating instances of monstrate the favourable results to which barbarity which are a disgrace to the human such an impartial inquiry must lead. This species. Of the knacker's yard, a represenis illustrated by the author's experience, tation by Cruiksbank is given in this which he has wrought into an interesting number. The appearance is disgustingly narrative, that conducts him from the dark- characteristic, and the description which ness of infidelity and vice, into the light follows cannot be perused without feelings which all who are born of God enjoy. of pity and indignation. Among other

3. Letters to a Mother, on the watchful things, it is distinctly stated, that pigs and Care of her Infant, (Seeley, London,) will poultry are fattened in this yard for the prove an interesting book for the nursery. London market. “We say positively, from It relates to the treatment of infants in the ocular testimony, that pigs and ducks are early stages of life, to the diseases to which kept in considerable numbers, to be fed and they are liable, and to the care, the food, fattened, in the premises and yards of and tenderness which they should receive. knackers and grease-boilers, for the use of It is a book which appears to be founded the inhabitants of the metropolis.”—p. 131. on experience, which enters with minute 9. The Welsh Interpreter, containing a ness into numerous particulars, and is enti- concise Vocabulary of useful Phrases, Protled to the sober attention of all nurses and nunciation, &c. by Thomas Roberls, (Leigh, mothers.

London,) will be found useful to tourists 4. A Free Mason's Pocket Companion, who visit those parts of Wales where the containing a Brief Sketch of the History of English language is neither spoken nor unMasonry, (Washbourne, London,) traces, derstood. The phrases are numerous and we are informed, the history of this mysteri- familiar, and, by the help which they afford, ous something or nothing, from “the flood a traveller may contrive to get his wants to the present time.” To those of the Ma- supplied, and to learn insensibly the prosonic order it may be useful, but, beyond nunciation of the language, without the help this, we conceive that it will excite but lit- of a master. tle interest.

10. The Laws relating to Benefit Socie5. The Pulpit, Vol. XVI., (Harding, ties and Savings Banks, (Washbourne, LonLondon,) is another annual link in a series, don,) every person connected with these which has established a good reputation by valuable institutions, will feel an interest in its inherent respectability. On many of understanding; and even those who have the previous volumes, we have given our no immediate connection with them, must opinion so freely and fully, that on this it be sensible that they are highly valuable to will be needful only to say, that it is wor the community. This little book furnishes thy of its predecessors.

an epitome of the laws on which each is es6. Suggestions on the Abolition of tablished, and, as a work of reference, it Slavery in the British Colonies, by a will be found serviceable to all. Member of the University of Cambridge, 11. Key to Chanting :-the Psalms of (Rivington, London,) is a powerful pam- David ; Portions of the Services of the phlet, the purport of which is to assert, that Church, 8c., by J. "E. Dibb, (Hamilton, the period is at our doors when slavery London,) will no doubt be hailed with must be abolished, that the voice of the pleasure by those who are fond of this sing

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