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of this pamphlet views it as the effect of places this necessary of human life before excitement. This much is clear, that an us in a more transparent state than the ininstantaneous, a notable and marvellous habitants of London are ever allowed to cure was wrought without any visible means, drink it. The purity, pollution, and cheand it will perhaps require more credulity mical properties of water, in various places, to believe that simple excitement was its and under varied impregnations, the author cause, than faith in the divine power to distinctly examines, and points out. The reassign it to the agency of God. We by no searches displayed in this work are very exmeans consider that the writer has been tensive, and the reasonableness of the author's successful in his attempt.
observations entitles them to much respect. 10. The Family Baptist, &c. &c., by In addition to the bistory and analyses George Newbury, (Westley, London,) goes of medicinal and other waters, which this over the old ground, rendered bare by the volume contains, we should have been multitude of travellers, who, having floun- glad if the author had furnished some simple dered in this morass, have escaped with tests, by which the purity, or different imscarcely a dry garment. The author ad- purities, of water might be detected. vances nothing new, and it is to be regretted 15. The Essay on “ The Signs of Conthat so much time should be spent on a version and Unconversion, in Ministers of subject, by no means essential to salvation. the Church, to which was awarded the
11. Cambrian Superstitions, comprising Premium of a Society in 1811, by the Ghosts, Omens, W’itchcrafts, Traditions, Rev. Samuel Charles lì ilks, M.A., (Isatch&c. of the Principality, by W. Howelis, ard, London,) contains such prominent (Longman, London,) being a book which and discriminating marks, that no deals in the marvellous, will, therefore, can mistake the one for the other, or find always find readers. The author does not them blended in the same individual. The give his relations as facts, but as subjects result says, “ Ye cannot serve God and of tradition and popular belief. Every mammon.” Mr. Wilks follows the minister country has its legendary tales, which amuse in his private and public character, in his by creating an excitement. This is a spe- closet and his pulpit, in his family and cimen of Welsh wonders; but we do not among his parishioners, in his doctrines and think that, in romantic extravagance, the manner of enforcing them, and makes the tales can equal the productions of Ireland. whole the criterion of his intrinsic worth.
12. Twenty-two Short Discourses upon 16. Objections to Unilarian ChristiScripture Passages, by Charles Hubbard, anity Considered, by William Ellery (Hatchard, London,) are intrinsically ex- Channing, D.D., (Hunter, London,) is a cellent, entering into the spirituality of our small pamphlet, written as an apology for most holy religion, and inculcating expe- the Unitarians. The author intimates that rience, faith, and practice. This unpretend- their principles have been misrepresented, ing volume contains more sterling and use- that they advocate all the moral duties inful truth, than many a splendid tome, de- culcated in the gospel, and only reject dogcorated with ecclesiastical titles, and charged mas which have no real foundation in the five times five shillings.
word of God. The pamphlet contains 13. Lectures on the Christian Sabbath, nothing that is new, and scarcely places any by William Thorn, (Holdsworth, London,) thing that is old in a new light. appears before us in the seventh edition. 17. The Bury Melodies, adapted for This is an honour, which works pretending Public and Family Worship; an esteemed to utility, but deficient in what they promise, piece, “ Resolve, composed and arranged very rarely attain. The author views the for the Voice, Organ, Piano, &c., by sabbath under its various dispensations, and W. J. White, (Bates, London,) are cerproves the institution to be of divine ap- tainly not discreditable to the author, pointment, and of lasting obligation. Ob. whose aim is to promote good congregajections urged against its observance, he tional singing. Mr. White is already known manfully meets, on the grounds of antiquity, to the public, and we feel persuaded that general concurrence, and practical utility. these compositions will advance him in It is an elaborate treatise, writien with their esteem, and increase between them affectionate simplicity, and its seven editions the already subsisting harmony. prove that it has been favourably received ; 18. Address of Earl Stanhope, Presi. but, we may add, not more so than it dent of the Medico-Botanical Society, for deserves.
the Anniversary Meeting, Jan. 16, 1831, 14. A Treatise on the Natural and (Wilson, London,) presents to the public a Chemical Property of Water, &c., by luminous display of botanical knowledge. Abraham Booth, (Wightman, London,) It states the medical virtues of plants, bark, and roots, hitherto but little known in this (Hamilton,) Joseph Hughes, A. M. (Holdscountry, and illustrates their efficacy in worth,) J. E. Giles, (Bagster,) Bosworth, cases of hydrophobia, and the poisonous (Westley,) Thomas Swan, (Hamilton, bites of serpents. The society offers a gold London,) all evince how highly the late medal for the best essay on any vegetable Mr. Hall was esteemed, and how sincerely that shall be employed with success in the his death is deplored. Into the compacure of hydrophobia, and a silver medal for rative merits of these five discourses we the best essay on the medicinal qualities of have no intention to institute an inquiry. any indigenous plant but imperfectly known, In each we could easily find some disand the uses to which it may be applied. tinguishing excellence, but their authors
19. Prayer the best Refuge in Trouble, are not rivals: and we are fully persuaded a Sermon, by William Robinson, (Mason, that they have not wrillen to court the London,) furnishes us with a cursory glance paltry hectic of applause. The occasion at God's dealings with his people of old, and was great and solemn, and this solemnity at the defence and protection which they each author has endeavoured to infuse into experienced while trusting in him. From his discourse, and to impress on the minds these premises, the author infers our duty to of his hearers. Of death, in connexion confide in God under every trouble, from a with its concomitants and effects, they have conviction that he will either avert, remove, taken distinct but appropriate views, and or enable us to bear the evil. It is a plain, adverted to the subject of their discourses rational, common-sense discourse.
in the varied peculiarities of his superior 20. A Good Refuge in Bad Times, talents, and the amiable features of his (Book Society, London,) like the preceding
christian character. In each sermon, the article, directs the reader to put his trust in pious reader will find much to gratify his God. The advantages resulting from this inquiries, and to stimulate a desire that reposing confidence, in seasons of distress, is he may die the death of the righteous, illustrated by several affecting incidents. and that his last end be like that of The author's reasonings are well supported Robert Hall. by scripture, and by the warmth of exhor- 28. Third Quarterly Report of the tation.
Protestant Colonization Society of Ire21. The T'ime of Trouble, a Sermon, land, (Courtney, London,) has a noble preached before the House of Commons, object in view, which is expressed in the A.D. 1655, by the Rev. Edward Rey- title-page. It aims at the welfare of the nolds, D.D., (Tract Society, London,) Irish, and, if liberally supported, there can would not have been now reprinted if it had be no doubt that it will be productive of not imbodied some superior excellences. much good to the Irish peasantry. These may be found in the fervour of its piety, the cogency of its reasoning, and the vigour of its language.
26. Portrails of the Royal Family, by J. P. Hemis, (Harding, London,) exbibit another series of elegant penmanship, by A PRINCIPAL ingredient in the cup of Mr. Hemms, whose former efforts of genius, earthly bliss, arises from the union of two and command of hand, we have more than bearts, so constituted by nature and refined by once had occasion to votice. These superb education, as to impart pleasure, and comsheets contain portraits of all the male municate delight to each other, in the retired branches of the royal family. Of their privacy of the domestic circle. It is this which fidelity in likeness, we can only judge by cheers the otherwise tedious and disconsolate comparing them with other portraits of the hours of affliction and distress; that allesame illustrious individuals, and so far, in viates the pressure of misfortune; that tends most of them, we can trace a strong l'esem- to dissipate the cares and anxieties of life; blance. It is, however, by the beauty of and in some measure to brighten the dark the penmanship that the reader's attention and repulsive prospect which surrounds the will be chiefly attracted, and this, in all its precincts of the grave. bold and almost invisible strokes, as well But it is only in some few instances, that as in the varied forms of the letters, of we see the comparatively uninterrupted hapthe most superlative character. Ilemms piness in the wedded life practically exemmay rival Hemms, but with this exception, plified. The main hinderances which make these specimens may be pronounced ini- such frequent discord in the married state, mitable.
and conjugal harmony so seldom realized, 27. Sermons on the Death of the late is, because there is too much needless jeaRev. Robert Hall, hy J. P. Mursell, lousy, and a studied altempt to thwart the
REMARKS ON TIIE CILARACTER OF
wishes, and bias the opinions, of each other; gination; and when engaged in any arduous petty faults are often magnified into enor- task, that requires an uncommon exertion of mous crimes; peace becomes expatriated the faculties, perhaps, from this source is from under their roof; misery, with hatred, derived some of the most blissful emotions succeeds; and alienation of affection follows allotted to man while on earth. in its train. But how pleasing is the con- Intellectual endowments in women, are trast, when we have an opportunity pre- always destined to fascinate and command sented to us, of observing such interesting respect with men of intelligence and sense, objects as those who have elicited these few far more than what mere exterior beauty remarks ; their extreme paucity invests them can produce; because the former is fitted with attractions of no common kind in our to survive in undecaying loveliness, when eyes; they appear like some verdant spot, the latter has become tarnished and faded enamelled with flowers of every hue, amid in the lapse of years. But, from what we universal sterility, where the grizly genius can gather from his poems written upon of desolation asserts his power.
this excellent and gifted woman, and from Of all the characteristic sketches of do- the concurrence of other sources of informestic harmony, affection, and fidelity, that mation, nature had bestowed on her conI ever perused, there is none which sur- siderable personal charms, added to extreme passes that which subsisted between Klop- delicacy, sensibility, and tenderness, which stock, the great German author, and his her published letters fully indicate. With consort, the lovely Meta. It is one of the such a companion and helpmate, it was most singularly beautiful and graceful pic- next to impossible, but that an individual tures of perfect cordiality, joined with the so situated must have been peculiarly most unfeigned love, innocence, and purity, blessed, and ardently attached to her whom that can possibly be detached from the che- he espoused. quered scenes of human life, to be held up to Thus, these two amiable and affectionate rivet the attention, and fix the imitation of beings sojourned on earth together, in the man, so as to copy its beauties, to aim at bonds of mutual love and reciprocal regard, its excellences, and 10 impress its lineaments delighting, animating, and cheering each in permanent colours on the memory; while other in their progress through this unquiet under this terrene economy,—while “subject world. The wife of this great and good to all the frailties that flesh is heir to." man died some years previous to himself; Their minds appear to have been blended in but, by his own express desire, he was inthe most sympathetic union, and their terred in the same grave along with her whom tempers to have amalgamated in such a he loved ; so that it might very appropriately manner that there existed but little alloy. be said, “in death they were not divided." Hence, the low and vulgar cavils, which Their attachment, though separated for a common and baser minds frequently engage time by the wide and cheerless Jordan of in with such eager ferocity, were entirely death, (the grave being not the final termiexcluded; discord never utiered its dolorous nation of their happiness, but the medium sounds within their habitation, and jealousy by which they attained to the ultimale never entered on their peaceful retreat. completion of their felicity,) was still inse
They possessed a certain affinity of mind, parable and indissoluble, in that sense of and congeniality of taste, for studious habits the word to which the apostle applies it, and mental pursuits, which made the literary when he says, “though absent in body, yet labours in which he engaged much more present in spirit.” Absorbed in the pleaspleasant and delightful, when he knew she ing anticipation that she was completely felt an equal and corresponding interest in happy, and that her pure spirit hovered the theme which engrossed his attention, near him, tended materially 10 diminish and occupied his thoughts. For the task the intensity of his grief, and to console of criticism, in pointing out inaccuracies him for the deprivation he had sustained. and suggesting emendations, she was well At last, in a good old age, he died the qualified; and in this respect her assistance death of the righteous, “with an hope full was invaluable, from the delicacy of her of immortality,” and his remains were taste, the solidity of her judgment, her varied attended to the grave by the highest official and extensive learning, and the critical acu- characters in the wealthy and populous city men which she generally displayed. It is of Hamburgh, including civil, military, and generally agreed, that by sympathy and par- clerical, with a dense mass of spectators ticipation with an object we love, venerate, seldom congregated; the whole evincing the and esteem, we give to the thoughts a more unequivocal respect which they paid to exexalted tone, and an unusual fecundity to alted talents, and the profound veneration the buds of genius and the flowers of ima- which, as a good man and a Christian, his
character demanded. Without doubt, these poet. His imagination was peculiarly vivid, two lovely specimens of our race, are now brilliant, and susceptible. The work on in the regions of eternal blessedness, asso- which his fame as a writer principally deciated with those high and holy spirits, who pends, is the “Messiah;" and ihis will remain have exchanged the sorrows of mortality a lasting and imperishable monument, to all for the joys of immortality, partaking with generations, of his sincere piety and elevated them of those unsatiating pleasures, that genius. It possesses considerable origiinexpressible bliss, and those interminable nality of design; the outline is grand, bold, delights, which are reserved for them who and majestic. Elegance shines, and intellect here have been “ followers of them who, beams, in almost every page of that great through faith and patience, shall there in- composition. In many parts it contains herit the promises. But, blessed be God, some of the most glowing delineations, of we have his unfailing assurance, that these the life and sufferings, the death and resurseeds of divine origin, that are now laid in the rection, of our Saviour, such, perhaps, as earth, shall shortly germinate and fructify, were never equalled in any other book together with other celestial plants, in order extant. The incidents are so well chosen, to be placed in the paradise of God; or, there is such a depth of pathos, such bursts in his own beautiful and expressive lan- of eloquence, and variety of imagery, that guage on the resurrection of the body, it irresistibly rivets the attention of the . seed sown by God, to ripen for the reader, while it captivates, edifies, and inbarvest."
structs the heart. Thomas Royce. In the Christian life, they were eminently
Leicester, April 9th, 1831. holy; distinguished servants of the Most High, uniformly displaying the unswerving
GLEANINGS. constancy of the disciple, with the unshrink
Patent for Making Bricks.-A patent has lately ing fortitude of the martyr. Religion was
been taken out by Mr. S. R. Bakewell, of No. 9,
Whiskin-street, Northampton-square, London, for what most conspicuously predominated in en apparatus and appurtenances for making brick their conversation, and which visibly beau
earth: 2, for a press for the consolidation of bricks;
and 3, for a spring brick mould. Of these inventions, tified and adorned their characters. It was the commitiee of the Natioual Repository,
Charing-cross, speak in very high terms, as promisthis which added dignity to their deport- ing great practical utility. ment, and which now throws a kind of Temperance Society.-The London Temperance So.
ciety intend to hold their first public meeting in splendid halo around the most trivial cir- Exeter Hall, about the middle of June.--The cumstances connected with the remem
mittee will take an early opportunity of advertising
the precise day. brance of these two esteemed and virtuous
Sunday School Jubilee.-September 14th, 1831, being persons. The bright array of the Christian the anniversary of the birth day of Robert Raikes,
Esq. the founder of Sunday schools, it is intended virtues shone pre-eminent in them, so that his memory shall be honoured with a jubilee by
all the children belonging to the Sunday school as to present one concentrated focus,
Union. Particulars will be made known in time. strong, influential, and powerful,—which Polar Bears. In 1788, Captain Cook, of the Archwarmed cheered, and edified, those who
angel, when near the coast of Spitzbergen, found him.
self suddenly be'ween the paws of a bear. He instantly came within the reach of their influence. called upon the surgeou who accompanied him to
fire; which the latter did with snch admirable prompThese sacred irradiations of mind did not
litude and precision; that he shot the beast throngh occupy an insulated position, so as to make the head, and delivered the Captain. Mr. Hawkins,
of the Everthorpe, in July, 1818, having pursued and the one appear rather redundant, and the twice struck a large bear, bad raised his lance for a other somewhat defective and misplaced, him by the thigh, and threw him over his head into
third blow, when the auimal sprang forward. seized but so magnified as to be consistent, and
the water. Fortunately it used this advantage only to
effect its own escape. Captain Scoresby mentions a so displayed as to exhibit an exquisite boat's crew which attacked a hear in the spitzbergen patterns of the beauty of holiness." They sides of the boat, all the sailors threw themselves for were, to borrow an image from the vast and safety into the water, where they hung by the gun
wale. The victor entered triumphantly, and took sublime scenery of the heavens, like the possession of the barge, where it sat quietly vill it was stars which we sometimes behold in the
shot by another party. The same writer mentions the
ingenious contrivance of a sailor, who, being pur. firmament, partially obscured by an inter- slied by one of those creatures, threw down suc
cessively his hat, jacket, handkerchief, and every vening cloud, while others are still apparent other article in his possession, when the brute pausing and visible; but even while we stand gazing
at each, gave the sailor always a certain advantage, and enabled him finally
to regain the vessel.. - Edinon the stupendous glories of this enchanting burgh Cabinet Library; Polar Sea and Regions. scene, suddenly the clouds disperse, - the Dram-drinking.-At a late meeting in Manchester
the practice of dram drinking was reprobated in very intercepting medium vanishes, -and in. forcible terms, and, among other proofs of its bad
consequences, it was stated that, according to austantly we discern the whole of those innu
thentic records, about twenty deaths were caused by merable orbs bright and twinkling, each
it annually in that town alone. Two dram shops in
Manchester, it was mentioned. sold £120 worth of dispensing its light according to its bulk ardent spirits in one day; another took on an average and distance.
£150 per day; and at another, in one day in Juno
last, customers had entered at the rate of 500 per Klopstock was a man of distinguished bour, of which number sixth-tenths were men,
three-tenths respectable looking females, and oneabilities, as a scholar, a philosopher, and a tenth girls!
Vational Tastes respecting Animal Food.- Every thing that moves in earth, air, or sea, is devoured by man. In some valleys of the Alps, the rearing of snails is carried on as a trade, and in the month of September they are sent down the Danube to l'irnua and Hungary, where they are sold as an article of luxurious food. In South America, nothing in the shape of life comes wrong to them: they eat serpents, lizards, and ounces; and Ilumboldt has seen children drag enormous ceptipides out of their holes, and cranch them up. At Emeraldi, their delicate morceau is a roasted monkey. Puppies, on the Missouri and Mississippi, are choice food. Lorse flesh, in Arabia ; elephants' flesh, in India; camels' flesh, in Egypt. The Pariahs of Hindostan contend for putrid carrion with dogs, vultures, and kites, The Chinese devour cats, dogs, rats, and serpents; bears' paws, birds' Dests, and sea-shy, are dainty bits. The inhabitants of Cochin China prefer rotten eggs to fresh. The Tonquinese, and inhabitants of Madagascar, prefer locusis to the finest fish. In Australia, a good fat gull would be preferred to every thing else ; and in the West Indies, a large caterpillar found on the palın is es. teemed a luxury; while the edible nests of the Java swallow are so rich a dainty, that the ingredients of the dish will cost £15. The quantity of froys seen in the markets of the Continent is immense At Terra. cina, the host asks his guest whether he prefers the eel of the hedge or that of the river. The astronoiner De la Lande was remarkably fond of spiders. Great Britain even transcends her continental neighbours. The "braxy" of Scotland is putrid motion, the sheep having died of the rol: game os venison is seldom relished till it is "high," or, in honest language, till it is a mass of putrefaction, disengaging in abundance one of the most septic poisons the chemist knows of; in numerous cases is is a mass of life and motion, the offspring of patridity. Pigs are still whipped to death; lobsters are boiled alive; cod are crimped; eels are skinned, writhing in agony ; hares are hurted to death, and white veal is the greatest luxury.--Voice of Humanity.
Funds from which St. Paul's was built.-It was resolved, that a tax should be imposed npon all coal coming into the port of London, the produce to be applied to the raising of the new structure. The wits of the time said, that as coal-smoke had formerly corroded the walls, and coal tire had lately desroved them, it was no more than just that coals should restore them again-wbile some of the citizens, who had not the sense to be satisfied with the logic of an epigram, murmured not a little and the remnant of Independents, like the troopers of Wallenstein, thought it hard to have “Churches to guard, which they Jonged to burn."- Family Library, XIX. Lives of Architects.
The Wonders of Physics.- What mere assertion will make any man believe that in one second of tile, in one beat of the pendulum of a clock, a ray of light travels over 192.000 miles, and would therefore perform the tour of the world in abont the same time that it requires to wink with our eye-lids, and in much less than a swift runner occupies in taking a single stride - What mortal can be made to believe, without demonstration, that the suu is almost a million times larger than the earth and that, although so remote from us, that a canpon ball, shot directly towards it, and maintaining its full peed, would be twenty years in reaching it: it yet affects the earth by its attraction in an appreciable instant of time?-Who would not ask for demonstration, when told that a goat's wing, in its ordinary flight, beats many hundred times in a second? or that there exist animated and regularly organized beings, many thousands of whose bodies laid close together would not exteod an inch. But what are these to the astonishing truths which modern optical inquiries have disclosed, which teach us, that every point of a medium through which a ray of light passos is affected with a succession of periodical movements, regularly recurring at equal intervals, no less than 500 millions of millions of times in a single second ! that it is by such movements, communicated to the nerves of our eyes, that we see-nay, more, that it is the difference in the frequency of their recurrence which affects us with the sense of the diversity of colour: that, for instance, in acquiring the sensation of redness, our eyes are affected 482 millions of millions of times; of yellowness. 512 inil. lions of millions of times ; and of violet, 707 millions of millions of times, per second? Do not such things sound more like the ravings of madmen, than the sober conclusions of people in their waking senses ? They are, nevertheless, conclusions to which any one may most certainly arrive, who will only be at the trouble of examining the chain of reasoning by which they have been obtained.- Discourse on Natural Philosophy, by Mr. Herschell.
Temperance Societies. The total number of Tem perance Societies in Scotland, amounts to about 130, containing 25,000 members.
Slave Trade.-From the statements of the Captain of the Primrose, lately arrived from the southern coast of Africa, it would appear that the slave trade there is nearly extioct. The King of Loango lately bronght down sixty slaves to the shore, without being able to find a purchaser; they were inmediately slaughtered by the royal command, his Majesty not haring provisions to spare for their keep. The people of loango are described as the most cirilized on the coast; they spoke broken English. We have known some people speak whole English, who had but small claims to civilization. The Primrose, on the 7th September, captured the largest slaver hitherto em ployed in thai trathc, the Velós Pasagero, with 555 slaves on board. The slaver did not strike to the Primrose until after a smart action, in wbich the Spaniards lost 49 men killed and drowned, and 20 wounded; the Primrose had 3 men killed, and 19 wonnded. The mate of the Velos, and twenty-one of the med, have been brought home, to be tried for piracy.
The Il'onders of Nature.---For want of one more appropriate, we give this name to the bones that have lately been dug up at Big Bore Lick, Boone County, Kentucky. We have seen two skeletons of the mammoth, the skeleton of the whale, and the elephani, besides numerous living whales and a number of liviug ele. phants, but the sight of neither of them created any of Those sensations of the mind which we felt at behold. ing these wonderful productions of nature, Toreflect for a moment upon the appearance of a living animal, which, from the skeleton, is proved to have been at least sixty feet in length, upwards of twenty-two in height, and twelve across the hips; the upper bone of whose head weighs six hundred, and grinders eleven pounds each, and tbis, after having undergoue the decay of many centuries, must fill the mind with astonishment and reverence for that Being who said, “Let there be light, and there was light.
This ani. mal as much surpassed the mammoih in size as the elephant does the ox, and was of the carnivorous species, With the bones of this nondescript were found the bones of several other animals, some of which were of the herbaceous species, as is proved by their teeth, of which there are a number; and to add to the singularity of the discovery of these bones, amongst them are two of the foot of the horse, which those skilled in comparative anatomy pronounce a third larger than those of the present race of horses, The peculiarity of this circumstance consists in the fact, that horses were not known on this continent at the time of its discovery by Columbus, nor was there any tradition among the Indians of such an animal hav. ing existed. We shall conclude our remarks upon the subject by stating, the bones were found imbedded in black mud, upwards of twenty feet below the surface. The first eighteeu inches is alluvial, then yellow clay to the depth of twelve or fifteen feer, and then the black mud, in which the bones were contained. Among the bones ju the possession of the proprietor, are the head and tusks of the nondescript, the latter measuring twelve feet in length. It being impossible to erect the entire skeleton without a building for the purpose, he intends taking them to New York, and from thence to Europe.-- American paper.
Lars of Dirorce in China. In the Chinese laws, one of the grounds on which a husband may divorce his wife is, being given tou much to talking.
History of a Royal Diamond. There is at present a diamond in the crown of England, the history of which is extraordinary. It was worn by Charles the Bold, the last Duke of Burgundy, at the battle of Nancy, 1477, in which he was slain. The diamond became the prize of a Swiss soldier, who sold it to a French gentleman named Lancy. It continued in the family of this gentleman vearly a century, till llenry 111, of France, having lost his throne, prevailed upon its possessor to pawn the diamond to the Swiss government, as a security for the payment of troops to assist him to regain it. For this purpose the diamond was despatched by a confidential mes. senger, who never arrived at his destination, and was not even heard of for a considerable time. At length it was ascertained that he had been murdered by robbers, and buried in a forest. The body was diligently sought for, and found; and the diamond was found in the stomach, the trusty messenger having evidently swallowed it, to prevent its falling into the hands of the robbers.
Queen Elisabeth's Nary.-The English navy, in the time of Queen Elisabeth, consisted of two ships of 1000 tons, each having 340 mariners, 40 gunners, and 120 soldiers ; three of 900 tons, each having 268 ma. riners, 32 gunners, and 100 soldiers; three of 800 tons. with the same number of men ; two of 700 tons, with 350 men each ; four of 600 tons, with 300 men each four of 500 tons, haring 88 mariners, 12 gunners, and 30 soldiers; two of 400 tops, and ten of 350 tons, having each 70 mariners, 10 gunners, and 20 soldiers
. and nine smaller vessels. The number in all was 39.