Page images

-what sort of a person is such a one? he replies of defence, internal commotions, and the as if the man's genealogy bad been required : Ah, I know him: his father's name was at tirst Sozias; preparations made to subdue them, with a name besitting his servile condition; it was while all the perspicuity and dignity for which he served as a common soldier that he acquired the name of Susistratus : some time afterwards he was

bis writings have been so long and so justly inscribed among the citizens of the lower order. distinguished ; but having brought us to As to his mother, she was a noble Thracian, no doubt, for women of her sort are accounted noble

the commencement of the siege, the remainin that country. The man himself is such as his ing portion of his narrative disappears; and, origin would lead one to suppose--he is the veriest

to supply the deficiency, we are obliged to scoundrel alive.' Then he adds, in explanation of what he said of the man's mother,' These Thracian

have recourse to other authority, from which women practise every sort of outrage on the bigh- the following passages are selected. way.' "If he comes into company where a neighbour

“A dreadful famine laid waste the city. The is defamed, be presently takes the lead in the streets were covered with the dead and the dying : conversation :-- Yes,' he begins, 'there is not a

old men, women, and children, stretched feath their being on earth I detest so much as the man you

hands for sustenance, and expired in the act : the are speaking of : his looks are enough to condemn

wounded soldiers perished for want of relief; him : was there ever such a villain : you may take,

shrieks, and groans, and lainentations resounded as a specimen of bis character, wliat I know to be in every quarter : the surviving wretches envied a fact,-that he ordinarily sends his wife to market

the fate of those who died first: they lived only to with ihree balf-pence to buy provisions for the

prolong their misery, tixing their eyes on the whole family, and that be obliges her to bathe in

temple, and inroking death to end their woes. The cold water in the depth of winter.'

rites of sepulture were neglected. It was neces. “ The moment any one leaves the company, the

sary, however, to remove the dead bodies. Simon detractor fails not to introduce some tale to his

and John ordered them to be thrown down the disadvantage ; nor is there any one of his friends, steep into the lower city. Titus went to view the or any member of his family, who escapes the

unhappy victims, as they lay in heaps under the scourge of his tougue : be will even speak ill of

walls. Shocked at a scene so melancholy and the dead."

affecting, he lifted up his bands to heaven, and called the gods to witness, that he was not the

cause of these dreadful calaniities."-p. 51. Review,— Family Classical Library. No.

The destruction of the temple is thus

described : XV. Tacitus, Vol. V. 12mo. pp. 352. Colburn, London. 1831.

“ The cries of the dying, and the shouts of the

victors, reverberated by the surrounding walls, To the general Christian reader, this volume filled the place with dreadful uproar. The orders will be found more interesting than either

of Titus and his officers were no longer heard.

The Jews in some parts fought with frantic obsti. of the preceding, which bears the name of nacy. Numbers in despair tied to the sanctuary, Tacitus; because it treals of numerous events

There the false prophets still assured them that

the Lord of hosts was on their side. In that recorded in scripture, and furnishes an in- instant the besiegers forced the gates. The massy valuable evidence on the fulfilment of pro- gold and glitterink ornaments inspired them with

new ardour. The love of plunder conspired with phecy. The siege of Jerusalem, its internal

reverige, and Titas exerted himself in vain to commotions, vicissitudes, and final over- restrain their fury. One of the soldiers mounted throw, find also in these pages an ample,

to the top of the portico, and threw a combustible

weapon, which clung to the wood work, and set and deeply interesting detail. A few ex- tire to the whole building. The Jews saw that tracts will supersede the necessity of any

all was lost, and, in their last agony, sent forth further observations.

the groan of an expiring people. Titus withdrew

from the scene of desolation, lamenting that his “ Portents and prodigies announced the ruin of

efforts to save the place were without effect. As the city : but a people, blinded by their own na.

he passed along, word was brought to him that tional superstition, and with rancour detesting

a number of priests stood on the outside wall, imthe religion of other states, beld it unlawful by ploring him to spare their lives. It is too late,' vows and victims to deprecate impending danger.

said Titus,' the priests ought not to survive their Swords were seen glittering in the air ; embattled temple.' He retired to Fort Antonia, and there armies appeared, and the temple was illuminated

beholding the conflagration, and lifting, up bis by a stream of light that issued from the heavens. hands, exclaimed with a sigh, The God of the The portal dew open, and a voice more than human

Jews has fought against them to him we owe our denounced the immediate departure of the gods.

victory.'"-p. 58. There was heard at the same time a tumultuous

In addition to and territic sound, as if superior beings were

those portions of this actually rusbing forth. The impression made by volume which relate to the Jews, it contains these wonders fell on a few only: the multitude relied on an ancient prophecy, contained as the Agricola, and a dialogue concerning oratory.

the manners of the Germans, the life of it was foretold, that, in this very juncture, the power of the East would prevail over the nations, and a race of men would go forth from Judea, to extend their dominion over the rest of the world."

Review.- The Sunday Library, &c. By

the Rev. T. F. Dibdin. Vol 11. 12 mo. It is an event which the world will never pp. 330. Longman, London, 1831. cease to deplore, that the remaining portion Tuis volume is ornamented with a respecte of Tacitus, describing this awful catastrophe, ably looking portrait of Bishop Porteus, and its calamitous results, should be irre- from whose pen the two leading articles coverably lost. He describes the city, the have been selected. The others which temple, the people, their courage, means follow, are from divines of no mean cele

[ocr errors]


brity in the established church ; and those Review.- The Tour of the Holy Land, which are intended to complete the series, &c. with an Appendi.r. By the Rev. will be drawn from the same common Robert Morehead, D.D. 12mo. . source. The selections do not appear alto- 283. Simpkin and Marshall, London. gether in the character of sermons, though 1831. they have avowedly been taken from com. To Jews and Christians there can be no positions of this description. The truths doubt that Palestine, and its adjacent coun. which they contain are evidently of vast tries, contain the most interesting portions importance, being of a practical nature, of the globe. In wandering through its and inculcating duties, the discharge of forlorn and half-depopulated regions, surwhich, all must allow to be incumbent on rounded by monuments rendered venerable such as deserve the Christian name. by their antiquity, and sacred by innumer.

We cannot, however, avoid observing, able associations connected with memorathat the distinguishing doctrines inculcated ble persons, transactions, and events, a in the gospel, do not sustain in them that thousand solemn reflections obtrude themprominent character, which might be both selves on the mind, and in pleasing melandesired and expected. The fall of man, choly we recall departed days, and sigh the necessity of an expiatory sacrifice, the over the instability of earthly grandeur. reality of an atonement, and its influential Rising in elevation, we seem to behold efficacy on the souls of men, the operation the fiat of Omnipolence verifying the word of the Spirit of God, its transforming power, of prophecy, and transmitting the memo. producing effects that can flow from no rials of his justice and power to each sucother source--are branches of evangelical ceeding generation, warning the nations to religion, on which we could have wished take an example by the scenes of desolathat these worthy divines had more strenu- tion which they are called to witness. ously and unequivocally insisted. We do What has already happened, may again not mean to insinuate, that any of these occur. Similar causes may be expected gospel-truths are denied ; they are rather to issue in similar effects; and those that omitted, than rejected ; and the allusions are wise will learn a lesson by the painful to them seem to arise more froin impli- contemplation. cation than from tacit recognition.

It is scarcely possible for an infidel to It cannot, however, be denied, that many visit Palestine without suspecting the valitheological writers inculcate what they call dity of his speculations. The phenomena evangelical principles, at the expense of obvious to the evidence of his senses, are practical godliness. Dreading to be legal, too powerful to be resisted; and, on comthey become antinomians; and having sunk paring what he perceives, with the delineainto this destructive abyss, they stand fast tions and predictions of holy writ, he can. in the liberty wherewith they fancy Christ not but perceive the finger of God in all. has made them free. This diabolical heresy The scenes which he beholds are too commakes Christ the minister of sin, and wraps plicated and singular to be ascribed wholly the unconverted sinner in the imaginary to natural causes; and even should this be robe of his imputed righteousness. A more admitted, the predictions of prophecy, ope. foul and loathsome pestilence never afflicted rating in strange concurrence with them, the Christian church.

acquire strength by the means adopted to Contrasted with this nuisance, we cannot dispense with their interference. but rejoice, that, in these volumes, the prac- Of those interesting regions, many actical part of genuine religion is steadily and counts have been recently published in varationally enforced; and we entertain no rious forms, but every new survey develops doubt, that in the subsequent volumes something, which previous examinations evangelical truths will more than compen- had overlooked, and calls the fading glory sate for the partial deficiency of which we fresh again to our remembrance. Acting on now complain. To the full development this principle, Mr. Morehead has compiled of the Christian system,' both branches are his present work from various sources which essentially necessary, and in proportion to are allowed to be authentic, and, by the the absence of either, the whole is mutilated, arrangement of his materials, and the dia. and its purposes are defeated. Faith and logue form in which they are presented to works are necessary to the utility of each the reader, has completed a pleasing and an other; and it is only when we behold them interesting volume. One of its principal united on permanent principles, that the designs is, to establish facts, and then to Sun of righteousness illuminates, warms, bring them into contact with revelation, so and fertilizes the moral world with his en- that the truth of the latter being corrobolivening beams.

rated by the unquestionable existence of the former, the workings of God may appear soon discover that deformity is not to be conspicuous in all.

removed by any attire. With the dialogue style we are by no For these peculiarities in Mr. Simson's means fascinated. Much time is wasted in views, we can, however, readily make all preliminary remarks and introductory obser- due allowance, and also for a certain vations. It also betrays something like phraseology, which appears to be insecontrivance, which, in a work of this descrip- parable from them. Yet we cannot avoid tion, never ought to be introduced. În regretting, that they should have been introsolemn historical narrative, whatever is duced into a manual of religious instruction, gained by art, is more than lost in the sur. and thus become blended with truths of the mises of fiction to which it gives birth. To most unequivocal character. this we may apply the old proverb, “Good The history of the sacred dispensations wine needs no bush."

contains a beautiful analysis of revealed The Appendix, occupying about forty truth; and the evidence deduced in favour pages in small type, is full of thrilling in- of the Christian religion, from miracles, terest. The journalist evidently wrote from predictions, and internal excellence, is both observation; and in plain but forcible lan- strong and convincing.

“ An address to guage, he records what he felt, and what he the young," with which the volume consaw. His descriptions, though short, are cludes, imbodies much wholesome and animated; and the life, which, without any affectionate advice, which the pupils would effort, is diffused throughout the narrative, do well to follow, and reduce to practice. fully compensates for its brevity.

To the young classes of readers this book will he found very agreeable. It com. REVIEW.-A Treatise on the Nature and presses much information within a narrow

Causes of Doubt in Religious Questions, compass, and is calculated to awaken a desire for a more intimate acquaintance

&c. &c. &c. 12mo. pp. 194. Longman, with the varied scenes which it describes.

London, 1831.
This work is entitled to more attention

than we can devote to it; but let it once Review.-A Manual of Religious In- become known, and the extent of its circu

struction for the Young, &c. &c. By lation will furnish the best testimonial of the Rev. Robert Simson, M.A. 12mo.

its worth. To originality it neither does pp. 384. Duncan. London. 1831,

nor can make much pretension ; yet the

anonymous author has displayed an ex. MR. Simson, in his preface, disclaims all tensive acquaintance with the complicated pretensions to originality in this work. It subject to which he has turned his thoughts. is avowedly a compilation; and, for a con- It is not from the apex of a pyramid, siderable portion of its contents, he candidly but from the summit of a mountain, that his acknowledges himself indebted to the labours surveys are taken; and the questions to be of Dr. Alexander.

investigated are generally examined in this But from what source soever the materials elevated region. Of the common mechamay have been derived, most of them are nical methods of treating such subjects, we of sterling character, and promise fair to be find scarcely any traces. On most occasions of great practical utility. The volume com- the author has an eye to their rationality, prises the sacred history of the Old and and his quotations are from some of the New Testament dispensations ; a brief out- master spirits of the world. line of the evidences of the Christian reli- The doubts examined are the doubts of gion, deduced from miracles, predictions, scepticism, and the solutions are those which and their accomplishments; and an epitome philosophy supplies. The vices which are of the internal evidence, that a system of generated in an unhallowed spirit, the author such sublime moral purity must have come strips of their delusive varnish, and ratiofrom God.

nally states the pernicious consequences to In what is denominated “An accurate which they lead. Of sterling works, written statement of the doctrine of the gospel," avowedly to combat the sceptical phi. the dogmas of Calvinism make their ap- losophy of Hume, Gibbon, and others of pearance,



indeed in a new coat, similar character, the list furnished will be the old one having become both shabby of essential service to those who may have and unfashionable. The more offensive been tainted with the moral poison; and part is, however, rather concealed than where that has not been the case, these removed; and he who peeps beneath the publications may operate as preventives, flowing garment by which it is hidden, will when antidotes are not wanted.

Review.— The Cabinet Cyclopedia. By Review.--Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopedias

Dr. Lardner, Vol. XVI. Maritime Vol. XVII. Hydrostatics and Pneuand Inland Discovery, Vol. 111. 12mo. matics. 12mo. pp. 353. Longman. Lon

pp. 384. Longman, London, 1831. don. 1831. Tuis work is so well known, that little more

Or this volume, our best recommendation need be said, than to announce the appear

will be a few extracts from its pages; but ance of any new volume in the series.

where every article is both entertaining and This is the third of Maritime and Inland useful, it is not easy to make a selection. In Discovery, which will complete this depart- the changes which take place in the weather, ment. It contains an epitome of voyages every reader is, however, so far interested, and travels, undertaken and accomplished that the following observations on this imby various adventurers of different nations, portant subject, can hardly fail to prove in comparatively modern times, without gratifying :being confined to any particular portion of

" The most immediate use of the barometer for

scientific purposes is, to indicate the amount and the globe. A selection is made of all that

variation of the atmospheric pressure. These is interesting and important, excluding what variations being compared with other meteorologi. might be deemed the tediousness of un

cal phenomena, form the scientific data from which

varions atmospheric appearances and effects are necessary details. The following brief ex- to be deduced, tracts will place this volume in a favourable

" The fluctuation in the pressure of the atmos.

phere being obsei ved, in connexion with changes light.

in the state of the weather, a general correspon. “ Natives of Van Dieman's Land.-While the

dence is supposed to prevail between these ellects. English remained here, they were agreeably sur

Hence the barometer has been called a weather. prised by a visit from some of the natives, who,

glass. Rules are attempted to be established, by in their abject misery, rooted indolence, and stu.

which, from the height of the mercury, the coming pidity, appeared to be on an equality with the

state of the weather may be predicted, and we wretchell inhabitants of Terra del Fuego. Their

accordingly find the words Rain,"

“ Hair,"

“ Changeable," " Frost," &c., engraved on the most comfortable dwellings were the trunks of large trees hollowed out by fire. They appeared

scale attached to common domestic barometers, as to be ignorant of the art of fishing ; not a single

if, when the mercury stands at the height marked eanoe was seen on their whole coast. Their chief

by these vrords, the weather is always subject to subsistence was derived from small birds and shell.

the vicissitudes expressed by tbem. These marks fislı, which they collected along the shore."-p. 71.

are, however, entitled to no attention ; and it is “ Shipwreck of La Perouse.-The natives denied

only surprising to tind their use continued in the that they had attacked and killed the crew of one

present times, when knowledge is so widely difof the ships ; nor was Captain Dillon able to find

fused. They are, in fact, to be ranked scarcely any confirmation of the report, which he bad beard

above the vor stellarum, or astrological almanack.

Two barometers, one near the level of the river from the Tucopians, that the skulls of the shipwrecked strangers were preserved in a public

Thames, and the other on the heights of Hampbuilding called the spirit-house ; he is of opinion

stead, will differ by half an inch ; the latter being that the hostility of the islanders to the French,

always half an ineli lower than the former. If the

words, therefore, engraved upon the plates are to who it appears were obligel, while they remained

be relied on, similar changes of weather could on the island, to entrench themselres with wooden

never happen at these two situations. But what palisades, arose not from wanton barbarity, but from the belief that the strangers were preter

is even more absurd, such scale would inform us

that the weather at the font of a high building natural beings, or spirits of the sea. That their

such as St. Paul's, must always be different from habitual ferocity was irritated by supertition,

the weather at the top of it. is rendered likely from the accounts which they

"It is observed, that the changes of weather are give of the French, whom they describe as con.

indicated, not by the actual height of the mercury, versing with the sun and the stars by means of a long stick, thus obsimusly alluding to the business

but by its change of height. One of the most of the observatory. The cocked hals of the French,

general, though not absolutely invariable, rules is,

that when the mercury is very low, and therefore perhaps, misled them into the belief that their noses were a yard long. Their description of the sen.

the atinosphere very light, high winds and storms tinels was not less ludicrous ; for they represented

may be expected. them as men standing on one leg, and holding a

" The following rules may be generally relied bar of iron in their hands."

upon, at least to a certain extent :

"1. Generally, the rising of the mercury indi. Fate of La Perouse --When Captain Dillon cates the approach of fair weather; the falling of it arrived in Paris, in February 1828, with the relics shew's the approach of foul weather. of the French expedition, he was graciously re. " 2. In suur's weather, the fall of the mercury inceived by Charles X., who liberally recompensed dicates coming thunder. In winter, the rise of the his toils with a pension of 4000 francs. Count mercury indicates frost. In frost, its fall indicates Lesseps, who bad quitted the expedition of La

thaw ; and its rise indicates snow. Perouse at Kamtschatka, recognised the guns and "3. Whatever change of weather suddenly fol. the millstones as resembling those which were on lows a change in the barometer, may be expected board the French frigates ; the carved backboard, to last but a short time.-Thus, if fair weather also, lie believed to belong to the Boussole ; the follow immediately the rise of the mercury, there Armorial bearings, engraved on the bottom of a will be very little of it ; and in the same way, silver candlestick included among the relics, were

foul weather follow the fall of the mercury, it will at the saine time recognized, by the expert genea.

last but a short time. logist, Sir William Bentham, to be those of Colig- “4. If fair weather continue for several days, non, who was botanist on board the same frigate. during which the mercury continually falls, a long Thus it appears likely that the Boussole, with La continuance of foul weather will probably ensue ; Perouse liimsell, was thrown upon the ridge, while and again, if foul weather continue for several the Astrolabe and all her people sank in deep water. days, while the mercury continually rises, a long What became of the unfortuate commander, after succession of fair weather will probably succeed. he left Manicolo, it is impossible to conjecture." " 5. A fluctuating and unsettled state in the iner.

curial column indicates changeable weather. 2D SERIES, NO. 6.--VOL. I.

2 o

150,--VOL. XIII.

[ocr errors]


" The domestic barometer would become a much

change of the day, and the due observance more useful instrument, if, instead of the words usually engrared on the plate, a sbort list of the

of it. Of the divine origin and continued best established rules, such as the above, accom. obligation of this glorious institution, the panied it, which might be either engraved on the plate, or printed on a card. It would be right,

proofs adduced by Mr. Burder never can howerer, t express the rules only with that degree be denied, while the authority of the sacred of probability which observation of past pbeno- records is allowed. On the change from mena has justified. There is no rule respecting these effects, which will hold good with perfect cer

the Jewish to the Christian Sabbath, the tainty in every case."

common arguments are adduced; but all must allow that the evidence is only circumstantial and probable. The spirit,

however, in which this portion of our time 1. The Manners and Customs of the is kept holy, is of greater consequence than Jews, and other Nations mentioned in the the day. In favour of this, the author Bible, (Religious Tract Society, London,) appears triumphantly successful. is a decent little work, which carries the 6. An Introduction to Medical Botany, reader over an extensive field, and intro- 8c. by Thomas Castle, F. L. S., (Cox, duces him to modes of life which Europe London,) now appears in an improved never saw. The information thus iinbodied condition. In December last, the former and communicated, is derived from the impression passed under our review, and by authority of scripture, and the testimony of the favourable recollection retained, we modern travellers. It is a mark of divine were disposed to hail this with pleasant providence, that eastern customs undergo feelings. Nor have we been disappointed. scarcely any variation with the lapse of time. The attention paid by Mr. Castle to botany, Hence, the statements of the Bible made in connexion with medicine, is creditable three thousand years since, are exemplified to his talents, and we hope it will be reby an appeal to fact in the present day. warded with its due meed of encourageMany wood-cuts adorn this volume. ment and praise.

2. A School Treatise on Ancient Geo- 7. Anti-Slavery Reporter, Nos. 77, 78, graphy, upon a New Plan, by Joseph and 79, contains, as usual, some horrible Gay, Junior, (Joy, London,) is adapted details of brutal conduct exercised by the for the seminary, and it will be found ser- colonial tyrants over their defenceless and viceable in families. Of such works the unhappy slaves. In England the laws protect principal utility is, to know the ancient horses and other beasts; but in the colonies, names of people, and boundaries of places, where the administration of justice is ennow distinguished by modern appellations. trusted to wretches who are strangers to From the volume before us this information humanity, the negro lives and dies without may be satisfactorily obtained.

a friend. 3. Sketches of Genius, and other Poems, 8. A Philosophical Estimate of the by D. Corkindale, (Robins, London,) may Controversy respecting the Divine Huamuse the author's friends, but beyond munity, by John Abraham

Herauil, these, many readers, adopting one of his (Fraser, London,) refers to the late ferment lines, will perhaps exclaim, “ Tis sad to which the supposed heresy of Mr. Irving dine on chop-house miseries."

called into existence. During a few weeks 4. An Inquiry concerning Baptism, &c. it occasioned a considerable stir ; but, like by Sylvanus, (Palmer, London,) thus tells many other subjects, awakening fierce conits own tale: “We may rest assured, from tention for a season, it appears to have lived God's most holy word, that water baptism its day and sought repose. That Mr. Irving is by no means essential to salvation. is disposed to express himself in strong, Timothy was never baptized - John himself and sometimes unguarded terms, no one was never baptized--the thief on the cross acquainted with either bis preaching or was never baptized--thousands of converts writings can doubt. This philosophical estiunder St. Paul's ministry were never bap- mate of the controversy will, we suspect, be tized, and yet these have all joined the found too refined for common apprehension. company of the spirits of the just made 9. The Documents and Correspondence perfect.” Such splashes as these will break in the Christian Observer, on the alleged the scum which is apt to gather over the Miraculous Cure of Miss Fancourt, baptismal pond.

(Hatchard, London,) 'relate to the sudden 5. Four Lectures on the Law of the and apparently miraculous cure of a young Sabbath, &c. by Henry Forster Burder, lady in the vicinity of London, who had D. D., (Westley, London,) embrace the for several years been a cripple. Her friends institution of the Sabbath at the creation, consider her recovery as an act of divine what is contained in the decalogue, the mercy in answer to prayer; but the author

« PreviousContinue »