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bondow, shall seather disalleh; not
is the thing which the Lord hath 99 But every vow of a widow, commanded.
; and of her that is divorced, where2 If a man vow a vow * unto the with they have bound their souls, LORD, or swear an oath to bind shall stand against her. his soul with a bond; he shall not 10 And if she vowed in her break his word, he shall do accord. husband's house, or bound her ing to all that proceedeth out of soul by a bond with an oath. his mouth.
11 And her husband heard it, 3 , If a woman also vow a vow and held his peace at her, and disunto the LORD, and bind herself allowed her not; then all her vows by a bond, being in her father's shall stand, and every bond wherehouse in her youth.
with she bound her soul, shall * 4 And her father hear her vow, stand. and her bond wherewith she hath 12 But if her husband hath bound her soul, and her father utterly made them void on the shall hold his peace at her : then day he heard them; then whatsoall her vows shall stand, and every ever proceeded out of her lips bond wherewith she hath bound concerning her vows, or concernher soul, shall stand..
.ing the bond of her soul, shall not . 5 But if her father disallow her stand: her husband hath made in the day that he heareth ; not them void ; and the LORD shall any of her vows, or of her bonds forgive her... wherewith she hath bound her 13 Every vow, and every bindsoul, shall stand : and the LORD ing oath to afflict the soul, her shall forgive her, because her husband may establish it, or her father disallowed her.
husband may make it void. 6 I And if she had at all an 14 But if her husband altohusband when she vowed, or utter- gether hold his peace at her, from ed ought out of her lips, wherewith day to day; then he establisheth sbe bound her soul;
all her vows, or all her bonds which 7 And her husband heard it, are upon her: he confirmeth them, and held his peace at her in the because he held his peace at her, day that he heard it: then her“ in the day that he heard them. vows shall stand, and her bonds . 15 But if he shall any ways make wherewith she bound her soul, them yoid after that he hath heard shall stand.
them; then he shall bear her 8 But if her husband disallowed iniquity. . her on the day that he heard it; 16 These are the statutes which then he shall make her vow which the LORD commanded Moses beshe vowed, and that which she tween a man and his wife, between uttered with her lips, wherewith the father and his daughter, being she bound her soul, of none effect: yet in her youth, in her father's and the LORD shall forgive her. house.
command in this chapter; and its being addressed to the heads of the tribes seems to be another proof of the same. Vide chap. xxxii. ver. 28.
* The reason of the connection of this section of the vows to that of the offerings of the festivals, according to the opinion of Nachmanides, is because that in verse 49, of the preceding chapter, ic is observed, “These things ye shall do unto the Lord in your set feasts, besides your vows, and your free-will-offerings, for your burnt-offerings,” &c. And which is a command to perform all that they vow unto the Lord; he therefore proceeds to observe, that there is yet another kind of yow, which may be termed common, (as not regarding an offering) such as vowing not to do such a thing, or to eat such food, &c. but which they are nevertheless bound to perform the same as what is vowed to the Lord : and therefore he observes, that he sball do according to all that, proceeds out of his mouth. Thus far Nachmanides. But it must be further observed, why Moses: 62 i
4 B 2
; זֶה הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר צִיָּה יְהוָה: 2 אִישׁ כִּי־־יְדֹר נֶדֶר ו לַיהוָה אֱוֹ־הִשָׁבַע שְׁבָעָה לֶאֶסֶר אֶפָר עַל־נַפְשׁוֹ לֹא
יַחֵל דְבָרוֹ כְּכָל־הַיֹּצֵא מִפִּיו יַעֲשֶׂה : 3 וְאִשָּׁה כִּי־תִרְד , נֶדֶר לַיהוָה וְאָסְרָה אִשָׁר בְּבֵית אָבִיהָ בִּנְעָרֶיהָ :
4 וְשָׁמַע אָבִיהָ אֶת־נִדְרָהּ וֶאֱסָרָה אֲשֶׁר אָסְרָה עַל-נַפְשָׁהּ וְהֵחֵרִישׁ לָהּ אָבִיהָ וְקָמוּ כָּל־נְדָרֶיהָ וְכָל־אֶפֶר אֲשֶׁר אָסְרָה עַל־נַפְשָׁה יָקָוּם : 5 וְאִם־־חֵנִיא אָבִיהָ אֹתָהּ בְּיוֹם שָׁמְעוֹ כָּל־נְדָרֶיהָ וְאֶסְרֵיהָ אֲשֶׁר-אָסְרָה עַל־נַפְשָׁהּ לֹא יָקוּם וַיְהוָה יִסְלַח־־לָהּ כִּי־הֵנִיא אָבִיהָ אֹתָהּ :
6וְאִם־הָיוֹ תִהְיֶה לְאִישׁ וּנְדָרֶיהָ עָלֶיהָ אוֹ מִבְטָא שְׂפָתֶיהָ , אֲשֶׁר אָסְרָה עַל־נַפְשֶׁה : 7 וְשָׁמַע אִישָׁהּ בְּיוֹם שָׁמְעָר
וְהֶחֱרִישׁ לָהּ וְקָמוּ נְדָרֶיהָ יֵאָסְרָה אֲשֶׁר-אָסְרָה עַל־
נַפְשָׁהּ יָקְמוּ : 8 וְאִם בְּיוֹם שְׁמָעַ אִישָׁהּ יָנִיא אוֹתָה : מו". וְהֵפֵר אֶת־נִדְרָה אֲשֶׁר עָלִיהָ וְאֵת מִבְטָא שְׂפָתֶיהָ אֲשֶׁר ז אָסְרָה עַל-נַפְשָׁהּ וַיהוָה יִסְלַח־לָךְ : 9 וְנֵדֶר אַלְמָנָה ? וּנְרוֹשָׁה כָּל אֲשֶׁר-אָסְרָה עַל־־נַפְשָׁהּ יָקוּם עָלֶיהָ :
10 וְאִם־בֵּית אִישָׁהּ נָדָרָה אוֹ־אָסְרָה אַפֶר עַל־נַפְשָׁהּ ו בִּשְׁבָעָה: 1וּ וְשָׁמַע אִישָׁה וְהִחרש לָהּ לֹא הֵנִיא אֹתָהּ א וְקָמוּ כָּל־נְדָרֶיהָ וְכָל־אָסָר אֲשֶׁר-אָסְרָה עַל-נַפְשָׁה ; יָקוּם : 12 וְאִם־חָפַר יָפֵר אֹתָם אִישָׁהּ בְּיוֹם שָׁמְשׂוֹ
כָּל־־מוֹצָא שְׂפָתֶיהָ לִנְדָרֶיהָ וּלְאִפַּר נַפְשָׁה לֹא יָקוּם אִישָׁהּ הֲפַלָם וַיהוָה יִסְלַח־לָה : 13 כָּל־נֶדֶר וְכָל־־ שְׁבָעַת אֵפֶר לְעַבָּת נָפֶשׁ אִישָׁהּ יְקִימֶנּוּ וְאִישָׁהּ יָפֶרֶנוּ :
14 וְאָס־הַחֲרֵשׁ יַחֲרִישׁ לָהּ אִישָׁה מַיּוֹם אֶל־יוֹם וְהֵקִים ? אֶת־כָּל־נְדָרֶיהָ אוֹ אֶת־כָּל־אֱסָרֶיהָ אֲשֶׁר עָלֶיהָ הֵקִיס : אֹתָם כִּי־הֶחָרָשׁ לָהּ בְּיוֹם שָׁמְעָ : 15 וְאִם־הָפַר יָפַר
. אֹתָם אַחֲרֵי שָׁמְעוֹ וְנָשָׂא אֶת-עֲנָה : 16 אֵלֶה הַחְקִים , אֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהוָה אֶת-משֶׁה בֵּין אִישׁ לְאִשְׁתּוֹ בֵּין־אָב שני לְבַתּוֹ בִּנְעָרֶיהָ בֵּית אָבִיהָ : פ
bullocks, two rams, and fourteen their drink-offerings, for the bulllambs of the first year without, ocks, for the rams, and for the blemish :
lambs, shall be according to the 24 Their meat-offering, and their number after the manner: drink-offerings, for the bullocks, * 34 And one goat for a sin-offerfor the rams, and for the lambs, ing beside the continual burntshall be according to their number offering, his meat-offering, and his after the manner :
drink-offering. 25 And one kid of the goats 35 ( On the eighth day ye shall for a sin-offering, beside the con- have a solemn assembly: ye shall tinual , burnt-offering, his meat- do no servile work therein : offering, and his drink offering. 36 But ye shall offer a burnt
26 | And on the fifth day nine offering, a sacrifice made by fire, bullocks, two rams, and fourteen of a sweet savour unto the LORD; lambs of the first year without one bullock, one ram, seven lambs spot:
.. i s of the first year without blemish : 27 And their meat-offering, and 37 Their meat-offering, and their their drink-offerings, for the bul.. drink-offerings, for the bullock, locks, for the rams, and for the for the ram, and for the lambs, lambs, shall be according to their shall be according to their number, number after the manner:
after the manner: . . 28 And one goat for a sin-offer- : 38 And one goat for a sin-offer- : ing, beside the continual' burnt- ing, beside the continual burntoffering, and his meat-offering, offering, and his meat-offering, and and his drink-offering:
his drink-offering. i. 29 | And on the sixth day eight: 39 These : things ye shall do bullocks, two rạms, and fourteen unto the Lord in your set feasts, lambs of the first year without beside your vows, and your freeblemish :
will-offerings,for your burnt-offer30 And their meat-offering, ings, and for your meat-offerings, and their drink-offerings, for the and for your drink-offerings, and bullocks, for the rams, and for the - for your peace-offerings. lambs, shall be according to their'' 40 And Moses told the children number, after the manner : 4. of Israel, according to all that the
31 And one goat for a sin-offer- . LORD commanded Moses... ing, beside the continual burnt
CHAP. XXX. offering, his meat-offering, and 1 Vows are not to be broken. 3 his drink-offering. .
a maid’s, 6 a wife's, 9 a widow's 32 I And on the seventh day, vow. seven bullocks, two rams, and fourteen lambs of the first year A ND Moses spake unto the without blemish: .
i .heads of the tribes, concerning the 33 And their meat-offering, and children of Israel, saying, This Chap. XXIX., ver. 1..-It should be rendered, “ It is a day of invocation unto you." Vide observations on Leviticus, chap. xxiii. ver. 24.
OBSERVATIONS ON CHAP. XXX.The meaning of this chapter is very doubtful, on account of the many apparent repetitions, with very little difference in their respective expressions, which occasions a variety of opinions in distinguishing the particular cases alluded to. Therefore it should be translated verbatim, notwithstanding the impropriety of the English, that the same doubts we have in the Hebrew may subsist in the translation ; by which means, every reader may judge for himself which exposition is more adequate to the words.-Aben Ezra is of opinion, that this chapter should be considered as immediately following after ver. 24 in chap. xxxii, where Moses, 'speaking to the children of Reuben, &c, and establishing the conditions upon which they should keep the possession of the land they asked for, expresseth himself in these words, that “ they should do that which proceeded out of their mouth;" which most likely gave rise to the
שְׁנָיִם כְּבָשִׂים בְּנֵי־־שָׁנָה אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר תְּמִימִם : 24 מִנְחָתָם וְנִסְכֵּיהֶם לַפָּרִים לָאֵילִם וְלַכְּבָשִׂים בְּמִסְפָּרֶס
בַּמִּשְׁפָּט: 25 וּשְׂעִיר־עַזִים אֶחָד חַטָּאת בִלְבַד עֹלַת , הַתָּמִיד מִנְחָתָהּ וְנִסְכָּהּ: ס 26 וּבְיום הַחֲמִישִׁי
פָּרִים תִּשְׁעָה אֵילִם שְׁנָיִם כְּבָשִׂים בְּנֵי-שָׁנָה אַרְבָּעָה . עָשָׂר תְּמִימִם: 27 וּמִנְחָתָם וְנִסְכֵּיהֶם לַפָּרִים לָאֵילִם
וְלַכְּבָשִׂים בְּמִסְפָּרָם כַּמִּשְׁפָּט: 28 וּשְׂעִיר חַטָאת אֶחָד מִלְבַד עלַת הַתָּמִיד וּמִנְחָתָהּ וְנִסְכָּה: ס 29 וּבַיוֹם
הַשְׁשִׁי פָּרִים שְׁמֹנָה אֵילִם שְׁנָיִם כְּבָשִׂים בְּנֵי־־שָׁנָה ; אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר תְּמִימָם : 30 וּמִנְחָתָם וְנִסְכֵּיהֶם לַפָּרִים
לָאֵילִם וְלַכְּבָשִׂים בְּמִסְפָּרָם כַּמִּשְׁפָּט: 31 וּשְׂעִיר חַטָאת אל אֶחָד מִלְבַד עלַת הַתָּמִיד מִנְחָתָהּ וּנְסָכִיהָ: ס
. 32 וּבַיוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי פָּרִים שִׁבְעָה אֵילִם שְׁנָיִם כְּבָשִׂים בְּנֵי-שָׁנָה אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר תְּמִימִם: 33 וּמִנְחָתָם וְנִסְכֵּיהֶם לַפָּרִים לָאֵילִם וְלַכְּבָשִׂים בְּמִסְפָּרָם כְּמִשְׁפָּטָם:
34 וּשְׂעִיר חַטָאת אֶחָר מִלְבַד עֹלַת הַתָּמִיד מִנְחָתָהּ מפטיר וְנִסְכָּה : ס 35 בַּיּוֹם הַשְׁמִינִי עֲצֶרֶת תִּהְיֶה
לָכֶם כָּל-מְלֶאכֶת עֲבֹדָה לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ : 36 וְהִקְרַבְתֶּם עלָה אִשֶׁה רֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ לַיהוָה פַּר אֶחָד אַיִל אֶחָד כְּבָשִׂים בְּנֵי-שָׁנָה שִׁבְעֶה תְּמִימִם: 37 מִנְחָתָם וְנִסְכֵּיהֶם לַפָּר לָאַיִל וְלַכְּבָשִׂים בְּמִסְפָּרָם כַּמִּשְׁפָּט : 38 וּשְׂעִיר חַטָאת אֶחָד מִלְבַד עֹלַת הַתָּמִיד וּמִנְחָתָהּ וְנִסְכָּהּ : 39 אַלֶה תַּעַשׂוּ לַיהוָה בְּמָוְעָרֵיכֶם לְבַר מָנַדְרֵיכֶם וְנִדְבְתֵיכֶם לְעלְתֵיכֶס וּלְמִנְחָתֵיכֶסְ וּלְנִסְכֵּיכֶס וּלְשַׁלְמֵיכֶס: 40 וַיֹּאמֶר מֹשֶׁה אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל כְּכָל אֲשֶׁר־צִיָּה יְהוָה
סדר וַיְדַבֵּר משֶׁה אֶל־רָאשֵׁי הַמָּשׂוֹת לִבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר
bis meat-offering, and their drink- 14 And their meat-offering shall offerings, according unto their be of four mingled with oil, three manner, for a sweet savour, a tenth-deals unto every bullock, of sacrifice made by fire unto the the thirteen bullocks, two tenthLORD.
deals to each ram of the two rams. 7 I And ye shall have on the 15 And a several tenth-deal to tenth day of this seventh month each lamb of the fourteen lambs: an holy convocation i and ye shall 16 And one kid of the goats for afflict your souls : ye shall not do
a sin-offering beside the continual any work therein. :
burnt-offering, his meat-offering, 8 But ye shall offer a burnt- and his drink-offering. offering unto the LORD for a sweet 17 G And on the second day
17 And on the second day ye savour, one young bullock, one
shall offer twelve young bullocks, ram, and seven lambs of the first
two rams, fourteen lambs of the year, they shall be unto you with
first year without spot; out blemish :
18 And their meat-offering, and 9 And their meat-offering shall their drink-offering for the bullbe of four mingled with oil, three
ocks, for the rams, and for the tenth-deals to * a bullock, and two
O lambs, shall be according to their tenth-deals to one ram: . .. number, after the manner :
10 A several tenth-deal for one to and one kid of the cate for lamb, throughout the seven lambs: a
mos: a sin-offering, beside the continual 11 One kid of the goats for a burnt-offering, and the meat-offersin-offering, beside the sin-offer- ing thereof, and their drink-offer. ing of atoneinent, and the continual ings. .. burnt-offering, and the meat-offer- í 20 And on the third day eleven ing of it, and their drink-offerings. bullacks two rams, fourteen lambs ? 12 T. And on the fifteenth day of the first year without blemish : of the seventh month, ye shall
21 And their meat-offering, and have an holy convocation : ye shall
their drink-offerings for the bulldo no servile work, and ye shall
ocks, for the rams, and for the keep a feast unto the LORD seven lambs. shall be according to their days.
number, after the manner: . 13 And ye shall offer a burnt
22 And one goat for a sin-offeroffering, a sacrifice made by fire of
ing, beside the continual burnta sweet savour unto the LORD;
Post offering, and his meat-offering, and thirteen young bullocks, two rams, his drink-offering. and fourteen lambs of the first year, they shall be without blemish : 23 [ And on the fourth day ten
ram, and a kid, which belong to the holiday; but the order is there one bull, two rams, seven , lambs, and no kid; and that belongs to the offering of the two loaves. Besides, we are to observe, that only keeping the holiday is ordered there, but no sacrifices belonging to it are mentioned. So that Dr, Wright is greatly deceived in supposing that this and the next chapter are a repetition of the said chapter in Leviticus, in order to refresh their memory. . • The article the is expressed in the Hebrew, and also in verse 3. Besides, there is but one of each ordered.
The sin-offering of atonement means the whole service instituted in Leviticus, chap. xvi.