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PREFATORY NOTE.

MANY good reasons have induced me to believe that a fair consideration of the historical facts which have been compiled from various authentic sources, and embodied in the following Notes, will help, in no small degree

First, To weaken the power of certain political errors, which, from the beginning of the Government of the United States to the present time, have constantly exercised a disturbing influence on the administration of the National Affairs. And,

Secondly, To promote the growth, and the perpetuity, of sound and harmonious opinions on important questions which relate to the Origin and Nature of the Government of the United States, to the Constitutional powers of Congress, and to the reserved Rights of the several States of the Union.

J. B. D.

NEW YORK, November, 1871.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

John Adams on Party Divisions..

11

John Adams on Lost History...

11

Disputes on Nature of Government..

12

Theory of Sovereignty of the People..

12

Theory of State Sovereignty....

13

Views in favor of State Sovereignty.

13

Sovereignty “Retained”.

14

Congress, in 1777, on Articles of Confederation.

14

Congress, in 1779, on the Internal Policy of a State...

14

Luther Martin on State Sovereignty, and James Madison on Luther

Martin ...

15, 16

Justice Samuel Chase on State Sovereignty.

16

Virginia Resolutions of 1798....

16

Views of Virginia House of Delegates in 1799–1800...

17

Kentucky Resolutions of 1799...

17

Tucker's Blackstone on State Sovereignty..

18

John Taylor, of Virginia, on State Sovereignty.

19

Robert Y. Hayne, of South Carolina, on State Sovereignty and Powers

of Congress.

20

John C. Calhoun on State Sovereignty.

22

John C. Calhoun on Powers of the General Government.

23

South Carolina Convention of 1832, on State Sovereignty.

23

Nashville Convention of 1850, on the Right of Secession..

23

National Democratic Convention of 1856, on Kentucky and Virginia

Resolutions.

24

National Whig Convention of 1856, on the Nature of the Government

of the United States.

24

Daniel Webster on State Sovereignty.

24

William H. Seward on State Sovereignty...

25

Chief Justice Taney on State Sovereignty and the Nature of the

Government of the United States.

25

Justice Catron on State Sovereignty..

26

James Buchanan on Grants of Specific Powers by the States.

26

Jefferson Davis on State Sovereignty.....

26

Sharswood's Blackstone on State Sovereignty.

27

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